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MOOQ and the
Quality of MOOCs:
How it started and continues
Introduction @ MOOQ Conference
in Athens, 2018-07-13
by Christ...
Open CC License for
sharing & re-using slides
This work is free to share under the creative commons licence:
"Attribution ...
Open University of the Netherlands
Global cooperation: ECNU & KNOU
Global initiative ICORE for OR & OE
International WLS /...
MOOQ and the
Quality of MOOCs:
What are we
talking about?
Two core factors:
1. Globalisation &
2. Worldwide Internet
The Digital Age
Photo: https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/d...
Global Competitions and societal changes
Close the gaps
& open new
opportunities
Challenges:
Learn to Learn
Internationali...
We need
Change
in Education!
To improve
Quality
in Education!
Open Education (OE):
Innovations for changing
& opening up education
to improve the quality
Goal 4:
Inclusive and quality education
Sustainable dev goals
www.sustainabledevelopmentgoals.org
Goal 4:
Inclusive and quality education
Sustainable dev goals
What is
Quality
Education?
What is
Quality?
A simple
experiment ...
A simple
experiment ...
Quality
cannot be defined
... except through adaptation
to your situation and context!
Quality Standard with Reference Process Model:
Standard:ISO/IEC 40180
Communication
concept
Needs Analysis
Conception /
De...
Example of required adaptation:
Standard:ISO/IEC 40180
Communication
concept
Needs Analysis
Conception /
Design
Developmen...
MOOQ and the
Quality of MOOCs:
What are we
talking about?
A first answer:
MOOCs are
Open Education
What is
Open
Education?
Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/
Visionary
Open
innovations
Dimensions
of Openness
Open
standards
Open
resources
Open
licensing
Open
recognition
Open
avail...
Visionary
New
potentials
Dimensions
of Openness
New
frameworks
New products
Re-usage
for free
New awarding
Equity for all
...
Visionary
New
potentials
Dimensions
of Openness
New
frameworks
New products
Re-usage
for free
New awarding
Equity for all
...
1960s: Open Classrooms
1960s: Open Universities
1990s: Open Educational Resources
2000s: Open Collaboration & MOOCs
2010s:...
Do not to forget the long-term history:
1000 BCE - : Open Educational Practices
• Open discourse (Confucius, Socrates)
180...
We need Open
Quality Education!
We need Open
Quality Education!
... with fun!
A second answer:
MOOCs are
Open Educational
Resources (OER)
What are
Open Educational
Resources (OER)?
Open Educational Resources (OER)
• 2012: 1st World OER Congress:
Paris OER declaration by UNESCO
• 2017: 2nd World OER Con...
Open Educational Resources (OER) are any type
of educational materials that are in the public
domain or introduced with an...
Key benefits of OER:
• OER are openly and freely available
• OER can be used by open license
• OER can be re-used and adap...
What are
MOOCs?
Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/catspyjamasnz/
Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/gforsythe/
What are MOOCs?
Mass...
Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/-ed/
And the Quality
of MOOCs?
Many issues
are leading
to high
drop-out
rates (>90%)
What is the Future
of MOOCs?
MOOCs are dead!
(Stracke, 2017 - and
long live the MOOCs!)
MOOCs are the
educational
buzzword...
What is the Future
of MOOCs?
The fact is:
Number of MOOCs, MOOC learners
and MOOC providers are growing
until today
(Class...
What is
?
MOOQ for the quality of MOOCs:
“We will make MOOCs better”
Quality Reference Framework with
indicators for design & compar...
Coordinator & QRF
development lead
ENS
UAb
NQIS
HOU
OUNL
OUNL
HOU
NQIS
UAb
ENS
MOOC development
& QRF contributor
Standard...
Mixed Method
Research with many
sources & externals
RESEARCH
QRF DESIGN
PILOTING
STANDARD
STEP 4
STEP 3
2 STEP
1 STEP
Deve...
Quality Reference
Framework (QRF)
for MOOCs
The Quality Reference Framework
Dimension 1: Phases Analysis, Design, Implementation, Realization, Evaluation
Dimension 2:...
Analysis of the
needs and
demands for
the MOOC
DESIGN REALIZATION
ANALYSIS
IMPLEMENTATION
EVALUATION
Design
decisions on a...
First References for GMQS
Stracke, C. M., et al. (2018). Gap between MOOC designers' and MOOC
learners' perspectives on in...
Conclusions
Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/
We need …
1. Education to change
2. Quality Education
MOOQ & Open Education
facilitate these changes
Open Education is a Vision
that is happening!
Quality is most important
for your situation & learners
Inclusion and equity...
christian.stracke@ou.nl
@ChrMStracke
www.opening-up.education
Let us cooperate!
www.opening-up.education
Let us connect!
© Sabine Dertinger
Thank you!
Questions?
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2018-07-13 MOOQ Conference in Athens MOOQ and the Quality of MOOCs - How it started and continues Stracke

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2018-07-13 Introduction at MOOQ Conference in Athens on MOOQ and the Quality of MOOCs - How it started and continues by Christian M. Stracke from OUNL

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2018-07-13 MOOQ Conference in Athens MOOQ and the Quality of MOOCs - How it started and continues Stracke

  1. 1. MOOQ and the Quality of MOOCs: How it started and continues Introduction @ MOOQ Conference in Athens, 2018-07-13 by Christian M. Stracke Open University of the Netherlands
  2. 2. Open CC License for sharing & re-using slides This work is free to share under the creative commons licence: "Attribution – Noncommercial – Share Alike 3.0" You can copy, distribute and transmit the work under the following conditions: 1. Attribution – 2. Noncommercial – 3. Share Alike Licence: Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike Some rights reserved, see: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/
  3. 3. Open University of the Netherlands Global cooperation: ECNU & KNOU Global initiative ICORE for OR & OE International WLS / LINQ Conference eLC European Institute ICDE Chair in OER Dr. Christian M. Stracke: Open Learning & Education, Innovations, Policies, Quality & Competences, Impact
  4. 4. MOOQ and the Quality of MOOCs: What are we talking about?
  5. 5. Two core factors: 1. Globalisation & 2. Worldwide Internet The Digital Age Photo: https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/digital-life/education
  6. 6. Global Competitions and societal changes Close the gaps & open new opportunities Challenges: Learn to Learn Internationalization Figure: http://www.weforum.org/issues/global-competitiveness
  7. 7. We need Change in Education!
  8. 8. To improve Quality in Education!
  9. 9. Open Education (OE): Innovations for changing & opening up education to improve the quality
  10. 10. Goal 4: Inclusive and quality education Sustainable dev goals www.sustainabledevelopmentgoals.org
  11. 11. Goal 4: Inclusive and quality education Sustainable dev goals
  12. 12. What is Quality Education?
  13. 13. What is Quality?
  14. 14. A simple experiment ...
  15. 15. A simple experiment ...
  16. 16. Quality cannot be defined ... except through adaptation to your situation and context!
  17. 17. Quality Standard with Reference Process Model: Standard:ISO/IEC 40180 Communication concept Needs Analysis Conception / Design Development / Production Implementation Framework Analysis Learning Process / Realization Initiation Media realization Technical realization Design realization Content realizationAnalysis of the external context Testing of learning resources Learning objectives Stakeholder identification Concept for contents Definition of objectives Demand analysis Time and budget planning Environment analysis Activities Organization of use Activation of learning resources Adaptation of learning resourcesDidactical concept/ methods Organizational concept Roles and activities Technical concept Concept for media and interaction design Media Concept Technical infrastructure Review of competencies levels Concept for tests and evaluation Analysis of staff resources Evaluation / Optimization Planning Realization Analysis Optimization / improvement Analysis of the institutional and organizational context Analysis of target groups Concept for maintenance Administration Maintenance
  18. 18. Example of required adaptation: Standard:ISO/IEC 40180 Communication concept Needs Analysis Conception / Design Development / Production Implementation Framework Analysis Learning Process / Realization Initiation Media realization Technical realization Design realization Content realizationAnalysis of the external context Testing of learning resources Learning objectives Stakeholder identification Concept for contents Definition of objectives Demand analysis Time and budget planning Environment analysis Activities Organization of use Activation of learning resources Adaptation of learning resources Didactical concept/ methods Organizational concept Roles and activities Technical concept Concept for media and interaction design Media Concept Technical infrastructure Review of competencies levels Concept for tests and evaluation Analysis of staff resources Evaluation / Optimization Planning Realization Analysis Optimization / improvement Analysis of the institutional and organizational context Analysis of target groups Concept for maintenance Administration Maintenance
  19. 19. MOOQ and the Quality of MOOCs: What are we talking about?
  20. 20. A first answer: MOOCs are Open Education
  21. 21. What is Open Education?
  22. 22. Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/
  23. 23. Visionary Open innovations Dimensions of Openness Open standards Open resources Open licensing Open recognition Open availability Open technologies Open methodologies Open access Stracke, C. M. (2018). How can Open Education improve learning quality and achieve impact for learners, organizations and in society?
  24. 24. Visionary New potentials Dimensions of Openness New frameworks New products Re-usage for free New awarding Equity for all New services New approaches Removing restrictions Stracke, C. M. (2018). How can Open Education improve learning quality and achieve impact for learners, organizations and in society?
  25. 25. Visionary New potentials Dimensions of Openness New frameworks New products Re-usage for free New awarding Equity for all New services New approaches Removing restrictions Assessment Policies Flipping Inclusion ISO/IEC 40180 CC licenses Commu- nities OER MOOCs Stracke, C. M. (2018). How can Open Education improve learning quality and achieve impact for learners, organizations and in society?
  26. 26. 1960s: Open Classrooms 1960s: Open Universities 1990s: Open Educational Resources 2000s: Open Collaboration & MOOCs 2010s: Open Educational Practices Now: Open Educational Environments Waves of OE Stracke, C. M. (2018). How can Open Education improve learning quality and achieve impact for learners, organizations and in society?
  27. 27. Do not to forget the long-term history: 1000 BCE - : Open Educational Practices • Open discourse (Confucius, Socrates) 1800 CE - : Open Learning • Progressive theory (Pestalozzi, Humboldt) • Competence building (Piaget, Vygotsky) Open Education (OE)
  28. 28. We need Open Quality Education!
  29. 29. We need Open Quality Education! ... with fun!
  30. 30. A second answer: MOOCs are Open Educational Resources (OER)
  31. 31. What are Open Educational Resources (OER)?
  32. 32. Open Educational Resources (OER) • 2012: 1st World OER Congress: Paris OER declaration by UNESCO • 2017: 2nd World OER Congress OER to share and re-use
  33. 33. Open Educational Resources (OER) are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license. The nature of these open materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them. OERs range from textbooks to curricula, syllabi, lecture notes, assignments, tests, projects, audio, video and animation. OER definition by UNESCO: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/access-to-knowledge/open-educational-resources/what-are-open-educational-resources-oers OER definition
  34. 34. Key benefits of OER: • OER are openly and freely available • OER can be used by open license • OER can be re-used and adapted • OER are supporting colleagues • OER are recognised by colleagues Benefits of OER
  35. 35. What are MOOCs?
  36. 36. Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/catspyjamasnz/ Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/gforsythe/ What are MOOCs? Massive (?) Open (?) Online (?) Courses (?)
  37. 37. Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/-ed/ And the Quality of MOOCs? Many issues are leading to high drop-out rates (>90%)
  38. 38. What is the Future of MOOCs? MOOCs are dead! (Stracke, 2017 - and long live the MOOCs!) MOOCs are the educational buzzword of 2012 (Daniel, 2012)
  39. 39. What is the Future of MOOCs? The fact is: Number of MOOCs, MOOC learners and MOOC providers are growing until today (Class Central, 2018)
  40. 40. What is ?
  41. 41. MOOQ for the quality of MOOCs: “We will make MOOCs better” Quality Reference Framework with indicators for design & comparison www.MOOC-quality.eu Frameworks: MOOQ
  42. 42. Coordinator & QRF development lead ENS UAb NQIS HOU OUNL OUNL HOU NQIS UAb ENS MOOC development & QRF contributor Standardization & QRF contributor Research & QRF contributor Research & QRF contributor
  43. 43. Mixed Method Research with many sources & externals RESEARCH QRF DESIGN PILOTING STANDARD STEP 4 STEP 3 2 STEP 1 STEP Development and refinement of QRF with practitioners & experts worldwide Development of two MOOCs for testing the QRF Proposal for QRF as European CEN & international ISO standard
  44. 44. Quality Reference Framework (QRF) for MOOCs
  45. 45. The Quality Reference Framework Dimension 1: Phases Analysis, Design, Implementation, Realization, Evaluation Dimension 2: Perspectives Pedagogical, Technological, and Strategic Dimension 3: Roles Designer, Facilitator, and Provider
  46. 46. Analysis of the needs and demands for the MOOC DESIGN REALIZATION ANALYSIS IMPLEMENTATION EVALUATION Design decisions on all aspects of the MOOC Development of the MOOC following the design Running of the MOOC with all learning and facilitation processes Parallel ongoing evaluation of all other four phases The Quality Reference Framework
  47. 47. First References for GMQS Stracke, C. M., et al. (2018). Gap between MOOC designers' and MOOC learners' perspectives on interaction and experiences in MOOCs: Findings from the Global MOOC Quality Survey. In M. Chang, N.-S. Chen, R. Huang, Kinshuk, K. Moudgalya, S. Murthy, & D. G. Sampson (Eds.), Proceedings 18th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT) (pp. 1-5). IEEE: Computer Society. DOI 10.1109/ICALT.2018.0000 Stracke, C. M., & Tan, E. (2018). The Quality of Open Online Learning and Education: Towards a Quality Reference Framework for MOOCs. In J. Kay, & R. Luckin (Eds.), Rethinking learning in the digital age. Making the Learning Sciences Count: The International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS) 2018 (pp. 1029-1032). London: ISLS. Stracke, C. M. et al. (2017). The Quality of Open Online Education: Towards a Reference Framework for MOOCs. In Proceedings of 2017 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON) (pp. 1712-1715). IEEE Xplore. DOI: 10.1109/EDUCON.2017.7943080 To be continued …
  48. 48. Conclusions
  49. 49. Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/
  50. 50. We need … 1. Education to change 2. Quality Education MOOQ & Open Education facilitate these changes
  51. 51. Open Education is a Vision that is happening! Quality is most important for your situation & learners Inclusion and equity for all to improve our Global Society!
  52. 52. christian.stracke@ou.nl @ChrMStracke www.opening-up.education Let us cooperate!
  53. 53. www.opening-up.education Let us connect! © Sabine Dertinger
  54. 54. Thank you! Questions?

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