To spread awareness, alertness
towards the safety of people,
property & environment while using
the road. To strive for continual
improvement for the long term goal
to achieve zero harm to people,
property & environment.
• Understanding the major causes of accidents on road.
• To control over the risk involved in operating vehicles.
• How to become a better driver.
• Introduction to the road monitoring procedures, standard
draft and incident reporting for jsw employees.
• To suggest improvement for safe working of vehicles on 3
4. PLEASE THINK OF ANY ACCIDENT THAT
HAS BEEN TAKEN PLACE NEAR BY YOU,
WHICH HAS CAUSED SERIOUS INJURY
OR DAMAGE TO THE PROPERTY & THE
REASON OF THAT ACCIDENT
13. CAUSES OF ACCIDENT
▪ No established traffic rules
▪ No standardized approach for training & skill development
▪ No monitoring & correction of conditions.
▪ Road layout
▪ Constraint for visibility like rain, fog etc
14. CAUSES OF ACCIDENT
▪ Excessive speed
▪ Unfit to drive (under impression of alcohol , fatigue etc)
▪ Less knowledge or inadequate skills.
▪ Over confidence, aggressive driving etc.
▪ Defects in brake & steering
▪ Defects with fuel & lubricating lines
15. 1. Visibility is greatly reduced in rain, fog etc. So
take extra precaution & slow down.
2. Always use low beam in such weather.
3. If your vehicles skids, then DON’T BRAKE,
instead take foot of accelerator.
CAUSES OF ACCIDENT
• Talking on phone
• Talking & driving
• Smoking while driving
• Listening music or turning on the player
• Viewing the beautiful scene outside .
23. DEFENSIVE DRIVING
Defensive driver is one who
• Commits no driving errors
• Compensate for others drivers inadequate skills
or improper driving styles
• Adjust his driving to suit traffic conditions &
• Careful enough to recognize the accident
producing conditions & take preventive actions
24. TECHNIQUES OF DEFENSIVE DRIVING
• Aim High in Steering
• Get the Big Picture
• Keep Your Eyes Moving.
• Leave Yourself an Out
• Make Sure They See You
30. In short, broadly, a defensive driver is
one who is not involved in any kind of
accidents not even by others errors.
So our aim is learn how one can become a
defensive driver & effectively practice those
31. TIPS ON DEFENSIVE DRIVING
• Don’t get aggressive even if aggravated.
• Never place complete faith on other drivers signal.
• Be prepared for motorist who ignored lane & signal
• Slow down at all crossings.
• Keep to the left & let the inexperience & speeding driver go on
• Don’t fight on high beams issue with the drive coming from
opposite. Keep your beam at low.
32. TIPS ON DEFENSIVE DRIVING
• Do not drive more than 2- 2 ½ hr in a stretch.
• For AC fitted vehicles, stop AC after every 1 hr, open
the window & let the fresh air come in.
• Beware of pedestrian.
• Look 360 degree after every 10-15 sec.
33. NOW REMEMBER THAT ACCIDENT AGAIN & THINK IF THAT
ACCIDENT COULD HAVE BEEN PREVENTED BY PEOPLE OR NOT
34. VEHICLE PRE START
1. Walk around the machine for physical damages or crack etc.
2. Inspect the tyres for flat or low air.
3. Clean the windows from dust/dirt.
4. Make sure that mirror are cleaned & properly set.
5. Check the levels of all fluids like engine oil, hydraulic,
transmission, steering, coolant & brake etc.
6. Check for other activities happening in the vicinity of site.
7. Check for any leakages. Ensure that all caps, Plugs are properly
8. Clean the reflectors of head light, tail light, Brake light etc.
9. Before starting ensure that gear lever is in neutral position.
1. Check whether all gauges are working fine.
2. Check for functioning of all controls & shut down controls.
3. Check for forward & reverse movement of equipment.
4. Check service brake.
5. If machine is equipped with cabin, ensure that doors are securely
6. Fasten your seat belts.
7. Check horn, reverse horn & lights, indicators etc.
8. Always operate the machine slowly until fully familiarized with its
40. 1. In case of restriction of the view of the operator, do not operate the
machine unless a banks man is available for giving signal for safe
2. Under wet or rainy conditions when the ground became too slippery
for the machine, stop the earth moving operation.
3. Never operate the machine in any place of inadequate lighting
4. Never leave the machine while the engine is running and ignition
key is on the machine.
5. Never use the machine for any purposes other than it is designed
OPERATION –TIPS EARTH MOVING
41. 1. Park on level ground, with the parking brake firmly applied and
blocked by suitable wedges, where appropriate. Avoid parking near
edges of slopes and excavations.
1. Lower the attachments or working tools to the ground.
1. Remove the ignition key and hand it back to the site personnel for
1. Use proper ladder to come down from work station.
1. Most accidents occur at intersections. So slow
down your speed, look around then move.
2. When the light turns green, look around, never
assume that every vehicle has stopped.
3. Always watch for pedestrian at intersections.
4. Always watch for signage & follow it.
47. PRECAUTIONS : CAUSE OF ACCIDENT
1. Always keep a safe distance between you & the next
2. Leave plenty of space in front of a stopped vehicle.
3. Keep an eye behind your vehicle.
4. Always take help of banks man in case of backing
your vehicle in close proximity of people or other fixed
5. For loaders, ensure that no one should come in the
6. Always drive your tipper from front end of Loader for
50. • Never over load your vehicle.
• Make sure that back door is closed properly.
• The load should not obstruct your rear view by
• Always check in between for any spillage of
• Always look for height arrester.
• After empty your load make sure that bucket
(Box body) is seated back to its place. 50
LOADING OF MATERIAL
1. Side mirrors must allow for full rear view. Use extra
mirror/ extended mirror if required.
2. Avoid hard turn, turn slow & wide.
3. Ensure that load is properly secured.
4. Do not exceed the rated load capacity.
5. Load should not extend the trailer body.
6. Avoid hard braking.
7. While backing, watch out for pedestrian, other obstruction.
Take assistance of banks man.
53. TWO WHEELERS SAFETY
➢Two wheelers demands better coordination & balance.
➢They are severely affected by bad affected & road
➢Being smaller in size most prone for serious injuries in case
➢PLANT ROADS ARE NEITHER HIGH WAY NOR
54. • Always wear a helmet, preferably of bright colour. Affix
reflective tapes on helmet. Your clothing like jacket, leather
boots project you against serious injuries.
• Wear clearly visible clothing.
• Wear helmet visors or goggles to protect your eyes.
• Drive with headlights ON in bad weather condition to attract
• Avoid using worn out tyres.
TWO WHEELERS SAFETY
55. ❑ CORNERING
▪ Shift to correct gear in advance before entering a turn.
▪ Reduce your speed before entering into a turn.
▪ Maintain a constant speed during turn.
▪ Develop practice of using both brakes.
▪ Apply both brake at a time.
▪ Front brake should be used with care. It may cause skid.
▪ Avoid excessive speeds.
▪ Look for pedestrian or animals etc.
▪ Be aware of muddy or dusty roads.
❑ EXTRA CARE
▪ Never position yourself ahead of driver in blind spot.
▪ Do not squeeze between two lanes or weave through traffic.
56. IN CASE OF EMERGENCY
❑ TYRE BLOW OUT
▪ DO NOT apply brakes instantly.
▪ Lower down the accelerator.
▪ Hold the handlebar firmly till the vehicles slows down
❑ FRONT TYRE WOBBLING
▪ Firmly grip the handle bar.
▪ Close the throttle.
▪ Do not apply brakes till the wobble is under control.
❑ THROTTLE STUCK
▪ Press the clutch to disengage the engine.
▪ Apply both brakes together gently. 56
57. ❑NIGHT RIDING
▪ Use high beam .
▪ Drive slower.
▪ Avoid over taking.
▪ Drive with increased distance from other vehicles.
▪ Ensure eye protection.
▪ Grip the handle bar firmly.
▪ Move the vehicle towards the upwind side to avoid being swept off the road.57