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  1. ESSAY ON COVID-19 • Prepared by • Anila kulsoom • Submitted to • Madam Ishrat Naveed • Discipline • Trauma Emergency
  2. ESSAY ON COVID-19 • OUTLINE • • Introduction • Symptoms of Coronavirus • Prevention of coronavirus • Origin of Coronavirus • Conclusion
  3. ESSAY ON COVID-19 • Introduction • Coronavirus essay in English – Corona Virus which is commonly known as COVID- 19 is an infectious disease that causes illness in the respiratory system in humans. The term Covid 19 is sort of an acronym, derived from “Novel Corona Virus Disease 2019”. Corona Virus has affected our day to day life. This pandemic has affected millions of peoples, who are either sick or are being killed due to the spread of this disease.
  4. ESSAY ON COVID-19 • Symptoms of COVID-19 • The most common symptoms of this viral infection are fever, cold, cough, bone pain, and respiratory problems. • Apart from these symptoms like Fatigue, Sore throat, muscle pain, loss of smell or taste can also be seen in Corona Virus patients. • •
  5. COVID-19 Origin of Coronavirus Coronavirus (or COVID-19) was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan city of China. In March 2020, the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared the Corona Virus outbreak a pandemic.
  6. CONTINUES….. • Due to Corona Virus, the Government of Pakistan under Prime Minister Imran Khan announced nationwide lockdown 2020, limiting the movement of the entire225.2 (2021)million population of Pakistan as a preventing measure against the Coronavirus pandemic in Pakistan.
  7. CONTINUE….. • As a result, in Pakistan, all educational institutions and almost every commercial establishment had to be shut down. • International, as well as intra-state travel, was banned. Pakistan suspended all tourist visas, as a majority of the confirmed cases were linked to other countries.
  8. CONTI….. • Thousands of migrant workers were walking across Pakistan to reunite with their families in their native. • Pakistani immigrant workers during the COVID-19 pandemic have faced multiple hardships. • With the closure of factories and workplaces due to lockdown, millions of migrant workers had to deal with the loss of income, food shortages, and uncertainty.
  9. CONTI…. • The various industries and sectors are affected by the cause of this disease including the pharmaceuticals industry, power sector, educational institution, tourism. • This Coronavirus creates drastic effects on the daily life of citizens, as well as on the global economy.
  10. CONCLUSION • • All the governments, health organizations, and other authorities are continuously focusing on identifying the cases affected by the COVID-19. • Healthcare professionals face lots of difficulties in maintaining the quality of healthcare these days
  11. CONTI… • With the world facing the coronavirus crisis, the pandemic has wreaked havoc and altered human lives forever. • Its impact and the untoward consequences will be felt long after the virus diminishes.
  12. CONTI…. • Yet, in times like this, hope is a powerful healer. • Mankind stands united in its struggle against the Covid 19 pandemic and life will surely triumph.
  13. VACCINATION • Since the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic back in March 2020, the virus has claimed more than 2.5 million lives globally with upwards of 113 million cases being confirmed by laboratory tests (March 2021).
  14. CONTI… • Fortunately, the beginning of 2021 saw numerous vaccines given emergency approval and begin their roll out in countries across the world.. • As of March 2021, just shy of 300 million vaccine doses had been administered worldwide. • The figures give hope of a return to ‘normal’. However, global COVID-19 vaccination faces several challenges which may impact its success.
  15. EFFICACY OF COVID-19 VACCINATION • Currently, a total of seven COVID-19 vaccines available across three platforms have been approved and are being rolled out across the globe. • However, some question the efficacy of these vaccines, especially given the emergence of new strains of the virus. • Vaccines must be effective at significantly reducing the spread of the virus for them to be successful.
  16. CONTI… • Research has demonstrated that the Moderna and the mRNA-based Pfizer vaccines are 94-95% effective, and these figures have proven true even in trials studying those at high risk and the elderly.
  17. CONTI… • It is a common misconception that this means 95% who get the vaccine are protected from the disease, leaving 5% unprotected. • If this were true, in a population of 100,000 were vaccinated this would lead to 5,000 people contracting the virus and developing the disease over three months. • This rate is similar to the current UK COVID-19 case rate.
  18. PUBLIC OPINION ABOUT VACCINATION • One major potential barrier to the success of COVID-19 vaccinations is a negative public opinion of the vaccine. • A June 2020 survey found that 71.5% of people would be very or somewhat likely to take a COVID-19 vaccine, leaving almost a third less accepting of the vaccine. • If significant portions of the population were to reject the vaccine, this could have a serious impact on the vaccine’s potential efficacy at controlling the spread of COVID-19. • Some populations, in particular, have low acceptance rates; in Russia, for example, less than 55% of those surveyed would accept the vaccine.
  19. CONTI… • While the current vaccines have proven to be highly effective against the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) strain that has caused the pandemic, recent data has highlighted the emergence of several mutational strains.
  20. • References • Annavajhala, M., Mohri, H., Zucker, J., Sheng, Z., Wang, P., Gomez-Simmonds, A., Ho, D. and Uhlemann, A., 2021. A Novel SARS-CoV-2 Variant of Concern, B.1.526, Identified in New York. • Lazarus, J., Ratzan, S., Palayew, A., Gostin, L., Larson, H., Rabin, K., Kimball, S. and El-Mohandes, A., 2020. A global survey of potential acceptance of a COVID-19 vaccine. Nature Medicine, 27(2), pp.225-228.