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Historical Development of the Philippine Educational System

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This is the gist of how education started and developed in the Philippines. It consists of years, educational enhancements, and the legal basis of those developments in education. It is a lesson from EDUC 39

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Historical Development of the Philippine Educational System

  1. 1. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE PHILIPPINE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
  2. 2. • Highly centralized educational system was installed 1901 • Philippine Commission by virtue of Act No.74 • PC authorized Sec. of Public Instruction to bring 600 teachers from US (Thomasites) • From Bureau of Public Instruction to Bureau of Education (Act No. 477) which was passed on Nov.1, 1902
  3. 3. 1902 • High school system supported by provincial gov’t • Special education institutions • School of arts and trades • An agricultural school • Commerce and marine institute
  4. 4. 1908 •University of the Philippines (Act No. 1870)
  5. 5. 1916 •Reorganization Act of 1916 provided the Filipinialization of all dept. secretaries except the Sec. of Public Instruction.
  6. 6. 1942 • Japanese educational policies were embodied in Military Order No.2 •Philippine Executive Commission established the Commission of Education, Health, and Public Welfare •Schools were re- opened in June 1942
  7. 7. 1943 • Ministry of Education • Teaching of Tagalog, Philippine History, and Character Education was reserved for the Filipinos • Love for work and dignity of labor was emphasized Japanese Colonialization
  8. 8. •Department of Instruction was made part of the Department of Public Instruction 1945
  9. 9. • Department of Instruction was changed to Department of Education (EO No.94) 1947 • Supervision of public and private schools belonged to the Bureau of Public and Private Schools
  10. 10. • Department of Education and Culture (Proclamation 1081) 1972 • Ministry of Education and Culture (PD No. 1397) • 13 regional offices were created
  11. 11. Ministry of Education, Culture, and Sports (Education Act 1982) 1982
  12. 12. •Department of Education, Culture, and Sports (EO No. 117) 1987
  13. 13. • CHED and TESDA were established to supervise the tertiary degree programs and non-degree tech-voc programs 1994
  14. 14. • The trifocal education system refocused DECS’ mandate to basic education which covers elementary, secondary, and non formal education, including culture and sports • TESDA now administers the post secondary, middle-level man power and development • CHED is responsible for higher education
  15. 15. Year Official Name of Department Official Titular Head Legal Bases 1863 Superior Commission of Primary Instruction Chairman Educational Decree of 1863 1901-1916 Department of Public Instruction General Superintendent Act. No. 74 of the Philippine Commission, 21, 1901 1916-1942 Department of Public Instruction Secretary Organic Act Law of 1916 (Jones Law) 1942-1944 Department of Education, Health and Public Welfare Commissioner Renamed by the Japanese Executive Commission, June 11, 1942 1944 Department of Education, Health and Public Welfare Minister Renamed by Japanese Sponsored Philippine Republic 1944 Department of Public Instruction Secretary Renamed by Japanese Sponsored Philippine Republic 1945-1946 Department of Public Instruction and Information Secretary Renamed by the Commonwealth 1946-1947 Department of Instruction Secretary Renamed by the Commonwealth 1947-1975 Department of Education Secretary E.O. No. 94 October 1947 (Reorganization of 1947) 1975-1978 Department of Education and Culture Secretary Proc. No. 1081, September 24, 1972 1978-1984 Ministry of Education and Culture Minister P.D. No. 1397, June 2, 1978 1984-1986 Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports Minister Education Act of 1982 1987-1994 Department of Education, Culture and Secretary E.O. No. 117. January 30, 1987 1994-2001 Department of Education, Culture and Secretary RA 7722 and RA 7796, 1994 Trifocalization of Education Management 2001 - present Department of Education Secretary RA 9155, August 2001 (Governance of Basic
  16. 16. • From DECS to DepED (RA 9155/Gov’t of Basic Education Act) 2001 • Redefined the roles of field offices • RA 9155- (i) strengthening their leadership roles and (ii) school- based management within the context of transparency and local accountability. The goal of basic education is to provide the school age population and young adults with skills, knowledge, and values to become caring, self-reliant, productive and patriotic citizens.

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