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Unit 7 world population

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Unit 7 world population

  1. 1. Population explosion Poverty ⇓⇓ Warm up:What are the following pictures about?
  2. 2. Homeless ⇓ Shortage of foods ⇓
  3. 3. Lack of schools Unemployment ⇓⇓
  4. 4. What is the main cause of these problems? => The increase of population
  5. 5. I. Before you read: Look at the paraghrap below and find the newwords
  6. 6. Research has shown that the average Third World woman has more children than she wants. Among the women who do not think they Have too many children, half of them do not want to have any more. However, although millions of women want to limit the size of their families, they know of no safe way to have fewer children. Safe birth-control methods for family planning are not available to them. It is time governments and international organisations did something to help them so that the world population growth can start to decrease instead of continuing to increase. Does the Earth has enough resources to support this many people? Different scientists give different answers to this question. Some say that there are enough resources to support 8 billion people. Others say that we must limit population growth because our resources are limited. Only 10 percent of the Earth’s land can be used for farming and another 20 percent for raising animals.There is a limit to the water we can use. There are also limits to the amounts of petroleum,iron, silver, gold, and other metals.  Read the passage and then do the tasks that follow. The population of the world has been increasing faster and faster . In 10,000 B.C., there were probably only 10 million people. In A.D. 1, there were 300 million. It took 1,750 years for the world population to reach 650 million. In 1850, only one hundred years later the population reach the figure had more than double to reach 2,510 million. In 2000, the world’s population was about 6.6 billion, and by 2015 it is expected to be over 7 billion.
  7. 7. + Population: (n) / p pju’lei n /ɔ ʃ dân số + figure (n) / ‘figə / = number : 625 , 300, 650... con số + double (a) / ‘d bl /ʌ : gấp đôi + resources (n) / ri’s :sɔ /: nguồn tài nguyên, khoáng sản + limit (n/v) / ‘l m tɪ ɪ /: hạn chế, giới hạn + raise animals / reiz ‘ӕn məlz /ɪ : nuôi động vật + birth-control method: / b :ɜ θ kən’troul ‘meθəd / phương pháp hạn chế sinh đẻ + family planning: / ‘fӕməli’plӕn ŋ /ɪ kế hoạch hóa gia đình + increase (v) : / n’kri:s / = rise (v)ɪ tăng lên ≠ + decrease (v) : / d ’kri:s/ɪ giảm xuống + control (v) : /kən’troul/ kiểm soát, điều khiển + international organizations: /intə’n əӕʃ nl , :rgɔ ənə’zeɪ nʃ / TC Quốc tế + method (n) : /’meθəd/ phương pháp A. Vocabulary
  8. 8. + B.C : (Before Christ): trước Công nguyên Ex: In 2000 B.C. + A.D: (Anno Domini): sau Công nguyên Ex: In A.D. 2000 + (to) support (v) = provide: cung cấp + It is time + clause (past simple): Đến lúc phải làm việc gì ex : It is time you went to bed + Third World : thế giới thứ 3
  9. 9. * CHECK VOCABULARY: - Rub out and remember 1. Population: (n) / p pju’lei n /ɔ ʃ 2. figure (n) / ‘figə / = number : 3. double (v) / ‘d bl /ʌ : dân số con số gấp đôi 4. resources (n) / ri’s :sɔ /: nguồn tài nguyên, khoáng sản 5. limit (n/v) / ‘l m t/ɪ ɪ : hạn chế, giới hạn 6. control (v) / kəntroul /: kiểm soát, điều khiển 7. increase (v) : / n’kri:s /ɪ tăng lên 8. method (n) : / ‘meθəd/ phương pháp
  10. 10. Task 1: The words in the box all appear in the passage. Fill in each blank with a suitable word. limit control figures increases method international although resources 1. _______ millions of women want to limit the size of their families, they know of no safe way to have fewer children. 2.Can you explain the ________ for changing salt water to fresh water? 3.The number of injuries from automobile accidents________ every year. 4.Some countries are poor because they have very few natural_______ 5.These are all ________: 1, 75, 293. 6. There is a(n) _______of 20 minutes for this short test. Students must turn in their papers at the end of 20th minute. 7. The United Nations is a(n)_______________ organization. 8. Some children behave badly and their parents can’t___________them. (v, n) (n) (n) (v) (v) (adj) (n)
  11. 11. Research has shown that the average Third World woman has more children than she wants. Among the women who do not think they Have too many children, half of them do not want to have any more. However, although millions of women want to limit the size of their families, they know of no safe way to have fewer children. Safe birth-control methods for family planning are not available to them. It is time governments and international organisations did something to help them so that the world population growth can start to decrease instead of continuing to increase. Does the Earth has enough resources to support this many people? Different scientists give different answers to this question. Some say that there are enough resources to support 8 billion people. Others say that we must limit population growth because our resources are limited. Only 10 percent of the Earth’s land can be used for farming and another 20 percent for raising animals.There is a limit to the water we can use. There are also limits to the amounts of petroleum,iron, silver, gold, and other metals.  II. While you read:  Read the passage and then do the tasks that follow. The population of the world has been increasing faster and faster . In 10,000 B.C., there were probably only 10 million people. In A.D. 1, there were 300 million. It took 1,750 years for the world population to reach 650 million. In 1850, only one hundred years later the population reach the figure had more than double to reach 2,510 million. In 2000, the world’s population was about 6.6 billion, and by 2015 it is expected to be over 7 billion.
  12. 12. Order Year The figures/ numbers of the World Population 1. 10,000 B.C. 2. 3. 1750 4. 1,300 million 5. 6. 7. 2000 8. 2015 Exercise 1: Fill in the table with the years and the figures 10 million A.D.1 300 million 625 million 1850 1950 2,510 million 1985 4,760 million 6,6 billion expected to be over 7 billion
  13. 13. Exercise 2: Choose the best answer. 1.The population of the world________every year. A. decrease B. double C. increases D. limit 2.The word “ figure “ in line 5 means________ A. arm B. number C. gift D. pen 3. In_______, the world population reached the figure of 1,300 million. A. 1850 B. 1950 C. 1985 D. 2015 4. If you________number 5, you will get number 10. A. add B. divide C. subtact D. double 5. According to the passage, the world population will be over_______ by the year 2015 A. 17 billion B. 7 billion C. 7.7 billion D. 7 million
  14. 14. 1. All the scientists agree that the Earth has enough resources to support the world population. F - Different scientists have different ideas. ( line 1,2; Paragraph 2) Exercise 3: Decide whether the statements are true(T) or false (F) T - ( line 5; Paragraph 2) 2. According to the passage, only 10 percent of the earth’s land can be used for farming. 3. Governments and international organizations should do something to help increases the population growth. F- ( decrease - line 8; Paragraph 3)
  15. 15. THANK YOU VERY MUCH!
  16. 16. Does the Earth has enough__________to support this many people? Different scientists give different answers to this question. Some say that there are enough resources to support 8 billion people. Others say that we must _________population growth because our resources are limited. Only 10 percent of the Earth’s land can be used for farming and another 20 percent for_____________. There is a limit to the water we can use. There are also limits to the amounts of petroleum,iron, silver, gold, and other metals. The ___________of the world has been increasing faster and faster . In 10,000 B.C., there were probably only 10 million people. In A.D. 1, there were 300 million. It took 1,750 years for the world population to reach 650 million. In 1850, only one hundred years later the population reach the ________had more than _______to reach 2,510 million. In 2000, the world’s population was about 6.6 billion, and by 2015 it is expected to be over 7 billion. population figure double resources limit raising animals
  17. 17. - Learn by heart the new words - prepare next lesson.

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