Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Le téléchargement de votre SlideShare est en cours. ×

Energy in the future. Nordic GreenTransition


Consultez-les par la suite

1 sur 48 Publicité

Plus De Contenu Connexe

Diaporamas pour vous (18)

Les utilisateurs ont également aimé (12)


Similaire à Energy in the future. Nordic GreenTransition (20)


Plus récents (20)

Energy in the future. Nordic GreenTransition

  1. 1. Energy in the future Nordic GreenTransition Director, Administrative Research Center: Audun Amundsen (PhD), NORWAY E-mail: audun.amundsen@hiof.no Mobile: +47 95276942
  2. 2. http://www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/oed/pressesenter/pressemeldinger/2013/energimerket-skal-endres-for- fjernvarme.html?id=735074&WT.tsrc=epost&WT.mc_id=epostvarsel_oed
  3. 3. Oslo’s vision is a zero emission city. The Strategy: Daring to make changes and developing a city that allows for both current and future generations to thrive and live a good life. Target: Oslo has as set itself the target to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 50% by 2030 and becoming fossil free by 2050. The new City Government is currently proposing to raise the bar and aim to reach 50% by 2020.
  4. 4. Reaching the climate targets requires collaboration across levels of government, the business sector, academia and the local citizens. Hence, when developing Oslo’s climate and energy strategy, the city ensured the involvement of different stakeholders in establishing a strategy and a road map for reaching the city’s climate targets.
  5. 5. How organise the process to develope a strategy? - Starting point: from the goverment: ZERO greenhouse gas emissions in 2050 - all stakeholders was invited - 250 people pulled into action - working groups: public transport, transport, buildings, energy production, municipal services etc. - Time span: one year
  6. 6. Norway and Oslo have a unique position when it comes to access to renewable energy through hydro power. Oslo wishes to take advantage of this position to showcase the possibilities for electrification of the transport sector, testing of electric vehicles and maturing the electric vehicle market. As testing ground and dedicated work to produce new solutions, Oslo’s experience can offer valuable insights for other cities when they, in time, reach the same levels of renewable energy in their energy systems.
  7. 7. Worlds biggest windmill in Danmark pr February 2014. 8MW. Wings are Ø 80 m, 140 m over ground. Foto: Vestas/Frank Boutrup Schmidt
  8. 8. A robust energy system: Oslo’s climate and energy strategy focuses on energy efficiency actions for both new and existing buildings. The aim is to switch the energy source for heating in buildings. Electricity consumption is to be reduced, encouraging the use of fossil free district heating. Oil boilers will be banned from 2020. This means increased utilisation of local energy sources and waste heat, along with introducing a smart grid system for controlling the need for electric power. These measures will enable Oslo to manage the increased electrification of the transport sector without requiring new, unnecessary investments in the existing energy infrastructure. .
  9. 9. Bravida building, the future in energy and environment 2025 Result from co-operation, Audun Amundsen (PhD), 100 kWh/m2/year 2004 HP on ground, thermal solar collectors, insulation
  10. 10. Bellona Building officebuilding, 2013 83 kWh/m2/year. HP and thermal solar collectors
  11. 11. Oceana building, Norway
  12. 12. Roofs is wanted, we transform it to power production areas!
  13. 13. 566 kvm 57 MWh/år Hedemark University College
  14. 14. Ruter, Oslo’s public transportation company, states: • In Oslo, all public transport will run on renewable fuels by the end of 2020. • From 2020, busses, taxis and new ferries will utilise biogas, hydrogen, biodiesel or electricity. • Urban development will primarily be through densification around public transport hubs and along public transport routes. • Transfer Oslo into a city where walking, cycling, and public transport are the preferred solutions.
  15. 15. The time for action is now. Vice Mayor for Environment and Transport, City of Oslo, states this very clearly: “Climate emission reduction is not something that is to be done by someone else, somewhere else at some other time. We need to make this happen right now, to be able to deal with the climate challenges the world is facing”
  16. 16. RUTER, the bus company in Oslo Today - 120 buses: 100 biodiesel - 90 biogas - 5 hydrogen Next 7 years: Ruter buys 1000 buses
  17. 17. A hydrogen – locomotive can be a much lower investment compares to elefication of the hole line. Vehicle Projects delivered this to the mining company: Anglo American Platinum in South Africa
  18. 18. Skycle London; 1200 cycles/hour, 220 km Cost: 1 bill. euro
  19. 19. Electric vehicles: Oslo is the world’s electric vehicle capital. The share of electric vehicles is increasing radically, and in 2015 almost 30% of all new cars sold in Oslo are electric vehicles or hydrogen cars. The target is 100%. To reduce both global and local emissions from mobility, Oslo has promoted electric vehicles through local and national incentives.
  20. 20. Range Electric car models
  21. 21. TESLA Model X
  22. 22. Toyota FCV-konsept (fuel cell vehicles) Range: 500 kilometer. Accellerate from 0 til 100 km/h in ten sekunds. Top speed:170 km/h. Effect:100 kW. Price in Norway: 80 000 euro? Foto: Toyota
  23. 23. Electric and Hydrogen vehicles ● Investing in 1,000 charging stations in the city and preparing for biofuel stations ● Free parking for electric vehicles ● Free energy at local charging stations (the City will now stop this incentive and encourage market involvement in the biofuel station business). ● Exemption of VAT on electric vehicles ● Permission for electric vehicles to use the bus lanes ● Free passage on the toll ring around Oslo ● Reducing parking space for other cars and increasing their parking fees ● The City of Oslo will now ‘tighten’ the everyday life of the users of fossil fuel driven cars by introducing zero-emission areas in the city.
  24. 24. Biogas - Fuel: biogas from fermentation of organic waste - Can also use LNG - Cars on the market:
  25. 25. St.m. 21 ( 2011-2012) Norsk Klimapolitikk Klemetstrud energyplant, Oslo Production of energy from waste, Combined heat and power District heating
  26. 26. The experiences harvested in Oslo can be applied to ease and prepare the transition process in other major cities and regions. The transition also requires a change in governance structures. Oslo will therefore increase the focus on identifying and implementing appropriate organisational structures that allow for sustainable urban development, especially through involving different stakeholders and citizens to reach acceptable solutions that promote the paradigm shift. This means paying special attention to forming the lifestyle of the younger generation. Dialogue with the younger generations is also seen as key for finding the new solutions that the World needs. Using a holistic approach, Oslo is one of the many Nordic cities that work to realise the green transition.
  27. 27. Good luck! Thank’s for your attention! Learn more - www.oslo.kommune.no/english/ Learn more - www.oslo.kommune.no/english/
  28. 28. Ocean Harvesting Technologies Testrigg Risør, 25 -100 KW
  29. 29. Systemet utnytter temperaturforskjellene på ulikt dyp til å produsere energi. 45 kbm /sekund. Foto: Lockheed Martin
  30. 30. Vanndrage med turbin fra svenske Minesto Illustrasjon: Minesto
  31. 31. Ref: http://www.tu.no/klima/2013/12/31/-har-aldri-sett-noe-lignende?utm_source=newsletter-2014-01-02&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=newsletter Østsibir- havet: 17 mill.tonn/år
  32. 32. Solarpowered ship -515 sqm solarpanels -14 knots
  33. 33. Apple’s energivisjon