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ARCHITECT: RENZO PIANO
Renzo Piano was born on
September 14, 1937 in Genoa
(Italy), in the bosom of a
wealthy family of construction
AR. Piano completed hi degree
at the Architectural Association
School in London
In 1971 he along with Richard
Rogers won a contest that
changed their lives: the
construction of the Centre
Georges Pompidou in Paris.
Characterized by :
His architecture is defined as
solid construction made by
excellent materials .
Take advantage of the topography to
the relationship between the internal
spaces and also to the outside.
Renzo Piano designed a
building capable of integrating
with nature, in tribute to one of
the most prolific and profound
artists of modern times.
IDEOLOGIES AND QUOTES
"Architecture is an artistic
craft, but at the same time it is
also a scientific profession, it is
precisely its distinctiveness"
"When style gets to become a
brand, a personal seal, this
becomes a cage"
"The architect is first and
foremost a builder, but also
should be a poet, and above all
CENTRE POMPIDOU (POMPIDOU CENTER)
The center Pompidou broke
the mold with its 'inside out'
construction: the steel skeleton
from which the floors are
suspended dominantly visible
from the outside, together with
the giant external escalators,
with the color-coded service
ducts exposed on both the
inside and out.
Now that the fact of these
appearances is no longer
shocking, attention focus on
ho w they are done.
Twenty years, on the escalator remains a
phenomenon, and the plaza continues to
thrive, but the exhibition spaces themselves,
and the rather dry, regular block shape of the
overall building, are beginning to come
across as almost a little dull.
High tech. center
•It was much criticized for requiring temporary
closure for a major renovation after only twenty
years' service, but this is at least mitigated by
the volume of people it has been required to
host: over 25,000 per day, compared with the
•If its massive, brightly colored, maverick form
looks less radical today, that's because of how
much its revolutionary hi-tech construction has
been copied and extended.
T guiding idea was to
create something more than a
Renzo Piano was the lightness of the artist's
sense of belonging and light. It was therefore
decided to create a place, raise the land,
making land available for a work of art itself.
As if it were more of a survey done by a
knowledgeable farmer, rather than the result
of an architectural methodology.
So he designed three hills. Three waves that
rise and from the ground. With different
dimensions, the three waves traverse the
ground like a sculpture or the result of the
Each has a different function
The first and larger, a 400-seat
auditorium, and art workshops
In the second wave, the middle,
smaller than the first, is the
permanent collection of Paul
Klee, and temporary exhibition
spaces dedicated to
In the third one, the least of all,
lies the research and
Its architecture evokes
the vernacular Kanak
huts of New Caledonia
and still has a very
modern feel. It is a
community center, and in
turn educational museum.
•The project design is intended to take advantage of natural
winds coming from the Pacific Ocean. The exterior is made of
wood, wind filter a second layer of glass shutters that open
and close natural ventilation.
•The complex is built entirely of iroko wood very resistant to
moisture and insects. This wood was imported from Ghana.
•Iroko structure provides a comb-shaped. Evocative of the
cabins and craftsmanship Kanak, the slender ribs of the
structure and the slats that are joined seamlessly integrated
both in the lush landscape and the culture of its inhabitants.
• The wood siding and stainless steel, is based on the form of
regional huts Kanakas. These structures resemble traditional
structural elements such as herringbone struts that prevent
buckling of long beams.
The interior of the main block is
divided into four levels to
accommodate the circulation and
functions such as check-in for domestic
and international flights, immigrations
control, customs, luggage transfers etc.
The roof design was developed from
the dynamics of air flow along the
ceiling.the volume of the curved
section of the main hall increases
towards the runwayside,providing a
sense of direction for the passengers as
well as new exciting spatial experience.
Situated in this unusual geographical
context, the 511 hectrare island
airport(1.5* 4.37 kilometres) consist of
immence and elaborate integrated
Volumes of the design were simply
determined by the dimensions and
spaces required by plane manoeuvrins
on the island.
The main terminal building of
kansai international airport is the
aerodynamic profile of a landing
When the competition for kansai
airport was held in 1988, the
project site had still to be created
The terminal consists of a main block with a long wing-shaped linear
extension (total span 0f 1.7 km)containing the circulation spine for the
41 boarding gates.
To ensure that the control tower has complete all-round visibility, the
tips of the “ wing” containing boarding gates dip slightly.