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Author
MD. Waliulah Wali
waliseu31@gmail.com
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Warinas
Pharmaceuticals/245690832271163?ref=hl...
2/9/2015 2
Introduction
Compositions
Classification
Ideal Properties
Functions of Shampoo
Manufacturing Process
Quality Co...
Human Hair Structure
3
2/9/2015
Introduction
Shampoo is a hair care product that is used for the
removal of oils, dirt, skin particles, dandruff,
environm...
Introduction
2/9/2015
5
viscous liquids
clear or opaque
viscosities 500–1500 centipoise
pH 5.5
Containing 20–40% solids
Sh...
Ideal Properties
6
2/9/2015
1. Smooth and shiny
2. Produce Foam
3. No irritation
4. remove dirt completely
5. Impart fragr...
Functions of Shampoo
7
2/9/2015
1. Completely remove dirt
2. Protect the Hair
3. Cleaning of hair
4. Soothe the scalp skin...
Classification
8
2/9/2015
I. Based on Appearance
II. Based on Use or Function
III. Based on Origin
Classification
I. Based on Appearance:
1. Powder Shampoos
2. Liquid Shampoos or Lotion
3. Gel Shampoos or Solid Cream
9
2/...
Classification
10
2/9/2015
6. Miscellaneous-anti
dandruff, medicated
shampoo
4. Cream Shampoos
5. Oil Shampoos
I. Based on...
Classification
II. Based on Use or Function:
1. Conditioning Shampoos
2. Antidandruff and Therapeutic
3. Baby
4. Balancing...
Classification
III. Based on Origin:
12
2/9/2015
2. Egg1. Herbal
Compositions
Shampoos are typically composed of 10 to 30
ingredients.
Several types of ingredients are particularly import...
Compositions
14
2/9/2015
b)Surfactants
a) Water
c)Foam Boosters and
Stabilizers
RawMaterials
Compositions
15
2/9/2015
e)Clarifying Agents
d)Opacifiers
f)Anti-dandruff Agents
RawMaterials
Compositions
16
2/9/2015
h)Thickening Agents
g)Conditioning Agents
i)Sequestering Agents
RawMaterials
Compositions
17
2/9/2015
k)Colors
j)Perfumes
L)Preservatives
RawMaterials
Manufacturing Process
 Some pearlising agents are waxy solids at ambient
temperature and require melting in a drum oven o...
Manufacturing Process
For preparing liquid shampoo,
Triethanalamine lauvyl sulfate,
stearic acid are heated to about 65...
Triethanolamine +
Stearic Acid
Perfume
Heating in a jackated
tank at 650C.
Water + Preseservative
Bottling
Mixing
Finished...
Quality Control Tests
a)Foam Stability
Cylinder shake method was used for determining
foaming ability.
50ml of the 1% sham...
b)Skin – irritation Test:
Draize test in Rabbits where a patch test technique
is used on the intact skin of Albino Rabbits...
Quality Control Tests
c)Wetting Action:
Canvas disk is used, is one inch in diameter is
floated on the surface of a soluti...
Quality Control Tests
d)Viscosity:
Is determined using Brookefield Viscometer.
100ml of shampoo is taken in a beaker and s...
Quality Control Tests
e)pH:
Mix 1gram of shampoo with 9ml of water and
determine the pH using pH meter at 27 degrees
Celsi...
Reference
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shampoo
 http://us.arcanatura.com/cat-healthcare/how-does-shampoo-
work/
 http:...
Shampoo
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Shampoo

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Shampoo

Human Hair Structure
Introduction
Shampoo is a hair care product that is used for the removal of oils, dirt, skin particles, dandruff, environmental pollutants and other contaminant particles that gradually build up in hair.


Introduction
Ideal Properties
Functions of Shampoo
Classification
Classification
Based on Appearance:

Powder Shampoos
Liquid Shampoos or Lotion
Gel Shampoos or Solid Cream

Classification
Classification
II. Based on Use or Function:
Conditioning Shampoos
Antidandruff and Therapeutic
Baby
Balancing
Clarifying

Classification
III. Based on Origin:

Compositions
Shampoos are typically composed of 10 to 30 ingredients.
Several types of ingredients are particularly important, including “Surfactants" that aid in cleansing and lathering.
“Conditioners" and “Active ingredients" that affect the hair and scalp.
“Additives" that stabilize the product.



Compositions




Compositions




Compositions




Compositions




Manufacturing Process
Some pearlising agents are waxy solids at ambient temperature and require melting in a drum oven or similar before use.

Demineralised water is most commonly used in order to minimise contamination of the product.

No further processing is required after blending, and the product may be packed off directly from the mixing vessel.

Manufacturing Process
For preparing liquid shampoo,
Triethanalamine lauvyl sulfate,
stearic acid are heated to about 650C.

Water & preservatives are also heated to 650C.

Both the solutions are mixed together and then cooled.

Perfumes are added after that. The shampoo thus prepared is bottled by automatic bottle filling machine.


Quality Control Tests
a)Foam Stability
Cylinder shake method was used for determining foaming ability.
50ml of the 1% shampoo solution was put into a 250ml graduated cylinder and cover the cylinder with hand and shaken for 10 times. The total volumes of the foam contents after 1 minute shaking were recorded. The foam volume was calculated. Foam should retain for atleast 5mins.
Foam Stability = V2-V1

Quality Control Tests
b)Skin – irritation Test:

Draize test in Rabbits where a patch test technique is used on the intact skin of Albino Rabbits.
A set of 6Rabbits used for testing each material.
Shampoos should be tested only for a short duration thatis,not more than(NMT)4hours as these products come in contact with skin only for a short duration.
These preparations are diluted between concentrations of 8 to 10%.

Quality Control Tests
c)Wetting Action:
Canvas disk is used, is one inch in diameter is floated on the surface of a solution and the time required for it to sink is measured accurately.

Quality Control Tests
d)Viscosity:
Is determined using Brookefield Viscometer.
100ml of shampoo is taken in a beaker and spindle is dipped in it for about 5min and then reading is taken.

Quality Control

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Shampoo

  1. 1. Author MD. Waliulah Wali waliseu31@gmail.com https://www.facebook.com/pages/Warinas Pharmaceuticals/245690832271163?ref=hl 1
  2. 2. 2/9/2015 2 Introduction Compositions Classification Ideal Properties Functions of Shampoo Manufacturing Process Quality Control Test
  3. 3. Human Hair Structure 3 2/9/2015
  4. 4. Introduction Shampoo is a hair care product that is used for the removal of oils, dirt, skin particles, dandruff, environmental pollutants and other contaminant particles that gradually build up in hair. 4 The word shampoo in English is derived from Hindustani chāmpo.
  5. 5. Introduction 2/9/2015 5 viscous liquids clear or opaque viscosities 500–1500 centipoise pH 5.5 Containing 20–40% solids Shampoo
  6. 6. Ideal Properties 6 2/9/2015 1. Smooth and shiny 2. Produce Foam 3. No irritation 4. remove dirt completely 5. Impart fragrance 6. readily removed
  7. 7. Functions of Shampoo 7 2/9/2015 1. Completely remove dirt 2. Protect the Hair 3. Cleaning of hair 4. Soothe the scalp skin 5. Nourishment of hair 6. Treating dandruff, lice or other scalp problems
  8. 8. Classification 8 2/9/2015 I. Based on Appearance II. Based on Use or Function III. Based on Origin
  9. 9. Classification I. Based on Appearance: 1. Powder Shampoos 2. Liquid Shampoos or Lotion 3. Gel Shampoos or Solid Cream 9 2/9/2015
  10. 10. Classification 10 2/9/2015 6. Miscellaneous-anti dandruff, medicated shampoo 4. Cream Shampoos 5. Oil Shampoos I. Based on Appearance:
  11. 11. Classification II. Based on Use or Function: 1. Conditioning Shampoos 2. Antidandruff and Therapeutic 3. Baby 4. Balancing 5. Clarifying 11 2/9/2015
  12. 12. Classification III. Based on Origin: 12 2/9/2015 2. Egg1. Herbal
  13. 13. Compositions Shampoos are typically composed of 10 to 30 ingredients. Several types of ingredients are particularly important, including “Surfactants" that aid in cleansing and lathering. “Conditioners" and “Active ingredients" that affect the hair and scalp. “Additives" that stabilize the product. 13 2/9/2015
  14. 14. Compositions 14 2/9/2015 b)Surfactants a) Water c)Foam Boosters and Stabilizers RawMaterials
  15. 15. Compositions 15 2/9/2015 e)Clarifying Agents d)Opacifiers f)Anti-dandruff Agents RawMaterials
  16. 16. Compositions 16 2/9/2015 h)Thickening Agents g)Conditioning Agents i)Sequestering Agents RawMaterials
  17. 17. Compositions 17 2/9/2015 k)Colors j)Perfumes L)Preservatives RawMaterials
  18. 18. Manufacturing Process  Some pearlising agents are waxy solids at ambient temperature and require melting in a drum oven or similar before use.  Demineralised water is most commonly used in order to minimise contamination of the product.  No further processing is required after blending, and the product may be packed off directly from the mixing vessel. 18 2/9/2015
  19. 19. Manufacturing Process For preparing liquid shampoo, Triethanalamine lauvyl sulfate, stearic acid are heated to about 650C.  Water & preservatives are also heated to 650C.  Both the solutions are mixed together and then cooled.  Perfumes are added after that. The shampoo thus prepared is bottled by automatic bottle filling machine. 19 2/9/2015
  20. 20. Triethanolamine + Stearic Acid Perfume Heating in a jackated tank at 650C. Water + Preseservative Bottling Mixing Finished products Cooling Heating in a jackated tank at 650C. Shampoo Manufacturing Process in Diagram
  21. 21. Quality Control Tests a)Foam Stability Cylinder shake method was used for determining foaming ability. 50ml of the 1% shampoo solution was put into a 250ml graduated cylinder and cover the cylinder with hand and shaken for 10 times. The total volumes of the foam contents after 1 minute shaking were recorded. The foam volume was calculated. Foam should retain for atleast 5mins. Foam Stability = V2-V1 21 2/9/2015
  22. 22. b)Skin – irritation Test: Draize test in Rabbits where a patch test technique is used on the intact skin of Albino Rabbits. A set of 6Rabbits used for testing each material. Shampoos should be tested only for a short duration thatis,not more than(NMT)4hours as these products come in contact with skin only for a short duration. These preparations are diluted between concentrations of 8 to 10%. 2/9/2015 22 Quality Control Tests
  23. 23. Quality Control Tests c)Wetting Action: Canvas disk is used, is one inch in diameter is floated on the surface of a solution and the time required for it to sink is measured accurately. 23 2/9/2015
  24. 24. Quality Control Tests d)Viscosity: Is determined using Brookefield Viscometer. 100ml of shampoo is taken in a beaker and spindle is dipped in it for about 5min and then reading is taken. 24 2/9/2015
  25. 25. Quality Control Tests e)pH: Mix 1gram of shampoo with 9ml of water and determine the pH using pH meter at 27 degrees Celsius. 25 2/9/2015
  26. 26. Reference  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shampoo  http://us.arcanatura.com/cat-healthcare/how-does-shampoo- work/  http://www.sulfatefreeshampoobrandsinfo.com/chemical- free-shampoo/  www.thefreedictionary.com/shampoo  http://smallb.in/sites/default/files/knowledge_base/shampoo. pdf 2/9/201526

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