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SOMALIA<br />Somalia is a land of fighting warlords.<br />In 1991, the USA went in (with support from the UN) to help capture a warlord that took over the capital city.<br />In the fight, a USA black hawk combat helicopter was gunned down.<br />
18 American soldiers lost their lives in the fight and the USA government (along with all other countries of the world), left Somalia. The soldiers were killed brutally by the Somalis.<br />Since 1991, the country has been in a state of anarchy. Some parts are doing fine (Somaliland), but others are not.<br />
CONGO<br />The conflict here is hard to describe as many different countries are involved. <br />Congo is surrounded by neighbors that want to take over the nation.<br />The Congo is full of valuable resources (minerals, jewels, wood), which makes it attractive to people who want to become wealthy.<br />
The conflict started after the genocide in Rwanda, rebels from Rwanda and Uganda continued their fighting in the Congo even after peace in Rwanda. <br />To add to the problem, rebels from the Congo are fighting each other and at times, other rebels from other nations join the fight. <br />
The United Nations' largest active peacekeeping force – 20,000 soldiers from dozens of countries – has failed to halt the atrocities. In fact, there are those who argue that the peacekeepers sometimes make things worse. <br />Women and children have been affected the most. Rape is used as a method of war.<br />