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AiC BIM Body of Knowledge (BOK) Delphi Study Status Report

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We presented the status report on the 11th BIM Education Symposium hosted at the Autodesk Boston Headquarter Office. You can find other BIM education research articles presented at this symposium through this link: https://coremng.dcp.ufl.edu/bimeducation2017/2017AiCProceedings.pdf

Publié dans : Formation

AiC BIM Body of Knowledge (BOK) Delphi Study Status Report

  1. 1. AiC BIM Body of Knowledge (BOK) Delphi Study Report, Dictionary & Specification Development & Future Direction By: Wei Wu, Glenda Mayo, Tammy McCuen, Raymond Issa, Deke Smith 4/4/2017 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  2. 2. Agenda • Review of the Delphi Process • Consensus Evaluation Criteria and Data Analysis • Results and Findings • Draft Report & Internal Review • AiC BIM BOK Dictionary & Specifications Development (BBDSD) • BBDSD Mini Workshop • Future Directions 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  3. 3. Review of the Delphi Process • The BIM BOK Classification & Categorization • Pre-established BIM BOK Line Items • Delphi Panel Selection • Three Rounds of Delphi Surveys • Data Processing and Analyzing • Draft Report and Internal Review 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  4. 4. BIM BOK Classification & Categorization BIM BOK Line Item Scenario Codification 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  5. 5. Elaboration on the BIM BOK Classification/Categorization • Levels of Implementation (LOI): LOI address the business decision-making hierarchy on BIM uptake and utilization, descending from Plan It and Coordinate It (macro level, inter- and intra-organizational level) to Manage It and Do It (micro level, project and task level). • Roles of Users (ROU): ROU acknowledge the commonality and disparity of BIM uses across the AECOO industry sectors in reference to the OmniClass Table 33 – Disciplines (OmniClass 2006), and regroup BIM users into four representative categories including Designers (architecture and engineering), Contractors (general and specialty), Facility Managers/Operators, as well as Consultant/Generalist. • Levels of Performance (LOP): LOP indicates the stratification of performance depending on educational background and professional experience, and suggest the progression of performance from Entry, Middle to Full via college education and professional training. To facilitate the development of BIM curriculum, LOP also aligns BIM learning/training outcomes with Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning (Krathwohl 2002) (see Table 1). • Types of Knowledge (TOK): TOK inherits the concepts of Knowledge Management (KM) in the AECOO industry, and highlight its project-based nature. As a matter of fact, projects are also identified as temporary organizations (Howard 1991; Turner and Müller 2003). Therefore, organizational general knowledge and project specific knowledge are both critical constituents of the BIM BOK. 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  6. 6. Table 1. Align the Level of Performance with Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning Level of Performance Performance Expectation Bloom Taxonomy Entry Level Performance expected for users with a Bachelor's degree or equivalent technical education Remembering Understanding Middle Level Performance expected for users that meet Entry Level qualifications plus 3-5 years of experience in BIM practices Applying Analyzing Full Performance Performance expected for users that meet Middle Level qualifications plus 5 or greater years of experience in BIM practices Evaluating Creating 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  7. 7. PlanIt(27) Organizational mission statement BXP: Process mapping BXP: Information exchange BXP: Goals BXP: BIM usage BXP: Procurement strategy ISO 15686-10: Life cycle functional performance Infrastructure planning Quality assurance effort Business process mapping Employer information requirements Benchmarking practices Security policy Risk management Facility management needs Enterprise architecture Life cycle assessment Corporate/organizational learning Organizational training of others Professional development Internal standards across the organization Develop guides Building performance targets Commissioning plan Staffing projects Budget (VDC/BIM) Software selection & upgrade strategy CoordinateIt(6) Technical support for interoperability Model coordination Pre-construction issue resolution Software version coordination Providing training Understand the roles of all phases of the life cycle ManageIt(21) Model quality control Manage BXP Refine BXP Performance measurement Model validation Standards compliance checking Buy-in from stakeholders throughout the organization Contract language Manage workforce Project controls - budgeting /cost Project controls - scheduling /time Project lifecycle data collection - feedback loop Leadership - team building Contract administration Change management Project administration Manage information exchange Pre-construction issue resolution Evaluate metrics Protecting IP of digital assets Professional ethics DoIt(13) Rendering for marketing Individual effort Understands just your own model Ability to build a model Aggregate a model Software usage Solving problems and gaining knowledge Estimating Site logistics List of BIM uses Knowledge of scripting Knowledge of programing Technical writing Pre-established BIM BOK line items (9th BIM Academic Symposium BIM JTA Mini Workshop) 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  8. 8. 9th AiC BIM JTA Mini Workshop Participants (2015 ) Deke Smith National Institute of Building Sciences Wei Wu California State University, Fresno Raymond Issa University of Florida Tamera McCuen University of Oklahoma Dominique Fernandez National Institute of Building Sciences Gregorius Gegana University of Indonesia (Indonesia) Geoffey Becker University of Southern California Sa’id Kori University of Liverpool (UK) Michael Gonzalez University of New Mexico David Batie East Carolina University Fernanda Leite University of Texas – Austin Anne Anderson Washington State University Tony Graham North Carolina A&T University Zulfikar Adamu Loughborough University (UK) Rogelio Palomera-Arias The University of Texas at San Antonio Rui Liu University of Florida Maria Gomez Worcester Polytechnic University Julide Demirdoven Illinois Institute of Technology Kherun Nita Ali Universiti Teknolgi Malaysia (UTM) (Malaysia) Marcel Maghiar Georgia Southern University Tony Widjarnarso Institute of Technology Bandung, Indonesia (Malaysia) Kevin Miller Brigham Young University Lamar Henderson Independent John Cribbs Arizona State University Steven K. Ayer Arizona State University Tracy Stone Woodbury University Han Hoang The BIM Factory (Vietnam) James Bedrick The BIM Factory (Vietnam) 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  9. 9. The AiC BIM BOK Delphi Study Pre-Delphi • BIM JTA Mini Workshop • Preliminary BIM BOK Line Items • BOK System Architecture Delphi Panel Selection • Demographics & Qualification Survey • Non-Disclosure Agreement Round 1 • Brainstorming • Relevance Checking • Confirmed BIM BOK Line Items Round 2 • Rating & Consensus Evaluation • Early Consensus & Early Agreement Round 3 • Re-rating & Re- evaluation • Final Levels of Agreement 04/2015 07-09/2015 11-12/2015 01-02/2016 04-07/2016 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  10. 10. Delphi Panel Selection - Criteria • Current professional undertaking and job function • Industry sector represented • Typical phase of project delivery involvement • Years of professional experience • Educational background • Geographical location 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  11. 11. 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  12. 12. Geographical Distributions of the Delphi Panelists 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  13. 13. AiC BIM BOK Delphi Study Panelists (23 out of 29 made contribution to the study) Vimesh Amin Caddell Construction Giovanni "Gio" Carino ProdigyAE Inc. Philippines | 3DProdigy Singapore | 5DProdigy Philippines Mike Carroll Dvirka & Bartilucci Engineers and Architects Chuck Coen Washington State University - Facilities Services, Administration Malcolm Coetzee JE Dunn Construction Company Chris Cossey United Mechanical, Inc. Ayman Daoud Eurosia™ Michael DuLaney University of Colorado Health Scott Ebert Design BIM Group Andrew Fisher DPR Construction Ram Ganapathy DPR Construction Brittany Giel The Whiting-Turner Contracting Company Sindhu Gundimeda Austin Commercial Maya Joannides Morris Architects Brian Krause Clark Construction Group Kurt Maldovan Jacobs William Manion O'Neil & Manion Architects P.A. Casey Martin Jacobs Cliff Moser Stanford Healthcare Stu Rich PenBay Solutions Todd Shackelford Alvine and Associates Doug Sinclair Intemation Darren Young Southland Industries 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  14. 14. Round 1 (11-12/2015) • Relevance checking and expansion on existing BIM BOK line items • No new BIM BOK line items were added • Response Rate: 21/29 = 72.4% 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  15. 15. Round 2 (01-02/2016) • Establish the initial consensus on the importance of BIM BOK line items via 5-point Likert-type scales • Determine Early Consensus and Early Strong Agreement with established Combinatory Multi-Criteria Evaluation for Level of Agreement Level of Measurement Very Important Important Somewhat Important Somewhat Unimportant Very Unimportant Likert Scale 5 4 3 2 1 Level of Agreement SD IQR Round 2 IQR Round 3 PS Single PS Combined Adjacent Early Consensus (EC) ≤ 1 AND ≤ 1 ― AND ≥ 60%2 ― Early Strong Agreement (ESA) ≤ 1 AND ≤ 1 ― ― ― AND ≥ 70%3 Consensus (C) ≤ 1 AND ― ≤ 1 AND ≥ 60% ― ― Strong Agreement (SA) ≤ 1 AND ― ≤ 1 ― AND ≥ 70% Partial Agreement (PA) ≤ 1 AND ― 1 < IQR ≤ 2 ― AND ≥ 60% Total Disagreement (TD) > 1 OR ― > 2 AND < 25% ― ― Split Disagreement (SD) > 1 OR ― > 2 AND ≥ 25% ― ― 1Combinatory evaluation criteria were suggested by (Giannarou and Zervas 2014). 2 Single scale Percent Score 60% threshold suggested by (Rayens and Hahn 2000; Stitt-Gohdes and Crews 2004; von der Gracht 2012). 3 Combined adjacent scale Percent Score 70% threshold as suggested by (Mayo and Issa 2016). 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  16. 16. An Example of the Combinatory Multi-Criteria LOA Evaluation Process for Round 2 Results 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  17. 17. Round 3 (04-07/2016) • Review the results of Round 2 and re-rate the remaining BIM BOK line items based on their interpretation of the aggregated perceptions of the panelists • Response Rate*: • Sub Survey 1, 63.0% • Sub Survey 2, 55.6% • Sub Survey 3, 59.3% • Sub Survey 4, 59.3% • Produce a heat map for quick pattern identification of the consensus achieved on the BIM BOK line items. * Per suggestion by the Delphi panelists, Round 3 survey was divided into 4 sub surveys per ROUs: 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  18. 18. Entry Middle Full Entry Middle Full Entry Middle Full Entry Middle Full Entry Middle Full Entry Middle Full Entry Middle Full Entry Middle Full 1 Organizational mission statement SA SA ESA TD TD SD SD SA ESA TD PA ESA TD PA PA TD TD ESA PA PA SA TD TD SD 2 BXP: Process mapping TD C ESA PA ESA ESA TD SA SA SA SA C TD SA C TD SA C C C C SA SA ESA 3 BXP: Information exchange SD SA ESA ESA C EC SD SA ESA C ESA ESA SD SA ESA PA C ESA C SA ESA SA ESA ESA 4 BXP: Goals TD C EC TD SA EC TD C ESA SD ESA EC C EC ESA SA SA EC EC SA EC EC ESA EC 5 BXP: BIM usage PA ESA ESA SA C EC SA SA EC SA ESA ESA PA SA ESA PA C ESA ESA SA EC SA ESA EC 6 BXP: Procurement strategy TD TD ESA TD SA ESA TD PA ESA TD SA ESA TD SA SA TD SA ESA C C ESA SA SA ESA 7 ISO 15686-10: Life cycle functional performance TD TD C TD TD ESA TD TD PA TD TD PA TD PA ESA TD PA ESA TD TD SA TD PA ESA 8 Infrastructure planning TD TD ESA TD TD SA TD TD SA TD TD SA TD PA ESA TD PA SA C C ESA TD C ESA 9 Quality assurance effort TD ESA EC PA C ESA TD SA ESA SA ESA ESA PA SA ESA SA ESA ESA C C EC SA ESA EC 10 Business process mapping TD TD ESA TD TD SA TD PA EC TD PA ESA TD SA ESA TD PA PA TD C ESA TD SD ESA 11 Employer information requirements TD TD ESA TD SD SA TD PA ESA TD TD SD TD SD ESA SD SD ESA TD PA ESA TD SA ESA 12 Benchmarking practices TD TD ESA TD SA ESA TD PA ESA SD ESA ESA TD PA C TD PA ESA C SD ESA PA ESA ESA 13 Security policy TD SA SA TD SA SA TD SA SA SD SA SA TD PA ESA PA SA SA PA SA C SD C C 14 Risk management TD SA ESA SD SA ESA TD PA ESA SD SA EC TD SA ESA TD SA ESA PA C ESA PA SA ESA 15 Facility management needs TD TD ESA TD PA ESA TD PA SA TD EC EC C C EC C SA EC TD PA ESA PA SA EC 16 Enterprise architecture TD TD PA TD TD SA TD TD SA TD TD SA TD TD SA TD PA SA TD C SA TD SA ESA 17 Life cycle assessment TD TD ESA TD SA ESA ESA TD ESA TD EC EC C SA ESA TD SA ESA PA PA ESA TD PA ESA 18 Corporate / organizational learning TD TD ESA TD C SA TD EC ESA TD SD SD SD PA PA TD ESA ESA PA SA ESA TD SD ESA 19 Organizational training of others TD SD ESA TD SD ESA TD SD ESA TD ESA ESA TD PA ESA TD PA ESA TD ESA EC TD ESA EC 20 Professional development TD SD EC SD EC EC SA SD ESA SD ESA ESA SD SA ESA SD PA ESA EC SA ESA PA ESA ESA 21 Internal standards across the organization PA SA EC TD C ESA TD SA EC SA ESA SA C C EC SA SA ESA SA ESA EC C ESA EC 22 Develop Guides TD SA ESA C C ESA TD SA ESA TD PA ESA TD EC EC SD SA EC C ESA ESA C EC EC 23 Building performance targets TD TD ESA TD C EC TD PA SA TD PA ESA TD SA ESA TD C ESA C SA ESA TD SA EC 24 Commissioning plan TD TD EC TD C ESA TD TD PA TD PA ESA TD PA SA TD SA SA TD PA PA TD SD ESA 25 Staffing projects TD TD ESA TD SA ESA TD SA ESA TD SA ESA TD PA ESA TD SA ESA TD C ESA TD ESA ESA 26 Budget (VDC/BIM) SD PA EC TD C ESA SD TD EC TD PA EC TD SD ESA TD PA ESA TD C EC TD SA EC 27 Software selection & upgrade strategy TD TD ESA TD SD SA TD TD ESA TD PA ESA TD SD ESA TD PA EC SD ESA ESA PA ESA ESA 1 Technical support for interoperability PA SA ESA SA SA ESA SA SA ESA PA C ESA PA SA ESA PA SA ESA C SA ESA C ESA EC 2 Model coordination SA C ESA SA C ESA SA C ESA ESA ESA EC SD C C SA C C C C EC ESA C EC 3 Pre-construction issue resolution PA C EC C C EC PA C EC SA EC EC PA SA SA C C C SA C ESA SA C EC 4 Software version coordination SA SA ESA SA C SA SA SA ESA PA ESA ESA PA SA SA PA SA ESA SA SA ESA C C ESA 5 Providing Traininig TD SA EC TD SD ESA TD SD ESA TD ESA ESA TD SD ESA SD SA EC PA C EC PA SA EC 6 Understand the roles of all phases of the life cycle TD SA EC PA SA EC PA SA EC SA ESA EC C SA EC SA EC ESA PA SA EC SA SA EC 1 Model quality control C SA ESA ESA C EC C C ESA ESA EC EC SD SA C PA C ESA ESA EC ESA ESA EC EC 2 Manage BXP TD SA ESA PA C ESA PA C ESA SA EC ESA TD SA C SD C C EC C ESA PA ESA ESA 3 Refine BXP TD SA ESA TD ESA ESA C SA ESA SA ESA ESA TD SA C TD SA C PA C ESA PA C ESA 4 Performance measurement TD C ESA TD SA ESA TD SA ESA TD C ESA TD SA ESA TD SA ESA TD SA ESA TD SA ESA 5 Model validation TD SA ESA ESA C ESA SA C ESA ESA C ESA SD C ESA SA C ESA ESA C ESA ESA ESA ESA 6 Standards compliance checking TD EC EC SD ESA ESA SA SA EC SA ESA ESA SA C C SA C C C C ESA C ESA ESA 7 Buy-in from stakeholders throughout the organization TD ESA ESA TD PA ESA TD ESA EC TD SA EC TD PA ESA TD SA ESA TD ESA EC TD PA EC 8 Contract language TD PA ESA TD PA ESA TD PA ESA TD ESA ESA TD SA ESA C SA ESA PA C EC TD ESA ESA 9 Manage workforce TD PA ESA TD PA EC TD ESA EC TD ESA EC TD C ESA TD SA ESA TD C ESA TD SA ESA 10 Project controls -Budgeting /cost TD TD EC TD ESA EC TD SA ESA TD ESA EC TD ESA ESA TD ESA ESA TD C ESA C SA ESA 11 Project controls - Scheduling /time TD TD ESA TD ESA ESA TD SA EC PA ESA EC TD SA ESA PA SA ESA TD SA EC SA ESA ESA 12 Project lifecycle data collection - feedback loop TD C ESA TD SA EC TD PA EC TD SA ESA TD PA EC C SA ESA TD SA ESA PA PA ESA 13 Leadership - team building TD SD EC TD SD EC TD SD EC TD ESA EC TD SA ESA TD ESA EC TD ESA EC TD ESA ESA 14 Contract administration TD SD ESA TD SD ESA TD EC ESA TD EC ESA TD C ESA TD SA ESA TD C ESA PA ESA ESA 15 Change management TD EC EC TD ESA EC TD SA ESA TD ESA EC TD SA C TD C C TD SA ESA SA ESA EC 16 Project administration TD SD ESA TD SD ESA TD SA ESA PA ESA ESA TD EC ESA C SA ESA TD SA ESA SA ESA ESA 17 Manage information exchange SA ESA EC ESA C ESA SA C ESA EC ESA EC SA C ESA SA SA ESA ESA C ESA C ESA ESA 18 Pre-construction issue resolution PA SD ESA TD C ESA SA SA ESA SA EC EC SD PA C SD C C SD SA ESA SD C ESA 19 Evaluate metrics TD EC ESA TD EC ESA TD C ESA PA EC EC TD PA ESA TD C SA TD C EC PA C EC 20 Protecting IP of digital assets TD SD ESA TD SD ESA TD SD ESA SD SD ESA TD SD ESA TD SD SD SD SD EC SD SD ESA 21 Professional ethics ESA SA EC ESA C EC ESA C EC ESA EC EC ESA C EC ESA C EC ESA EC EC ESA EC EC 1 Rendering for marketing TD SD SD TD SD SD SD TD SD TD PA TD TD TD TD SD TD TD SD SD PA PA SD PA 2 Individual effort ESA SA ESA ESA C ESA ESA SA ESA ESA EC ESA PA SD SA ESA SA EC ESA ESA ESA EC ESA ESA 3 Understands just your own model PA C ESA C C C SA C C SA C C SA SA SA ESA SA SA SA SD SA C C SD 4 Ability to build a model ESA C C ESA C ESA SA SA C ESA EC ESA SD SD SD SD SD SD ESA EC EC ESA EC EC 5 Aggregate a model ESA C ESA ESA C ESA SA C ESA ESA EC ESA PA SA C ESA C C ESA EC EC ESA EC EC 6 Software usage SA C ESA ESA C ESA SA C ESA ESA EC ESA EC SA SA EC SA ESA EC ESA ESA ESA ESA ESA 7 Solving problems and gaining knowledge ESA SA EC ESA C ESA SA C EC ESA EC EC C C ESA C C EC ESA ESA EC ESA ESA EC 8 Estimating TD SD ESA TD PA ESA PA PA EC SA SA EC TD PA PA TD SA C TD PA EC SD SA C 9 Site logistics TD TD ESA TD SD SD TD PA ESA SA ESA EC TD PA PA TD PA SA TD SD PA SA SA C 10 List of BIM uses SA SA ESA ESA C ESA ESA SA EC EC ESA EC PA SA SA EC SA C ESA ESA EC EC ESA EC 11 Knowledge of scripting TD TD TD TD TD TD TD TD TD TD TD TD TD ESA TD TD TD TD TD TD SD TD TD SD 12 Knowledge of programing TD TD TD ESA TD TD PA TD TD TD TD TD TD TD TD PA TD TD TD TD TD TD TD SD 13 Technical writing TD SD ESA ESA SD EC TD PA PA TD PA ESA TD PA PA TD PA PA TD PA SA SD SD SA Designer PlanItCoordinateItManageItDoIt Organizational/General Project/Specific Contractor Facility Manager/Operator Consultant/Generalist Organizational/General Project/Specific Organizational/General Project/Specific Organizational/General Project/Specific Levels of Agreement Distribution Heat Map (Overall) 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  19. 19. 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA LOI: Plan It - BIM BOK Description D/O D/P C/O C/P FM/O FM/P CS/O CS/P D/O D/P C/O C/P FM/O FM/P CS/O CS/P D/O D/P C/O C/P FM/O FM/P CS/O CS/P 1 Organizational mission statement 2 BXP: Process mapping 3 BXP: Information exchange 4 BXP: Goals 5 BXP: BIM usage 6 BXP: Procurement strategy 7 ISO 15686-10: Life cycle functional performance 8 Infrastructure planning 9 Quality assurance effort 10 Business process mapping 11 Employer information requirements 12 Benchmarking practices 13 Security policy 14 Risk management 15 Facility management needs 16 Enterprise architecture 17 Life cycle assessment 18 Corporate/organizational learning 19 Organizational training of others 20 Professional development 21 Internal standards across the organization 22 Develop guides 23 Building performance targets 24 Commissioning plan 25 Staffing projects 26 Budget (VDC/BIM) 27 Software selection & upgrade strategy LOI: Coordinate It - BIM BOK Description 1 Technical support for interoperability 2 Model coordination 3 Pre-construction issue resolution 4 Software version coordination 5 Providing traininig 6 Understand the roles of all phases of the life cycle LOI: Manage It - BIM BOK Description 1 Model quality control 2 Manage BXP 3 Refine BXP 4 Performance measurement 5 Model validation 6 Standards compliance checking 7 Buy-in from stakeholders throughout the organization 8 Contract language 9 Manage workforce 10 Project controls - Budgeting/cost 11 Project controls - Scheduling/time 12 Project life cycle data collection - feedback loop 13 Leadership - team building 14 Contract administration 15 Change management 16 Project administration 17 Manage information exchange 18 Pre-construction issue resolution 19 Evaluate metrics 20 Protecting intellectual property (IP) of digital assets 21 Professional ethics LOI: Do It - BIM BOK Description 1 Rendering for marketing 2 Individual effort 3 Understand just your own model 4 Ability to build a model 5 Aggregate a model 6 Software usage 7 Solving problems and gaining knowledge 8 Estimating 9 Site logistics 10 List of BIM uses 11 Knowledge of scripting 12 Knowledge of programing 13 Technical writing Figure Keys ROUs: D - Designer, C - Contractor, FM - Facility Manager/Operator, CS - Consultant/Generalist TOKs: O - Organizational General, P - Project Specific LOP: Entry Level LOP: Middle Level LOP: Full Performance LOA Color Codes LOA Description Heatmap Column Keys BOK Classification/Categorization Description Round 2 EC Early Consensus D/O ROU: Designer TOK: Organizational General ESA Early Strong Agreement D/P ROU: Designer TOK: Project Specific Round 3 C Consensus C/O ROU: Contractor TOK: Organizational General SA Strong Agreement C/P ROU: Contractor TOK: Project Specific PA Partial Agreement FM/O ROU: Facility Manager/Operator TOK: Organizational General TD Total Disagreement FM/P ROU: Facility Manager/Operator TOK: Project Specific SD Split Disagreement CS/O ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Organizational General CS/P ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Project Specific LOA Color Codes Heat Map Columns Keys LOA Description Heatmap Column Keys BOK Classification/Categorization Description rly nsensus D/O ROU: Designer TOK: Organizational General rly Strong reement D/P ROU: Designer TOK: Project Specific nsensus C/O ROU: Contractor TOK: Organizational General ong reement C/P ROU: Contractor TOK: Project Specific rtial reement FM/O ROU: Facility Manager/Operator TOK: Organizational General tal agreement FM/P ROU: Facility Manager/Operator TOK: Project Specific lit agreement CS/O ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Organizational General CS/P ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Project Specific
  20. 20. LOI: Plan It LOI: Plan It - BIM BOK Description D/O D/P C/O C/P FM/O FM/P CS/O CS/P D/O D/P C/O C/P FM/O FM/P CS/O CS/P D/O D/P C/O C/P FM/O FM/P CS/O CS/P 1 Organizational mission statement 2 BXP: Process mapping 3 BXP: Information exchange 4 BXP: Goals 5 BXP: BIM usage 6 BXP: Procurement strategy 7 ISO 15686-10: Life cycle functional performance 8 Infrastructure planning 9 Quality assurance effort 10 Business process mapping 11 Employer information requirements 12 Benchmarking practices 13 Security policy 14 Risk management 15 Facility management needs 16 Enterprise architecture 17 Life cycle assessment 18 Corporate/organizational learning 19 Organizational training of others 20 Professional development 21 Internal standards across the organization 22 Develop guides 23 Building performance targets 24 Commissioning plan 25 Staffing projects 26 Budget (VDC/BIM) 27 Software selection & upgrade strategy LOP: Entry Level LOP: Middle Level LOP: Full PerformanceLOA Color Codes LOA Description Heatmap Column Keys BOK Classification/Categorization Description Round 2 EC Early Consensus D/O ROU: Designer TOK: Organizational General ESA Early Strong Agreement D/P ROU: Designer TOK: Project Specific Round 3 C Consensus C/O ROU: Contractor TOK: Organizational General SA Strong Agreement C/P ROU: Contractor TOK: Project Specific PA Partial Agreement FM/O ROU: Facility Manager/Operator TOK: Organizational General TD Total Disagreement FM/P ROU: Facility Manager/Operator TOK: Project Specific SD Split Disagreement CS/O ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Organizational General CS/P ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Project Specific LOA Color Codes Heat Map Columns Keys n Heatmap Column Keys BOK Classification/Categorization Description D/O ROU: Designer TOK: Organizational General g D/P ROU: Designer TOK: Project Specific C/O ROU: Contractor TOK: Organizational General C/P ROU: Contractor TOK: Project Specific FM/O ROU: Facility Manager/Operator TOK: Organizational General nt FM/P ROU: Facility Manager/Operator TOK: Project Specific nt CS/O ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Organizational General CS/P ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Project Specific 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  21. 21. LOI: Coordinate It LOI: Coordinate It - BIM BOK Description D/O D/P C/O C/P FM/O FM/P CS/O CS/P D/O D/P C/O C/P FM/O FM/P CS/O CS/P D/O D/P C/O C/P FM/O FM/P CS/O CS/P 1 Technical support for interoperability 2 Model coordination 3 Pre-construction issue resolution 4 Software version coordination 5 Providing traininig 6 Understand the roles of all phases of the life cycle LOP: Entry Level LOP: Middle Level LOP: Full Performance LOA Color Codes LOA Description Heatmap Column Keys BOK Classification/Categori Description Round 2 EC Early Consensus D/O ROU: Designer TOK: Organizational Genera ESA Early Strong Agreement D/P ROU: Designer TOK: Project Specific Round 3 C Consensus C/O ROU: Contractor TOK: Organizational Genera SA Strong Agreement C/P ROU: Contractor TOK: Project Specific PA Partial Agreement FM/O ROU: Facility Manager/Ope TOK: Organizational Genera TD Total Disagreement FM/P ROU: Facility Manager/Ope TOK: Project Specific SD Split Disagreement CS/O ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Organizational Genera CS/P ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Project Specific LOA Color CodesHeat Map Columns Keys A Color Codes LOA Description Heatmap Column Keys BOK Classification/Categorization Description 2 EC Early Consensus D/O ROU: Designer TOK: Organizational General ESA Early Strong Agreement D/P ROU: Designer TOK: Project Specific 3 C Consensus C/O ROU: Contractor TOK: Organizational General SA Strong Agreement C/P ROU: Contractor TOK: Project Specific PA Partial Agreement FM/O ROU: Facility Manager/Operator TOK: Organizational General TD Total Disagreement FM/P ROU: Facility Manager/Operator TOK: Project Specific SD Split Disagreement CS/O ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Organizational General CS/P ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Project Specific 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  22. 22. LOI: Manage It LOI: Manage It - BIM BOK Description D/O D/P C/O C/P FM/O FM/P CS/O CS/P D/O D/P C/O C/P FM/O FM/P CS/O CS/P D/O D/P C/O C/P FM/O FM/P CS/O CS/P 1 Model quality control 2 Manage BXP 3 Refine BXP 4 Performance measurement 5 Model validation 6 Standards compliance checking 7 Buy-in from stakeholders throughout the organization 8 Contract language 9 Manage workforce 10 Project controls - Budgeting/cost 11 Project controls - Scheduling/time 12 Project life cycle data collection - feedback loop 13 Leadership - team building 14 Contract administration 15 Change management 16 Project administration 17 Manage information exchange 18 Pre-construction issue resolution 19 Evaluate metrics 20 Protecting intellectual property (IP) of digital assets 21 Professional ethics LOP: Entry Level LOP: Middle Level LOP: Full Performance LOA Color Codes LOA Description Heatmap Column Keys BOK Classification/Categorization Description Round 2 EC Early Consensus D/O ROU: Designer TOK: Organizational General ESA Early Strong Agreement D/P ROU: Designer TOK: Project Specific Round 3 C Consensus C/O ROU: Contractor TOK: Organizational General SA Strong Agreement C/P ROU: Contractor TOK: Project Specific PA Partial Agreement FM/O ROU: Facility Manager/Operator TOK: Organizational General TD Total Disagreement FM/P ROU: Facility Manager/Operator TOK: Project Specific SD Split Disagreement CS/O ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Organizational General CS/P ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Project Specific LOA Color Codes Heat Map Columns Keys n Heatmap Column Keys BOK Classification/Categorization Description D/O ROU: Designer TOK: Organizational General g D/P ROU: Designer TOK: Project Specific C/O ROU: Contractor TOK: Organizational General C/P ROU: Contractor TOK: Project Specific FM/O ROU: Facility Manager/Operator TOK: Organizational General ent FM/P ROU: Facility Manager/Operator TOK: Project Specific ent CS/O ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Organizational General CS/P ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Project Specific 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  23. 23. LOI: Do It LOI: Do It - BIM BOK Description D/O D/P C/O C/P FM/O FM/P CS/O CS/P D/O D/P C/O C/P FM/O FM/P CS/O CS/P D/O D/P C/O C/P FM/O FM/P CS/O CS/P 1 Rendering for marketing 2 Individual effort 3 Understands just your own model 4 Ability to build a model 5 Aggregate a model 6 Software usage 7 Solving problems and gaining knowledge 8 Estimating 9 Site logistics 10 List of BIM uses 11 Knowledge of scripting 12 Knowledging of programing 13 Technical writing LOP: Entry Level LOP: Middle Level LOP: Full Performance LOA Color Codes LOA Description Heatmap Column Keys BOK Classification/Categori Description Round 2 EC Early Consensus D/O ROU: Designer TOK: Organizational Genera ESA Early Strong Agreement D/P ROU: Designer TOK: Project Specific Round 3 C Consensus C/O ROU: Contractor TOK: Organizational Genera SA Strong Agreement C/P ROU: Contractor TOK: Project Specific PA Partial Agreement FM/O ROU: Facility Manager/Ope TOK: Organizational Genera TD Total Disagreement FM/P ROU: Facility Manager/Ope TOK: Project Specific SD Split Disagreement CS/O ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Organizational Genera CS/P ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Project Specific LOA Color CodesHeat Map Columns Keys A Color Codes LOA Description Heatmap Column Keys BOK Classification/Categorization Description 2 EC Early Consensus D/O ROU: Designer TOK: Organizational General ESA Early Strong Agreement D/P ROU: Designer TOK: Project Specific 3 C Consensus C/O ROU: Contractor TOK: Organizational General SA Strong Agreement C/P ROU: Contractor TOK: Project Specific PA Partial Agreement FM/O ROU: Facility Manager/Operator TOK: Organizational General TD Total Disagreement FM/P ROU: Facility Manager/Operator TOK: Project Specific SD Split Disagreement CS/O ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Organizational General CS/P ROU: Consultant/Generalist TOK: Project Specific 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  24. 24. Potential Use Cases of the AiC BIM BOK • The Use Case for Education • The Use Case for Talent Acquisition & Recruiting • The Use Case for Professional Certification/Credentialing 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  25. 25. Use Case for Education Backward BIM Curriculum Design with the AiC BIM BOK 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  26. 26. Use Case for Talent Acquisition & Recruiting An Example of Benchmarking BIM Job Position Qualification Using the AiC BIM BOK 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  27. 27. Use Case for Professional Certification & Credentialing • BOK captures and structurally represents the broad spectrum of concepts, nomenclatures as well as best practices commonly acknowledged by practitioners in the field. • BOK is often referenced as the standard and benchmark for competency evaluation and typically forms the premises and foundation of professional certification and credentialing. • Similar successful programs of Better Buildings Workforce Guidelines (BBWG) directed by NIBS and DOE via Commercial Workforce Credentialing Council (CWCC): • Building Energy Auditor • Building Commissioning Professional • Energy Manager • Building Operations Professionals 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  28. 28. Action Items • Draft revision based upon internal review comments (04- 05/2017) • Data inputs and visualization via Tableau Public (04/2017) • AiC BIM BOK Dictionary & Specification Development (12/2016 ~ 06/2017?) 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA
  29. 29. AiC BIM BOK - Future Direction • Current Efforts • Will present initial results and findings at the 2017 IWCCE in Seattle in June • Future Efforts • Academic Pilot – BIM Learning Module Co-development? • Industry Case Study? 11th BIM Academic Symposium & Job Task Analysis Review, Apr. 3-4, 2017, Boston, MA

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