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The Pursuit of Happyness - Student Workbook

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The Pursuit of Happyness - Student Workbook

  1. 1. The Pursuit of Happyness Student Workbook Name: _________________________
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  3. 3. 3 | P a g e What does it mean to be happy Write downeightthingsthatmake you happy. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ Share your happythingswitha partnerand make yourtwo listsintoone. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ Share your newlistina groupof four,thena group of eight.Each time youneedtodecide asgroup the eighttop thingsthat make youhappy. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ Nowlet’ssee if we can make a top 10 listof thingsthat make ushappyas a class: _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ What do youthink will make youhappyinthe future,beyondschool?Whattype of life doyouwantto have?Job, family,social,home,location,etc. Write ashortparagraph. _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ Read the articleon the followingpageandcompletethe activitiesthat follow:
  4. 4. 4 | P a g e Survey reveals what makes Australians feel happy and healthy Date: July 14, 2015 http://www.theage.com.au/nsw/survey-reveals-what-makes-australians-feel-happy-and-healthy-20150714-gic8sa.html Melanie Kembrey and Aisha Dow Positive indicator: Claire Salvetti (centre) with friends Dani McComber (left) and Sam Crawford. Photo: Dallas Kilponen She isn't a machinery operator, has no plans to retire, doesn't mind a tipple and often borrows her neighbour's whipper snipper. Sydneysider Claire Salvetti might just be one of the happiest people in the country. The 36-year-old, who is the managing partner of a public relations agency, ticks severalof the boxes that apparently make Australians happy campers. Ms Salvetti also exercises every day, is not poor and lives in a house that is not particularly close to heavy industry, an airport or a train station. The Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey, a long-term annual study of nearly 20,000 Australians, has teased out many revealing details about the things that we believe keep us happy and healthy. The household-based panel study began in 2001, funded by the Australian government and managed by the University of Melbourne. While some of the results follow common sense maxims – such as being a healthy weight and not smoking – others are more surprising. Australians who consume up to 42 alcoholic drinks per week (six drinks per day, on average) are still reporting high levels of short-term health and well-being, according to the survey. "You are a seriously heavy drinker if you're drinking that much a night," said the report's author, Associate Professor Roger Wilkins. But before you rush to the nearest bottle shop, it is important to note that the survey does not take into account the long-term effects of drinking.
  5. 5. 5 | P a g e Government drinking guidelines say two standard drinks a day is the limit if you want to reduce "your risk of harm from alcohol-related disease or injury over a lifetime". Professor Wilkins also speculated people in poor health are less likely to drink more, while healthy twentysomethings could still indulge. There is absolutely no evidence alcohol actually causes good health. This is one of the happiness factors that surprised Ms Salvetti, who thought she was being very generous with her eight standard drinks a week. Another surprising factor is that work-life balance might not be as important as it appears. In fact,the more people work, the better their health is. Employees can work more than 51 hours in paid work and 81 hours of total work (that's more than 11 hours a day) without any detrimental effect on their wellbeing, according to the report. Other ingredients in the recipe of happiness: befriend your neighbours, avoid financial stress and have a high income – and live somewhere quiet. Sales workers and managers, like Ms Salvetti, have the best perceived job security, while labourers, machinery operators and drivers have the worst. "My job makes me pretty happy," Ms Salvetti said. "I'm happy to come to work every day. It's a really positive, happy environment." If you're a man, living with a partner will increase your general health but children cancelout the benefits of being in a couple. Women do not see any obvious health benefits from being in a relationship, unless they also have children. The study also suggests retirees, especially men, are likely to have poor health compared with just about everyone else. "We are designed to work," Professor Wilkins said. "We need purpose." Happy people also tend to live outside major urban centres,such as Sydney and Melbourne. People who lived in towns smaller than 1000 people were most satisfied with life, followed by people that lived in bigger regional towns. The report concluded that "major cities are the least desirable place to live". And if you're a woman, there's one place you definitely need to go: Queensland. The report found women in the Sunshine State were more satisfied with life than everyone else. Otherwise, little difference could be found between the relative happiness of residents of other states and territories. Professor Wilkins put that down to a fairly even distribution of economic success and wellbeing across the nation. Ms Savetti says she won't rule out one day packing up her backs and heading north to take her happiness to the next level. She also might have an extra drink or two this week,with a cheers to being happy. Read more:http://www.theage.com.au/nsw/survey-reveals-what-makes-australians-feel-happy-and-healthy-20150714- gic8sa.html#ixzz3n0Raxi7V Follow us:@theage on Twitter | theageAustralia on Facebook 1. Highlightthe mainthingsinlife thatthe surveysuggestsmakespeople happy. 2. Do youagree withsurveyresults? _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________
  6. 6. 6 | P a g e The Pursuit of Happyness – the movie Watchthe filmtrailer(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=89Kq8SDyvfg) ofThe Pursuitof Happynessand complete the followingquestions: 1. What type of the filmisit? Action Adventure Animation Comedy Crime Drama Horror Mystery Romance Thriller Science Fiction 2. What isthe filmabout? __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ 3. What are the twoquestionsthatChrisasksthe stockbrokerwhoownsthe redcar? __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Chrisaskshis sonto trusthim because he is ________________________________________________ 5. What isthe manfindingforChrisinhisoffice? __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ 6. What doesChristell hissontodo whenhe has a dream? __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ Write a reflectiononwhatyouthinkitislike tobe homeless. __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________
  7. 7. 7 | P a g e Match the underlined words in the sentences with their meanings. Write the correct letters in the corresponding lines. 1. _______ "Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" is one of the most famous phrases in the United States Declaration of Independence. 2. _______ Chris got an unpaid internship to do work for the company and learn about and train for the job. 3. _______ He is a stockbroker on Wall Street. His job is to help clients make good investments. 4. _______ Sorry, I can’t pay you back the money I borrowed because I am completely broke. 5. _______ Jewellery, fine wine, and cigarettes have an included luxury tax. Why doyou thinkthe word‘happyness’isspeltincorrectly? __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ Afterwatchingthe movie,write inthe reasonChrisgivesforthe incorrectspellingof the word‘happyness’. __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ a. havingnomoney b. a personor organizationwhose jobistobuyand sell shares,bondsetcfor people c. somethingexpensivethatyoudonot need,butyoubuyfor pleasure andenjoyment d. a job that lastsfora shorttime,thatsomeone,especiallyastudent,doesinordertogain experience e. whensomeone triestoget,achieve,orfindsomethinginadeterminedway
  8. 8. 8 | P a g e Before watchingthe movie,read the followinginformationtogiveyou a goodunderstandingofthe film’s background. SUBJECTS — U.S./1945 - 1991 & Biography; SOCIAL-EMOTIONAL LEARNING — Father/Son;Parenting; Surviving; Work/Career; Alcohol & Drug Abuse; Breaking Out; Spousal Abuse; Child Abuse;Education; Ambition; Male Role Model. MORAL-ETHICAL EMPHASIS — Responsibility; Caring. Age: 12+; MPAA Rating -- PG-13 for some language; Drama; 2006; 117 minutes; Color Description: In this movie, an African-American man, abandoned by his father as an infant, vows that he will always be present in the life of his child. Caught in a perfect storm of bad luck, he becomes homeless. However, he manages to take care of his son while pursuing a highly competitive, unpaid internship as a stockbroker. The film was "inspired by" events in the life of Christopher Gardner, who was once homeless. He is now a wealthy stockbroker, as well as a proud father. Whatdo the words “inspiredby” mean (especiallyinregard to creatinga movie basedon a person’s life)? __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ This movie is highly engaging. The story is well written, the production values are high, and Will Smith's acting is simply magnificent. Discusswith a partner the things youthink a person needs inorder to survive.In the tablebelow listfive thingsan adultneeds and fivethingsa two year oldchildneeds. Adult needs… Two year oldchild needs…
  9. 9. 9 | P a g e Watchthe movieand then write a short synopsishighlightingthemainpointsin the movieyou thoughtwere important.Includemajor themes andideas. __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________
  10. 10. 10 | P a g e Whichparts ofthe moviedo you thinkwere true to the original story?Whichparts were putinto the movie to make is more ‘entertaining’? True events Entertaining (unrealistic) Events
  11. 11. 11 | P a g e Answer the followingquestionssceneby scene. I. Job Interview scene Chris is arrested for failure to pay parking tickets the night before his job interview and has to stay in the police office for a night. He is having the interview at 10:15 in thenext morning and he leaves the police office at 9:35am. Let’s see how the interview goes. 1. How doesChrisgoto the interview company? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. What isChriswearingtothe interview? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. What doesChrisdo whenhe firstwalksintothe interview room? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. How didChrisdo in hishighschool?Howmany studentswerethere inhisclass? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 5. How doesJaydescribe Chris’sdressing? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ After watching thisscene of the film,discussthe followingquestions apartner. Be prepared to share your responseswiththe class. A. DidChrismake a good impressionatthe jobinterview?Whyorwhynot? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________
  12. 12. 12 | P a g e B. If you were Chris,wouldyouacceptthe offerfromthe companywhenyouknew itwasunpaidandthere wasno a reasonable promiseof ajob?Why or whynot? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ II. Basketball Scene Chris brings Christopher to a basketball court to play basketball on a Saturday. Christopher tells Chris that he is going to be a professional basketballplayer.Watch the clip and listen to the conversations between the father and son. 1. Where doesChristell hissontheywill goafterplayingbasketball? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. How doesChrisrespondtohisson whenChristophersayshe isgoingpro? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. What doesChristopherdotothe basketball afterhearingfromhisfather? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. What doesChristopheruse toholdhisbasketball? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ After watching thisscene of the film,discussthe followingquestionswith a partner. Be preparedto share your responseswiththe class.
  13. 13. 13 | P a g e A. At first,Christoldhissonthat he will neverbe a good basketball player. Then he gives his son different advice. What did he tell his son? _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ B. Why doesChrischange his mind and tell his son a different advice? Who do you think he is actually talking to? _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ III. Football match scene Chris has successfully reached a potential client and is offered a chance for an appointment. However, he misses it because his boss asks him to park the car for him. In order to get a second chance from the potential client, Chris takes his son with him to visit the client at weekend. Will Chris get his first client from this chance? 1. Whentheyare walkingtoMr. Ribbon’shouse,ChristopherasksChrisif theyare goingto the football game. How does Chris reply to his son? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. How doesChristopherfinallyinterpretthe difference of the meaningbetween‘probably’and‘possibly’ interm of the chance of goingto the football game? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. What does Chris say when Mr. Ribbon asks why Chris shows up in front of his door? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Where does Chris tell Mr. Ribbon they are sitting when he asks where their seats are? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________
  14. 14. 14 | P a g e 5. What does actually ‘a box’ mean when referring to the seats in a football game? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ After watching thisscene of the film,discussthe followingquestions apartner. Be prepared to share your responseswiththe class. A. At the football game,the richclienttoldChristhathe will notuse hisservices.However,thiswasactually a lucky day for Chris. Why? _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ IV. Subway scene Chris’s money has been taken by the government for paying taxes. He is brokeand they are evicted fromthe motel.Chris and his son are homeless and now they have nowhere to stay. How can Chris and his son face all these difficulties and go on their life? 1. Where do Chris and his son go after they discover their things are thrown out of their motel room? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Chris tells Christopher that the guy in the park is correct and says the scanner is actually a __________________________________________________. 3. After pressing the black button and opening their eyes, what does Chris tell Christopher that he can see? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Chrissays to Christopherthattheyare cavemenandtheyhave to find a cave in order to be safe. Where do they finally stay? ____________________________________________________________________________________________
  15. 15. 15 | P a g e After watching thisscene of the film,discusshe followingquestions apartner. Be prepared to share your responseswiththe class. A. Do you think it is alright for the government to take money directly from the bank account of those who are overdue to pay for the taxes without sending a prior notice? Why or why not? _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________ B. If you were Chris, what would you feel and would you continue to work in the company for an unpaid internship? _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________ V. Ending scene Six months have passed and it is the last day of Chris’s internship. He is called to enter the conference room. Can Chris be the one who gets the official employment from the company after the internship? 1. How does Chris’s boss respond to him when he says he wears a shirt for the last day of the internship? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. What does his boss almost forget? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Where does Chris go after seeing his boss in the conference room? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________
  16. 16. 16 | P a g e A. After watching thisscene of the film,discussthe followingquestionsapartner. Be prepared to share your responseswiththe class. B. In your opinion, what was Chris’ worst experience? _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________ C. Chrishas become successful andrichatthe end.Doyou thinkhe has pursuedhappiness now? And to you, what does happiness mean to you and how do you pursue it? _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ D. How would you describe Chris’ personality? _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________ E. What isthe message of the story? _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________
  17. 17. 17 | P a g e Pop Quiz 1. Where did Chris live? a. San Diego b. New York c. Los Angeles d. San Francisco 2. What did Chris sell? a. medicine b. computer scanners c. clothing d. bone density scanners 3. What mistake did Chris make when he went to apply for the job? a. He incorrectly filled out the application. b. He paid a hippy girl to watch his scanner. c. He forgot to shake hands. d. He didn’t wear a shirt, suit, and tie. 4. How was the internship? a. good-paying b. easy c. competitive d. long 5. How did Chris become completelybroke? a. he lost his scanner b. he gave his money to the president of the company c. he paid his parking tickets d. the IRS took his money 6. Where did Chris and his son go to live after they were evicted from their motel? a. subway station b. park c. homeless shelter d. his family’s house 7. Why did Chris need to finish his work quickly? a. to meet his wife b. to pressure his co-workers c. to show he was the best worker d. to get in line for the homeless shelter 8. How did Chris get money to repair the last scanner? a. he sold his car b. he borrowed money c. he donated blood d. he got a new job
  18. 18. 18 | P a g e Some facts about the film  The real ChrisGardnercan be spottedatthe veryendof the filmwalkingpastthe charactersof Chrisand Christopherasthe latterswapjokes.  Dan Castellaneta,the voiceof HomerSimpson,co-starsinthe filmasone of Gardner'ssuperiors(Alan Frakesh) andrequestsadoughnutfromGardner.Thisis a reference toCasellaneta'sanimatedcounterpart whosharesa similartaste fordoughnuts.  Will Smithplaysthe partof ChrisGardner andJadenSmith,Will’sreal-life son,playsChristopher.  Glide Memorial UnitedMethodistChurchhasbeenprovidingmealsandshelterforhomelesspeoplefor fortyyearsand continuestodo so.The ReverendCecilWilliams,founderof Glide Memorial,playshimself in the film,andthe homelesspeople were playedbythose whouse the centre.Formany,the whole experience wasagreatboost to theirself-esteemandthe moneytheyearnedbeingfilmextrasthe first moneytheyhadearnedforsome time.See www.glide.orgforfurtherdetailsof Glide’scontinuingworkin the city.  ChrisGardner wentonto be a successful businessmanandmillionaire.AftermeetingwithNelsonMandela in1995, he now worksinSouthAfricacreatingbusinessopportunitiesforyoungpeople there.  The RubikCube beganappearinginthe shopsin1980 and was an overnight success.Withover43 trillion differentcombinations,itremainsapopularpuzzle with“speedcubers”competingtogethertotry andsolve it inrecordtime.The current worldrecordis7.08 secondssetat the CzechOpenin2008. For the film,three speedcubingchampionswerehiredtoteachWill Smithhow tosolve the cube inundertwominutes. The Pursuit of Happyness - Themes Setin SanFrancisco in1981, The Pursuitof Happyness tellsthe true storyof ChrisGardenerwho longstobe a good fatherto his son,Christopher.Strugglingtomake endsmeetsellingmedical equipment,he decidestopursue a dreamof becomingastockbroker.Toachieve hisgoal he securesa place ona six-monthinternshipwithaprestigious firmwhere onlyone of the twenty candidateswill secure ajobat the end.However,duringthatsix months,no salaryis paid.His wife,fedupwithtryingtoholdthingstogether,leaveshim, butChrisinsistsoncustodyof hisson. Together,theystruggle tomake endsmeet.Will thingsfinally workoutinthe end? Beinga father The strapline forthe filmwas“for hisson,one man will reachforthe impossible”.However,the Italiandirector, whenhe readthe script,sawit more intermsof “the Americandream”.How do you reactto Christopher’s story?Is it onlyheart-warmingbecause he finallyachievedhisgoal? Wouldpeople have considereditgoodparentingwerehe to have failedandendedupmiserably indebt?Where isthe dividinglinebetweendoingall youcanto ensure a goodfuture for yourfamily andexposingthemtounnecessaryrisksandhardship? The pursuit ofhappiness What makesyouhappy?What are the ingredientsof ahappylife?Doesitinvolve money?Could the familyhave founda wayto stay togetherandstill be happy?Isthere a differencebetween happinessandcontentment?What aboutjoy?
  19. 19. 19 | P a g e A recentsurveyon“well-being”listedsix factorsaskeystohappiness:money,work,goodgovernment, levelsof trust,good familyandotherrelationships,andreligiousbelief.Whatthings appearonyourlist?The beatitudes (Matthew5: 1—12), in some translations,begin“Happyare …”. How dothese qualitiesrelate toyourlist?Whatkind of happinessdoyouthinkJesusis talkingabout?Andhow doesthatrelate toChris’spursuit? Work in the community The church at Glide are committedtoreachingoutto the local community.How well dowe as church communities meetthe needsof those aroundus? Welcomingchurches The activitiesatGlide are opento all and the church doesitbestto demonstrate God’s all-inclusive love.One small waythat happensisseeninthe film,withaglimpse of someone signing duringworship,enablinganoftenneglected part of the communitytoshare inwhat isgoingon. Churchesintouristareassometimeshave Sunday material (e.g. lessons,responses) availablein several languages.Some suchmaterial maynevergetusedbutone needstobe preparedbefore the event(Matt25), otherwise itmaybe toolate.How goodis yourchurch communityat welcomingall andmakingeveryone feel included? Ambition Chrisispreparedto letnothinggetinthe way of achievinghisambition.We all have dreamsand ambitions.Indeed, it isgoodto “dream dreams”(Joel 2:28).But in orderto fulfil themwe will have choices,andsacrifices, tomake.And sometimesthe dreamswe have are simplyunrealistic(e.g.justthinkof those whoappearon X Factorand otherTV talentshowsconvincedtheycansing). Christellshissonto pursue hisdreamnomatter whatotherssay.But sometimeswe need someonetogive usa realitycheck.Howdo we determinewhethersomethingrequiresgivingitourall,and when(and,indeed,how) do we allowourselvesto hearthe gentle wordof realism? A helpinghand? It isgood to be generoustothose aroundus,somethingwe shoulddowithoutthoughtof getting anythinginreturn. However,Chrisfindshimself inasituationwhere he feelshe canhelponly those whocanhelphim(i.e.his immediate bosses),lendingthemmoneywhileinsistingonthe repaymentof previous loansfromotherfriends.Do youthinkhe shouldhave paidsuch a price? Memorable quotes Chris I metmy fatherforthe firsttime whenIwas28 yearsold.I made upmy mindthat whenIhad children,mychildrenweregoingtoknow whotheir fatherwas. Chris Hey.Don't everletsomebodytell you...Youcan'tdo something.Noteven me.All right? Christopher All right. Chris You got a dream...Yougotta protectit. People can'tdosomethin' themselves,theywannatell you youcan't do it.If you want somethin',go getit.Period. [aboutChris'bone-densityscanner] HomelessGuy It's a time machine...Iknowit'sa time machine... Chris [voice-over] Thismachine inmylap?Itisnot a time machine. [repeated line] Chris Christopherisstayingwithme. Chris Probablymeansthere'sagoodchance. Possiblymeanswe mightorwe mightnot. Christopher Okay. Chris So,what doesprobablymean? Christopher It meanswe have a good chance. Chris Andwhat doespossiblymean? Christopher I knowwhatit means!It meanswe're notgoingto the game.
  20. 20. 20 | P a g e Chris It was rightthenthat I startedthinkingaboutThomasJeffersononthe Declarationof Independence and the part about ourright to life,liberty, andthe pursuitof happiness.AndIrememberthinking how didhe knowto putthe pursuitpart in there?Thatmaybe happinessissomethingthatwe can onlypursue andmaybe we can actuallyneverhave it.Nomatter what.How didhe know that? Christopher What are youdoing? Chris Payinga parkingticket. Christopher But we don't have a car anymore. Chris Yeah,I know... Chris There'sno salary? Jay Twistle No. Chris I was notaware of that. My circumstanceshave changedsome. Rev Williams The importantthingaboutthat freedomtrain,isit'sgot to climbmountains. We ALLhave to climb mountains,youknow.Mountainsthatgoway up high,and mountainsthatgo deepandlow.Yes,we knowwhatthose mountainsare here at Glide.We singaboutthem. Christopher Heydad, youwanna hearsomethingfunny?There wasamanwho was drowning,anda boat came, and the man on the boat said"Do youneed help?"andthe mansaid"God will save me".Then anotherboat came and he triedto helphim, buthe said"God will save me",thenhe drownedand wentto Heaven.Thenthe mantoldGod, "God,whydidn'tyou save me?" and God said"I sentyou twoboats, youdummy!" BIOGRAPHY Chris Gardner is an Entrepreneur, Author, Philanthropist, and single parent whose work has been recognized by many esteemed organization. The amazing story of Gardner’s life was published as an autobiography, The Pursuit of Happyness, in May 2006, and became a New York Times and Washington Post #1 bestseller. The book spent over twenty weeks on the New York Times bestseller list and has been translated into more than forty languages. Gardner was also the inspiration for the movie “The Pursuit of Happyness,” released by Columbia Pictures in December 2006. Will Smith starred as Gardner and received Academy Award, Golden Globe and Screen Actors Guild nominations for his performance. Gardner was an associate producer on the film. In his second New York Times bestselling book, Start Where You Are: Life Lessons in Getting from Where You Are to Where You Want to Be, published in May 2009, Gardner shared his philosophies on, and the crucial steps behind, creating a fulfilling, successful life. The book provided a much-needed blueprint for navigating tumultuous times with positivity, courage, tenacity, discipline and common sense. In the fall of 2010, Gardner was named the Ambassador of Pursuit and Happyness for AARP, which has nearly 40 million members worldwide. His mission is to share his hard-won wisdom to encourage the 50+ audience to pursue new challenges, search for fulfilment at any stage of life, or craft the legacy they want to leave behind.
  21. 21. 21 | P a g e Born February 9, 1954 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Christopher Paul Gardner’s childhood was marked by poverty, domestic violence, alcoholism, sexual abuse and family illiteracy. Gardner published his autobiography out of a desire to shed light on these universal issues and show they do not have to define you. Gardner never knew his father, and lived with his beloved mother, Bettye Jean Triplett (nee Gardner), when not in foster homes. Gardner is indebted to Bettye Jean for his success as she provided him with strong “spiritual genetics” and taught him that in spite of where he came from, he could chart another path and attain whatever goals he set for himself. Gardner joined the Navy out of high school and after discharge moved to San Francisco where he worked as a medical research associate and for a scientific supply distributor. In 1981, as a new father to son Christopher Gardner Jr., he was determined to find a career that would be both lucrative and fulfilling. Fascinated by finance, but without connections, an MBA or even a college degree, Gardner applied for training programs at brokerages, willing to live on next to nothing while he learned a new trade. Chris Jr.’s mother left and Gardner, despite his circumstances, fought to keep his son because, as he says, “I made up my mind as a young kid that when I had children they were going to know who their father is, and that he isn’t going anywhere.” Gardner earned a spot in the Dean Witter Reynolds training program but became homeless when he could not make ends meet on his meagre trainee salary. Today, Gardner is involved with homelessness initiatives assisting families to stay intact, and assisting homeless men and women who are employed but still cannot get by. It is estimated that 18% of the homeless population in the United States is employed; in some communities that estimate is as high as 30%. Gardner worked at Bear Stearns & Co from1983-1987 where he became a top earner. In 1987 he founded the brokerage firm Gardner Rich in Chicago from his home with just $10,000. Gardner Rich LLC a FINRA registered broker-dealer specializing in servicing public pension funds and Taft-Hartley plans. In addition to expanding its core business as an institutional securities broker, Gardner Rich increased its participation in corporate underwriting and expanded its brokerage services to include trading in global markets through both ordinary and ADR form. As a single parent for 25 years, Gardner has demonstrated his concern for the well-being of children through his work with and on behalf of organizations such as the National Fatherhood Initiative, the National Education Association Foundation and the International Rescue Committee. Gardner is still very committed to Glide Memorial Church in San Francisco; where he and his son received assistance in the early 1980’s. Gardner has also been honored by the NAACP Image Awards with awards for both the book and movie versions of The Pursuit of Happyness; Los Angeles Commission on Assaults Against Women’s (LACAAW) 2006 Humanitarian Award; The Continental Africa Chamber of Commerce’s 2006 Friends of Africa Award; The Glaucoma Foundation’s Kitty Carlisle Hart Lifetime Achievement Award; The Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association (SIFMA); Covenant House, Common Ground and other organizations committed to combating violence against women, homelessness, and financial illiteracy – issues of the utmost importance to Gardner.
  22. 22. 22 | P a g e Chris Gardner’s aim, through his speaking engagements and media projects, is to help others achieve their full potential. His practical guidance and inspirational story have made him a frequent guest on CNN, CNBC and the Fox News Channel. He has been featured on “The CBS Evening News,” “20/20,” “Oprah,” “Today Show,” “The View,” “Entertainment Tonight,” as well as in People, USA Today, Associated Press, New York Times, Fortune, Entrepreneur, Jet, Reader’s Digest, Trader Monthly, Chicago Tribune, San Francisco Chronicle, The New York Post and the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, amongst other publications. Gardner has two children and resides in Chicago. http://www.chrisgardnermedia.com/chris-gardner-biography.html Helpful Background: The True Story That Inspiredthe Movie Rightbefore he startedthe internshipatDeanWitter,ChrisGardner'sgirlfriend(theyweren'tmarried) disappeared and tooktheirsonwithher.His effortstofindhissonwere fruitless.DeanWitterpaiditsinterns$1000 a month. Withthat money,Mr. Gardner wasable to renta roomin a boardinghouse.Therefore,whenhe hadto prepare for the broker'sexam,ChrisGardnerhad a secure place to sleepanda quietplace tostudy.Inaddition,he didn'thave to take care of a youngchild. Mr. Gardnerdidverywell onthe broker'sexamand washiredbyDean Witter.Atthat pointhe had a choice.He couldworkfor an establishedbrokerinthe office atasalary large enoughtosupporthimself ata reasonable level. Anyprospective clientsdevelopedwithhistelephone callswouldbe referredtohisemployer.PerhapsMr.Gardner wouldbe allowedtotake overa fewsmall deals.Workingforanestablishedbrokerwouldgive himmore money rightaway buthe wouldhave toput off buildinghisownsetof clients.The alternativewasforMr. Gardner to work on hisownfrom the beginning,usingthe telephone tobuildhisbusiness.Thiswouldgivehimlessmoneyforthe first yearor two(onlyabout$1200 a month).However,if thingswent well,inayearor two,or three,he wouldmake more moneyfromhisownset of clientsthanhe wouldhave made if he had startedoutworkingforan established broker.Inaddition,if Mr. Gardnertriedto buildhisownsetof clientsfromnothing,hissuccesswoulddepend entirelyonhisownefforts.Mr.Gardnerchose to work onhisown andmake verylittle moneyrightawaywiththe hope of makinga lot more moneyina fewyears. One Fridaynight,several weeksafterMr.Gardner hadstartedworkingas a brokertryingto builduphisown business,hisformergirlfriendappearedatthe boardinghouse.She wastiredof beingasingle mother.(She had trainedtobe a dentistandwastryingto get establishedinthatfield.) She gave Mr.Gardnertheir19-month-oldson (Little Chris),the child'sstroller,averylarge duffle bagfilledwiththe child'spossessionsandlotsof disposable diapers.The formergirlfriendtoldMr.Gardnerwhat Little Chrisate,thathe wasto have no sweets,andthenshe left.The boardinghouse didn'tallowchildren.Mr.Gardner andhis sonwere now homeless.ChrisGardnerhadno one he couldcall andask for money.Nordidhe feel thathe couldask hisfriendsfora place to staywitha 19-month- oldchild. Overthe weekend,Mr.Gardnerfounddaycare for hisson ($400 a month) and theylivedina$25-a-nightmotel. $400 a month forday care and $750 a monthfor a motel wouldeatupalmostall of his$1200 a monthincome. There'dbe no moneyforfood,diapers,oranythingelse.The onlywayforChristoafforda place to live wasto start workingforanotherbroker.He'dhave to postpone hisplantofocuson developinghisowngroupof clients.Overthe nextseveral daysChrismade afateful decision:he andhissonwouldbe homeless forthe nextyearorsountil his ownbusinessatDeanWittergave him enoughmoneytorentan apartment.He wouldnotworkfor someone else to put a roof overhis son'shead.(Since landlordsusuallyrequire heftysecuritydepositsandfirstandlastmonthsrent,
  23. 23. 23 | P a g e thismeantthat Mr. Gardnerwouldhave hundredsof dollarsinsavingswhile he andhissonwere still homeless.) Mr. Gardner made a consciousdecisionthathe wouldnotpostpone hischance tobecome rich.Asa result,he andhis son were homeless forapproximatelyone year. What doesa two-year-oldchildneed?He needsatleastone parent,food,drydiapers,safety,andstability.Richor poor doesn'tmeananythingtoa toddlerif he hasthese basics.Beinghomelessisariskyproposition.Homeless people are more likelytobe assaultedandkilledthanpeople sleepingathome intheirbeds.Homelesspeople are exposedtothe elementsandcanbecome ill.Perhapsthe worstthingthatcouldhave happenedtoLittle Chriswas for hisfatherto have beenseriouslyinjuredinanassaultorkilled.Beingaparentmeansputtingyourchild's interestsbeforeyourown,especiallywhenissuesof safetyare concerned.Indecidingtobe homelessratherthan pursuingthe slowertrackto successthat wouldhave providedhimwithenoughmoneytoputa roof overhisson's head,ChrisGardnerviolatedabasicprinciple of goodparenting. Fill in the table belowas to the similaritiesanddifferencesbetweenthe movie portrayal and ChrisGardner’sreal life. Real Life Movie
  24. 24. 24 | P a g e HOMELESSNESS IN AMERICA: THE FACTS, THE CAUSES,A CALL TO ACTION Accordingto the U.S. Departmentof HousingandUrban Development(HUD) andthe National Coalitionforthe Homeless(NCH): o 754,000 people were homelessonan average day inthe U.S. in 2005. (Thiswas lessthan.3 % of the U.S. population.)Onlyabout55% couldfinda place ina shelter.The rest,about335,000 people, were onthe streets.One-thirdof the unshelteredhomeless(approximately112,000 people) were personsinfamilies.Mostof these were children. o 47% of all homelesspeople are menand59% are minorities. o 39% are childrenyoungerthan18; 42% of these childrenare underthe age of 5. o 40% are veterans. There isa core of chronichomelessnessbutthere isalsoalarge turnoverof people whoare homelessforseveral monthsand whoare thenable tofindhomes.Central citieshave more homelesspeoplethanrural/suburbanareas, possiblybecause thereare more sheltersincitiesandhousingismore affordableinrural/suburbanareas. The homelessare convenienttargetsforcriminalsandare victimizedmore frequentlythanthe general population. In one studyinCalifornia,66%of homelesspeople interviewedreportedthattheyhadbeenthe victimof a crime withinthe lastyear.75% of those crimeswere assaultsorrobberies. (AttorneyGeneral,State of California, (Datais from2001.) The homelesswhoare notshelteredare at riskforbecomingill due toexposure tothe elements. WHO BECOMES HOMELESS AND WHY? Poverty: Povertyisthe most importantriskfactorfor homelessness.Withoutthe meanstopayfor the most basic of necessities,poorpeoplebegintolive paycheck-to-paycheckwithnowaytoaccumulate any savings."Beingpoor meansbeinganillness,anaccidentora paycheckawayfrom livingonthe streets,"writesthe NCH.Butpovertyisn't justabout nothavingmoney - it's aboutthe underlyingcausesthatpushpeople intopoverty:unemployment,lackof educationandtraining,low-payingjobs,inadequatepublicassistance,andlackof healthinsurance. A person'srentshouldtypicallycostabout30% of hisor her earnings(leavingmoneyforfood,clothing,education, and othernecessities);however,"ineverystate,more than[30% of earningsat] the minimumwage isrequiredto afforda one or two-bedroomapartment".Thenwhere dominimum-wage earnerswithfamilieslive?Alltoooften theyare forcedintohomelesssheltersortheylive onthe streets.Insome cities,anywhere from13% to 26% of people in"homelesssituations"are employed. 16% of the U.S. populationiswithouthealthinsurance (about47 millionpeople) andmanymore are under-insured. 70% of the uninsuredlive infamiliesinwhichatleastone familymemberworksfull-time.Withthe skyrocketing costs of eventhe mostbasicmedical services,anunexpectedillnessorinjurycanwipe outsomeone'ssavingsand consume theirearnings. Welfare hasbeensteadilydeclining.Female-headedfamiliesandworkingfamiliesthatleavethe welfare systemare at the highestriskforhomelessnessof anygroup.The NCHstates,"Althoughmore familiesare movingfromwelfare to work,manyof themare faringpoorlydue tolow wagesand inadequate worksupport." Domestic violence: Batteredwomenandvictimsof domesticabuse oftenface bleakoptions:stayinthe abusive relationshiporbecome homeless.Infact,50% of all womenandchildrenwhoare homelesshave fleddomestic violence. Mentalillness: 16% of the adulthomelesssufferfrommental illness. . Alcoholand Drug Abuse: Alcohol abuse isa problemforalmosthalf of all single adulthomeless,while drugabuse isa problemforalmostone-third. Statusasa Veteran: Veteransare veryhighlyrepresentedamongthe homeless.

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