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Philosophy report of van

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Aristotle 3
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Philosophy report of van

  1. 1. 1. THE SIGNIFICANCE, NATURE AND ROLE OF PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION
  2. 2. Philosophy in Relation to Education
  3. 3. PHILOSOPHY Is defined as the science of all things studied from the viewpoint of their ultimate causes, reasons, or principles by the light of human reason alone.
  4. 4.  Is also seen as a reflective technique applied to lived experience.  It a science which verifies all things in one weltanschauung (world-view)
  5. 5. All men, by nature, desire to know There is in man a philosophical drive to want to know and explanation of all that he has.
  6. 6. *HE REFLECTS ON UPON HIS EXPERIENCE AND ASKS QUESTIONS OF HIMSELF. *HE ASKS ABOUT THE ULTIMATE MEANING THAT CAN BE GIVEN TO HUMAN EXPERIENCE. *THE METHOD IS REFLECTION Man as a “thinkin g man”
  7. 7. Science is in the pursuit of truth Philosophy is in the pursuit of meaning.
  8. 8. NEW AGE High priority concern for development. 95% of the greatest scientists live in this age. Thus, there is an inevitable knowledge explosion which carries with it the power of development and the power of destruction.
  9. 9. Mans knowledge is, therefore, ambivalent. Ambivalent – unsure: having mixed, uncertain, or conflicting feelings about something.
  10. 10. TECHNOLOGICAL AND SCIENTIFIC AGE automation computer cybernetics This phenome non places tremendo us power in the hands of MAN.
  11. 11. Modern man is called SECULAR MAN. Man’s reputation as a sacred being created after God’s image and likeness has been challenged And reduced because of the event of the Scientific revolution. He is supposed to be a steward of the creation but has fallen short of his stewardship.
  12. 12. So, man needs……….
  13. 13. BBM
  14. 14. Is Philosophy a valid science? Does Philosophy possess a method all its own? What does Philosophy have to tell about man?
  15. 15. “The empirical and positivist assumed simply that there is NO KNOWABLE REALITY beyond what we can see, hear, measure, test, etc.” – Bacon and Hume rejection Philosophical method -reflective and abstract and aims at an understanding of nature and purpose = METAPHYSICAL (lying beyond what we see, hear) OBJECTIONS
  16. 16. Imperical Science (Bacon & Hume) Imperical Science (Bacon & Hume) Metaphysical - Philosophers Have brought about the progress which has allowed man to master the physical world around him. Beyond the physical Philosophical questions concern the nature of things, purpose, meaning, values, causes and so on. Any progress wrought by philosophy seems insignificant because of scientific feats like man’s landing on the moon, etc. Answers are not found in the realm of tangible or empirical. Dismiss philosophy as a pseudo- science, mere juggling of ideas, a non- significant mental exercise. Philosophical questions cannot be answered with empirical facts and tangible evidence, there will always be room for further questions. ________________________________ __ =PHILOSOPHY destined to the plagued by There are as many philosophies as there are philosophers.
  17. 17. WHAT IS MAN? biologist Man is a gregarious mammalian biped. Sociologist The patterns of behavior he exhibits in societal living. Philosophical Man can talk and dogs cannot. Man possesses a superior or higher nature than dogs. A. Experience Q: What is the source of all philosophical questions?
  18. 18. The Philosophical method is the observation of common experiences. Certain simple facts are considered such as: >existence >change >motion >multitude, etc.
  19. 19. The Philosophical Method is, therefore the study of common experience in order to come to some understanding of that experiences.
  20. 20. Man as Defined by Philosophy
  21. 21. MAN > End of God’s creation and King of all creations. - Philosophy and Theology >contra factum non valet argumentum (Against facts there is no argument) - Science >was always believed to be a special reserved of philosophy >Man has lost the mysterious sacredness that he possessed since time immemorial.
  22. 22. Man is no longer that special creature among creatures because he has been explained away by science. Man can be predicted.
  23. 23. Guidance of Philosophy
  24. 24.  Philosophy judges reality from the viewpoint of the total context.  Philosophy is necessary in order to humanize the sciences, to regulate the sciences in view of man’s growth and development. “Science can produce an atomic bomb but science cannot say when or what condition it may be used.” -Sec. of Educ. Alejandro Roces
  25. 25. Man according to Socrates >rational being >knowing being >man is aware of himself >man is free FREEDOM establishes man’s dignity. Without it, man ceases to exist as man. With it, he is a “Little less than God”
  26. 26. Man is free to love.
  27. 27. In loving, that man finds happiness. All philosophers agree that man is made to be happy, says Aristotle, but they disagree on what
  28. 28. Love leads to the perfection of man because it unites man with others. In a spirit of OPENNESS and SELF-GIVING, the “I” and the “you” commune and
  29. 29. GOD Philosophy, in its analysis of love, already lays the foundation for the existence of God.
  30. 30. Philosophy in Relation to Education
  31. 31.  Education has to do with influencing man to become what he ought to be. We must understand man as he is today.  Man is what he is because of what he was and because of his relationships with other people and with his changing environment.  The wisdom of the intellect makes a
  32. 32. Aristotle has said that the virtuous man is a happy man and that happiness is the ultimate goal of man. Plato has declared: “The best man makes the best citizen”
  33. 33. Wisdom is the comprehensive view of reality which in integrates all kinds of understanding. Understanding is more specific. It can refer to mathematical, historical, scientific, linguistic or technological understanding.
  34. 34. Philosophy of education and the Science of Education must go in hand. Philosophy of Education without the science of education is empty: on the other hand, science of education without philosophy of education is blind. There is no sense of direction, there is no compass, no guiding star.
  35. 35. A Philosophy of education provides the guiding principles received from general philosophy. The science of education gathers from the data of experimental psychology of the details which go together to form the mosaic of concrete reality.
  36. 36. Together, they form a complete picture of the ends and means of education. Divorced from one another, they will inevitably end in sweeping contradictions of each other. Separating them will do violence to their
  37. 37. THANK YOU FOR LISTENING AND PARTICIPATING…… GOD BLESS YOU

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