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RTI 2005.ppt

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RTI 2005.ppt

  1. 1. Right to Information Act, 2005 Sanghamitra
  2. 2. Focus • Meaning • Rationale • Right to Information Act,2005
  3. 3. Meaning • Freedom of people to have access to government information. • Openness and transparency in the functioning of the government. • In 1992, the World Bank released a document entitled “Governance and Development” in which it emphasized on transparency and information.
  4. 4. Rationale • Necessity of Right to Information: • It makes administration more accountable to the people. • Reduces the gap between the administration and the people. • Makes people aware of administrative decision-making • Facilitates better delivery of goods and services to people by civil servants.
  5. 5. Contd… • Increases people’s participation in administration • Promotes public interest by discouraging arbitrariness in administrative decision- making • Reduces the scope of corruption in public administration • Upholds democratic ideas by promoting openness and transparency.
  6. 6. Contd… • It makes administration more responsive to the requirements of the people. • It reduces the chance of abuse of authority by the public servants.
  7. 7. Right to Information Act, 2005 • In 2005, the Parliament has enacted the Right to Information Act. • Provisions: • It provides for the appointment of an information officer in each department to provide information to the public on request. • It fixes a 30-day deadline to provide information and 48 hours if concerns life or liberty of a person.
  8. 8. Contd… • Information will be free for people below poverty line, for others fee will be reasonable. • It imposes obligation on public agencies to disclose the information suo- motu to reduce requests for an information • Government bodies have to publish details of staff payments and budgets. • It provides for the establishment of a Central Information Commission and State Information Commission to implement the provisions of the Act.
  9. 9. Contd… • They will be independent high-level bodies to act as appellate authorities and vested with the powers of a civil court. • The President will appoint a Chief Information Commissioner and Governors of the States will appoint State Information Commissioners. Their term will be 5 years. • They are entitled with publishing annual report on the implementation of the Act. The report will be tabled before the Parliament and state Legislature.
  10. 10. Contd… • Its purview does not extend to intelligence and security organization, like Intelligence Bureau, RAW, BSF, CISF, NSG. • However , information pertaining to allegation of corruption or violation of human rights by these organizations will not be excluded.
  11. 11. Contd… • All categories of exempted information to be disclosed after 20 years except Cabinet deliberations and information that affects security , strategic , scientific or economic interests , relations with foreign states or leads to incitement of offence.
  12. 12. Contd… • It overrides the Official Secret Act, 1923. The Information Commission can allow access to the information if public interest outweighs harm to protected persons. • It carries strict penalties for failing to provide information or affecting its flow. The erring official will face the departmental proceedings.

Notes de l'éditeur

  • The Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan (MKSS) - Aruna Roy ( Rajasthan) initiated the movement for Right to Information in the early 1990s.

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