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Acute tonsilitis

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Acute tonsilitis

  1. 1. Clarinda clare linusDiploma in Medical Science Intake January 2011 Lecturer : Dr angelo
  2. 2. Tonsil can be seen in the back of human throat The palatine tonsils and the nasopharyngeal tonsil are lymphoepithelial tissues located near oropharynx and nasopharynx.These immunocompetent tissues are the first line of defense against ingested or inhaled foreign pathogens.
  3. 3.  Tonsilitis is an  Sometimes the inflammation or infection can involve infection of the the lingual tonsils tonsils. and lymph nodes in the back of the throat.
  4. 4. Bacteria (streptococcalor hemophilus bacteria) Viruses such as adenovirus or Epstein – Barrvirus. Which also causes mononucleasisDiphteria, a serious diseasethat produces a false membranein the throat
  5. 5.  Haemophilus is a genus of Gram- negative, pleomorphic, coccobacilli bacteria belonging to the Pasteurellaceae family.While Haemophilus bacteria are typically small coccobacilli.
  6. 6.  The Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), also called human herpesvirus 4 (HHV-4), is a virus of the herpes family and is one of the most common viruses in humans. It is best known as the cause of infectious mononucleosis. It is also associated with particular forms of cancer, such as Hodgkins lymphoma, Burkitts lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and central nervous system lymphomas associated with HIV
  7. 7.  red and/or swollen  earache tonsils  fever white or yellow  chills patches on the tonsils tender, stiff, and/or  nasal congestions swollen neck  ulceration swollen lymph nodes  In cases of acute sore throat tonsillitis, the surface cough of the tonsil may be headache bright red and with sore eyes visible white areas or body aches streaks of pus.[5]
  8. 8.  Acute tonsilitis is  In some patients due to exogenous there is accumulated wind and heat. heat in the spleen These exogenous pathogenic particles and stomach. When invade the lung and exogenous wind and ascend along the heat attack such Lung Meridian to patients, heat gels in attack the throat, the throat. where they lodge in the tonsils.
  9. 9.  The characteristic symptoms of acute tonsilitits are sore throat accompanied by chills and fever. Pain may radiate to ear and is aggravated by swallowing. There usually are headache and aches in the limbs. In severe cases, chills may be accompanied by shaking and fever may reach 40C. Small children may have seizure.
  10. 10.  Examination shows red swelling of the tonsils, usually on both sides. Often there is yellow-white exudate in the tonsillar crypts. The sub-maxillary lymph nodes are usually enlarged and tender. Acute tonsilitis begins abruptly and tends to run a short coursess of about a week. In some cases, however, it may develop into chronic tonsilitis or tonsillar abscess.
  11. 11.  Also, if acute tonsilitis is untreated or inadequately treated, it may become complicated by theumatic heart disease or glomerulonephritis.
  12. 12. Throat culture – identifyingorganism causing the infection. Complete blood count (CBC) – help determine if the infection is caused wether by a virus or bacteria
  13. 13. Irrigation – is a process or method that removes tonsil stones and cleanes the tonsil cryptis effectively that uses oral irrigation. Curettage – is a process that the large parts of the tonsils need to be removed.Laser – tonsil stones surfaces or crypts/crevices can also bedecreased through laser surfacing. Surgery – removal of tonsilsSelf treatment – by gargling warm water with salt and byusing non-alcoholic mouth wash
  14. 14.  Avoid people who have strep throat or any of the bacterial or viral infections that can lead to acute tonsilitis
  15. 15.  A person can get acute tonsilitis by Coming into contact with someone who has strep throat or mononucleosis Having strep throat that develops into tonsilitis Sharing utensils or tooth brushes with someone carrying strep bacteria or epstein- barr virus.
  16. 16.  Depend on  Surgery to remove medications used, tonsils can cause which may include bleeding, infection allergic reactions or allergic reactions and upset stomach. to anesthesia
  17. 17.  www.medicineonline.com/articles/A/2/Acute tonsilitis www.tonsilitis-treatments.com/new-tonsil- stones-treatment-2012/ Montrealnd.wordpress.com En.wikipedia.org/wiki/tonsil