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Medieval philosophy

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Medieval philosophy

  1. 1. Medieval Philosophy Prepared by Raizza Corpuz
  3. 3. Faith is personal: INTERNAL, Within the power of the “I”. It is both the cognitive and the emotive. It is within the context of it and NOT bound with QUANDARY. BASIS Religion: EXTERNAL: bound with the choice we made. It can be change. It is structural and functional. PRACTICERPC2013
  4. 4. RPC2013
  6. 6. Medieval Philosophy • Medieval philosophy is the philosophy in the era now known as medieval or the Middle Ages, the period roughly extending from the fall of the Western Roma Empire in the fifth century AD to the Renaissance in the sixteenth century • Essentially “monotheistic” • From a state of polytheism to a belief in a one and only God. • God here is the center of man’s life Medieval philosophy is not to be separated from theology RPC2013
  7. 7. Medieval Philosophy and the Problem of Evil RPC2013
  8. 8. The Dark Ages • The "Dark Ages" is a historical period emphasizing the cultural and economic deterioration that occurred in Europe following the decline of the Roma Empire.The label employs traditional “light- versus darkness” imagery to contrast the "darkness" of the period with earlier and later periods of "light“ (Middle Age). • The period is characterized by a relative scarcity of historical and other written records at least for some areas of Europe, rendering it obscure to historians. Petrarch conceived the idea of a European "Dark Age". From Cycle of Famous Men and Women, c. 1450 RPC2013
  9. 9. Middle Ages & Renaissance Period • Humanistic and devoted to history • Christian theology were taken up by intellectual leaders • Humanism as the most significant aspect of medieval philosophy RPC2013
  10. 10. Modern Philosophy RPC2013
  11. 11. The Age of RenaissanceThe Age of Renaissance • In the 14th and 15thIn the 14th and 15th centuries, "humanists“centuries, "humanists“ (individualists) celebrated(individualists) celebrated the human race and itsthe human race and its capacities.capacities. • They argued they wereThey argued they were worshipping God moreworshipping God more appropriately than theappropriately than the priests and monks whopriests and monks who harped on original sin andharped on original sin and asked people to humbleasked people to humble themselves.themselves. • Humanism (Secularism vs.Humanism (Secularism vs. CatholicismCatholicism The Beginning of the Modern Period Renaissance philosophy" is used by intellectual historians to refer to the thought of the period running in Europe roughly between 1350 and 1650 (the dates shift forward for central and northern Europe and for areas such as Spanish America, India, Japan, and China under European influence). It therefore overlaps both with late medieval philosophy, which in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuriesRPC2013
  12. 12. Enlightenment Period and the Age of ReasonEnlightenment Period and the Age of Reason • Basic Features of ModernBasic Features of Modern PhilosophyPhilosophy o the autonomy of reasonthe autonomy of reason o perfectibility and progressperfectibility and progress o confidence in the ability toconfidence in the ability to discover causality (scientific/discover causality (scientific/ industrial revolution)industrial revolution) o principles governing nature,principles governing nature, man and societyman and society o assault on authorityassault on authority o cosmopolitan solidarity ofcosmopolitan solidarity of enlightened intellectualsenlightened intellectuals o a disgust with nationalism.a disgust with nationalism. Enlightenment Philosopers or the Philosophes RPC2013
  13. 13. Factors that Lead to The IntellectualFactors that Lead to The Intellectual Transformation of the West (Enlightenment)Transformation of the West (Enlightenment) • Challenged Church AuthorityChallenged Church Authority • Scientific RevolutionScientific Revolution • Moral RelativismMoral Relativism • The Black DeathThe Black Death • Skepticism (Cartesianism)Skepticism (Cartesianism) • Economic, Political and SocialEconomic, Political and Social ChangeChange • Individualism as the New CoreIndividualism as the New Core ValueValue • Resentment (Middle Class)Resentment (Middle Class) The figure irepresents truth — surrounded by bright light (the central symbol of the Enlightenment). Two other figures on the right, reason and philosophy, are tearing the veil from truth.RPC2013
  14. 14. Challenged Church AuthorityChallenged Church Authority • In the 16th century,In the 16th century, various humanistsvarious humanists had begun to askhad begun to ask dangerous questions.dangerous questions. • The EnlightenmentThe Enlightenment allowed people toallowed people to believe in progress,believe in progress, to “think outside theto “think outside the box,” and it led tobox,” and it led to the rise ofthe rise of individualismindividualism The Ninety-Five Theses, (1517) written by Martin Luther, described his hopes and wants for reform in the Catholic Church. This effectively challenged the pope'e authority and the infallibility of the general council, and eventually led to Luther being excommunicated from the church and declared a public enemy by the state.The 95 Theses were translated into German and Luther's ideas were circulated throughout the empire.RPC2013
  15. 15. Medieval Philosophy • The term medieval refers to the Middle Ages, the time in European history between classical antiquity and the Italian Renaissance, from about 500 A.D. to about 1350. • Medieval philosophy is theocentric in its character. RPC2013
  16. 16. • During the decline of Greco-Roman civilization, Western philosophers turned their attention from the scientific investigation of nature and the search for happiness in this world, to the problem of salvation and life in another, better world. RPC2013
  17. 17. • The torch of civilization in Western Europe was carried mainly by the Christian Church, where thought were conducted under the context of Christian doctrines RPC2013
  18. 18. • By the 3rd century AD, Christianity had spread throughout the Roman Empire. • The religious teachings of the Gospels were combined by the Fathers of the Church with many of the philosophical concepts of the Greeks and Roman schools. RPC2013
  19. 19. RPC2013
  20. 20. Acknowledgement Some Slides excerpted by Dr. Tenorio’s Lecture THANK YOU and GOD BLESS!! RPC2013
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