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Women's football

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Women's football

  1. 1. JASH UNITED INSTAGRAM ID- jashunitedsports
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION The game of football is both an art and science. It involves techniques of running, passing, kicking, tackling, blocking, heading, juggling and dribbling. Often all these activities have to be performed at great speed. Though these individual skills are very important but it should not be forgotten that it is a team game and the players have to work together in offence or defence. Therefore a player must develop his skills and understanding for his contribution as per the demands of the game. The game of football contains physical challenges. Though two players may be equal in their skills but because of different physical and mental response, there can be much difference in their performance. A player must be quick in assessing a situation and in his response.
  3. 3. THE FORGOTTEN HISTORY OF WOMEN’S FOOTBALL Several women’s football leagues formed during the 20th century—one from the 1930s even became a national sensation—but they’re barely remembered today
  4. 4. IMPORTANCE OF FOOTBALL FOR GIRLS
  5. 5. Women are engaging in perceived male- dominated sports from a younger age and the plethora of skills that accompany girls playing male-dominated sports and activities will be helpful to their progression into business and boardrooms in later life. Rules of sport, often complex, teach us to think tactically. Playing different sports encourages us to think one step ahead of our opponent. A footballer in a penalty shoot-out has to make tactical decisions under immense pressure. And that psychological pressure translates to the business world when time-sensitive choices need to be made independently. IMPORTANCE
  6. 6. CONTRIBUTES IN THEIR DEVELOPMENT Girls will also be encouraged to consider the rules as part of their development; learning strategic development, preparation and how to compete - all key life skills. The transparency of the rules is more important than the game itself; when we know the rules of the game, we are far more confident in playing the sport. When girls succeed in male-dominated industry at a young age, they are likely to grow up believing that with understanding and practice, they can prosper – regardless of gender. This mentality extends beyond physical activity, and into other male-dominated activities too. Yet more should be done to include girls to the fullest extent wherever possible.
  7. 7. PRACTICE SESSIONS
  8. 8. PRACTICE SESSIONS
  9. 9. BENEFITS OF PLAYING FOOTBALL
  10. 10. Increases aerobic capacity and cardiovascular health Lowers body fat and improves muscle tone Builds strength, flexibility and endurance Increases muscle and bone strength Improves health due to shifts between walking, running and sprinting. HEALTH BENEFITS
  11. 11. OTHER BENEFITS  Is generally a non-contact sport  Teaches coordination  Promotes teamwork and sharing  Teaches you to ‘think on the run’  Helps to increase skills in concentration, persistence and self-discipline  Is a great way to meet people and exercise with friends  Can provide an opportunity to increase your confidence and self-esteem, and help to reduce anxiety  Requires very little equipment so it can be played in the backyard or park  Is relatively easy to learn, so beginners can easily join in the fun and play basic soccer for recreation  Is an international sport.
  12. 12. BASIC RULES AND LAWS OF FOOTBALL
  13. 13. BASIC RULES  A football match is played by two teams, with each allowed no more than 11 players on the field at any one time, one of whom is a goalkeeper.  A match is played in two 45 minute halves.  The game begins with the toss of a coin, and the winning captain decides which goal to defend or to take the first kick off.  All players must use their feet head or chest to play the ball. Only the goalkeeper is allowed to use their hands, and only within their designated goal area.  The aim of the game is to score a goal, which is achieved by kicking or heading the ball into the opposition team's goal.  If the ball touches or crosses the side line, it is thrown back in by the team that was not the last to touch the ball.  The game is controlled by a central referee, and two linesmen. They award free kicks and penalties when rules are broken. For continual breaking of rules or for a bad foul, the player may be sent off.
  14. 14. MEASUREMENTS OF FOOTBALL GROUND
  15. 15. Law 1: The Field of Play Touch line: Minimum 90 meters (100 yards), maximum 120 meters (130 yards) Width (goal line): Minimum 45 m (50 yds), maximum 90 m (100 yds). At each end of the field is an eight-yard-wide goal centered along the goal line. Six yards from each goal post along the goal line and six yards out into the field (perpendicular to the goal line) is the goal box. Extending 18 yards from each goal post along the goal line and 18 yards out into the field (perpendicular to the goal line) is the penalty box. In each of the four corners of the field is a five- foot-high corner flag.
  16. 16. Law 2: The Ball A soccer ball must be spherical in shape and made of leather or another comparable medium. Its circumference must be in the range of 27 to 28 inches. This rule is only applicable for official sanctioned matches, as youth leagues often employ the use of a smaller ball that is better suited to children.
  17. 17. Law 3: The Number of Players Matches are generally played by two teams of 11 to a side. The goalkeeper is included in the 11- player total. If a team cannot field at least seven players at match time, the game is a forfeit. Teams of fewer than 11 a side can often be seen in youth leagues where smaller teams are used as a developmental tool.
  18. 18. Law 4: The Players’ Equipment All players are required to wear a jersey, shorts, shin guards, socks and cleats. The socks must cover the shin guards entirely. If the referee deems a player’s equipment unsatisfactory, the player can be sent off until the issue is remedied.
  19. 19. Law 5: The Referee The referee is the authority on the field, and his word is law. If you question a referee’s decision, you can be disciplined further simply for dissent
  20. 20. Law 6: The Assistant Referees The assistant referees are primarily responsible for assisting the referee in performing his duties – this includes signalling with a flag when a ball goes of play, when a player is fouled, or when a player is in an offside position.
  21. 21. Law 7: The Duration of the Match A soccer match is comprised of two 45-minute halves, with extra time added for each at the referee’s discretion. The halves are separated by a half-time period not to exceed 15 minutes.
  22. 22. Law 8: The Start and Restart of Play Kick-off is generally determined by a coin toss, whereby the winning team can either choose to start with the ball or choose which goal they would like to attack. The losing team is then afforded whatever choice the winner does not elect to take. Kick-off occurs at the start of each half, and after each goal scored, and is taken at the center of the halfway line. If a team scores a goal, the opposing team is given the kick-off to restart the match.
  23. 23. Law 9: The Ball In and Out of Play The ball is out of play when it fully crosses either the goal line or the touch line. It is also out of play if the referee stops play for any reason. If, for any reason, the ball strikes the frame of the goal or the referee and remains within the goal and touch lines, it is still in play.
  24. 24. Law 10: The Method of Scoring A goal is scored when the entire ball has crossed the goal line within the frame of the goal. At the end of the match, the team with the most goals is the winner, barring the circumstantial necessity for extra time.
  25. 25. Law 11: Offside When an attacking player receives the ball while on his opponents half, he must be level or behind the second to last defender (the last typically being the goalkeeper). However, this rule only applies if he is involved with the play.
  26. 26. Law 12: Fouls and Misconduct A direct free kick is awarded when a player:  Kicks or attempts to kick an opponent  Trips or attempts to trip an opponent  Jumps at an opponent  Charges an opponent  Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent  Pushes an opponent  Tackles an opponent  Holds an opponent  Spits at an opponent  Handles the ball deliberately
  27. 27. Law 13: Free Kicks Free Kick is broken into two categories, direct and indirect. A direct kick can be shot directly into the opponent’s goal without touching another player. An indirect free kick is indicated by the referee raising his hand during the kick. An indirect kick can only go into the goal if it has subsequently been touched by another player before it enters the goal. The ball must be stationary for both types of kicks.
  28. 28. Law 14: The Penalty Kick A penalty kick is awarded either when a defensive player fouls an attacking player or commits a handball in his/her team’s penalty area. The penalty kick is placed at the penalty spot, and all players on both teams must remain outside the penalty box during the shot. They may enter the box immediately after the shot is taken. The goalkeeper may move horizontally along the goal line before the shot is taken, but he may not come off the line until the ball is struck.
  29. 29. Law 15: The Throw-In A throw-in is awarded when the possessing team plays the ball out of bounds over the touchline. While taking a throw-in, a player must release the ball with both hands simultaneously and keep both feet firmly planted on the ground. If these conditions are not met, play is stopped and the throw-in is given to the opposing team. Players are not allowed to score directly off a throw-in.
  30. 30. Law 16: The Goal Kick A goal kick is awarded when the offensive team plays the ball out of bounds over the defensive team’s goal line. After the ball is out of play, the defender or goalkeeper may place the ball anywhere within the six-yard goal box and kick the ball back into play.
  31. 31. Law 17: The Corner Kick A corner kick is awarded to the offensive team when the defensive team plays the ball out of bounds over its goal line. The ball is placed within the corner area and is kicked back into play by the offensive team. Players can score directly off a corner kick.
  32. 32. DIET PLAN
  33. 33. Every football player needs a big breakfast, for strength and conditioning . You need protein, carbs and fat at breakfast, but you should leave at least two hours between eating and playing to let it begin to digest properly. You can either opt for a whole-food meal, such as scrambled eggs with peanut butter on toast, some fruit and a glass of milk, or drink a liquid breakfast with a high- protein, high-carb smoothie consisting of protein powder, chocolate milk, nuts, fruit and yogurt.
  34. 34. If you're eating lunch before training or a game, you don't want the food to sit too heavily in your stomach, but you need to eat enough for energy. This means eating carb-dense foods along with a little protein. The Daily Meal, notes that favourite pre- game meal is grilled chicken, a baked potato, pasta with marinara sauce and broccoli, while you can also opt for oatmeal, fruit, a baked potato and some sausage. Players can also include sports drinks for extra carbs. Or else if they prefer to keep it simple then go by eating a plateful of fruit.
  35. 35. Aim for enough proteins, carbs and fats in combination to help you repair and recharge after a hard day of playing. As per experts, that you base your meals around lean proteins, plenty of vegetables and whole grains. For dinner, have a large mixed salad with a baked salmon fillet or a grilled turkey steak with carrots, broccoli and asparagus. Add some sweet or white potatoes, squash, brown rice or whole-wheat pasta for extra carbs.
  36. 36. Your diet may differ completely from other football players. Let your goals, the position you play, and how much you train dictate how much and what kind of food you eat. If you're trying to lose weight to get lighter, leaner and faster, you may want to cut down on your starchy carb, sugar and fat intake to help drop a few pounds. If you need to gain some mass and bulk up, you may need a mega menu, with big meals and plenty of calorie-dense snacks.
  37. 37. THE GREATEST FEMALE FOOTBALL PLAYERS OF ALL TIME
  38. 38. GOVERNING BODIES
  39. 39. SIX REGIONAL CONFEDERATIONS ARE ASSOCIATED WITH FIFA – Asia: Asian Football Confederation (AFC) – Africa: Confederation of African Football (CAF) – Central/North America & Caribbean: Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF; also known as The Football Confederation) – Europe: Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) – Oceania: Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) – South America: Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol (South American Football Confederation; CONMEBOL.
  40. 40. MAJOR INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIONS
  41. 41. WORLD: FIFA WORLD CUP; FIFA CLUB WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP; FIFA CONFEDERATIONS CUP
  42. 42. EUROPE: EUROPEAN CHAMPIONSHIP; UEFA CHAMPIONS LEAGUE; UEFA CUP
  43. 43. SOUTH AMERICA: COPA AMÉRICA; COPA LIBERTADORES
  44. 44. AFRICA: AFRICAN NATIONS CUP; CAF CHAMPIONS LEAGUE
  45. 45. ASIA: ASIAN CUP; AFC CHAMPIONS LEAGUE, AFC CHALLENGE CUP
  46. 46. NORTH/CENTRAL AMERICA & CARIBBEAN: CONCACAF GOLD CUP; CONCACAF CHAMPIONS CUP
  47. 47. OCEANIA: OCEANIA NATIONS CUP; OCEANIA CLUB CHAMPIONSHIP
  48. 48. CONCLUSION Women’s football has come a very long way since the early days but is still has very far to go. I believe women’s football will never receive the same recognition as men’s football but it will always remain unique.
  49. 49. THANK YOU

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