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Batik printing

  1. Batik Printing Under the Guidance of: Mr. R.Karmakar Prepared By: Neeta Singh
  2. Introduction • A manual wax-resist dyeing technique. • Patterns are found mainly in Indonesia, Malaysia, Japan, China, Azerbaijan, Indi a, Sri Lanka, Egypt, Nigeria, Senegal, and Singapore. • Use of traditional colours including indigo, dark brown, and white, which represent the three major Hindu Gods (Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva). • Unique patterns that normally take themes from everyday lives, incorporating patterns such as flowers, nature, animals, folklore or people are
  3. History of Batik Printing • Existed in Egypt in the 4th century BC, to wrap mummies. Linen was soaked in wax, and scratched using a sharp tool. • Practiced in China during the T'ang dynasty (618-907 CE), and in India and Japan during the Nara period (645-794 CE). • As late as the 1920s Javanese batik makers introduced the use of wax and copper blocks on Malaysia's east coast. The production of hand drawn batik in Malaysia is of recent date and is related to the Javanese batik tulis.
  4. Culture • Uses include furnishing fabrics, heavy canvas wall hangings, tablecloths and household accessories. • Batik techniques are used by famous artists to create batik paintings, which grace many homes and offices. • In Indonesia, traditionally, batik was sold in 2.25-metre lengths used for Kain Panjang or sarong for Kebaya dress. • Batik shirt was invented as a formal non- Western shirt for men in Indonesia
  5. • Malaysian batik often displays plants and flowers to avoid the interpretation of human and animal images as idolatry. • Also famous for its geometrical designs. • The patterns being larger and simpler • Colours tends to be lighter and more vibrant. • In Thai island of Koh Samui, batik is easily found in the form of resort uniforms, or decorations at many places. • Pattern includescoconut shells, the beaches, palm trees, the island's tropical flowers, fishing boats, its rich water life and southern dancer, Papthalung.
  6. • In China people use a dye resist method for their traditional costumes. • Mainly decorated hemp and cotton by applying hot wax then dipping the cloth in an indigo dye are used. • Traditional patterns include the dragon, phoenix, and flowers. Javanese court batik in Cirebon batik depicting deep brown color sea creatures
  7. Painting Indonesian modern batik painting • Out of its traditional context as fabrics with pattern, batik can also be as a medium for artists to make traditional or modern paintings or artworks. • Such arts can be categorized in the normal categorization of arts of the west.
  8. Technique • Cloth is prepared by starching it. • Then it is stretched on a frame and designs are traced on it using Paraffin & Bee Wax(70%+30%). • The Splash method and the Hand-painting method are the most commonly used for waxing purpose. • And then the cloth is dyed. • The cloth is later boiled to remove the wax. The areas covered by wax retain their original color, thus creating beautiful designs.
  9. Industrialization of Technique • Methods of applying the wax to the fabric include pouring the liquid wax, painting the wax with a brush, and putting hot wax onto pre-carved wooden or copper block (called a cap or tjap) and stamping the fabric. • The copper block (cap) developed by the Javanese in the 20th century revolutionized batik production. • By block printing the wax onto the fabric, it became possible to mass-produce designs and intricate patterns much faster than one could possibly do by using a tjanting tool.
  10. Reference – - Samui Batik (2010) – QuaChee & eM.K. (2005) "Batik Inspirations: Featuring Top Batik Designers". –