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Glossory sansdiya karya

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Parliamentary terms in Hindi.
संसदीय कार्य शब्दावली

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Glossory sansdiya karya

  1. 1. lalnh; dk;Z 'kCnkoyh ab initio vkfnr%] vkjaHk ls abbreviation laf{kfIr] laf{kIr :i aberration foiFku abeyance izkLFkxu ability ;ksX;rk abolition mUewyu] lekfIr aboriginal vkfnoklh above cited Åij dfFkr above mentioned Åij fyf[kr above quoted Åij mn~èk`r abridge 1- laf{kIr djuk 2- de djuk abroad fons'k abrogation fujlu] fujkdj.k] lekfIr absolute majority iw.kZ cgqer absolute monarchy iw.kZ ,djkV~rk] fujadq'k jktra= absolute theory of the state jkT; dk iw.kZ izHkqrkoknh fln~èkkar absolve foeqDr djuk absorption vkesyu abstain izfojr djuk] izfojr gksuk abstract lkj] lkjka'k abstract-book lkj&iqfLrdk] laf{kIr iqfLrdk abuse of right power vfèkdkj dk nq#i;ksx] 'kfDr dk nq#i;ksx abusive language xkyh&xykSt accede 1. eku ysuk] Lohdkj djuk 2- vf/kfeyu djuk accelerate Rofjr djuk] xfr c<+kuk 1
  2. 2. acceleration Roj.k accent ygtk acceptable reason Lohdk;Z dkj.k acceptance LohÑfr acceptance of office in dh LohÑfr access igaqp accession 1- vf/kfeyu 2- jkT;kjksg.k 3- inkjksg.k 4- ifjxzg.k accession number ifjxzg.k la[;k accommodation 1- vkokl 2- fuokZg accompany lkFk&lkFk pyuk] tksM+uk accord 1- le>kSrk 2- iznku djuk 3- vuq:i gksuk] esy [kkuk according to directions funs'kkuqlkj accordingly rnuqlkj Accountant ys[kkdkj Accounts and Purchase Section ys[kk ,oa Ø; vuqHkkx accredited izR;kf;r] vf/kLohÑr accreditation 1- izR;k;u 2- fo'oklik= accretion of territory {ks= vfHko`n~fèk] HkwHkkx vfHko`n~f/k accrue to izksnHkwr gksuk accumulation lap;] lap;u accusation vfHk;ksx] nks"kkjksi.k achieve 1. izkIr djuk 2. miyC/k djuk achievement miyfCèk acknowledge ikorh nsuk] izkfIr Lohdkj djuk 2
  3. 3. acquaint ifjp; izkIr djuk acquiring state vfHkxzkgh jkT; acquisition vtZu acquisition of citizenship ukxfjdrk vtZu act 1- dk;Z 2- vfèkfu;e act of aggression vkØked dk;Z act of hostility 'k=qrkiw.kZ dk;Z act of misconduct dnkpkj Act of Parliament laln dk vfèkfu;e act of war ;qn~èkkRed dk;Z] ;qn~èk dk;Z act of war against a nation jk"Vª ds fo#n~/k ;qn~/kkRed dk;Z acting agent dk;Zdkjh vfHkdrkZ action committee dkjZokbZ lfefr action plan dk;Z;kstuk action taken report dkjZokbZ fjiksVZ activity fØ;kdyki_ xfrfofèk actual okLrfod ad hoc rnFkZ ad hoc committee rnFkZ lfefr ad infinitum fujofèk ad referendum vuqeksnukèkhu ADC (aide-de-camp) ifjlgk;d] , Mh lh addition 1- ;ksx] tksM+ 2- ifjoèkZu additional vfrfjDr( ¼inuke½ vij additional charge vfrfjDr izHkkj 3
  4. 4. Additional Director vij funs'kd Additional Secretary vij lfpo adjacent fudVorhZ] lfUudV adjourn sine die vfuf'pr dky ds fy, LFkfxr djuk adjourned LFkfxr adjournment LFkxu adjournment motion LFkxu izLrko] dke jksdks izLrko adjudge 1- U;k;fu.kZ; djuk 2- Bgjkuk adjustment lek;kstu administer 1- iz'kklu djuk 2- nsuk] fnykuk 3- O;oLFkk djuk administrating authority iz'kklfud izkf/kdkjh administration iz'kklu administrative convenience iz'kklfud lqfo/kk administrative decision iz'kklfud fu.kZ; administrative expenses iz'kklfud [kpZ administrative measures iz'kklfud mik; administrative power iz'kklfud 'kfDr Administrative Section iz'kklu vuqHkkx administratively concerned iz'kklfud :i ls lacafèkr admissible xzkg~;] Lohdk;Z admitted 1- izfo"V] nkf[ky 2- LohÑr admonition HkRlZuk adoption 1- vaxhdj.k 2- nRrd&xzg.k adult franchise o;Ld erkf/kdkj adult suffrage o;Ld erkf/kdkj advance vfxze] is'kxh 4
  5. 5. advantage 1- ykHk] Qk;nk 2- vuqdwy fLFkfr adverse izfrdwy adverse comments izfrdwy fVIi.kh adverse note izfrdwy fVIi.kh advertisement foKkiu advisory 1- lykgdkj 2- ¼vkns'k½ ijkef'kZdk advisory committee lykgdkj lfefr advisory opinion ijke'kZnk;h er] lykgdkjh er advocate 1- vfèkoDrk] ,MoksdsV 2- i{kleFkZu djuk aerial navigation foeku pkyu affirmative action ldkjkRed fØ;k affixed yxk gqvk] fpidk gqvk affranchise erkfèkdkj nsuk aforesaid mi;qZDr] mDr] iwoksZDr against fo#n~/k] ds izfr] ds lEeq[k agenda dk;Zlwph agenda committee dk;Zlwph lfefr agenda papers dk;Zlwph dkxtkr agent provocateur izksRrstd aggressor vkØked agreement 1- lgefr] jtkeanh 2- djkj] vuqcaèk aide memoire Lekjd i= aim y{; air jurisdiction vkdk'kh {ks=kkfèkdkj air pact vkdk'kh vuqcaèk air passage ok;q ekxZ air route ok;q ekxZ] gokbZ ekxZ 5
  6. 6. airlines ,;jykbal airport foekuiRru] ,;jiksVZ airport tax foekuiRru dj aisle ik'oZ ohFkh alarmist Hk; izlkjd alderman ikSj&eq[; alien vU;ns'kh] fons'kh alien enemy vU;ns'kh 'k=q All India Whips Conference vf[ky Hkkjrh; lpsrd lEesyu alliance 1- eS=h 2- xBcaèku allied forces fe= lsuk,a allied nation fe= jk"Vª allied powers fe= 'kfDr;ka allocation fu;ru allocation of funds fufèk fu;ru allot vkcaVu djuk allotment vkcaVu allow vuqefr nsuk allowance 1- HkRrk] 2- NwV allowed vuqer ally fe= jk"Vª alongwith ds lkFk alternate 1- ,dkarj 2- fodYih alternate delegate ,oth izfrfufèk] fodYih izfrfuf/k amalgamation lekesyu ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary vlkèkkj.k vkSj iw.kkZfèkdkj jktnwr amended la'kksfèkr 6
  7. 7. amendment la'kksèku amenity lq[k&lqfoèkk amicable lkSgknZiw.kZ] eS=hiw.kZ amnesty loZ{kek] lkewfgd {keknku analyst fo'ys"kd anarchist 1- vjktdrkoknh 2- vkradoknh anarchy vjktdrk animated suspension lfØ; fuyacu annex 1- layXu djuk] uRFkh djuk 2- jkT; esa feyk ysuk annexation lekesyu] jkT; esa feyk ysuk annexe miHkou] ,usDlh] lkS/k annexed territory lekesfyr HkwHkkx annexure layXud announcement vk[;kiu] ,syku] mn~?kks"k.kk annual maintenance contract okf"kZd j[k&j[kko lafonk annual report okf"kZd fjiksVZ anomaly vlaxfr anonymous complaint xqeuke f'kdk;r] vuke f'kdk;r ante chamber mid{k anticipation 1- izR;k'kk 2- iwokZuqeku anti-national activities jk"Vªfojks/kh xfrfofèk;ka antinationalism jk"Vªokn fojksèk anywhere in India Hkkjr esa dgha Hkh apex 'kh"kZ apology {kek;kpuk appeal Vihy] vihy djuk appeasement rq"Vhdj.k 7
  8. 8. appeasement policy rq"Vhdj.k uhfr appellate powers vihyh 'kfDr;ka] vihyh; 'kfDr;ka appendix ifjf'k"V applicable vuqiz;ksT;] ykxw applied vuqiz;qDr appoint fu;qDr djuk appointment fu;qfDr appraise ewY; fu:fir djuk appreciation 1- ljkguk 2- ewY;o`n~fèk approach 1- igqap 2- n`f"Vdks.k] mikxe 3- miekxZ appropriate 1- mi;qDr 2- fofu;kstu djuk appropriate action mi;qDr dkjZokbZ appropriate procedure mi;qDr izfØ;k appropriation fofu;kstu appropriation bill fofu;kstu foèks;d approval vuqeksnu approve vuqeksnu djuk approximately yxHkx aptitude vfHk{kerk] #>ku arduous nq%lkè;] dfBu area {ks=k] {ks=Qy armament vk;q/k] 'kL=hdj.k armed action l'kL= dkjZokbZ] l'kL= geyk armed forces l'kL= lsuk,¡ armed neutrality l'kL= rVLFkrk armed peace l'kL= 'kkafr around 1- pkjksa vksj] bèkj&mèkj 2- yxHkx arrangement 1- O;oLFkk 2- foU;kl 8
  9. 9. article 1- vuqPNsn 2- ys[k 3- oLrq as far as possible ;FkklaHko as is where is tSlk gS tgka gS as passed by Lok Sabha yksd lHkk n~okjk ikfjr :Ik esa as passed by Rajya Sabha jkT; lHkk n~okjk ikfjr :i esa aspect igyw] i{k aspersion ykaNu assemble 1- tqVuk] ,d= gksuk 2- lfEefyr djuk] ,d= djuk assembly 1- lHkk 2- tekoM+k assent lgefr assessment ¼dj] ewY;½ fuèkkZj.k] ewY;kadu assessment sheet ewY;kadu 'khV assignment lqiqnZ dke] fu;r dk;Z assistance lgk;rk] enn assistant lgk;d associate 1- ¼ inuke ½ lg& 2- lfEefyr djuk association 1- la?k 2- lacaèk] lkgp;Z assurance 1- vk'oklu 2- chek assured career progression vk'oLr dSfj;j izxkferk as unexceptional fujiokn :i ls asylum 'kj.k] 'kj.kLFky] vkJ; attached layXu attend 1- mifLFkr gksuk] gkftj gksuk 2- lsok djuk 3- è;ku nsuk 4- Hkkx ysuk attendance mifLFkfr] gkftjh attendance sheet gkftjh 'khV 9
  10. 10. attendance time mifLFkfr le; attest vuqizekf.kr djuk attestation vuqizek.ku audience 1- Jksrkx.k 2- n'kZdx.k 3- lquokbZ audit ys[kkijh{kk auditorium lHkkxkj] lHkkHkou austerity measures ferksiHkksx mik;] lknxh ds mik; authentic izkekf.kd authentic translation izkekf.kd vuqokn authority 1- izkfèkdkj 2- izkfèkdkjh 3- izkfèkdj.k 4- vkf/kdkfjd fon~oku authorization izkfèkdj.k] izkf/kdkj authorized dealer izkfèkÑr O;kikjh] izkfèkÑr Mhyj autonomous Lok;Rr autonomous body Lok;Rr fudk; avail dke vkuk] ykHk mBkuk] mi;ksxh gksuk availability miyCèkrk available miyCèk award 1- iapkV] vfèkfu.kZ; 2- iqjLdkj 3- iznku djuk awareness tkx:drk background i`"BHkwfe] iwoZihfBdk background note vkèkkjHkwr fVIi.kh baggage vlckc ban jksd] izfrcaèk banner 1- >aMk] èot 2- izn'kZ iV~V banquet Hkkst] egkHkkst base vkèkkj 10
  11. 11. basic 1- ewy] cqfu;knh 2- vkèkkjh beat 1- ekj] ekjihV 2- x'r djuk beating the retreat lekiu lekjksg behest vuqjks/k] vkns'k bench mark ry fpg~u] funsZ'k fpg~u] cSap ekdZ benefit fgrykHk benevolence fgrdkfjrk besides ds vfrfjDr] ds vykok bias 1- iwokZxzg 2- >qdko bibliographer xzaFklwphdkj biennial n~fookf"kZd bifurcation n~foHkktu bilateral n~foi{kh; bilingual n~foHkk"kh bill 1- foèks;d 2- fcy bills pending yafcr foèks;d binding 1- ftYn 2- caèkudkjh] ckè;dkjh bio-data thouo`Rr bipartite n~foi{kh; board cksMZ] eaMy board of directors funs'kd cksMZ] funs'kd eaMy boarding HkkstuO;oLFkk boarding and lodging Hkkstu vkSj vkokl bond 1- ckWUM 2- caèki= book adjustment [kkrk lek;kstu booking cqfdax] cqd djuk booth erdsanz] cwFk borrow mèkkj ysuk 11
  12. 12. borrower mèkkjdrkZ bouquet xqynLrk] iq"ixqPN brain stroke efLr"d vk?kkr breach of confidence fo'okl&Hkax breach of law fofèk&Hkax] dkuwu rksM+uk breach of law and order dkuwu vkSj O;oLFkk Hkax breach of peace 'kkafr&Hkax breach of privilege fo'ks"kkfèkdkj&Hkax breach of trust U;kl&Hkax] fo'okl&Hkax break-up C;kSjk brevity laf{kIrrk brief 1- laf{kIr 2- i{klkj] czhQ briefing i{klkj crkuk] czhQ djuk brochure foojf.kdk] czks'kj brochure on transaction of business in Parliament laln~ dh dk;Z&lapkyu foojf.kdk brought forward vxzkuhr] vkxs yk;k x;k budget allocation ctV fu;ru budget estimates ctV izkDdyu] ctV vuqeku budget provision ctV izkoèkku budget session ctV l= budgetary control ctVh; fu;a=.k bulletin cqysfVu bunch xqPN by air foeku n~okjk] gokbZ tgkt n~okjk by election mi&pquko] mifuokZpu by law mifofèk by name uke ls by special messenger fo'ks"k lans'kokgd n~okjk 12
  13. 13. bycott cfg"dkj bye election mi&pquko] mifuokZpu bye law mifof/ cab cX?kh] ?kksM+kxkM+h] VSDlh cabinet 1 eaf=eaMy] dSfcusV 2 vyekjh] isfVdk cabinet committee eaf=eaMyh; lfefr] dSfcusV lfefr Cabinet Committee on lalnh; dk;Z eaf=eaMyh; lfefr Parliamentary Affairs cabinet government eaf=eaMy ljdkj] eaf=eaMy 'kklu cabinet minister dSfcusV ea=h cabinet note dSfcusV uksV] dSfcusV ds fy, uksV cadre laoxZ] dkMj calculate ifjdyu djuk] fglkc yxkuk calculator ifjdfy=] dsYdqysVj calender year dSysaMj o"kZ call on HksaV djuk calling attention notice è;kukd"kZ.k lwpuk cancel jn~n djuk cancellation jn~ndj.k] fujlu candidature vH;fFkZrk] mEehnokjh capacity {kerk] lkeF;Z capitalism iwathokn capitalist democracy iwathoknh yksdra= capitalistic imperialism iwathoknh lkezkT;okn carbon copy dkcZu izfr card dkMZ cardiac system ân~ ra= 13
  14. 14. career diplomat o`fRrd jktuf;d] o`fRrd dwVuhfrK caretaker government dkepykÅ ljdkj carry out ikyu djuk cartage xkM+h HkkM+k] <qykbZ cash jksdM+] udnh] udn Cashier dks"kiky casting vote fu.kkZ;d er casual labour vfu;r etnwj casualty 1- nq?kZVuk 2- grkgr category oxZ] Js.kh catering service [kku&iku lsok cause 1- dkj.k 2- eqdnek] okn caveat vkifRr lwpuk] vojksèk&lwpuk cease can gksuk] lekIr gks tkuk ceasefire ;qn~ fojke celebrate mRlo eukuk censure motion fuUnk izLrko Central Government dsUnzh; ljdkjh deZpkjh Employees Group Insurance lewg chek ;kstuk Scheme ceremonial lounge lekjksg foJkafrdk] lekjksg ykmat ceremony 1- lekjksg 2- èkekZuq"Bku] laLdkj certificate izek.ki= certified izekf.kr chairman 1- vè;{k 2- lHkkifr chairman/ chairperson 1- vè;{k 2- lHkkifr ¼jkT;lHkk ½ chairmanship vè;{krk chairperson/chairman 1- vè;{k 14
  15. 15. 2- lHkkifr ¼jkT;lHkk ½ chaos vO;oLFkk] vLrO;Lrrk chaotic condition vLrO;Lr fLFkfr charge d' affaires dk;Znwr charges 1- izHkkj 2- vkjksi charter 1- HkkMs+ ij ysuk 2- pkVZj check point tkap fcanq check-list tkap&lwph chief guest eq[; vfrfFk Chief of Air Staff ok;qlsukè;{k Chief of Army Staff lsukè;{k Chief of Naval Staff ukSlsukè;{k chief whip eq[; lpsrd chronic problem fpjdkfyd leL;k] iqjkuh leL;k chronology dkykuqØe circuitous ?kqekonkj circular 1- o`Rrkdkj] orZqy] xksy 2- ifji= circulate ifjpkfyr djuk circulation ifjpkyu circumstances ifjfLFkfr;k¡ cite mYys[k djuk] mn~èk`r djuk claim nkok djuk] nkok claimant nkosnkj clandestine xqipqi] xqIr] izPNUu class of travel ;k=k&Js.kh classification oxhZdj.k clause 1- [kaM 2- okD;ka'k clearance 1- fudklh 2- vuqefr 3- lek'kksèku 15
  16. 16. coalition xBcaèku coalition government feyhtqyh ljdkj] xBca/ku ljdkj code of conduct vkpkj&lafgrk codification lafgrkdj.k coercive action cy iz;ksx] fuxzgh dk;Z coffee board dkWQh cksMZ coffin box rkcwr isVh] 'koisVh cold drink 'khry is;] BaMk is; collaboration lg;ksx collective lkewfgd collectively lkewfgd :i ls colloquial cksypky laca/kh colonialism mifuos'kokn commence izkjaHk djuk] izkjaHk gksuk comments fVIi.kh commission 1- vk;ksx 2- vk<+r 3- nykyh commissioner vk;qDr commission of crime vijk/k djuk commission of enquiry tk¡p vk;ksx Commission on Human Rights ekuo vfèkdkj vk;ksx Committee Room lfefr d{k Committee Section lfefr vuqHkkx commonwealth countries jk"VªeaMy ns'k communalism lkaiznkf;drk] laiznk;okn communicate 1- lwfpr djuk 2- laisz"k.k djuk communism lkE;okn community leqnk; 16
  17. 17. commutation 1- ifjorZu 2- lajk'khdj.k 3- y?kqdj.k commutation of pension isa'ku dk lajk'khdj.k commuted leave ifjofrZr NqV~Vh companies daifu;k¡ companion lgpj] lkFkh comparable rqyuh;] rqY; comparative rqyukRed comparer feykudrkZ comparison feyku compassion vuqdaik compassionate ground vuqdaik vk/kkj compeer led{k] lkFkh compensation {kfriwfrZ] izfrdj] eqvkotk compensatory izfriwjd] izfrdj competent authority l{ke izkfèkdkjh competition izfr;ksfxrk] izfrLi/kkZ compilation Ladyu complainant f'kdk;rdrkZ complaint f'kdk;r complement iwjd complete iw.kZ] iwjk djuk completion Lekiu completion certificate lekiu izek.ki= compliance vuqikyu] ikyu compliment iz'kalk] lEeku complimentary ekukFkZ composite lfEeJ] la;qDr composite culture lkekfld laLÑfr composition 1- jpuk 2- feJ.k 3- la?kVu] xBu 4- iz'keu ¼_.k dk½ comprehensive c`gr~] O;kid 17
  18. 18. comprise lekfo"V djuk] 'kkfey djuk compromise le>kSrk Comptroller and Auditor General of India Hkkjr ds fu;a=d rFkk egkys[kkijh{kd compulsory vfuok;Z computer daI;wVj] vfHkdfy= computerization daI;wVjhdj.k concept ladYiuk concerned lacn~/k] lacafèkr concerned authority lacafèkr izkfèkdkjh concerned ministry lacafèkr ea=ky; concession fj;k;r conciliation lqyg concluding remarks lekiu fVIi.kh conclusion fu"d"kZ] var concurrence lgefr condition 1- 'krZ] izfrcaèk 2- n'kk] fLFkfr conduct 1- vkpj.k 2- lapkfyr djuk confer 1- iznku djuk 2- fopkj&foe'kZ djuk] ijke'kZ djuk conference lEesyu conference hall lEesyu Hkou] dkWUQsal gkWy conference room lEesyu d{k confidence fo'okl] Hkjkslk confidence motion fo'okl&izLrko confidential nature xksiuh; izÑfr confirm iqf"V djuk confirmation 1- iqf"V 2- LFkk;hdj.k conflict la?k"kZ] fojksèk 18
  19. 19. connected lacn~/k connection la;kstu] lacaèk] tksM+ connectivity la;kstdrk] tqM+ko connivance ekSukuqdwyrk] ekSukuqefr consent lgefr consequent 1- ifj.kkeh 2- vuqorhZ consider fopkj djuk consideration 1- fopkj 2- izfrQy consideration and passing fopkj vkSj ikfjr djuk considered and agreed to fopkj dj lgefr nh tkrh gS consistency laxfr] ,d:irk consistent laxr] vuq:Ik] n`<+ consolation lkaRouk] fnyklk consolidation 1- lesdu 2- pdcanh 3- lqn`<+hdj.k conspiracy "kM~;a= constituency fuokZpu&{ks= constitute xfBr djuk constitution 1- lafoèkku 2- la?kVu] xBu constitutional crisis lkafoèkkfud ladV] laoS/kkfud ladV constraint ckè;rk construction jpuk] fuekZ.k consular agent dkalqy ,tsaV] okf.kT;&vfHkdrkZ consultation ijke'kZ consultative committee ijke'kZnk=h lfefr consume miHkksx djuk consumption miHkksx] [kir consumption of petrol isVªksy dh [kir contain lekfo"V djuk] 'kkfey djuk 19
  20. 20. contingency 1- vkdfLedrk] izklafxdrk 2- laHkkO; fLFkfr contingent vkdfLed] izklafxd contingent expenditure vkdfLed O;; continuously fujarj] yxkrkj contradiction [kaMu] izfrokn] fojksèk contribution 1- va'knku] pank 2- ;ksxnku Controller of Accounts ys[kk fu;a=d controversial fooknkLin convenient lqfoèkktud convenor la;kstd convention 1- ifjikVh] :f<+ 2- vfHkle; 3- lEesyu conventional :<+] :f<+xr convey 1- lwfpr djuk 2- igqapkuk conveyance 1- lokjh] okgu 2- gLrkarj.k i= coordinate lefUor djuk coordination leUo;] rkyesy coordinator leUo;d corrected la'kksfèkr correction 1- la'kksèku 2- nks"k&lqèkkj corresponding bill rnuq:i foèks;d corrigendum 'kqn~f/ki= council ifj"kn~ Council of States jkT;lHkk Council of Ministers eaf=ifj"kn~ counterpart led{k course 1- iFk] ekxZ] fn'kk 2- Øe 20
  21. 21. 3- fofèk 4- ikB~;Øe court case U;k;ky;h ekeyk] U;k;ky;h eqdnek Court of Appeal vihyh U;k;ky; court of judicature U;k;ky; courtesy f'k"Vrk] lkStU; covenant izlafonk crafts f'kYi credentials izR;;i=] ifjp;i= critical situation tfVy fLFkfr criticism vkykspuk crucial data fu.kkZ;d vkadM+s crucial date fu.kkZ;d frfFk cultural attache lkaLÑfrd vrk'ks current pkyw] izpfyr custody vfHkj{kk] fgjklr customs duty lhek&'kqYd cut down de djuk cut motion dVkSrh izLrko cyclostyle lkbDyksLVkby djuk daftary nQ~rjh daily nSfud( nSfud Ik= daily allowance nSfud HkRrk daily report nSfud fjiksVZ date fnukad] frfFk] rkjh[k day-to-day fnu&izfrfnu dead lock xfrjksèk dealing hand lacafèkr deZpkjh dearness allowance egaxkbZ HkRrk 21
  22. 22. death certificate e`R;q izek.ki= death-cum-retirement gratuity e`R;q&lg&lsok fuo`fRr minku debar jksduk] otZu djuk debate okn&fookn] cgl debit ukes] ukes Mkyuk] MsfcV decade n'kd deceased e`rd] e`r decision fu.kZ;] QSlyk declaration ?kks"k.kk deduction dVkSrh] ?kVko deemed to have been passed ikfjr eku fy;k tk, de facto recognition rF;r% ekU;rk default 1- pwd 2- cdk;k 3- pwduk defaulter ckdhnkj] pwddrkZ defeat ijkt;] vlQyrk defection nycny defence j{kk] cpko] izfrokn ¼fofèk½ defensive alliance j{kkRed lafèk defer vkLFkfxr djuk] foyac djuk deficient U;wu] vi;kZIr definite period fuf'pr vofèk definite timetable fuf'pr le;lkj.kh defray pqdkuk dejure recognition fofèkr% ekU;rk delay nsj] foyac delegate 1 izfrfufèk 2 izR;k;ksftr djuk] ns nsuk] lkSaiuk delegated 1- lkSaik] izR;k;ksftr 22
  23. 23. 2- iznRr delegated legislation izR;k;ksftr foèkku delegation 1- izfrfufèk&eaMy 2- izR;k;kstu delegation of powers 'kfDr;ksa dk izR;k;kstu delete gVkuk] fudky nsuk deletion foyksi] foyksiu] gVk fn;k tkuk deliberation fopkj&foe'kZ delinquent state vipkjh jkT; deliver nsuk] lkSaiuk] forj.k djuk demand for grant vuqnku ekax demarche Msek'kZ] uhfr&ifjorZu demi-offical letter vèkZ&'kkldh; i= demise fuèku] nsgkUr demit in R;kxuk] bLrhQk nsuk demolition foèoal] <gkuk demonstration fun'kZu] izn'kZu denovo u, fljs ls Departmental Promotion foHkkxh; inksUufr lfefr Committee departure izLFkku dependent vkfJr deprive oafpr djuk deputation 1- izfrfu;qfDr 2- f'k"VeaMy deputation abroad fons'k izfrfu;qfDr deputation allowance izfrfu;qfDr HkRrk depute izfrfu;qDr djuk Deputy Secretary mi lfpo Deputy Speaker mikè;{k designate 1- inuke nsuk 2- euksuhr djuk designation inuke] in 23
  24. 24. desired okafNr despotism LosPNkpkfjrk destination xarO;] y{; details 1- C;ksjk 2- dke lkSaiuk determination fuèkkZj.k determine fuèkkZfjr djuk develop fodflr djuk development fodkl] o`n~f/k devolution gLrkarj.k( izR;k;kstu diary and despatch Mk;jh vkSj isz"k.k diet list vkgkj&lwph dietary habit vkgkj vknr dignitary x.;ekU; O;fDr] izfrf"Br O;fDr dignity xfjek] izfr"Bk dignity of citizen ukxfjd dh xfjek dinner jkf=Hkkstu] jkf=Hkkst diplomatic jktuf;d] dwVuhfrd diplomatic bag jktuf;d MkdFkSyk diplomatic corps jktuf;d nwroxZ diplomatic courier jktuf;d lans'kokgd diplomatic envoy jkt;fud nwr diplomatic immunity jktuf;d mUeqfDr diplomatic passport jktuf;d ikliksVZ diplomatic privilege jktuf;d fo'ks"kkfèkdkj diplomatic protection jktuf;d j{k.k diplomatic service jktuf;d lsok diplomatic status jktuf;d gSfl;r diplomats jktuf;d] dwVuhfrK 24
  25. 25. direct legislation izR;{k fofèkfuekZ.k] izR;{k fo/kku direct taxes izR;{k dj directed fufnZ"V] fn"V( funsf'kr direction of the speaker vè;{k ds funs'k@funs'ku directive principles funs'kkRed fln~èkkar Director 1- funs'kd 2- funsZ'kd Directorate funs'kky; disapproval vuuqeksnu disburse laforj.k djuk discharge 1- fuoZgu] ikyu 2- mUekspu 3- lsok eqfDr 4- NqV~Vh disciplinary action vuq'kklfud dkjZokbZ disclose izdV djuk] crkuk discourtesy vf'k"Vrk discrepancy folaxfr discretion foosd] LosPNkfu.kZ; discussion ppkZ] fopkj&foe'kZ disdain frjLdkj disentitle vfèkdkj ls oafpr djuk disinvestment fofuos'k dismissal inP;qfr] cj[kkLrxh disobey voKk djuk] vkKk u ekuuk disorder 1- xM+cM+h] vO;oLFkk 2- 'kkafrHkax disorderly scenes vO;oLFkk iw.kZ n`'; dispersal foltZu disperse folftZr gksuk] frrj&fcrj djuk display izn'kZ( iznf'kZr djuk( ltkoV disposal fuiVku( O;;u dissent vlgefr dissenting note vlgefr fVIi.kh dissolution fo?kVu] Hkax 25
  26. 26. dissolve fo?kfVr djuk] Hkax djuk dissolved fo?kfVr] Hkax distinguished fof'k"V] izfrf"Br distribution forj.k district ftyk] tuin disturbance minzo dividend ykHkka'k division 1- izHkkx 2- foHkktu 3- Js.kh 4- fMohtu division of votes er foHkktu document izys[k] nLrkost domestic 1- ?kjsyw] ikfjokfjd 2- vkarfjd( ns'kh; domestic travel expenses ns'kh; ;k=k&[kpZ domicile vfèkokl dominion 1- vkfèkiR; 2- jkT; dos' and don'ts djsa u djsa downgrade dksfV ?kVkuk] xzsM ?kVkuk draft 1- izk:i] elkSnk 2- MªkQ~V draft for approval vuqeksnukFkZ izk:i] vuqeksnukFkZ elkSnk draft reply mRrj dk elkSnk drafting izk:i.k drastic measure dBksj dkjZokbZ( dBksj mik; drought area lw[kkxzLr {ks= due 1- ns;( izkI; 2- fu;r due date fu;r frfFk] fu;r rkjh[k duly approved fofèkor~ vuqeksfnr duly filled-in fofèkor~ Hkjk gqvk 26
  27. 27. duplicating vuqfyfidj.k duplication 1- vuqfyfidj.k 2- n~foxq.ku duration vofèk] fe;kn during the ensuing session vkxkeh l= ds nkSjku duty 1- dÙkZO;] M~;wVh 2- 'kqYd duty allowance M~;wVh HkRrk duty free 'kqYd&eqDr dynamic xfr'khy] xfrd earmark mn~fn"V djuk] vyx ls fpg~fur djuk earmarked mn~fn"V] vyx ls fpg~fur economy 1- vFkZO;oLFkk 2- ferO;f;rk edifice bekjr] Hkou edition laLdj.k educational 'kSf{kd effective izHkkoh] dkjxj effective date izHkkoh frfFk efficient n{k effort iz;Ru] iz;kl elected fuokZfpr election fuokZpu( ernku Election Commission fuokZpu vk;ksx election duty fuokZpu M~;wVh elective government fuokZfpr ljdkj electoral college fuokZpu eaMy] fuokZpd x.k electorate 1 fuokZpd oxZ 2 fuokZpu {ks= elementary izkjafHkd eligibility ik=krk e-mail bZ&esy embalm 'ko ysiu djuk 27
  28. 28. embalming 'ko ysiu embarrassment my>u] ijs'kkuh embassy jktnwrkokl] nwrkokl embody 1- ewrZ :i nsuk 2- lfEefyr djuk] feyk ysuk emergency vkikr] vkikr fLFkfr emergency powers vkikr 'kfDr;ka] vkikr vfèkdkj emerging trend mHkjrh izo`fRr eminent fo[;kr emoluments ifjyfCèk;ka empathy ijkuqHkwfr] gennhZ employment jkstxkj( ukSdjh] fu;kstu empower 'kfDr nsuk] vfèkdkj nsuk empowerment l'kDrhdj.k en route ekxZ esa] jkLrs esa enact vfèkfu;e cukuk] vfèkfu;fer djuk enclose can djuk( vuqyXu djuk enclosure 1- vuqyXud 2- ckM+k] vgkrk encourage mRlkfgr djuk endeavour iz;Ru] iz;kl] dksf'k'k endorse 1- i`"Bkadu djuk 2- leFkZu djuk endorsement 1- i`"Bkadu 2- leFkZu enforce izofrZr djuk] ykxw djuk enforced izofrZr] ykxw enfranchise erkf/kdkj nsuk enhance c<+kuk enquire tkap&iM+rky djuk] iwN&rkN djuk enquiry iwNrkN] tkap&iM+rky enquiry authority tkap izkfèkdj.k] tkap izkfèkdkjh enrolment ukekadu 28
  29. 29. enrolment number ukekadu la[;k ensure lqfuf'pr djuk enterprise mn~;e entertain 1- euksjatu djuk 2- fopkj djuk entertainment Ekuksjatu( vkfrF;&lRdkj entire cost iwjh ykxr entitle 1- ik= cukuk] gdnkj cukuk 2- 'kh"kZd j[kuk 3- mikfèk nsuk entitled gdnkj] vf/kdkjh entitlement gdnkjh] ik=rk entrance izos'k] izos'k }kj entry banjkt] izfof"V environment 1- i;kZoj.k 2- okrkoj.k envisage fopkj djuk equality lekurk] lerk equitable U;k;laxr] lkE;;qDr] mfpr equity 1- bZfDoVh 2- lkE;k equivalent rqY;] lekud eradicate mUewyu djuk escort vuqj{kd especially fo'ks"kdj] fo'ks"k :i ls essentiality rkfÙodrk( rRo] vfuok;Zrk establish fln~/k djuk] LFkkfir djuk established practice LFkkfir izFkk ethics committee vkpkjuhfr lfefr evacuation fu"Øe.k] fjDrhdj.k] [kkyh djuk evaluate ewY;kadu djuk event ?kVuk ex cadre laoxZckg~; ex gratia vuqxzgiwoZd ex gratia grant vuqxzg vuqnku 29
  30. 30. ex gratia payment vuqxzgh vnk;xh ex officio member insu lnL; ex post facto dk;ksZRrj ex post facto approval dk;ksZRrj vuqeksnu examine 1- ijh{kk ysuk 2- tkapuk examined ijhf{kr( tkap dh excellent mRÑ"V exception viokn exceptional vioknkRed] viokn Lo:Ik excess vfr] vfèkdrk] vfr'k; exchange fofue;( vknku&iznku exchange voucher fofue; okmpj excluded oftZr] cfg"Ñr execute fu"iknu djuk execution fu"iknu executive 1- dk;Zikfydk 2- dk;Zikyd] vf/k'kklh 3- dk;Zdkfj.kh executive dk;Zikfydk exemption NwV] ekQh exercise vH;kl exhaustive information lok±xiw.kZ tkudkjh exigency rkRdkfyd vko';drk existing orZeku] ekStwnk ex-MP iwoZ laln~&lnL;] iwoZ&lkaln expand QSykuk] foLrkj djuk expectation 1- izR;k'kk 2- vis{kk expedite 'kh?kz fuiVkuk] 'kh?kz dkjZokbZ djuk expeditious action 'kh?kz dkjZokbZ expenditure O;;] [kpZ expenditure involved fufgr O;; expense O;;] [kpZ 30
  31. 31. expensive egaxk] dherh experience vuqHko expiration 1- fu% 'olu 2- lekfIr] lekiu expiry lekfIr explanation Li"Vhdj.k] O;k[;k explanatory O;k[;kRed exploration vUos"k.k express O;Dr djuk expressly Li"Vr;k] Li"V :i ls expulsion fu"dklu] cfg"dj.k] fudky nsuk extend c<+kuk] foLrkj djuk extended foLrkfjr] foLr`r extended period c<+kbZ xbZ vofèk] foLrkfjr vof/k extending hospitality vkfrF;&lRdkj djuk extension foLrkj extent foLrkj( lhek extra vfrfjDr extract 1- mn~/kj.k] lkj] rRo 2- lkjka'k 3- fu"d"kZ extradition izR;iZ.k extraordinary vlkèkkj.k fabricate x<+uk] fuekZ.k djuk facility lqfoèkk fair price mfpr dher family pension ifjokj isa'ku fare fdjk;k] HkkM+k favourable vuqdwy fax QSDl 31
  32. 32. feasible lkè; federal republic la?kh; x.kra= federalism la?kokn federation egkla?k feeder cadre iznk; laoxZ feeder post iznk;d in] QhMj in festival 1- mRlo] R;ksgkj] ioZ 2- lekjksg festival advance R;ksgkj vfxze] R;ksgkj is'kxh file 1- Qkby] fefly 2- Qkby djuk] nkf[ky djuk file copy Qkby izfr file flap Qkby iV~Vh] Qkby QySi file movement register Qkby lapyu jftLVj file register Qkby jftLVj film show fQYe 'kks final fulfilment iw.kZ iwfrZ final reply vafre mRrj final settlement 1- vafre fuiVkjk 2- vafre le>kSrk 3- vafre Hkqxrku finance bill foRr fo/ks;d financial foRrh;] foRr lacaèkh Financial Adviser foRr lykgdkj financial assistance foRrh; lgk;rk financial bill foRrh; foèks;d financial year foRrh; o"kZ] foRr o"kZ fiscal jktdks"kh; fiscal deficit jktdks"kh; ?kkVk] foRrh; ?kkVk fiscal prudence and austerity jktdks"kh; cqn~fèkeRrk vkSj ferO;f;rk fit 1- mi;qDr( ;ksX; 2- LoLFk 3- nq#Lr 32
  33. 33. 4- nkSjk iM+uk fitness certificate 1- LoLFkrk izek.ki= 2- nq#Lrh izek.ki= fix 1- fuf'pr djuk] fuèkkZfjr djuk 2- yxkuk] fLFkj djuk fixation of pay osru&fu;ru flag-hoisting èotkjksg.k] >aMk Qgjkuk floor 1- Q'kZ 2- lnu 3- eap floor of the House lnu iVy floppy disc Q~ykWih fMLd floral greetings iq"Ik vfHkoknu flow 1- cguk] izokfgr gksuk 2- izokg] cgko folder QksYMj] pkSiUuk following 1- fuEufyf[kr] uhps fy[kk] uhps fn;k 2- vuqxkeh foot note ikn fVIi.kh foreign 1- fons'kh 2- ckg~;] ckgjh 3- fotkrh; foreign consular officer fons'kh dkalqy vfèkdkjh foreign delegation fons'kh f'k"VeaMy] fons'kh izfrfufèkeaMy foreign domicile fons'kh vfèkokl foreign exchange fons'kh eqnzk foreign travel expenses fons'k ;k=k [kpZ formal apology vkSipkfjd {kekpk;uk formation fuekZ.k] jpuk formulate lw=cn~/k djuk] fu:fir djuk formulation lw=hdj.k fortnight i{k] i[kokM+k forwarded vxzsf"kr 33
  34. 34. founder member laLFkkid lnL; foyer vxznh?kkZ fraction 1- va'k] [kaM 2- izHkkx frame 1- fojfpr djuk 2- cukuk] rS;kj djuk frame-work <kapk franchise erkfèkdkj free air pass fu%'kqYd gokbZ ikl free and frank Li"Voknh free passage O;;&eqDr ;k=k] fu%'kqYd ;k=k free railway pass fu%'kqYd jsy ikl freedom of press lekpkji=ksa dh Lora=rk freedom of speech Hkk"k.k dh Lora=rk freeze jksd yxkuk freezing jksd fresh receipt ubZ vkorh fresh vacancy ubZ fjfDr from pre-page fiNys i`"B ls from time to time le;&le; ij fulfill iwjk djuk] iw.kZ djuk] ikyu djuk fulfilment iwfrZ function 1- dk;Z] ÑR; 2- lekjksg functionary 1- dk;ZdrkZ 2- vf/kdkjh fund fufèk] dks"k fundamental ewyHkwr] ewy] ekSfyd fundamental human rights ewy ekuo vfèkdkj funds for catering Hkkstu&izcaèku fufèk Gazette of India Hkkjr dk jkti= general 1- lkèkkj.k] lkekU; 34
  35. 35. 2- vke] lkoZtfud 3- tujy 4- izèkku 5- egk general budget lkekU; ctV general elections vke pquko general provident fund lkekU; Hkfo"; fufèk general recommendations lkekU; flQkfj'ksa General Section lkekU; vuqHkkx genuine 1- izkekf.kd 2- fo'kqn~/k 3- ;FkkFkZ] okLrfod gift migkj] HksaV gift pack migkj iSd golden jubilee year Lo.kZ t;arh o"kZ golden plate Lof.kZe iV~fVdk goodwill delegation ln~Hkkouk izfrfufèkeaMy] ln~Hkkouk f'k"VeaMy governing body vfèk'kklh fudk; government ljdkj] 'kklu government business ljdkjh dk;Z Govt. of India press Hkkjr ljdkj eqnz.kky; GPF advance lkekU; Hkfo"; fufèk vfxze GPF withdrawal lkekU; Hkfo"; fufèk okilh@fudkyuk group lewg] ny] oxZ] Vksyh growth lao`n~fèk] o`n~f/ guarantee xkjaVh] izR;kHkwfr guidance ekxZn'kZu] funsZ'ku guided democracy funsZf'kr yksdra= guidelines fn'kk&funsZ'k guiding principles funsZ'kd fln~èkkar guillotin fxyksfVu 35
  36. 36. half an hour discussion vkèks ?kaVs dh ppkZ halt 1- fojke] gkYV 2- jksduk handbag gSaMcSx handbook iqfLrdk handling dkjZokbZ djuk hard labour dM+h esgur] dBksj Je hardware ;a= lkexzh] gkMZos;j hardworking esgurh] ifjJeh head 1- vè;{k 2- 'kh"kZ head of account ys[kk&'kh"kZ head of office dk;kZy;kè;{k heading 'kh"kZd hearing lquokbZ hearse 'ko;ku heckling iz'uksa dh >M+h yxkuk heir okfjl] mRrjkf/dkjh Her Majesty egkxfjeke;h herewith blds lkFk High Commission mPpk;ksx] gkbZ deh'ku High Commissioner mPpk;qDr] gkbZdfe'uj high tea gkbZ Vh] fo'ks"k tyiku Hindi Section fganh vuqHkkx His Majesty egkxfjeke; historical ,sfrgkfld hold èkkj.k djuk] xzg.k djuk holding of a post in xzg.k djuk homage Jn~èkkatfy home-type ?kj&tSlk] ?kjsyw honorarium ekuns; 36
  37. 37. honour 1- lEeku 2- izfr"Bk 3- ldkjuk hospital vLirky hospitality vkfrF;&lRdkj hospitalization vLirky esa HkrhZ djkuk host country estcku ns'k hostel 1- Nk=kokl 2- vkokl hosting estckuh djuk hotel gksVy house building advance x`g&fuekZ.k vfxze@is'kxh House of the People yksd lHkk Human Rights Commission ekuo vfèkdkj vk;ksx hung parliament f='kadq laln hypothecate ca/kd j[kuk ideal vkn'kZ illegible viBuh; illiteracy fuj{kjrk imbalance vlarqyu immigrant vkizoklh immigration vkizokl( vkizoklu immigration commissioner vkizokl vk;qDr immunity mUeqfDr impart iznku djuk] crkuk impartial fu"i{k impasse xfrjksèk impeachment egkfHk;ksx impediment vM+pu imperialism lkezkT;okn 37
  38. 38. impersonation Nn~e&:i.k] izfr:i.k implement 1- vkStkj] midj.k 2- dk;kZfUor djuk] ykxw djuk] ikyu djuk] vey esa ykuk implementation dk;kZUo;u] ifjikyu implementation report dk;kZUo;u izfrosnu] dk;kZUo;u fjiksVZ Implementation Section dk;kZUo;u vuqHkkx implication 1- foo{kk] fufgrkFkZ 2- my>u import 1- vk;kr 2- vfHkizk;] vk'k; important 1- egÙoiw.kZ 2- vko';d imprest vxznk; imprest amount vxznk; jkf'k in addition to ds vfrfjDr in advance igys ls in lieu of ds cnys esa in rare cases fojys ekeyksa esa in respect of ds fy,] ds fo"k; esa inappropriate vuqi;qDr] vuqfpr inaugural flight mn~?kkVu&mM+ku inaugural function mn~?kkVu&lekjksg inaugural speech mn~?kkVu&Hkk"k.k incapacitate vleFkZ] v{ke dj nsuk incidental vkuq"kafxd] izklafxd] vkdfLed incidental charges izklafxd izHkkj] vkdfLed izHkkj include 'kkfey djuk] lfEefyr djuk incoming call vkod dkWy incoming partner vkxark lk>snkj] vkxark lkFkh incorporate 1- lekfo"V djuk] lfEefyr djuk] 2- fuxfer djuk 38
  39. 39. incorporated 1- fuxfer 2- lekfo"V] lfEefyr increase c<+uk] c<+kuk] o`n~fèk] c<+ksrjh inculcate eu esa cSBkuk] viukuk incumbent inèkkjh] inLFk incur mBkuk] >syuk incurring expenditure O;; djuk] [kpZ djuk indemnity {kfriwfrZ index 1- lwpd 2- vuqØef.kdk indictment vH;kjksi.k individual oS;fDrd] O;fDrxr] O;fDr] O;f"V individual capacity 1- oS;fDrd {kerk 2- O;fDrxr gSfl;r induction material izos'k lkexzh infiltrate ?kqliSB djuk infiltrator ?kqliSfB;k informal body vukSipkfjd fudk; infrastructure vkèkkfjd lajpuk inherent powers lgt 'kfDr;ka initiate izkjaHk djuk] igy djuk initiative igy inoculation Vhdk( Vhdk yxkuk inquire iwNrkN djuk] irk yxkuk] tkap djuk insert var%LFkkfir djuk] esa j[kuk] Mkyuk inside Hkhrj] vanj installation laLFkkiu] vfèk"Bkiu institute 1- laLFkku 2- LFkkfir djuk 3- izkjaHk djuk instruction vuqns'k] fgnk;r insurance chek insured 1- chekÑr 39
  40. 40. 2- chek fd;k gqvk insurgency 1- fonzksg] cx+kor 1- miIyo insurgent fonzksgh] ckxh insurrection foIyo] fonzksg] cx+kor integral part vfHkUu vax integrity 1- lR;fu"Bk] bZekunkjh 2- v[kaMrk intention vfHkizk;] vk'k;] bjknk intentionally lkfHkizk;] bjknru inter alia vU; ckrksa ds lkFk intercom baVjdke interest 1 #fp] vfHk#fp 2 fgr 3 C;kt interfere gLr{ksi djuk interim reply varfje mRrj internal audit party vkarfjd ys[kkijh{kk ny internal finance division vkarfjd foRr izHkkx international varjjk"Vªh; international body varjjk"Vªh; fudk; international law varjjk"Vªh; fofèk inter-parliamentary var% lalnh; interpretation 1- fuoZpu] O;k[;k 2- Hkk"kkarj Interpreter nqHkkf"k;k] Hkk"kkarjdkj interruption 1- O;oèkku] fo?u] ckèkk 2- #dkoV inter session var%l= inter-session period var% l=kofèk intervene 1- var%{ksi djuk 2- gLr{ksi djuk 3- chp esa iM+uk 40
  41. 41. intervening eè;orhZ intervening period eè;orhZ vofèk intervention 1- var%{ksi 2- gLr{ksi intimation lwpuk] izKkiu] bfRryk introduce 1- ifjp; djuk 2- izLrqr djuk 3- izkjaHk djuk invariably fujiokn :i ls] fujarj] lnk investment fuos'k inviolate vuqYya?kuh; invitation 1- vkea=.k 2- fuea=.k invite 1- fuea=.k nsuk 2- vkeaf=r djuk irrespective of dk fopkj fd, fcuk] dk fygkt fd, fcuk irrevocable vVy] vizfrlagj.kh; issue 1- tkjh djuk] Hkstuk] nsuk 2- fuxZe 3- eqn~nk 4- larku 5- vad issue diary fuxZe Mk;jh issue today vkt tkjh djas itinerary ;k=kØe joining date dk;Zxzg.k rkjh[k joint committee la;qDr lfefr joint fund la;qDr fufèk joint meeting la;qDr cSBd joint secretary la;qDr lfpo joint sovereignty la;qDr izHkqlRRkk journalist i=dkj journey ;k=k] lQj] lQj djuk 41
  42. 42. judge 1- U;k;kèkh'k 2- fu.kkZ;d] fu.kZ; djuk] QSlyk nsuk judgment fu.kZ; judicial powers U;kf;d 'kfDr;ka judiciary U;k;ikfydk jurisdiction vfèkdkfjrk] vfèkdkj {ks=] {ks=kfèkdkj jury Twjh justice 1- U;k; 2- U;k;ewfrZ justify vkSfpR; fln~èk djuk Key board dqath iVy] dh cksMZ key map ewy uD'kk know-how tkudkjh] rduhdh tkudkjh knowledge Kku] tkudkjh laid on the table ¼lnu ds½ iVy ij j[kk x;k language Hkk"kk lapse 1- chr tkuk 2- O;ixr gksuk 3- pwd last date vafre frfFk@rkjh[k lasting LFkk;h] fVdkÅ late 1- foyac ls] nsj ls 2- LoxhZ; late payment nsj ls Hkqxrku latest uohure] vèkqukru launch 1- vkjaHk djuk 2- NksM+uk] izekspu laundry èkqykbZ ?kj laundry allowance èkqykbZ HkRrk law fofèk] dkuwu 42
  43. 43. law and order dkuwu vkSj O;oLFkk lawful heir oSèk mRrjkfèkdkjh lawlessness vO;oLFkk] vjktdrk lay down fuèkkZfjr djuk lay down arms gfFk;kj Mky nsuk layout vfHkU;kl] uD'kk LDC (Lower Division Clerk) voj Js.kh fyfid leader 1- usrk 2- izeq[k] vxz.kh Leader of Opposition foi{k dk usrk] izfri{k dk usrk Leader of the House lnu dk usrk leadership usr`Ro leading article vxzys[k leave account NqV~Vhys[kk leave travel concession NqV~Vh ;k=k fj;k;r lecture O;k[;ku left parties okeiaFkh ny leftist okeiaFkh legal adviser fofèk lykgdkj legation of India Hkkjrh; nwrkokl legible lqokP;] lqikB~; legislation foèkku] fofèkfuekZ.k legislative foèkk;h legislative assembly foèkku lHkk legislative council foèkku ifj"kn~ Legislative Section foèkk;h vuqHkkx legislator foèkk;d legislature 1- foèkkf;dk 2- foèkkueaMy legislatve powers foèkk;h 'kfDr;ka letter of administration iz'kklu&i= 43
  44. 44. liable 1- nk;h 2- ftEesnkj 3- Hkkxh liaison laidZ liaison officer laidZ vfèkdkjh library iqLrdky; license 1- ykblsal] vuqKfIr 2- LosPNkpkj lift fyQ~V] mRFkkid light refreshment tyiku limitation 1- lhek] ifjlhek 2- vofèk limited sovereignty lhfer laizHkqRkk] lhfer izHkqlRrk linked file layXu Qkby list of business dk;ZfoHkktu lwph] dk;Zlwph literature lkfgR; livelihood thfodk] jksth lobby 1- ykWch] xks"Bh d{k 2- leFkZd oxZ local transport LFkkuh; ifjogu lodging okl] vkokl logistics laHkkj&ra=] laHkkfjdh long distance call yach nwjh dkWy] nwjLFk dky lounge ykmUt] foJkafrdk Lower Division Clerk voj Js.kh fyfid luggage lkeku] vlckc lunch eè;kg~u Hkkstu] yap luncheon eè;kg~u Hkkstu maintain 1- vuqj{k.k djuk] j[k&j[kko djuk 2- Hkj.k iks"k.k djuk 3- j[kuk] cuk, j[kuk maintenance 1- vuqj{k.k] j[k&j[kko 2- Hkj.k&iks"k.k 44
  45. 45. major head eq[; 'kh"kZ majority 1- cgqer 2- o;Ldrk 3 cgqla[;d manifesto ?kks"k.kki= manual 1- iqfLrdk] fu;e&iqfLrdk] fu;ekoyh 2- 'kkjhfjd] gLr 45 manual for handling parliamentary work in ministries ea=kky;ksa esa lalnh; dk;Z ds fuiVku ds fy, fu;ekoyh manual labour 'kkjhfjd Je manual skill gLr dkS'ky marked 1- vafdr] fpg~fur 2- mYys[kuh; marked seats vafdr lhVsa] fpg~fur lhVsa material lkexzh] lkeku matter 1- ekeyk 2- fo"k; 3- ckr 4- lkexzh] inkFkZ matters raised under rule 377 fu;e 377 ds vèkhu mBk, x, ekeys maximum 1- vfèkdre] T;knk ls T;knk 2- mPpre measurement eki] uki medical fpfdRlk] MkDVjh medical care fpfdRlk ns[kHkky] MkDVjh ns[kHkky medication 1- fpfdRlk 2- vkS"kèkiz;ksx meeting cSBd] lHkk meeting in camera xqIr cSBd] can cSBd fit LoLFk member 1- lnL; 2- Hkkx] ?kVd Member of Parliament laln~&lnL;] lkaln member's emoluments lkaln dh ifjyfCèk;ka
  46. 46. 46 Member's Emoluments Section lkaln ifjyfCèk;ka vuqHkkx membership 1- lnL;rk 2- lnL;la[;k memento Le`frfpg~u memorandum Kkiu mental skill ekufld dkS'ky merits and demerits xq.kkoxq.k] xq.knks"k messenger 1- lans'kokgd 2- nwr method fofèk] in~èkfr] iz.kkyh mid-term poll eè;kofèk pquko mileage 1- ehy&nwjh 2- ehy&HkRrk military advisor lSfud lykgdkj minimum U;wure] de ls de ministerial fyfidoxhZ; minister in-charge izHkkjh ea=h minister of state jkT; ea=h minister without portfolio fcuk foHkkx dk ea=h Ministry of Agriculture Ñf"k ea=ky; Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers jlk;u ,oa moZjd ea=ky; Ministry of Civil Aviation ukxj foekuu ea=ky; Ministry of Coal and Mines dks;yk ,oa [kku ea=ky; Ministry of Commerce and Industry okf.kT; rFkk mn~;ksx ea=ky; Ministry of Communication & Information Technology lapkj ,oa lwpuk izkSn~;ksfxdh ea=ky; Ministry of Consumer Affairs, miHkksDrk dk;Z] [kkn~; ,oa lkoZtfud
  47. 47. Food & Public Distribution forj.k ea=ky; Ministry of Defence j{kk ea=ky; Ministry of Disinvestment fofuos'k ea=ky; Ministry of Environment and Forests i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky; Ministry of External Affairs fons'k ea=ky; Ministry of Finance foRr ea=ky; Ministry of Food Processing Industries [kkn~; izlaLdj.k mn~;ksx ea=ky; 47 Ministry of Health and Family Welfare LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Hkkjh mn~;ksx ,oa lkoZtfud mn~;e ea=ky; Ministry of Home Affairs x`g ea=ky; Ministry of Human Resource Development ekuo lalkèku fodkl ea=ky; Ministry of Information and Broadcasting lwpuk ,oa izlkj.k ea=ky; Ministry of Labour Je ea=ky; Ministry of Law, Justice and Company Affairs fofèk] U;k; rFkk daiuh&dk;Z ea=ky; Ministry of Mines [kku ea=ky; Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources vijaijkxr ÅtkZ lzksr ea=ky; Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs lalnh; dk;Z ea=ky; Ministry of Personnel, Public dkfeZd] yksd f'kdk;r ,o isa'ku ea=ky;
  48. 48. 48 Grievances and Pension Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas isVªksfy;e vkSj izkÑfrd xSl ea=ky; Ministry of Power fon~;qr~ ea=ky; Ministry of Railways jsy ea=ky; Ministry of Road Transport & Highways lM+d ifjogu ,oa jktekxZ ea=ky; Ministry of Rural Development xzkeh.k fodkl ea=ky; Ministry of Science and Technology foKku ,oa izkSn~;ksfxdh ea=ky; Ministry of Shipping tgktjkuh ea=ky;] ukSifjogu ea=ky; Ministry of Small Scale Industries & Agro and Rural Industries y?kq mn~;ksx ,oa Ñf"k rFkk xzkeh.k mn~;ksx ea=ky; Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment lkekftd U;k; ,oa vfèkdkfjrk ea=ky; Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation lkaf[;dh ,oa dk;ZØe dk;kZUo;u ea=ky; Ministry of Steel bLikr ea=ky; Ministry of Textiles oL= ea=ky; Ministry of Tourism and Culture i;ZVu ,oa laLÑfr ea=ky; Ministry of Tribal Affairs tutkrh; dk;Z ea=ky; Ministry of Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation 'kgjh fodkl ,oa xjhch mi'keu ea=ky;
  49. 49. Ministry of Water Resources ty lalkèku ea=ky; Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports ;qok dk;Z vkSj [ksy ea=ky; minor 1- vo;Ld] ukckfyx 2- y?kq] xkS.k minor head y?kq'kh"kZ minority 1- vYila[;d] vYila[;d oxZ 2- vYier 3- vo;Ldrk Minority Commission vYila[;d vk;ksx minutes dk;Zo`Rr minutes book dk;Zo`Rr iqfLrdk miscellaneous fofoèk] QqVdj misconduct dnkpkj mission fe'ku mixed economy fefJr vFkZO;oLFkk mixed response feyhtqyh izfrfØ;k mobile 1- py] pyrk&fQjrk 2- eksckby mobilization 1- ykecanh 2- tqVko mock parliament Ñf=e laln~] laln~ vfHku; mode izdkj] fo/kk model debate vkn'kZ cgl] vkn'kZ okn&fookn model list of questions iz'uksa dh vkn'kZ lwph modify vk'kksèku djuk] rjehe djuk] va'kkrfjr djuk monarchy jktra= money bill èku foèks;d monitoring group vuqoh{k.k lewg monsoon session ekulwu l= monthly abstract ekfld lkj monthly return ekfld fooj.kh moratorium vf/kLFkxu( vf/kLFkxu dky 49
  50. 50. most immediate vfr rRdky motion izLrko motion of no confidence vfo'okl izLrko motion of thanks èkU;okn izLrko motivation vfHkiszj.k motor car eksVj dkj move izLrqr djuk move a proposal izLrko izLrqr djuk mover izLrkod multi-lateral cgqi{kh; multi-media cgq&ekè;e] eYVh&ehfM;k mutual agreement ikjLifjd djkj] vkilh djkj mutual interest vkilh fgr] ikjLifjd fgr name plate uke iV~V national 1- jk"Vªh; 2- jkf"Vªd national debate jk"Vªh; cgl national language jk"Vª Hkk"kk national occasion jk"Vªh; egRo dk volj national youth parliament jk"Vªh; ;qok laln~ izfr;ksfxrk competition natural accretion izkÑfrd vfHko`n~fèk Naval Advisor ukSlsuk lykgdkj nearest fudVre neat and clean lkQ&lqFkjk necessary vko';d] t:jh necessary action vko';d dkjZokbZ necessary entry vko';d izfof"V needful 1- vko';d] t:jh 2- vko';d dkjZokbZ negotiation okrkZ] le>kSrs dh ckrphr( laf/kokRkkZ neighbouring country iM+kslh ns'k 50
  51. 51. no confidence motion vfo'okl izLrko no objection vkifRr ugha no objection certificate vukifRr izek.ki= nodal dasnzd] uksMy nodal agency dsanzd vfHkdj.k] uksMy ,tsUlh nodal ministry dsanzd ea=ky;] uksMy ea=ky; nodal officer dsanzd vfèkdkjh] uksMy vfèkdkjh no-day-yet named motion vfu;r fnu izLrko noise 'kksj 'kjkck] 'kksjxqy nominal ukeek=] lkadsfrd nominated ukfer nomination ukeu] ukekadu nominee ukferh] ukfer O;fDr non recurring vukorhZ non-financial xSj&foRrh; non-ministerial vfyfidoxhZ; non-observance vikyu] ikyu u djuk non-official xSj&ljdkjh non-official business xSj&ljdkjh dk;Z non-officials xSj&ljdkjh lnL; non-proliferation vizlkj non-submission izLrqr u djuk] vizLrqrhdj.k normally lkekU;r%] vke rkSj ij Northern Railway mRrj jsyos note 1- fVIi.kh] uksV 2- n`"VO; notesheet pad uksV'khV iSM notice lwpuk] uksfVl notification vfèklwpuk notified vfèklwfpr noting and drafting fVIi.k vkSj izk:i.k notwithstanding ds gksus ij Hkh] ds gksrs gq, Hkh] ;n~;fi 51
  52. 52. objection vkifRr objective 1- mn~ns'; 2- oLrqfu"B] fo"k;ijd obligatory ckè;dj observation 1- fVIi.kh 2- isz{k.k observe 1- izs{k.k djuk] ns[kuk 2- ikyu djuk observer isz{kd obtain izkIr djuk obtained izkIr occasion volj office expenses dk;kZy; O;;] dk;kZy; [kpZ office memorandum dk;kZy; Kkiu office stamp dk;kZy; eksgj official delegation ljdkjh f'k"VeaMy] ljdkjh izfrfufèkeaMy official gallery ljdkjh nh?kkZ official language jktHkk"kk official language policy jktHkk"kk uhfr official motion ljdkjh izLrko official use ljdkjh mi;ksx] ljdkjh iz;ksx officiating LFkkukiUu on behalf of dh vksj ls opine jk; nsuk opinion jk; opposition foi{k] izfri{k opposition party fojksèkh ny] foi{k ordinance vè;kns'k organise 1- vk;ksftr djuk 2- laxfBr djuk organised 1- vk;ksftr 2- laxfBr organization 1- laxBu 2- vk;kstu( O;oLFkk 52
  53. 53. orientation course vfHkfoU;kl ikB~;Øe out today vkt gh Hksts] vkt gh tkjh djsa outgoing file tkod Qkby] fuxkZeh Qkby outgoing government fuorZeku ljdkj outgoing member fuxkZeh lnL;] fuorZeku lnL; outlay ifjO;; outstanding 1- ckdh] cdk;k 2- mRÑ"V overlapping 1- vfrO;kfIr 2- ijLijO;kfIr overtime allowance le;ksifj HkRrk overwhelming majority Hkkjh cgqer overwriting vf/kys[ku packed refreshment fMCckcan tyiku pandemonium gksgYyk] 'kksj&'kjkck panel ukfedk] iSuy paper under consideration fopkjkèkhu dkxt paper weight isij osV pardon {kek] {kek djuk parking ikfdZax] ikdZ djuk] xkM+h [kM+h djuk Parliament House laln Hkou parliamentarian laln~K] laln~&lnL; parliamentary lalnh;] laln parliamentary accountability lalnh; tokcnsgh] lalnh; mRrjnkf;Ro parliamentary affairs lalnh; dk;Z parliamentary conference lalnh; lEesyu parliamentary control lalnh; fu;a=.k parliamentary correspondent lalnh; laoknnkrk parliamentary crisis lalnh; ladV parliamentary debate lalnh; okn&fookn] lalnh; cgl 53
  54. 54. parliamentary democracy lalnh; yksdra= parliamentary diplomacy lalnh; jktu; parliamentary executive lalnh; dk;Zikfydk parliamentary government lalnh; 'kklu] lalnh; ljdkj parliamentary practice lalnh; pyu] lalnh; O;ogkj parliamentary privilege lalnh; fo'ks"kkfèkdkj parliamentary procedure lalnh; izfØ;k] lalnh; dk;Zokgh parliamentary question lalnh; iz'u parliamentary recess lalnh; eè;kodk'k parliamentary reporter lalnh; lekpkjnkrk] llanh; fjiksVZj parliamentary secretary lalnh; lfpo parliamentary sovereignty lalnh; izHkqlRrk parliamentary system lalnh; iz.kkyh Parliamentary Under lalnh; voj lfpo Secretary partial fulfilment vkaf'kd iwfrZ participant lgHkkxh] izfrHkkxh participate Hkkx ysuk] lfEefyr gksuk] 'kkfey gksuk participation lgHkkfxrk] Hkkxhnkjh particular fo'ks"k] [kkl particulars fooj.k parties and groups ny vkSj lewg party manifesto ikVhZ ?kks"k.kki= party politics nyxr jktuhfr passage 1- ekxZ] xyh] xfy;kjk 2- va'k] ys[kka'k] mn~èkj.k 3- ;k=k 4- ;k=k&O;; 54
  55. 55. 5- ikj.k] ikfjr gksuk 6- chruk passed by both houses nksuksa lnuksa n~okjk ikfjr passport ikji=] ikliksVZ patronage laj{k.k pattern 1- uewuk 2- izfr:i 3 <akpk] Lo:i payable ns; pay and accounts office osru vkSj ys[kk dk;kZy; pay and accounts officer osru vkSj ys[kk vfèkdkjh pay fixation osru fu;ru payment Hkqxrku] vnk;xh] lank; penalty 1- naM 2- tqekZuk] vFkZnaM pendency 1- fopkjkèkhurk 2- fopkjkofèk pending 1- yafcr] vfu.khZr] :dk gqvk 2- fopkjkèkhu pending assurance yafcr vk'oklu pending bill fopkjkèkhu foèks;d pension isa'ku peon pijklh per annum izfr o"kZ percent izfr'kr percentage 1- izfr'krrk 2- izfr'kr nj perform 1- djuk 2- ikyu djuk 3- fu"iknu djuk performance 1- fu"iknu 2- ikyu period 1- vofèk] dkykofèk] dky 2- ?kaVk peripheral state ifjèkh; jkT; periphery ifjfèk permanent LFkk;h permanent special invitee LFkk;h fo'ks"k vkeaf=r 55
  56. 56. permissible vuqes;] vuqKs; permission vuqefr permit vuqKk&i=] ijfeV personal interest 1- O;fDrxr :fp 2- O;fDrxr fgr perusal voyksdu petition ;kfpdk] vthZ photocopier QksVksizfrfyfi=] QksVksdksfi;j photocopy QksVksizfr photostat QksVksLVSV physically capable 'kkjhfjd :i ls leFkZ physically handicapped fodykax place of interest :fpdj LFky placement LFkkuu] ukSdjh fnykuk placement service LFkkuu lsok] jkstxkjiznk; lsok plan ;kstuk] vk;kstuk plate IysV] iV~fVdk pleasure (of President) ¼jk"Vªifr dh½ bPNk pleasure trip lSj&likVk pledge 1- fxjoh( fxjoh j[kuk 2- izfrKk( izfrKk djuk plenary iw.kZ plenary session iw.kZ vfèkos'ku] iw.kZ l= point raised mBk;k x;k fo"k;] mBk;k x;k eqn~nk policy 1- uhfr 2- chek ikWfylh political agent jktuhfrd vfHkdrkZ political angle jktuhfrd n`f"Vdks.k political clearance jktuhfrd LohÑfr political group jktuhfrd lewg political party jktuhfrd ny polling ernku poor performance viÑ"V fu"iknu 56
  57. 57. portfolio foHkkx] lafoHkkx] iksVZQksfy;ks portico n~okj&eaMi position fLFkfr( LFkku positive ldkjkRed% fuf'pr] fu'p;kRed posting 1- rSukrh 2- banjkt 57 postpone vkxs c<+kuk] eqYroh djuk] LFkfxr djuk postponement eqYroh] LFkxu posts and telegraphs Mkd&rkj postscript (P.S.) iqu'p power 1- 'kfDr 2- vfèkdkj 3- fctyh practical difficulty O;kogkfjd dfBukbZ practice 1- O;ogkj 2- izFkk] nLrwj] fjokt 3- vH;kl 4- O;olk;] is'kk preamble mn~nsf'kdk( izLrkouk pre-determined iwoZfuèkkZfjr preferably vfèkekur% preference vfèkeku] rjthg preferred ojh;] vfèker prejudice 1- izfrdwy izHkko 2- iwokZxzg pre-pone iwfoZr djuk preponement iwoZu prerogative Ikjekfèkdkj( fof'k"Vkf/dkj prescribe fuèkkZfjr djuk] fofgr djuk presence mifLFkfr] gkftjh] ekStwnxh presentation izLrqrhdj.k] izLrqfr president 1- jk"Vªifr 2- lHkkifr] vè;{k President of India Hkkjr dk jk"Vªifr
  58. 58. Presidential address 1- jk"Vªifr dk vfHkHkk"k.k 2- vè;{kh; Hkk"k.k Presidential rule jk"Vªifr 'kklu President's Estate jk"Vªifr laink President's Secretariat jk"Vªifr lfpoky; presiding officer ihBklhu vfèkdkjh press clipping v[kckj dh drju preventive action fujksèkd dk;Z] fuokjd dk;Z previous reference fiNyk gokyk] iwoZ lanHkZ primarily eq[;r%] izkFkfed rkSj ij] izFker% Prime Minister's Office izèkkuea=h dk;kZy; Principal Accounts Office iz/kku ys[kk dk;kZy; printed material Nih gqbZ lkexzh] eqfnzr lkexzh printer 1- eqnzd 2- eqnz.k&;a=] fizaVj printout Nih izfr] eqfnzr izfr prior iwoZ] igys] iwoZorhZ prior concurrence iwoZ lgefr priority izkFkfedrk] vxzrk private member's bill xSj&ljdkjh foèks;d privilege fo'ks"kkfèkdkj privileges committee fo'ks"kkfèkdkj lfefr prize iqjLdkj] buke prize distribution function iqjLdkj forj.k lekjksg prize winning student iqjLdkj fotsrk Nk= probable time laHkkfor le;] laHkkfor vofèk probation ifjoh{kk] ij[k probation period ifjoh{kk vofèk probationer ifjoh{kkèkhu] ij[kk/khu problem leL;k procedural fØ;kfofèkd] izfØ;kRed 58
  59. 59. procedural formality fØ;kfofèkd vkSipkfjdrk procedure fØ;kfofèk] izfØ;k] dk;Zfofèk procedure and practice izfØ;k vkSj O;ogkj proceedings dk;Zokgh process 1- izØe] izfØ;k 2- lalkfèkr djuk] izlaLdj.k djuk 3 vknsf'kdk ¼fofèk½ processing 1- izØe.k( lalkèku 2- izlaLdj.k proclamation mn~?kks"k.kk productivity mRikndrk professional O;kolkf;d] is'ksoj] o`fRrd professional occupation o`fRrd O;olk; proforma izi=] QkWeZ] izksQkekZ programme 1- dk;ZØe 2- Øekns'k ¼daI;wVj½ programme of action dk;ZØe ;kstuk progress izxfr project 1- ifj;kstuk 2- iz{ksfir djuk] izLrqr djuk proliferation vfrizlkj] vfrfoLrkj prolong foyafcr djuk] vofèk c<+kuk prolongation foyac promising 1- vk'kktud 2- mnh;eku promote 1- inksUur djuk] rjDdh nsuk 2- izksUur djuk] c<+kok nsuk 3- laoèkZu djuk promotion 1- inksUufr] rjDdh 2- izksUufr 3- laoèkZu promulgate iz[;kfir djuk promulgated iz[;kfir promulgation iz[;kiu pronunciation mPpkj.k 59
  60. 60. proper mfpr] leqfpr proper distribution mfpr forj.k proposal 1- izLrko 2- izLFkkiuk ¼fof/k½ propose izLrkfor djuk proposed steps izLrkfor dkjZokbZ] izLrkfor mik; proposition izLFkkiuk prorogation l=kolku prorogue l=kolku djuk prospective effect mRrjO;kih izHkko protocol 1- u;kpkj 2- izksVksdkWy 3- milafèk Protocol and Welfare Section izksVksdkWy ,oa dY;k.k vuqHkkx protocol officer izksVksdkWy vfèkdkjh protocol section izksVksdkWy vuqHkkx protocol service u;kpkj lsok] izksVksdkWy lsok provision 1- izkoèkku] O;oLFkk 2- micaèk ¼'krZ½ provisions jln proviso ijarqd psyche eu] ekul] fpRr Public Account Committee yksdys[kk lfefr public amusements lkoZtfud euksjatu publication izdk'ku purchase Ø;] [kjhn purport rkRi;Z] vfHkizk; purpose iz;kstu] mn~ns'; pursuance vuqlj.k pursue vkxs dkjZokbZ djuk purview {ks=] dk;Z&{ks= quarantine laxjksèk quarterly return =Sekfld fooj.kh] frekgh fooj.kh 60
  61. 61. question iz'u questionaire iz'ukoyh quiz contest iz'uksRrjh izfr;ksfxrk quorum dksje] x.kiwfrZ quota dksVk quotation 1- mn~èkj.k 2- Hkko] nj quote 1- mn~èk`r djuk 2- nj crkuk] Hkko 61 crkuk railway budget jsy ctV Rajya Sabha debate jkT;LkHkk cgl] jkT;lHkk oknfookn rate nj] Hkko realize 1- eglwl djuk] vuqHko djuk 2- olwy djuk] mxkguk reasonable mfpr] ;qfDr;qDr reasons for delay foyac ds dkj.k reassemble iqu% ,d= gksuk] iqu% tqVuk receipt 1- izkfIr 2- jlhn 3- vkorh 4- vk; receive 1- ikuk] izkIr djuk 2- Lokxr djuk reception Lokxr] Lokxr&lekjksg reckon fxuuk] x.kuk djuk recognized ekU;rkizkIr recognised party ekU;rkizkIr ny recommendation flQkfj'k] laLrqfr re-constitute iquxZBu djuk reconstitution iquxZBu record 1- vfHkys[k] fjdkWMZ 2- dhfrZeku 3- lokZfèkd Records vfHkys[k
  62. 62. recovery 1- olwyh] iqu%izkfIr 2- LokLF;&ykHk 3- cjkenxh recreation euksjatu] euksfouksn recruit 1- jax:V 2- HkrhZ djuk recurring vkorhZ red carpet 1- HkO; Lokxr] 2- yky dkyhu reduce de djuk reduction deh] ?kVkSrh reduction of arms 'kL= U;wuhdj.k refer 1- fopkjkFkZ Hkstuk 2- gokyk nsuk] mYys[k djuk 3- funsZ'k djuk reference lanHkZ] gokyk] funsZ'k referred fufnZ"V] mfYyf[kr reform lqèkkj] lqèkkjuk] lqèkkj djuk refresher course iqu'p;kZ ikB~;Øe refreshment vYikgkj refund èku okilh] èku ykSVkuk] izfrnk; ¼fofèk½ refuse bUdkj djuk] vLohdkj djuk regard è;ku nsuk] fopkj djuk region izns'k] {ks= regional izknsf'kd] {ks=h; register jftLVj] iath registrar 1- jftLVªkj] iath;d 2- dqy lfpo regular fu;fer regular member fu;fer lnL; regulate fofu;fer djuk regulation 1- fofu;e 2- fofu;eu reimburse izfriwfrZ djuk re-install iqu%LFkkfir djuk] iqu%fu;qDr djuk relaxation NwV] fj;k;r] <hy] f'kfFkyu relaxation of rules fu;eksa esa NwV] fu;e&f'kfFkyu 62
  63. 63. release 1- eqfDr] fjgkbZ] NqVdkjk 2- fueZqfDr] foekspu] yksdkiZ.k 3- tkjh djuk relevant laxr] lacn~èk relevant page laxr i`"B] lacafèkr i`"B reliable fo'oluh; remarks vH;qfDr] fVIi.kh] dSfQ;r remedial mipkjh remedy 1- mipkj 2- mik; remind Lej.k djuk] ;kn fnykuk reminder Lej.k&i=] vuqLekjd remittance 1- isz"k.k] Hkstuk 2- Hksth xbZ jde] iszf"kr èku remuneration ikfjJfed] esgurkuk re-nomination iqu% ukeu] iquukZekadu re-orientation iqu% vfHkfoU;kl repayable 'kksè;] izfrns; repayment okilh] pqdkSrh repeal fujLr djuk] fujlu repeat performance iqu% fu"iknu] iqu% izn'kZu re-placement 1- izfrLFkkiu 2- ,oth] cnyh representation 1- vH;kosnu] vfHkosnu 2- izfrfufèkRo representative izfrfufèk reprimand f/kd~naM] QVdkj] HkRlZuk required visf{kr] vko';d requirement vis{kk] vko';drk requisite visf{kr] vko';d research and conference vuqlaèkku vkSj lEesyu Research and Conference Section vuqlaèkku ,oa lEesyu vuqHkkx Research Assistant vuqla/kku lgk;d 63
  64. 64. reservation 1- vkj{k.k 2- ekSu vkifRr residence fuokl] fjgkb'k resident commissioner LFkkfud vk;qDr] fuoklh vk;qDr resign R;kxi= nsuk] bLrhQk nsuk] in R;kxuk resignation R;kxi=] bLrhQk resolve ladYi djuk] fu'p; djuk respectively dze'k% responsible ftEesnkj] mRrjnk;h restrict lhfer djuk] izfrcaèk] jksd yxkuk restricted izfrcafèkr] lhfer restricted area izfrcafèkr {ks= restriction izfrcaèk] jksd restrictions on the use of okguksa ds iz;ksx ij izfrcaèk vehicles resultant ifj.kkeh resume 1- lkj&o`Rr 2- iqu% vkjEHk djuk 3- iqu% xzg.k djuk retire lsok fuo`Rr gksuk retirement lsok&fuo`fRr retrospectively iwoZO;kfIr lfgr retrospective affect iwoZO;kih izHkko return journey okilh ;k=k reversion izR;korZu review 1- leh{kk] leh{kk djuk 2- iqufoZyksdu revised estimate ifj'kksfèkr izkDdyu revolt fonzksg revolutionary dzakfrdkjh reward iqjLdkj] ikfjrksf"kd ribbon Qhrk] fjcu rightist nf{k.k iaFkh rolls of parliament laln lnL; ukekoyh 64
  65. 65. roster jksLVj route ekxZ rule fu;e rule of law fofèklEer 'kklu rules of procedure izfØ;k fu;e] dk;Zfof/k fu;e ruling 1- O;oLFkk 2- fofu.kZ; ruling party 'kkld ny safety lqj{kk salary osru salient izeq[k] eq[; sanction eatwjh] laLohÑfr sanctioned laLohÑr] eatwj satisfaction larks"k] larqf"V scenario ifjn`'; schedule 1- vuqlwph 2- dk;ZØe scheduled time fu;r le; scheme ;kstuk Scientific Advisor oSKkfud lykgdkj screening Nkuchu] tkap ijd screening committee Nkuchu lfefr scribbling pad ys[ku iSM] fLØfCyax iSM script 1- fyfi 2- vkys[k scrupulous bZekunkj] fu"Bkoku scrutinise laoh{kk djuk] Nkuchu djuk scrutiny laoh{kk] Nkuchu seating arrangement cSBus dh O;oLFkk seconder leFkZd secret 1- xqIr 2- Hksn] jgL; secretarial assistance lfpokyf;d lgk;rk 65
  66. 66. secretariat general services lfpoky; lkekU; lsok,a Secretary lfpo section 1- vuqHkkx 2- [kaM 3- èkkjk section officer vuqHkkx vfèkdkjh secure 1- lqjf{kr 2- lqjf{kr djuk security 1- lqj{kk 2- izfrHkwfr 3- tekur select p;u djuk select committee izoj lfefr selection p;u( izoj.k seminar laxks"Bh senior ofj"B seniority ofj"Brk seniority list ofj"Brk lwph sensitive laosnu'khy separate vyx] i`Fkd~] fHkUu session vfèkos'ku] l= session period l=kofèk setup O;oLFkk] <kapk shield 1- 'khYM] 2- cpko djuk short distance call de nwjh dh dkWy short duration vYikofèk short duration discussion vYikofèk ppkZ short term vYikofèk short title laf{kIr uke] laf{kIr 'kh"kZd sight-seeing lSj&likVk] n`';&voyksdu significant egRoiw.kZ] lkFkZd simultaneously ,d gh le;] ,d lkFk sine die vfuf'pr dky ds fy, sitting cSBd sloganeering ukjsckth smaller committee NksVh lfefr software izfØ;k&lkexzh] lkQ~Vos;j 66
  67. 67. sorting NaVkbZ source lzksr] mn~xe sovereignty of parliament laln dh laizHkqrk Speaker vè;{k ¼yksdlHkk½ speaker oDrk Speaker of House yksdlHkk vè;{k special cell fo'ks"k izdks"B] fo'ks"k lsy special features fo'ks"k y{k.k special interest fo'ks"k #fp special invitee fo'ks"k vkeaf=r specific reason fof'k"V dkj.k specification fofuZns'k] fofunsZ'ku] fof'kf"V specify fofunsZ'k djuk speech Hkk"k.k speedy 'kh?kz] nqzrxkeh] Rofjr split foHkktu] foHkkftr djuk sponsored izk;ksftr spouse ifr] iRuh stage management eap izcaèku stagnation izxfrjksèk] xfrjksèk stamp pad eksgj iSM] LVSai iSM standard 1- ekud 2- Lrj standing committee LFkk;h lfefr stapler LVsIyj starred question rkjkafdr iz'u state guest jktdh; vfrfFk statement 1- oDrO; 2- dFku 3- fooj.k stationary fLFkj] vpy stationery ys[ku&lkexzh statistical data lkaf[;dh; vkadM+s] satistics lkaf[;dh stature 1- ÅapkbZ] dn 67
  68. 68. 2- egRrk] efgek status 1- fLFkfr 2- gSfl;r] izfr"Bk status report fLFkfr fjiksVZ statute lafof/k] dkuwu statutory audit lkafof/kd ys[kk ijh{kk statutory order lkafofèkd vkns'k] dkuwuh vkns'k statutory resolution lkafofèkd ladYi] dkuwuh ladYi stencil LVsfUly sticker fLVdj stint 1- fuèkkZfjr va'k 2- izfrcaèk 3- lhfer djuk stipulate 1- vuqcaèk djuk] 'krZ j[kuk 2- vis{kk djuk stipulated period vuqcafèkr vof/k stipulation vuqca/k] 'kRkZ straight 1- lhèkk] ljy 2- fu"diV] bZekunkj] [kjk strategy 1- lkefjdh] j.kuhfr] 2- dk;Zuhfr strength 1- lkeF;Z 2- la[;k strengthen etcwr djuk] leFkZ cukuk] l'kDr djuk strict compliance of time limit le;&lhek dk dM+kbZ ls ikyu strictly 1- dM+kbZ ls] l[rh ls 2- okLro esa stringer va'kdkfyd laoknnkrk] laokn&izs"kd struggle la?k"kZ study visit vè;;u nkSjk sub-clause mi&[kaM] mi&/kkjk sub-committee mi&lfefr sub-group mi&lewg] mi&/kkjk sub-head mi&'kh"kZ subordinate legislation vèkhuLFk foèkku subsequent ijorhZ] vuqorhZ 68
  69. 69. substantial 1- lkjHkwr] lkjoku~ 2- i;kZIr substantive pay ewyin osru successor mRrjkfèkdkjh sufficient i;kZIr] dkQh sufficiently i;kZIr ek=k esa suggestion lq>ko suit 1- nkok] eqdnek] okn 2- mi;qDr gksuk suitability mi;qDrrk summon cqykuk] cqykok Hkstuk] lEeu nsuk sumptuary allowance lRdkj HkRrk superannuation vfèkof"kZrk supplementary iwjd] vuqiwjd supplementary budget vuqiwjd ctV supplementary demand vuwiwjd ekax supplementary grant vuqiwjd vuqnku supplementary question vuqiwjd iz'u supplementary support 1- leFkZu 2- vkyac yxkuk supporting documents leFkZd nLrkost suppression neu surety 1- tekur 2- tkfeu] izfrHkw surplus vfèk'ks"k survey losZ{k.k suspended animation fuyafcr lfØ;rk suspension fuyacu sustainable laèkkj.kh; sustainable development la/kkj.kh; fodkl sustainable growth la/kkj.kh; o`n~f/k sweeper lQkbZ deZpkjh symposium ifjlaokn 69
  70. 70. synopsis 1- :ijs[kk 2- fo"k;&la{ksi] lkj&la{ksi system 1- in~èkfr] iz.kkyh 2- fudk; 3- ra= table of the house lHkk iVy tableau fLFkj n`';] >kadh tact ;qfDr] pkrq;Z talking points ckrphr ds eqn~ns] ppkZ ds fo"k; tea board Vh cksMZ] pk; cksMZ teacher in charge izHkkjh vè;kid technical rduhdh technical area rduhdh {ks= telex VsysDl temporary visa vLFkk;h ohtk tentative vuafre tentative list vuafre lwph term 1- vofèk] fe;kn 2- l= terrorism vkradokn terrorist vkradoknh things to do djus okys dk;Z through dh otg ls] ds ckgj] esa ls] ls gksdj] ds n~okjk throw out vLohdkj djuk] fudky nsuk thumping majority Hkkjh cgqer ticketing fVdV dkVuk time limit le; lhek time scale 1- le;&eku 2- lkofèkd osrueku time spent yxk le; tour programme nkSjk dk;ZØe tourism i;ZVu traditional ijaijkxr] ikjaifjd traditional art ikjaifjd dyk 70
  71. 71. training izf'k{k.k training course izf'k{k.k ikB~;Øe transact 1- dkjckj djuk 2- lapkyu djuk transaction 1- lapkyu 2- lkSnk] ysunsu transaction of business 1- dk;Z djuk 2- dkjckj dk lapkyu transfer 1- varj.k] gLrkarj.k 2- LFkkukarj.k] rcknyk transfer of matter ekeys dk varj.k transferable gLrkarj.kh;] varj.kh;] LFkkukarj.kh; transferee ministry varfjrh ea=ky; transformation :ikarj.k transition laØe.k translation vuqokn Translator Grade I/II vuqoknd xzsM&A@AA transport ifjogu transportation ifjogu travail 1- ?kksj ifjJe 2- izlo&ihM+k travel ;k=k] ;k=k djuk travel agent ;k=k vfHkdrkZ] Vsªoy ,tsUV travel allowance ;k=k HkRrk travel programme ;k=k dk;ZØe travelling abroad fons'k ;k=k treason ns'knzksg] jktnzksg Treasurer dks"kkè;{k] [ktkaph treasury benches 1- ea=h eap 2- lRrk i{k treatment 1- O;ogkj] cjrko 2- fpfdRlk] mipkj] bykt treaty Lafèk trophy VªkWQh] oSt;arh 71
  72. 72. trust 1- U;kl 2- fo'okl trustworthy fo'oluh; tumult dksykgy] gYyk&xqYyk tution fee f'k{kk&'kqYd typewriter VkbijkbVj] Vafd= UDC (Upper Division Clerk) izoj Js.kh fyfid ultimately var esa] varrksxRok] vkf[kjdkj ultimatum vafre psrkouh UN Security Council la;qDr jk"Vª lqj{kk ifj"kn unanimity erSD;] loZlEefr unanimously loZlEefr ls] ,der gksdj unattached vlacn~èk unavoidable vifjgk;Z undelivered letter vforfjr i= under 1- vèkhu 2- U;wu] de 3- voj underground Hkwfexr Under Secretary voj lfpo undersigned vèkksgLrk{kjh undertake 1- Hkkj ftEek] chM+k mBkuk] ftEesokjh ysuk 2- opu nsuk] opucn~èk gksuk undertaking 1- miØe 2 opu] opucaèk unfortunate event nqHkkZX;iw.kZ ?kVuk United Nation la;qDr jk"Vª la?k university fo'ofon~;ky; University Grants Commission fo'ofon~;ky; vuqnku vk;ksx unnecessary criticism vuko';d vkykspuk 72
  73. 73. unofficial 1- v'kkldh; 2- vukSipkfjd unofficial note (U.O.) v'kkldh; uksV] xSj&ljdkjh uksV unofficial methods vukSipkfjd rjhds unparliamentary language vf'k"V Hkk"kk] vlalnh; Hkk"kk unstarred question vrkjkafdr iz'u unutilised grants viz;qDr vuqnku unwieldy cksf>y] nqoZg upgrade dksfV mPp djuk] xzsM c<+kuk Upper Division Clerk izoj Js.kh fyfid uprising foIyo usher 1- izos'kd 2- izkjaHk djuk ushering in 1- izkjaHk djuk 2- vxokuh djuk usual courtesy lkekU; f'k"Vkpkj utilization mi;ksx] mi;kstu utilize mi;ksx djuk] dke esa ykuk utmost ije vacancy fjfDr] fjDr in vacant place [kkyh txg] fjDr LFkku vacant post fjDr in variety fofoèkrk] vusd:irk various fofoèk] fofHkUu venture lkgl] tksf[ke venue LFkku] LFky verbal ekSf[kd verification lR;kiu verify lR;kfir djuk vest fufgr gksuk vested interest fufgr LokFkZ vice 1- mi 2- O;lu 3- ds LFkku ij Vice Chancellor dqyifr 73
  74. 74. views n`f"Vdks.k] er] fopkj VIP lounge vfrfof'k"V foJkafrdk] vfrfof'k"V ykmUt visa ohtk visa fee ohtk 'kqYd visa form ohtk QkeZ visa note ohtk uksV vision 1- n`f"V 2- nwjn`f"Vrk visit HksaV] eqykdkr visiting committee fujh{k.k lfefr visiting hours eqykdkr dk le;] feyus dk le; visitor 1- vkxarqd] eqykdkrh 2- n'kZd 3- dqykè;{k visitor's book vkxarqd iath visitor's gallery n'kZd nh?kkZ vitality thoarrk vocation O;olk; voice vote èofuer voluntary LoSfPNd voluntary retirement LoSfPNd lsok&fuo`fRr votary 1- HkDr] mikld 2- leFkZd vote of censure fuank izLrko vote of thanks èkU;okn izLrko] èkU;okn Kkiu vote on account ys[kkuqnku voter ernkrk voucher okmpj wage etnwjh wage incentive etnwjh izksRlkgu walk out cfgxZeu warrant okjaV] vfèki= weather condition ekSle fLFkfr 74
  75. 75. 75 web based distance learning package osc vkèkkfjr nwjLFk vf/kxe iSdst website osclkbV weed out NaVkbZ welcome Lokxr welcome address Lokxr Hkk"k.k welfare dY;k.k welfare state dY;k.kdkjh jkT; well in advance dkQh igys ls well of the house lnu dk ry&izkax.k well-behaved f'k"V whip lpsrd white fluid lQsn QyqbM willingness jtkeanh] lgefr wind up lekiu] lesVuk winning 1- fot; 2- fot;h winter session 'khrdkyhu l= wishful tkucw>dj withdrawal 1- okilh] izR;kgj.k 2- fudkyuk] vkgj.k without taking into consideration fopkj fd, fcuk working lunch dk;kZFkZ eè;kg~u&Hkkstu] ofdZax yap working plan dk;Z ;kstuk workout iwokZdyu djuk workshop 1- dk;Z'kkyk 2- deZ'kkyk wreath ekyk] gkj] iq"ikatfy writ fjV write off cV~Vs[kkrs Mkyuk writ petition fjV ;kfpdk wrong doing viÑr] vukpkj
  76. 76. wrongful nks"kiw.kZ] lnks"k wrongful dismissal lnks"k inP;qfr] lnks"k c[kkZLrxh yard stick ekunaM yearly okf"kZd] lkykuk year to year o"kkZuqo"kZ yours faithfully Hkonh;] Hkonh;k yours sincerely Vkidk youth parliament ;qok laln youth parliament competition ;qok laln izfr;ksfxrk zero hour 'kwU;dky zonal Vkapfyd zonal railway user vkapfyd jsy mi;ksxdrkZ zone 1- vapy] eaMy 2- dfVcaèk zone of consideration fopkj&{ks= 76

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