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Garden cities, compact towns             or what?Dr Nicholas Falkwww.urbed.coop
WHO AM I? •   An economist, strategic planner and urbanist - Founder Director of URBED     (Urban and Economic Development...
WHERE AM I FROM?I have lived in three distinctly differentneighbourhood models:•   Hampstead Garden Suburb (early C. 20th)...
TODAY I WILL...• Explain why we need new housing models• Draw lessons from recent experience• Propose a smarter growth model
GROWTH COULD TAKE MANY FORMSMost cities sprawl around transport links.                                             Ebeneze...
THE SOCIAL CITY NEEDS UPDATING
WE NEED SOMETHING DIFFERENT
THE U.K PROVIDES SOME MODELS   GROWTH & REGENERATION AREAS
WE NEED TO ROLL THEM OUT!1.   Agree the Spatial Framework2.   Facilitate Public Private     Development Partnerships3.    ...
1. AGREE THE SPATIAL FRAMEWORKOrchard Park, Cambridge   • Cambridge map   • Aerial of orchard park school   • housing
2. FACILITATE DEVELOPMENT PARTERSHIPS Ancoats, Manchester
3. MOBILIZE UNDESIGNATED LAND                                                               Ancoats & New Islington       ...
3. MOBILIZE UNDESIGNATED LANDLightmoor, Telford is the 2nd Bournville
4. ATTRACT PRIVATE FUNDINGUpton, Northampton, an initiative by English Partnerships     Upton – Drainage bridge etc
4. ATTRACT PRIVATE FUNDINGDerwenthorpe, York (JRHT)Super Sustainable centre,and energy efficient design
5. OPEN UP HOUSING MARKETSIronstone, TelfordSmaller serviced sites (housing careers)Management agreements                 ...
6. ENDOW COMMUNITY STEWARDSHIP Lightmoor, Telford; social as well as physical capital – community trusts   Lightmoor school
EUROPE OFFERS EVEN BETTER MODELS...
THE DUTCH ARE SHOWING THE WAYVinex is a Dutch Ten Year Housing Programme. This has similarities with the previousgovernmen...
DUTCH VINEX SETTLEMENTS                                 The Netherlands                                 increased their ho...
HOUTEN, THEHOUTEN; NL BUTTERFLY                       Lack of public vehicle traffic                       within the deve...
VATHORST, AMERSFOORT,HOUTEN; THE BUTTERFLY NL Shared Courtyards and patios over parking and branding of neighbourhoods to ...
ALMERE, NL     Self-build in Almere, NL Home owners party
KEY four C’s are helping design in Cambridgeshire The ELEMENTS OF SMARTER GROWTH    1. Community    2. Connectivity    3. ...
COMMUNITY   Schools as community hubs e.g. Houten, NL
COMMUNITY Places for people of all ages e.g. Reiselfeld, Freiburg, Germany
CONNECTIVITY Integrated Transport and short distances, e.g. Freiburg, Germany
CONNECTIVITY               – Stations at the heart               – Primacy for cycling                 and walking        ...
CONNECTIVITYOrestad New Town, Copenhagen
CHARACTERParis Rive Gauche, blocks are designed as open plots with landscaperunning through
CHARACTER
CLIMATE – Low carbon lifestyles – Local renewables e.g. Freiburg
COLLABORATION Development partnerships e.g. SEMAPA, Paris
COLLABORATION Vathorst, Amersfoort; the local Authority is the driving force
COLLABORATIONGerman Building Groups (Baugruppen Architektur), Vauban
THE PRINCIPLES FOR SMARTER GROWTHARE CLEAR: 1.   Focus on transport links and growth points 2.   Recognise key opportuniti...
GREEN BELTS STOP SMARTER GROWTH
GREEN FINGERS MAY BE BETTER
WE NEED CONNECTED CITIES
SUSTAINABLE URBAN NEIGHBOURHOODSSHOULD BE THE GOAL
WANT TO KNOW MORE? Visit www.urbed.coop for the full SUNN report
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Ecobuild 2013 Nicholas Falk Presentation - Garden cities, compact towns or what?

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Ecobuild Seminar session 16.30 – 18.00
Sustainable urban form - compact city or garden suburb?
The future health of our planet will be determined in our cities.
Achieving urban sustainability appears to be an imperative with a short timescale for delivery. Given that sustainability needs to be a balance of social, environmental and economic factors, what are the current drivers for creating sustainable urban environments in our existing cities and what should be the drivers for creating sustainable urban environments? This seminar will explore the issues through a comparison of city forms.
Developing City Visions - Professor Tim Dixon, Chair, Sustainable Futures in the Built Environment, University of Reading
Urban metabolism - Dr Adriana Allen, Senior Lecturer, Development Planning Unit, UCL
Compact cities: understanding the role of density - Dr Chris Boyko, Senior Research Fellow, University of Lancaster
Garden suburbs? Appropriate solutions with case studies from the Sustainable Urban Neighborhood Network - Dr Nicholas Falk, Founder & Director, URBED

Publié dans : Design
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Ecobuild 2013 Nicholas Falk Presentation - Garden cities, compact towns or what?

  1. 1. Garden cities, compact towns or what?Dr Nicholas Falkwww.urbed.coop
  2. 2. WHO AM I? • An economist, strategic planner and urbanist - Founder Director of URBED (Urban and Economic Development) in London 1976 set up to tackle urban regeneration • The co author of Sustainable Urban Neighbourhood: Building the 21st Century Home (AP 2009) • The leader of learning networks e.g. Sustainable Urban Neighbourhoods Network, TEN Group which has just visited Paris.
  3. 3. WHERE AM I FROM?I have lived in three distinctly differentneighbourhood models:• Hampstead Garden Suburb (early C. 20th)• Stroud, a Market Town (C. 18th)• Kings Cross, Cromer Street (inter/post war)
  4. 4. TODAY I WILL...• Explain why we need new housing models• Draw lessons from recent experience• Propose a smarter growth model
  5. 5. GROWTH COULD TAKE MANY FORMSMost cities sprawl around transport links. Ebenezer Howard’offered a compromise which needs updat
  6. 6. THE SOCIAL CITY NEEDS UPDATING
  7. 7. WE NEED SOMETHING DIFFERENT
  8. 8. THE U.K PROVIDES SOME MODELS GROWTH & REGENERATION AREAS
  9. 9. WE NEED TO ROLL THEM OUT!1. Agree the Spatial Framework2. Facilitate Public Private Development Partnerships3. Mobilize Undesignated Public land4. Attract Private Funding for Infrastructure5. Open up Housing Markets6. Endow Community Stewardship
  10. 10. 1. AGREE THE SPATIAL FRAMEWORKOrchard Park, Cambridge • Cambridge map • Aerial of orchard park school • housing
  11. 11. 2. FACILITATE DEVELOPMENT PARTERSHIPS Ancoats, Manchester
  12. 12. 3. MOBILIZE UNDESIGNATED LAND Ancoats & New Islington Cambridge Graylingwell. Existing hospital buildings. Next to water Islington Ancoats & New tower
  13. 13. 3. MOBILIZE UNDESIGNATED LANDLightmoor, Telford is the 2nd Bournville
  14. 14. 4. ATTRACT PRIVATE FUNDINGUpton, Northampton, an initiative by English Partnerships Upton – Drainage bridge etc
  15. 15. 4. ATTRACT PRIVATE FUNDINGDerwenthorpe, York (JRHT)Super Sustainable centre,and energy efficient design
  16. 16. 5. OPEN UP HOUSING MARKETSIronstone, TelfordSmaller serviced sites (housing careers)Management agreements Walker Riverside, Newcastle Orchard Park, Cambridge Add an ironstone information centre Newhall picture Newhall, Harlow
  17. 17. 6. ENDOW COMMUNITY STEWARDSHIP Lightmoor, Telford; social as well as physical capital – community trusts Lightmoor school
  18. 18. EUROPE OFFERS EVEN BETTER MODELS...
  19. 19. THE DUTCH ARE SHOWING THE WAYVinex is a Dutch Ten Year Housing Programme. This has similarities with the previousgovernment’s Sustainable Communities Plan however the Dutch have succeededbetween 1996 and 2005 in building some 90 new settlements,which have increased their housing stock by 7.5%
  20. 20. DUTCH VINEX SETTLEMENTS The Netherlands increased their housing stock by 7.6% 1996- 2005 (Half over 1500 units and one quarter VINEX Plan over 5000) Select priority areas for growth and regeneration Link transport and development investment
  21. 21. HOUTEN, THEHOUTEN; NL BUTTERFLY Lack of public vehicle traffic within the development i.e. walk or cycle to bus stop
  22. 22. VATHORST, AMERSFOORT,HOUTEN; THE BUTTERFLY NL Shared Courtyards and patios over parking and branding of neighbourhoods to appeal to different tastes
  23. 23. ALMERE, NL Self-build in Almere, NL Home owners party
  24. 24. KEY four C’s are helping design in Cambridgeshire The ELEMENTS OF SMARTER GROWTH 1. Community 2. Connectivity 3. Character 4. Climate 5. Collaboration
  25. 25. COMMUNITY Schools as community hubs e.g. Houten, NL
  26. 26. COMMUNITY Places for people of all ages e.g. Reiselfeld, Freiburg, Germany
  27. 27. CONNECTIVITY Integrated Transport and short distances, e.g. Freiburg, Germany
  28. 28. CONNECTIVITY – Stations at the heart – Primacy for cycling and walking e.g. Houten, NL
  29. 29. CONNECTIVITYOrestad New Town, Copenhagen
  30. 30. CHARACTERParis Rive Gauche, blocks are designed as open plots with landscaperunning through
  31. 31. CHARACTER
  32. 32. CLIMATE – Low carbon lifestyles – Local renewables e.g. Freiburg
  33. 33. COLLABORATION Development partnerships e.g. SEMAPA, Paris
  34. 34. COLLABORATION Vathorst, Amersfoort; the local Authority is the driving force
  35. 35. COLLABORATIONGerman Building Groups (Baugruppen Architektur), Vauban
  36. 36. THE PRINCIPLES FOR SMARTER GROWTHARE CLEAR: 1. Focus on transport links and growth points 2. Recognise key opportunities and constraints 3. Rebalance city regions and neighbourhoods 4. Fund infrastructure through land values 5. Create ongoing partnerships
  37. 37. GREEN BELTS STOP SMARTER GROWTH
  38. 38. GREEN FINGERS MAY BE BETTER
  39. 39. WE NEED CONNECTED CITIES
  40. 40. SUSTAINABLE URBAN NEIGHBOURHOODSSHOULD BE THE GOAL
  41. 41. WANT TO KNOW MORE? Visit www.urbed.coop for the full SUNN report

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