3. • The participants will be divided into 4 groups
• Each group will create the definition of HRBA as per their understanding
• The facilitator will chalk down the key words of each definition
Debrief: The key words extracted from the definition will be linked to the
results of the application of HRBA which means that all the elements
contributes in the promotion of HRBA extracted from the definition
4. A conceptual framework for the process of human development that is based
on International human rights standards and operationally directed to
promotion and protection of human rights.
Views development as human development and socio-economic development
Emphasizes process and not only results
7. • Everyone has the right to participate in decisions which affect their human rights.
• Participation must be active, free and meaningful, and give attention to issues of
accessibility, including access to information in a form and a language which can be
• HRBA creates channels for the participation of a broad spectrum of stakeholders, including,
poor and disadvantaged people, minorities, indigenous peoples, women children and youth.
HRBA promotes active, meaningful and continuous voluntary participation;
• it stresses that developing capacities for participation is an important result in itself.
9. • Accountability requires effective monitoring of compliance with human rights
standards and achievement of human rights goals, as well as effective remedies for
human rights breaches.
• For accountability to be effective, there must be appropriate laws, policies,
institutions, administrative procedures and mechanisms of redress in order to secure
• HRBA in programming demands that duty-bearers be identified and held accountable
for the violation or neglect of human rights.
• In this sense, one of the fundamental contributions of HRBA is the emphasis it places
on challenging the power imbalance between duty-bearers and rights-holders.
11. • A human rights based approach means that all forms of discrimination in the
realization of rights must be prohibited, prevented and eliminated.
• It also means that priority should be given to people in the most marginalised or
vulnerable situations who face the biggest barriers to realising their rights.
• HRBA gives particular attention to non-discrimination, equality, equity and
marginalized groups (which may include women, minorities, indigenous peoples,
prisoners and the poor).
• A HRBA requires that the question of who is marginalized be answered locally.
• From this perspective, people are not seen as beneficiaries, but as rights-holders.
13. • Everyone is entitled to claim and exercise their rights and freedoms.
• Individuals and communities need to be able to understand their rights, and to
participate fully in the development of policy and practices which affect their lives
• HRBA aims to give rights-holders the capacity and the power to claim their human
rights and hold duty-bearers accountable
15. A human rights based approach requires that
the law recognizes human rights and freedoms as legally enforceable
The law itself is consistent with human rights principles
17. Why HRBA?
• It is Holistic and inclusive of all
• It reinforces in achievement of Millennium Development goals
• MDGs are important in achieving human rights
• It is important for gender mainstreaming in developmental activities and elimination
• HRBA leads to better and more sustainable human development outcomes
• HRBA strengthens economic growth with the instrument of equity and social
• Through HRBA by using rights power can be influenced
• It can also be used to change power dynamics in development work (Development
actors must demonstrate responsibility and accountability in their action If they want
to effect power dynamics)
18. Consolidating HRBA
HRBA helps to answer four critical questions:
Who - Whose life do we want to change? Who has been left behind ?
Why? Which rights are at stake?
Who has to do something about it?
What do they need, to take action?
21. HRBA and Development
To realize this principle, the HRBA directs us to:
• Use international human rights standards as a foundation of our work
• Build meaningful participation of those at the receiving end of our
development efforts into each and every stage of programming
• Address the power imbalance between duty-bearers and rights-holders
• Focus on marginalized groups
• Strive not only to realize the rights of target groups, but more importantly to
empower them to be able to claim those rights themselves
23. Rights-Holders and Duty-Bearers
is entitled to rights
is entitled to claim rights
is entitled to hold the duty-bearer accountable
has a responsibility to respect the rights of others
has the obligation to respect, protect, and fulfill the rights of the rights-
25. Two main rationale of HRBA
a. Acknowledging that HRBA is the right thing to do legally and
b. Recognizing that HRBA leads to better and more sustainable
human development outcomes
HRBA adds to value to Development
26. HRBA approach seek to build upon an learn from the lessons of
good development practice and strengthen arguments for their
more consistent implementation
Research shows the importance to development of many human
rights outcomes, such as improved girls education, enhance
security of tenure and ensuring women equal access to
opportunities and the importance of civil and political rights for
Contribution of HRBA in
33. The rule of law is the legal principle that law should govern a nation, as
opposed to being governed by arbitrary decisions of individual government
officials that means The rule of law means that government officials and
citizens are bound by and abide by the law.
The rule of law has been considered as one of the key dimensions that
determine the quality and good governance of a country.
Rule of Law
34. • To Impose Legal Restraints on Government Officials
“Government actions must have positive legal authorization (without which the
action is improper); and no government action may contravene a legal prohibition
• To Maintain Order and Coordinate Behavior and Transactions Among
Functions of Rule of Law