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Using Resources Wisely
Water Management:
Utah League of Cities and Towns
17 September 2015
Utah State University
Kelly Kopp
Extension Water Conservation &
Turfgrass Specialist
USU’s Center for
Water Efficient Landscaping:
Products & Pr...
Property Characteristics Average Number
Lot Size (ft2) 13,251 782
Landscape Size (ft2) 7796 788
Hardscape Size (ft2) 5288 ...
Joanna Endter-Wada, Ph.D.
Diana Glenn, M.S.
Urban Water Conservation Research Laboratory
Dept. of Environment and Society
...
ASSESS:
identify locations with
capacity to conserve
urban irrigation water
DELIVER:
water use reports
to help people
cons...
Parcel-scale Landscape
Irrigation Ratios (LIRs)
Landscape Water Use
___________________
Landscape Water Need
LIR =
(estima...
Example service area and neighborhood
April 1 – October 31, 2013
1369 Locations; Mean LIR = 2.01
Neighborhood View
Example Water Use Report (USU-WBWCD)
footnotes
footnotes
Agriculture Water Management
Niel Allen, Extension Irrigation Specialist
Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010
(USGS, 2014)Water Use by Counties
-
50,000
100,000
150,000
200,000
250...
 Extension Agriculture Water
Conservation/Use Expertise
• Agronomy – Dr. Earl Creech
• Vegetables – Dr. Dan Drost
• Fruit...
Irrigation Management
 Water Management during Drought
 Irrigation System Maintenance
 Irrigation System Improvements
...
Utah Water Research Lab
Alfonso Torres-Rua
Research Engineer, AggieAir
AggieAir - Agriculture
Evapotranspiration rate (mm/day)
(left) (from METRIC) and crop
nitrogen content (right) (from a
mac...
AggieAir Examples: Precision Agriculture
Plant
chlorophyll
estimates
made from
AggieAir
imagery and
RVM
modeling
Approach....
Agriculture using Satellite Data*
* Crop and Water
Monitoring and Information
System
Crop Stress Crop Yield Crop Water Use...
Water Quality
Nancy Mesner, Extension Water Quality Specialist
USU Quinney College of Natural Resources
Resources and prog...
 Age appropriate, unbiased, aligned to Utah
core;
 Flexible, interdisciplinary format with STEM
connections;
Since 2006:...
In 2014, over 1,600 participants monitored 111 sites.
 We assign appropriate sites and provide all necessary equipment.
...
 A partnership with USU extension,
agencies, conservation districts, private
business and landowners.
 We provide traini...
Robert Gillies,
State Climatologist
Research
climate extremes, variability, trends
drought
dynamics & ENSO
severe weather
tropical cyclones
data networks
inst...
data networks
instrumentation networks
forecasts & projections
outreach & education
Service
Service
data networks
instrumentation networks
forecasts & projections
outreach & education
Water Conservation Programs in
Landscape Horticulture
Larry Rupp
Extension Landscape Horticulture Specialist
Quality of Life
“. . . when I walked past my first lawn,…
I stooped down and touched its cool nap
in awe and unbelief. I t...
HOODOO© Mountain
Mahogany
ALICE© Bigtooth Maple
UVATUNG© Penstemon
Native plants for landscaping
Supporting the Green Industry
Residential Water Use
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000
SeasonalLandscapeWaterApplied,Inches
Lands...
We can conserve water and enjoy our landscapes
Water Management:
Using Resources Wisely
Questions?
Utah League of Cities and Towns
17 September 2015
Water Management: Using Water Wisely | Utah State University
Water Management: Using Water Wisely | Utah State University
Water Management: Using Water Wisely | Utah State University
Water Management: Using Water Wisely | Utah State University
Water Management: Using Water Wisely | Utah State University
Water Management: Using Water Wisely | Utah State University
Water Management: Using Water Wisely | Utah State University
Water Management: Using Water Wisely | Utah State University
Water Management: Using Water Wisely | Utah State University
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Water Management: Using Water Wisely | Utah State University

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A presentation by Utah State University faculty about USU’s Center for Water Efficient Landscaping, WaterCheck Program, WaterMAPS, Agriculture Water Management, Utah Water Research Lab, Water Quality Extension, Utah Climate Center, Water Conservation Programs in Landscape Horticulture and more.

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Water Management: Using Water Wisely | Utah State University

  1. 1. Using Resources Wisely Water Management: Utah League of Cities and Towns 17 September 2015 Utah State University
  2. 2. Kelly Kopp Extension Water Conservation & Turfgrass Specialist USU’s Center for Water Efficient Landscaping: Products & Programs for Utahns
  3. 3. Property Characteristics Average Number Lot Size (ft2) 13,251 782 Landscape Size (ft2) 7796 788 Hardscape Size (ft2) 5288 781 Irrigation System Characteristics Fixed Rotor Ave. Operating Pressure (PSI) 47.3 52.7 Ave. Distribution Uniformity (%) 56.9 57.6 Ave. Precipitation Rate (in/hour) 1.8 1.0
  4. 4. Joanna Endter-Wada, Ph.D. Diana Glenn, M.S. Urban Water Conservation Research Laboratory Dept. of Environment and Society Quinney College of Natural Resources Roger Kjelgren, Ph.D. Dept. of Plants, Soils and Climate College of Agriculture and Applied Sciences Doug Ramsey, Ph.D. and Chris Gerrard USU Remote Sensing/Geographic Information Systems Laboratory
  5. 5. ASSESS: identify locations with capacity to conserve urban irrigation water DELIVER: water use reports to help people conserve TRACK: water use change over time; monitor conservation success
  6. 6. Parcel-scale Landscape Irrigation Ratios (LIRs) Landscape Water Use ___________________ Landscape Water Need LIR = (estimated from analysis of municipal or water provider meter data) _______________________________ _______ (estimated from classification of remotely-sensed airborne multispectral imagery, localized reference ETo rates modified by relevant landscape correction factors, and policy assumptions) (per unit of landscaped area) (Identifies Capacity to Conserve Outdoor Water) LIR less than 1 = Efficient Between 1 and 2 = Acceptable Between 2 and 3 = Inefficient Greater than 3 = Excessive
  7. 7. Example service area and neighborhood April 1 – October 31, 2013 1369 Locations; Mean LIR = 2.01 Neighborhood View
  8. 8. Example Water Use Report (USU-WBWCD) footnotes footnotes
  9. 9. Agriculture Water Management Niel Allen, Extension Irrigation Specialist
  10. 10. Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010 (USGS, 2014)Water Use by Counties - 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 400,000 450,000 500,000 FreshWaterDiversions(ac-ft/year) 2010 Water Diversions for Utah Counties. In Utah 78% Ag and Golf Course Irrigation. Irrigation Golf Course Irrigation Aquaculture Other Uses
  11. 11.  Extension Agriculture Water Conservation/Use Expertise • Agronomy – Dr. Earl Creech • Vegetables – Dr. Dan Drost • Fruit – Dr. Brent Black • Weed Management – Dr. Ralph Whitesides • Pest Management – Dr. Ricardo Ramirez and others • Soils and Fertility – Dr. Grant Cardon • Irrigation – Dr. Niel Allen • Local County Agricultural Agents Water Management
  12. 12. Irrigation Management  Water Management during Drought  Irrigation System Maintenance  Irrigation System Improvements  Irrigation Application Uniformity  Irrigation Scheduling  Crop Water Use  Soil Moisture Measurement  Water Measurement  Agriculture Weather Network  Crop Selection  Cropping Practice  Water Measurement and Management  https://extension.usu.edu/irrigation/  Utah Climate Center (Ag Weather Network) https://climate.usurf.usu.edu/
  13. 13. Utah Water Research Lab Alfonso Torres-Rua Research Engineer, AggieAir
  14. 14. AggieAir - Agriculture Evapotranspiration rate (mm/day) (left) (from METRIC) and crop nitrogen content (right) (from a machine learning/RVM approach). Sub-meter resolution estimates of crop dry-weight biomass, yield forecasts, and other valuable information will eventually be possible with collection of sufficient data. www.aggieair.usu.edu
  15. 15. AggieAir Examples: Precision Agriculture Plant chlorophyll estimates made from AggieAir imagery and RVM modeling Approach. Surface soil moisture estimates made from AggieAir imagery and ANN modeling.
  16. 16. Agriculture using Satellite Data* * Crop and Water Monitoring and Information System Crop Stress Crop Yield Crop Water Use CWMIS* A web platform to provide farmers / irrigators with current information about their fields using satellite information.
  17. 17. Water Quality Nancy Mesner, Extension Water Quality Specialist USU Quinney College of Natural Resources Resources and programs for all people Water is Life: Quality Matters
  18. 18.  Age appropriate, unbiased, aligned to Utah core;  Flexible, interdisciplinary format with STEM connections; Since 2006:  More than 250 educators trained each year;  We provide activities for ~ 8000 kids each year.  Proven to increase knowledge in science and awareness of water pollution protection Learn more at streamsidescience.usu.edu Streamside Science: water-related, hands-on education for grades K-12
  19. 19. In 2014, over 1,600 participants monitored 111 sites.  We assign appropriate sites and provide all necessary equipment.  We train all volunteers on field techniques and how to use our online database. Utah Water Watch: Citizen monitoring Learn more at: extension.usu.edu/utahwaterwatch
  20. 20.  A partnership with USU extension, agencies, conservation districts, private business and landowners.  We provide trainings, outreach, and assistance to private landowners. Watershed management Learn more at: www.utahcleanwater.org
  21. 21. Robert Gillies, State Climatologist
  22. 22. Research climate extremes, variability, trends drought dynamics & ENSO severe weather tropical cyclones data networks instrumentation networks forecasts & projections outreach & education Service
  23. 23. data networks instrumentation networks forecasts & projections outreach & education Service
  24. 24. Service data networks instrumentation networks forecasts & projections outreach & education
  25. 25. Water Conservation Programs in Landscape Horticulture Larry Rupp Extension Landscape Horticulture Specialist
  26. 26. Quality of Life “. . . when I walked past my first lawn,… I stooped down and touched its cool nap in awe and unbelief. I think I held my breath - I had not known that people anywhere lived with such grace.” Wallace Stegner
  27. 27. HOODOO© Mountain Mahogany ALICE© Bigtooth Maple UVATUNG© Penstemon Native plants for landscaping
  28. 28. Supporting the Green Industry
  29. 29. Residential Water Use 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 SeasonalLandscapeWaterApplied,Inches Landscape Area, ft2 Water Efficient West Jordan Potable Water Use, 2000 Water Waste
  30. 30. We can conserve water and enjoy our landscapes
  31. 31. Water Management: Using Resources Wisely Questions? Utah League of Cities and Towns 17 September 2015

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