• Lasted a period of 42 weeks
• Reported more than 54,000
cases of scarlet fever in 2022.
• 5-12 years old children
• Late winter
• Early summer
Most commonly seen on:
As the name “scarlet
fever” implies, an
erythematous eruption is
associated with a febrile
The circulating toxin, produced by
GABHS and often referred to as
erythemogenic or erythrogenic toxin,
causes the pathognomonic rash as a
consequence of local production of
inflammatory mediators and alteration
of the cutaneous cytokine milieu.
This results in a sparse
and dilatation of blood
vessels, leading to the
color of the rash
• Begins with a rash that shows red bumps
• The rash lasts about 2-7 days
• After the rash is gone the skin of the tip of
the fingers and toes peel
• A flush face with a pale area around the
• Fever of 101 degree or higher.
• A red and sore throat that can have white
or yellow patches.
• Swollen glands in the neck.
Use of antibiotics such as:
• Ibuprofen for symptom relief
Avoid the use of Aspirin in children
younger than 16.
There's currently no vaccine for scarlet fever.
Children with scarlet fever should stay at home 24 after starting
Eating utensils Towels
And other personal
Wash your hands often