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Cohesiveness and group dynamics

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the presentations outline some concepts about group cohesiveness and dynamics in organisational behviour

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Cohesiveness and group dynamics

  1. 1. 2014 4/13/2015 Group cohesiveness & Group dynamics - VINCENT 1 VINCENT KONADU TAWIAH GROUP COHESIVENESS AND GROUP DYNAMICS
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Not every mass of people can be called a group. Every group is distinguished by certain features which are called group properties. • Roles • Norms • Status • Size • Cohesiveness. 4/13/2015 2 Group cohesiveness & Group dynamics - VINCENT
  3. 3. DEFINITION • Cohesiveness is the degree to which group members are attracted to each other and are motivated to stay in the group. • It is the level of unity or closeness among members in a group. 4/13/2015 3 Group cohesiveness & Group dynamics - VINCENT
  4. 4. FACTORS AFFECTING COHESIVENESS • Formation process and goals (interest) • Size • Attitudes and values of members • Time spend together • Level of interdependency • Success and shared goals • Flexibility of membership • Member turnover and absenteeism. 4/13/2015 4 Group cohesiveness & Group dynamics - VINCENT
  5. 5. BENEFITS OF COHESIVENESS • Cohesiveness lead to productivity 4/13/2015 5 Group cohesiveness & Group dynamics - VINCENT
  6. 6. FLIP SIDE OF COHESIVENESS • Social loafing: people turn to hide under the names groups to perform less. • Tendency for mass poor performance • Mass crime • Uncontrolled behavior. 4/13/2015 6 Group cohesiveness & Group dynamics - VINCENT
  7. 7. GROUP DYNAMICS • Group dynamics is the study of groups and group processes • “Field of inquiry dedicated to advancing knowledge about the nature of groups, the laws of their development, and their interrelations with individuals, other groups, and larger institutions” Cartwright and Zander • The scientific study of groups; also the actions, processes, and changes that occur in social groups 4/13/2015 7 Group cohesiveness & Group dynamics - VINCENT
  8. 8. CONCEPT OF GROUP DYNAMICS • Group decision; how decision are made • Group productivity; how group perform • Group interaction; the corporation • Group cohesiveness ; unity and closeness • Group communication; 4/13/2015 8 Group cohesiveness & Group dynamics - VINCENT
  9. 9. PRACTICAL PRINCIPLES OF DYNAMICS What is the group’s goal What are the patterns of communication in the group? What determines how influential each member is? What method of decision making is used and how effective is it? Why do/why don’t members challenge each other? What and how do conflicts arise and how are they managed? What actions by the group members help/hurt the group effectiveness? 4/13/2015 9 Group cohesiveness & Group dynamics - VINCENT
  10. 10. CONCLUSION • Group is not about masses is about the level of unity , closeness among members and ability of members to adapt to group changes. 4/13/2015 10 Group cohesiveness & Group dynamics - VINCENT
  11. 11. 4/13/2015Group cohesiveness & Group dynamics - VINCENT 11