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CHAPTER 17
  Misfortunes
       in
Madrid (1890-91)
Failure to Get Justice for the Family

                    • Asociacion Hispano-
                      Filipina
          ...
• Rizal’s interview with Minister Fabie
  – Nothing happened


• “To cover the ears, open the purse and fold
  the arms- t...
Bad News from Calamba
• Letter from Silvestre Ubaldo (Rizal’s brother-in-
  law)
   – Copy of ejectment order by Dominican...
Bad News from Calamba
• Saturnina’s letter
  – Ejection of their parents from home
  – Parents living in Narcisa’s house

...
Queen Regent Maria Cristina
Death of Panganiban
     • Jose Maria Panganiban
       – Co-worker of Rizal in the
         Propaganda Movement
       – ...
Duels
Antonio Luna
   • Drunk A. Luna
   • Frustrated romance
     w/ Nellie Boustead
– Reason for duel:
   • bad remarks ...
RIZAL



        Felix Resurrecion Hidalgo




                                    Pardo de Tavera
1
ANTONIO LUNA
Duels
• Wenceslao E. Retana
     • Talented Spanish scholar
     • Press agent of the friars in Spain
     • Rizal’s bitte...
Leonor Rivera’s Infidelity
• Teatro Apolo
  – Rizal lost his gold watch chain w/
  locket w/ Leonor Rivera’s picture
  in ...
Rizal-Del Pilar Rivalry
          • Marcelo H. Del Pilar
             – Lawyer-journalist

             – Gained prestige ...
From left to right:
Jose Rizal
M.H. del Pilar
Mariano Ponce
GRACIANO LOPEZ JAENA
Rizal’s Leadership
• Rizal’s Idealism (To
  win Spanish people’s respect
  and prestige for the
  Propaganda Movement)
   ...
• Del Pilar’s editorial policy- contrary to Rizal’s
  political views

• Meeting (January 1,1891):
   – Aversion of Rizal-...
Rizal Turns Down Leadership
• Election for Responsable (1st week of Feb. 1891)-
   – Rizalistas vs. Pilaristas
   – Rizal ...
ADIOS MADRID

• Rizal saw Madrid for the LAST TIME
• Vacation in Biarritz
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Chapter 17 of Rizal's Life Works and Writings
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Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)

  1. 1. CHAPTER 17 Misfortunes in Madrid (1890-91)
  2. 2. Failure to Get Justice for the Family • Asociacion Hispano- Filipina Sought • Liberal Spanish help newspapers • La Justicia, El Globo, La Republica, El Resumen, etc. •Secure justice Why? •For oppressed Calamba tenants & family
  3. 3. • Rizal’s interview with Minister Fabie – Nothing happened • “To cover the ears, open the purse and fold the arms- this is the Spanish colonial policy.” -El Resumen (a Madrid newspaper)
  4. 4. Bad News from Calamba • Letter from Silvestre Ubaldo (Rizal’s brother-in- law) – Copy of ejectment order by Dominicans against Rizal’s father & the Calamba tenants • Saturnina’s letter – Deportation to Mindoro • Paciano Rizal • Antonio Lopez • Silvestre Ubaldo • Teong (Mateo Elejorde) • Dandoy (Rizal’s relative)
  5. 5. Bad News from Calamba • Saturnina’s letter – Ejection of their parents from home – Parents living in Narcisa’s house • Blumentritt – Urged Rizal to see Queen Regent Maria Cristina
  6. 6. Queen Regent Maria Cristina
  7. 7. Death of Panganiban • Jose Maria Panganiban – Co-worker of Rizal in the Propaganda Movement – Bicol hero – Died 27 years old in Barcelona – Feliciano Gonzales Timbang (died in 1889) also died the same day Panganiban did
  8. 8. Duels Antonio Luna • Drunk A. Luna • Frustrated romance w/ Nellie Boustead – Reason for duel: • bad remarks -> Nellie Boustead • which Rizal didn’t like – ABORTED DUEL – Resolution: • Upon soberness of Luna, apologies gave way to resolution • Restored friendship with Rizal
  9. 9. RIZAL Felix Resurrecion Hidalgo Pardo de Tavera
  10. 10. 1 ANTONIO LUNA
  11. 11. Duels • Wenceslao E. Retana • Talented Spanish scholar • Press agent of the friars in Spain • Rizal’s bitter enemy of the pen Reason for Rizal’s challenging to duel: • Retana’s article in La Epoca : – Rizal’s family’s and friends’ ejection because of not paying rents DUEL ABORTED • WHY? – Rizal- superior in both pistol and sword Resolution: • written retraction and apology in newspapers by Retana
  12. 12. Leonor Rivera’s Infidelity • Teatro Apolo – Rizal lost his gold watch chain w/ locket w/ Leonor Rivera’s picture in it • Letter from Leonor Rivera – (Winter, December 1890) announcement of marriage to an Englishman – Asking for forgiveness
  13. 13. Rizal-Del Pilar Rivalry • Marcelo H. Del Pilar – Lawyer-journalist – Gained prestige in Madrird for editorials in La Solidaridad – Purchased La Solidaridad (fortnightly periodical) from Pablo Rianzares – Replaced Graciano Lopez Jaena as editor
  14. 14. From left to right: Jose Rizal M.H. del Pilar Mariano Ponce
  15. 15. GRACIANO LOPEZ JAENA
  16. 16. Rizal’s Leadership • Rizal’s Idealism (To win Spanish people’s respect and prestige for the Propaganda Movement) – High standards of… • morality • dignity • spirit of sacrifice – Some Rizal’s supporters  del Pilar’s supporters • WHY? – RIZAL’S IDEALISM’s interference w/ private lives » Women » Wine » Cards
  17. 17. • Del Pilar’s editorial policy- contrary to Rizal’s political views • Meeting (January 1,1891): – Aversion of Rizal-del Pilar break-up – Campaign for reform – Responsable (decided by 2/3 vote of Filipino community) • Editorial policy (abandoned: del Pilar opposed) • Directs Filipino community affairs
  18. 18. Rizal Turns Down Leadership • Election for Responsable (1st week of Feb. 1891)- – Rizalistas vs. Pilaristas – Rizal leads election’s first 2 days – Mariano Ponce’s appeal  Rizal’s victory (3rd day) – Turned down position  avoid disunity
  19. 19. ADIOS MADRID • Rizal saw Madrid for the LAST TIME • Vacation in Biarritz
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