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Chapter 2 definitions, models & perspectives

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Chapter 2 definitions, models & perspectives

  1. 1. Week 2: Chapter 2
  2. 2.  Explain why definitions are important and why there can be more than one definition of communication Identifyhow definitions vary in terms of breadth, intentionality, sender/receiver orientation and importance of symbols Explainthe three functions of models as well as their drawbacks Distinguish between the psychological, social constructionist and pragmatic perspectives
  3. 3.  Explain for any given model which perspective it belongs to Criticize each perspective by describing it’s weaknesses Understand the cultural studies perspective Identify the elements of communication in Hymes’s SPEAKING model.
  4. 4.  A good definition of communication tells us what behaviours count as communication, which ones don’t and also its essential characteristics.
  5. 5.  Describing  Describing the something that practical use of already exists: something: objective. subjective. Theoretically  Multiple there is one definitions based correct definition on individual for everything. needs and experiences.
  6. 6. … a process of acting on information… the discriminatory response of an organism to stimulus… an effort after meaning… a human process through which we make sense out of the world and share that sense with others… the transmission of ideas, emotions, skill, etc by the use of symbols …
  7. 7.  How broad is communication? Is communication intentional? Is communication sender or receiver based? Is all communication symbolic?
  8. 8.  Explanatory function: breaking down complex processes into constituent parts and showing how the parts are connected. Predictive function: helps answer questions about the future (based on patterns in the model). Control function: helps us guide our behaviour and work out where we may have gone wrong (how to control a process).
  9. 9.  They are incomplete They can be misleading if oversimplified There are many ways to model a process They make assumptions about processes
  10. 10. 1. Psychological Perspective2. Social Constructionist Perspective3. Pragmatic Perspective4. Cultural Studies Perspective
  11. 11. Communication is a psychological processwhereby two (or more) individuals exchangemeanings through the transmission andreception of communication stimuli
  12. 12. Communication is a process whereby peoplein groups, using the tools provided by theirculture, create collective representations ofreality.
  13. 13. Communication is a system of interlocking,interdependent behaviours that becomepatterned over time.
  14. 14. Any given culture is, in fact, a web ofinterconnected acts of communication, muchof which lies below the surface.
  15. 15. DAY TASKMonday Notes for Objectives 1-4Tuesday Notes for Objectives 5-8Wednesday Start Reading Log #1Thursday Finish Reading Log #2Weekend Key words from Chapter 2 Preview Chapter 3

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