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Revision Guide
•The meaning of Salaah
•How does it begin and end
•The timings of each
prayer
•Disliked and Prohibited times
•Qadhaa
•Obligation of prayers
•Adhaan
•Sequence of Adhaan
•Sunnan… purity, beautiful voice..
•Supplication after the Adhaan
•Iqamah
•Pre-requisites of Salaah
•Taharah
•Ilm
•Covering the awrah
•Facing the Qiblah
•Knowledge of the time of the prayer
•Awrah to be covered
•Pillars of Salaah
•…Intention, standing,
Takbeeratul…
•Fatihah, rukoo..Standing after
rukoo
•Sajdah..
•Sitting between sujud…The final sitting..
•Tashahhud..Salaam on the Prophet..
Tasleem
•Sequence
•Sunnah
•Before the prayer
•During the Prayer
•After the Prayer
•Makruhat in the Salah
•Delaying prayer till the end of
its time
•Difference between the prayers of
men and women
•Invalidators of Salaah…Talking, not facing
qiblah anymore…
•Impurity.. Eating
•Sujud as sahw
•Sunnah to perform, no sin if not performed
•Prayer behind an Imam is protected
•Congregational prayer
•How to pray behind an Imam
Prayer of the traveler
•A Traveler can:
* Shorten his prayers
** Combine two prayers
Prayers that can be shortened
Zuhr
Asr
Isha
•Q-What If the prayer started before the
journey?
If a person is in his place of dwelling he should
offer the full prayer ...
A person can begin to shorten his
prayer once:
His journey has started
He is no more in his place of dwelling
•A resident can offer his prayers behind
an Imam who is a traveler; the imam has
to inform the people though.
•A traveler ...
•Order of the prayers should be maintained
•The intention should be there to join the
prayers before joining them
•Offered...
•A traveler can shorten his
prayers until he returns home
Unless he is going to stay out for
more than four days
•One should intend to combine his
prayers at the time of the first
prayer; if failed to do so, then the
first prayer is pe...
The trip should be at least 81 km
Destination should be known
Travel should not be for disobeying Allaah
Joining prayers
•During rain, one should join the prayers in
the first time
•One should not delay it till the 2nd prayer’s...
Friday
Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated that Allah’s
Messenger (PBUH) said, “The best day on which
the sun rises is Friday; on i...
Conditions:
Male
Sane
Adult
Healthy
Resident
Free
Other conditions:
•Must be held in a dwelling community; at least
40 people
Prayer of those in desert or villagers isn’t
c...
Two integrals of Friday prayer
1- 2 sermons with gap (standing)
2- Sermons should be during the time of
Zuhr prayer
3-Must...
•General manners
Surah Al Kahf
Increased duaa
Salaat on the Prophet
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Fiqh of Prayer - Review Slides

  1. 1. Revision Guide
  2. 2. •The meaning of Salaah •How does it begin and end
  3. 3. •The timings of each prayer
  4. 4. •Disliked and Prohibited times
  5. 5. •Qadhaa •Obligation of prayers
  6. 6. •Adhaan •Sequence of Adhaan •Sunnan… purity, beautiful voice.. •Supplication after the Adhaan
  7. 7. •Iqamah
  8. 8. •Pre-requisites of Salaah •Taharah •Ilm •Covering the awrah •Facing the Qiblah
  9. 9. •Knowledge of the time of the prayer •Awrah to be covered
  10. 10. •Pillars of Salaah •…Intention, standing, Takbeeratul… •Fatihah, rukoo..Standing after rukoo •Sajdah..
  11. 11. •Sitting between sujud…The final sitting.. •Tashahhud..Salaam on the Prophet.. Tasleem •Sequence
  12. 12. •Sunnah •Before the prayer •During the Prayer •After the Prayer
  13. 13. •Makruhat in the Salah •Delaying prayer till the end of its time
  14. 14. •Difference between the prayers of men and women
  15. 15. •Invalidators of Salaah…Talking, not facing qiblah anymore… •Impurity.. Eating
  16. 16. •Sujud as sahw •Sunnah to perform, no sin if not performed •Prayer behind an Imam is protected
  17. 17. •Congregational prayer •How to pray behind an Imam
  18. 18. Prayer of the traveler •A Traveler can: * Shorten his prayers ** Combine two prayers
  19. 19. Prayers that can be shortened Zuhr Asr Isha
  20. 20. •Q-What If the prayer started before the journey? If a person is in his place of dwelling he should offer the full prayer as long as: He is in his area or home location
  21. 21. A person can begin to shorten his prayer once: His journey has started He is no more in his place of dwelling
  22. 22. •A resident can offer his prayers behind an Imam who is a traveler; the imam has to inform the people though. •A traveler has to offer his prayers in full behind a resident Imam
  23. 23. •Order of the prayers should be maintained •The intention should be there to join the prayers before joining them •Offered consecutively without pause
  24. 24. •A traveler can shorten his prayers until he returns home Unless he is going to stay out for more than four days
  25. 25. •One should intend to combine his prayers at the time of the first prayer; if failed to do so, then the first prayer is performed as Qadhaa and one is susceptible to sin for not praying it on time
  26. 26. The trip should be at least 81 km Destination should be known Travel should not be for disobeying Allaah
  27. 27. Joining prayers •During rain, one should join the prayers in the first time •One should not delay it till the 2nd prayer’s time, because the rain could stop
  28. 28. Friday Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said, “The best day on which the sun rises is Friday; on it Adam (AS) was created; and on it, he descended on earth; and on it, his repentance was accepted; and on it, he died; and on it, the Hour will be established…..”
  29. 29. Conditions: Male Sane Adult Healthy Resident Free
  30. 30. Other conditions: •Must be held in a dwelling community; at least 40 people Prayer of those in desert or villagers isn’t considered Friday •Should be performed at the time of Zuhr prayer •Prayer should be held in one place in a town
  31. 31. Two integrals of Friday prayer 1- 2 sermons with gap (standing) 2- Sermons should be during the time of Zuhr prayer 3-Must be in Arabic 4-Delivered in Purity
  32. 32. •General manners Surah Al Kahf Increased duaa Salaat on the Prophet

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