2. Conservation of Environment is necessary
and we need to be aware with our surroundings
and we must take action in current situation of
3. Importance of Clean and Healthy
We need a clean environment so we can live healthy
lives and leave future generations a healthy Earth. There have
been changes in the environment in every time period but the
biggest and most negative changes are happening today. A lot
of groups and people are doing everything they can to raise
awareness about the importance of a clean environment and to
make the environment healthier. Unfortunately, it just isn't
enough.The only way we are going to achieve a clean
environment is if everyone works together to take care of our
4. Ways to help to make a healthy
• Do what you can to simplify your life whenever possible.
The simpler your life the more you are contributing to a
clean environment. That will help you create less waste
that has to go into our already full landfills. The less waste
we all create the better off the environment will be.
• Use less products that come from trees in your home and
at work. This is referred to as having a tree-free home.
Using less tree products will mean more trees will be saved
and that leads to better air quality.
• Also, you can buy reusable shopping bags for all your
shopping needs so you don't use plastic and paper bags
that just get thrown away. Plastic bags especially are bad for
6. The Impact of Poverty In Environment
Poverty and third world debt has been shown to result
in resource stripping just to survive or pay off debts.
For example, Nepal and Bangladesh have suffered
from various environmental problems such as
increasingly devastating floods, often believed to be
resulting from large-scale deforestation.
Forests around the world face increased pressures
from timber companies, agricultural businesses, and
local populations that use forest resources.
7. Some environmentalists, from rich nations especially, also
raise concerns about increasing populations placing
excessive burdens on the world’s resources as the current
major source of environmental problems.
This makes for a worrying situation for third world
development and poverty alleviation. However, an
environment-only approach risks blaming the
victims. While humans are largely responsible for many
problems of the planet today, not all humans have the same
impact on the environment. It is important to consider, for
example, that the consumption of just the worlds wealthiest
fifth of humanity is so much more than the rest of the world,
as highlighted at the beginning.
9. The Impact of Richer Nation in
Indian activist and scientist, Vandana Shiva, shows in her
work that many people have been forced into poverty due
to politics and economics such as concentrated land rights,
pressure from industry to exploit the environment in ways
that destroy diversity and affect local populations, etc.
Shiva also highlights that the poor often have a lot of
knowledge about their environment and are often
sustainers and efficient users of it, as they recognize their
link to it for their survival.
Excessive third world debt burden has meant that it has
been harder to prioritize on sustainable development.
10. Unfair debt, imposed on the third world for decades by the global
institutions, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World
Bank through their harsh Structural Adjustment programmes
(SAPs) have opened up of economies rapidly, in socially, politically,
environmentally and economically destructive ways, while
requiring a prioritization on debt repayment and cut backs on
health, education and other critical services. They have
encouraged concentration on producing just a few cash crops and
other commodities primarily for export, using very
environmentally damaging industrial agriculture, which reduces
biodiversity, requiring costly inputs such as environmentally
damaging pesticides and fertilizers to make up for the loss of free
services a diverse farm ecosystem would provide
12. Ecosystems approach
An ecosystems approach to resource management and
environmental protection aims to consider the complex
interrelationships of an entire ecosystem in decision making rather
than simply responding to specific issues and challenges. Ideally
the decision-making processes under such an approach would be a
collaborative approach to planning and decision making that
involves a broad range of stakeholders across all relevant
governmental departments, as well as representatives of industry,
environmental groups and community. This approach ideally
supports a better exchange of information, development of
conflict-resolution strategies and improved regional conservation .
Religions also play an important role in conservation of
13. Many of the earth's resources are especially vulnerable because they
are influenced by human impacts across many countries. As a result of
this, many attempts are made by countries to develop agreements that
are signed by multiple governments to prevent damage or manage the
impacts of human activity on natural resources. This can include
agreements that impact factors such as climate, oceans, rivers and air
pollution. These international environmental agreements are sometimes
legally binding documents that have legal implications when they are not
followed and, at other times, are more agreements in principle or are for
use as codes of conduct. These agreements have a long history with
some multinational agreements being in place from as early as 1910 in
Europe, America and Africa. Some of the most well-known international
agreements include the Kyoto Protocol and others.
has the largest amount of the world's tropical
forests, 4,105,401 km2 (48.1% of Brazil), concentrated in
the Amazon region.Brazil is home to vast biological
diversity, first among the megadiverse countries of the
world, having between 15%-20% of the 1.5 million globally
The organization in charge of environment protection is
the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment (in Portuguese:
Ministério do Meio Ambiente, MMA).
It was first created in year 1973 with the name Special
Secretariat for the Environment (Secretaria Especial de
Meio Ambiente), changing names several times, and
adopting the final name in year 1999. The Ministry is
responsible for addressing the following issues:
16. -A national policy for the environment and for water
-Policies for integrating production and the
-Environmental policies and programs for the Legal
-Ecological and economic territorial zoning.
In 2011, protected areas of the Amazon covered
2,197,485 km2 (an area larger than Greenland), with
conservation units, like national parks, accounting
for just over half (50.6%), and indigenous territories
representing the remaining 49.4%.
20. The 'Reduce', 'Reuse' and 'Recycle' elements are
referred to as the '3 R's' the most effective way for action in
conservation of environment
Recycling is the process of converting waste materials
into new materials and objects. It is an alternative to
"conventional" waste disposal that can save material
and help lower greenhouse gasemissions (compared to
plastic production,for example). Recycling can prevent
the waste of potentially useful materials and reduce
the consumption of fresh raw materials, thereby
reducing: energy usage, air pollution
(from incineration), and water pollution
21. Differents Kinds of Recycling
For some polymers, it is possible to convert them back into
monomers, for example, PET can be treated with an alcohol and a catalyst to
form a dialkyl terephthalate. The terephthalate diester can be used with
ethylene glycol to form a new polyester polymer, thus making it possible to
use the pure polymer again.
Waste plastic pyrolysis to fuel oil
Another process involves conversion of assorted polymers into
petroleum by a much less precise thermal depolymerization process.
Such a process would be able to accept almost any polymer or mix of
polymers, including thermoset materials such as vulcanized rubber
tires and the biopolymers in feathers and other agricultural waste.
Like natural petroleum, the chemicals produced can be used as fuels
or as feedstock.
22. E-waste recycling
E-waste is a growing problem, accounting for 20–50 million metric tons of
global waste per year according to the EPA. It is also the fastest growing
waste stream in the EU. Many recyclers do not recycle e-waste
responsibly. After the cargo bargeKhian Sea dumped 14,000 metric tons
of toxic ash in Haiti, the Basel Conventionwas formed to stem the flow of
hazardous substances into poorer countries. They created the e-
Stewards certification to ensure that recyclers are held to the highest
standards for environmental responsibility and to help consumers identify
responsible recyclers. This works alongside other prominent legislation,
such as theWaste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive of the EU
the United StatesNational Computer Recycling Act, to prevent poisonous
chemicals from entering waterways and the atmosphere.
Some plastics are remelted to form new plastic objects; for example, PET water
bottles can be converted into polyester destined for clothing.
25. We just need to recycle and make a aproper designation of
waste to help our environment in a simple way but it has a
big effect in our environment.
“The more we pollute the earth, the less we
deserve to live on earth!”
― Mehmet Murat ildan