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Area: 331,689 km2Population: 83 millionCapital City: Hanoi (population 3.5 million)Largest City: Ho Chi Minh City (population 7.8million)People: Kinh Vietnamese 85%, plus 53 other ethnicgroupsLanguages: Vietnamese, minority languagesReligion(s): mainly Buddhism, alsoCatholicism, Protestantism, Cao Dai and Hoa HaoreligionsCurrency: Vietnamese Dong (VND)
VIETNAM NATIONAL FOODPho is a Vietnamese noodlesoup, usually served with beef(phở bò) or chicken (phở gà).The soup includes noodles madefrom rice flour and is oftenserved with Asian basil, sawtooth herb, rau om (rice paddyherb), cilantro, thinly slicedgreen onion, lime juice, andbean sprouts that are added tothe soup by the person who isdining. The dish is associatedwith the city of Hanoi, where thefirst pho restaurant opened inthe 1920s. Pho is a popularstreet food, and night-food,and is, alongside gỏi cuốn, oneof "the worlds 50 most deliciousfoods," according to CNN.
VIETNAMESE WEDDINGMost Vietnamese weddingtakes place in autumn andwinter when the weatheris cooler and farmers haveless field work. ManyVietnamese families turnto astrologers to helpdetermine the bride andgroom’s compatibility andto choose an auspiciouswedding day. For aVietnamese womengetting married at the ageof 22, 23, 26 or 28 isconsidered unlucky .
BETROTHAL CEREMONY OR AN HOIThis ceremony involvesgifts giving. The groomand his family visit thebride’s family bearinground red lacqueredboxes full oftea, cakes, fruit, wine &bettlenuts. As red isconsidered a lucky colourthe boxes draped in redsilk and carried byunmarried boys or girls inred clothes.
VIETNAMESE LANGUAGEVietnamese (tiếng Việt) is the national and official language ofVietnam. It is the mother tongue of Vietnamese people (Kinh),and of about three million overseas Vietnamese. It also isspoken as a first or second language by many ethnic minoritiesof Vietnam. It is part of the Austro-Asiatic language family ofwhich it has the most speakers by a significant margin (severaltimes larger than the other Austro-Asiatic languages puttogether).Much of Vietnamese vocabulary has been borrowedfrom Chinese, and it formerly was written using the Chinesewriting system, albeit in a modified format and was givenvernacular pronunciation. As a byproduct of French colonialrule, the language displays some influence from French, andthe Vietnamese alphabet (quốc ngữ) in use today is a Latinalphabet with additional diacritics for tones and certain vowelsand consonants.
“The sense of the dead is thatof the final” says aVietnamese proverb, implyingthat funeral ceremonies mustbe solemnly organized.Funeral went as follows:- The body was washed and dressed- A chop stick was laid between the teeth and then a pinch of rice and three coins were dropped in the mouth.- After 49 days the family stops bringing rice to the altar & then after 100 days the family celebrates “Tot Khoc” or the end of the tears.