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Dentistry in Renaissance Period

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History Of Dentistry
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Dentistry in Renaissance Period

  1. 1. Dentistry in the th and 17th Century 16
  2. 2. Overview : The Renaissance Was characterized by printing methods, discovery of America, the rise of humanism, the reawakening of experimental method, and the discovery of original texts of the classics. In medicine- the medical classics were beautifully printed, and the clinical study of patient began. Anatomy, physiology, pathology, and surgery came to the forefront.
  3. 3. Hmm.. what was dentistry like during the Renaissance in England??...
  4. 4. Dental hygiene -in the mid 16th century, most people used Rosemary Charcoal to maintain the cleanliness of their teeth.
  5. 5. Sage tooth whitening scrub “For teeth that are yellow, take sage and salt, and stamp them well together, then bake till it be hard, and make a fine powder thereof, then rub the teeth evening and morning.”
  6. 6. Once upon a time in England… “Until the discovery of the New World in the late 15th century, Europeans hungered for sugar. During the Renaissance period in England, the wealthy bought sugary foods and average person could not afford sugar.”
  7. 7. “Even in Europe’s early Renaissance courts, the wealthy and powerful regarded the refined sweetener as a delicious extravagance…
  8. 8. ..this led to tooth decay at a much higher rate for nobility than the peasants who worked for them”
  9. 9. “ Her face, it is and appears to be very aged. It is long and thin, and her teeth are very yellow and unequal, compared with what they were formerly, so they say, on the left side less than of the right. Many of them are missing so that one cannot understand her easily when she speaks quickly.” - Andre Hurault-Sieur de Maisse, 1597 ( French ambassador to Elizabeth’s court) Queen Elizabeth of England
  10. 10. Fun Fact!! Don’t you know that Queen Elizabeth stuffed rags into her mouth to prevent appearing as though she had hollow cheeks? LOL!!!
  11. 11. Type of person who extracts teeth during a. barbers Renaissance: b. wig makers c. blacksmiths d. persons who put shoes on horses
  12. 12. Lay barbers - professional tooth extractors during Renaissance.
  13. 13. Dental tools used in Renaissance Period : Dental Pelican (1600s) • named because of their resemblance to a pelican’s beak • were tooth extraction tools used from the 14th century through the late 18th century. • examples like this French or Italian pelican consisted of a rotating claw mounted on a shaft in an adjustable slot.
  14. 14. Dental Forceps (1600s) • used in grasping and extracting teeth — this 17th century Italian pair being more rudimentary than modern examples.
  15. 15. Oral Speculum (1600s) • used to open a body cavity for investigation or medical procedures. • This model of oral speculum worked like a reverse vise, with the screw prying open the patient’s mouth for easy access.
  16. 16. Dental Mouth Gag (1500s) • • • used to keep patients’ mouth open during procedures. This 16th century gag uses wing nuts to open and close the handles and lock them in place. It could have also been used to pry open the mouths of patients suffering from lockjaw.
  17. 17. “Key People and Events of the Renaissance”
  18. 18. Howdy Humans! I am Leonardo Da Vinci and I’m the 1st to dissect human cadavers for anatomical knowledge. I accurately drew the skull, teeth and associated parts realizing normal occlusion. I also described maxillary & frontal sinuses. 1452-1519
  19. 19. GABRIELE FALLOPE 1523-1562  An anatomist who gave us the terms: hard palate and soft palate.  Best described the trigeminal, auditory, and glossopharyngeal nerves,  Discovered the chorda tympani, semicircular canals and sphenoidal sinus.
  20. 20. Andreas Vesalius (15131564) greatest anatomist of the  Was the age.  His name was associated with dental anatomy, dental follicle, and dental eruption.  His work, De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septum (Fabric of the Human Body) was published in 1543.
  21. 21.  Describes for the first time the anatomy and function of the dental pulp cavity.  Counted teeth as bones.
  22. 22. Ambrose Paré (15101564)  He was the father of Modern Surgery and French barber surgery.  He popularized the use of ligatures, and he was famous for devising artificial limbs and palatal obturators.
  23. 23. • Introduced the lancing of infants' gums using a lancet or scalpel during teething. • He described proper tooth extraction, transplantation, and artificial teeth of bone and ivory.
  24. 24. Gerolamo Cardano (1501-1676) was the first to describe the relationship of tooth infractions and joint disturbances.
  25. 25. Hello future dentists! Hieronymous Fabricius and I’ve described I am dental operations of this period : feeding of the patient with closure of the jaws, cleaning teeth, treatment of the dental decay, filling cavities with gold leaf, resection of irregular teeth, filling uneven or sharp teeth, and extraction. 15371619
  26. 26. Giovanni di Vigo (1460-1520) Described gold leaf for filling material; but advised it to be done by specialists- not barbers or quacks.
  27. 27. Bartolome Eustachi 1574) was the first to • Eustachius publish a treatise on dental anatomy, Libellus de Dentibus in 1563. • Elucidation of the periodontal membrane • Explained the difference between enamel and dentin • the first to describe the dental pulp and its role in sensation within the teeth. (1520-
  28. 28. Libellus de dentibus - published at Venice in 1563, the book about teeth. -it is the first treatise ever written on the anatomy of teeth, and represents a note worthy progress in this branch of study
  29. 29. Gian Filippo Ingrassia (1510-1580) - first who spoke of the dental “Germ”.
  30. 30. th 17 Century Pierre Fauchard -The father of modern Dentistry -introduced dental filling as treatment for dental cavities.
  31. 31. -asserted that sugar derivate acids like tartaric acid were responsible for dental decay. -suggested that tumors surrounding the teeth, in gums, could appear in the later stages of tooth decay.
  32. 32. -was the pioneer of dental prosthesis, and he discovered many methods to replace lost teeth. -suggested that substitute could be made from carved blocks of Ivory or Bone.
  33. 33. -introduced dental braces (made of gold) because he discovered that teeth position could be corrected as the teeth would follow pattern of the wires. Don’t you know?? Waxed linen or silk threads were usually employed to fasten the braces before
  34. 34. Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek (16321723) - the first maker of powerful microscopes and the father of Microbiology -he discovered the tubular structure of the dentine or tooth bone. -He said that 600 to 700 of the dentinal tubuli have hardly the consistence of one hair of a beard
  35. 35. Johann Schultes (1595-1645) -was the author of a very important work entitled Armamentarium Chirurgicum, in which are given plates and descriptions of almost all the surgical instruments that had been use up to that date.
  36. 36. Schultes instruments in his book: •Several kinds of pelicans •The common dental forceps (cognolo) •The crow’s beak forceps (rostrum corvinum) •Two special dental forceps (dentiduces) •Bifid and trifid elevators (vectes bifidi et trifidi) •Dentiscalpia •A silver funnel or cannula (Infundibulum seu fistula argentea) •Forceps more or less like in form to the beak of the parrot or the vulture(rotrum psittacinum et vulturinum) •A screw dilator(dilatatorium cum cochlea)
  37. 37. The End Thanks, Xandra 