Aim of the Course
The aim of this course is to introduce chemical
engineering students with the raw materials,
chemical processes and equipment involved in
selected chemical products.
• The objectives of this course are to
enable students to:
• Familiarize with standard symbols used
for flow charts
• Develop process flow diagrams using
standard symbols and computer
• Familiarize with the processes involved
in selected process industries.
Course Learning Outcomes (CLOs)
Upon successful completion of the course, the student
should be able to:
• Identify the process equipment with their standards
• Comprehend and develop process flow diagrams (PFDs)
and piping and instrumentation diagrams (P&IDs) for
various processes and products
• Devise the requirements for raw materials required for
manufacturing various products
• Evaluate process conditions, reactions involved and
interaction of different processes for common process
• Flow sheet symbols
• Water conditioning and purification for industrial purposes.
• Processes in Petroleum Oil Refineries. Environmental Impact of
Chemical Process Industries.
• Study of following chemical products with respect to their Properties,
manufacturing process and major uses:
3. Sulfuric Acid
4. Nitric Acid
5. Sodium carbonate and Sodium Hydroxide.
6. Oils and Fats,
7. Soaps and Detergents
8. Paints and Varnishes
9. Sugar Industry
• Austin George T. (1997), “Shreve’s Chemical Process Industries” 6th Ed.
McGraw-Hill International Edition.
• Mark, Bhatia (2007), ”Chemical Process Industries” Vol.1, 2nd Edtion,
CBS Publishers and Distributors.
• Alan Heaton (1994), “The Chemical Industry” 2nd Ed. Published by
Blackie Academic & Professional
• Haidari Iqbal (1992), Chemical Industry in Pakistan”, Industrial Research
• Pandey G. N. (2000), “A Textbook of Chemical Technology” 2nd Ed. Vol-I
& II Vikas Publishing House (Pvt) Limited.
• Kirk Othmer (1999), Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology” Wiley Inter
A chemical engineer is a professional, who:
• Has knowledge of chemical engineering,
• Works principally in the chemical industry to convert basic raw
materials into a variety of products,
• Deals with the design and operation of plants and equipment
• Develops technologies in the area of materials science, polymer
engineering, and biomedical
Chemical process engineer:
Who applies and uses principles of chemical engineering in design,
manufacture, and operation of plants and machinery in industrial chemical
and related processes
Chemical product engineer
Who develops new or adapted substances for products ranging from
fertilizer to foods, petroleum to fuels, Cosmetics to pharmaceuticals,
cement to construction materials, etc.
A chemical process is:
• determined by the atomic and molecular
composition and structure of the substances involved is
called a chemical Process.
• occur by itself or be caused by an outside force
• involves a chemical reaction
Chemical Process Industry
An organization which transforms raw materials in to useful
products involving “chemical change (including physio –
chemical changes e.g. separation and purification”
An industrial process plant that manufactures (or processes)
chemicals, usually on a large scale involving a chemical or
Chemical Process Analysis
• Material and Energy Balance
• Transport phenomenon
• Unit Operations
• Plant Equipment
• Process Flow Diagrams
• Instrumentation and process control