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OSH.pptx

  1. 1. OSH
  2. 2. OSH • Occupational Safety and Health –Promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental, and social well-being of workers in all occupations - Prevention among its workers of any departures from health caused by their working conditions - Protection among workers in their employment from risks usually from factors adverse to health - Placing and maintenance of the worker in an occupational environment adapted to his/her physiological ability
  3. 3. HAZARD and RISK Example: The HAZARD, the source of potential or threat, is the water spillage itself as it might cause someone to slip and get injured. On the other hand, the probability that someone will actually slip because of the water spillage is a RISK.
  4. 4. Identifying Hazards 1. Slips, Trips and Falls a. Slipping is commonly caused by spills on the floor leaving it wet and presence of small objects like pen caps or paper clips that are left scattered. b. Falling accidents are usually caused by improper use of office furnishing or equipment being used as step ladder when working or reaching objects at height c. Tripping are wires running down near through the walkway or aisle
  5. 5. Identifying Hazards 2. Fire-the common cause of fire in the office is generally electrical faults
  6. 6. Identifying Hazards 3. Ergonomic Injuries a. Work-related musculoskeletal (WMDS) • Repetitive motion injuries • Repetitive strain injuries • Cumulative trauma disorders • Occupational cervicobrachial disorders • Overuse syndrome • Regional musculoskeletal disorders • Soft tissue disorders
  7. 7. Proper Work Station Ergonomics
  8. 8. Proper Work Station Ergonomics
  9. 9. 7 Things You Need for an Ergonomically Correct Workstation 1. A comfortable chair that supports your spine
  10. 10. 7 Things You Need for an Ergonomically Correct Workstation 1. A comfortable chair that supports your spine 2. A desk set at the proper height for using your keyboard
  11. 11. 7 Things You Need for an Ergonomically Correct Workstation 1. A comfortable chair that supports your spine 2. A desk set at the proper height for using your keyboard 3. An external, ergonomic keyboard
  12. 12. 7 Things You Need for an Ergonomically Correct Workstation 1. A comfortable chair that supports your spine 2. A desk set at the proper height for using your keyboard 3. An external, ergonomic keyboard 4. A mouse that fits your hand
  13. 13. 7 Things You Need for an Ergonomically Correct Workstation 1. A comfortable chair that supports your spine 2. A desk set at the proper height for using your keyboard 3. An external, ergonomic keyboard 4. A mouse that fits your hand 5. A display set at a comfortable height, within arm’s reach
  14. 14. 7 Things You Need for an Ergonomically Correct Workstation 1. A comfortable chair that supports your spine 2. A desk set at the proper height for using your keyboard 3. An external, ergonomic keyboard 4. A mouse that fits your hand 5. A display set at a comfortable height, within arm’s reach 6. Good lighting
  15. 15. 7 Things You Need for an Ergonomically Correct Workstation 1. A comfortable chair that supports your spine 2. A desk set at the proper height for using your keyboard 3. An external, ergonomic keyboard 4. A mouse that fits your hand 5. A display set at a comfortable height, within arm’s reach 6. Good lighting 7. Anything that helps you reduce stress while you’re working
  16. 16. Identifying Hazards 4. Eye Strain The most common risks present in the workplace even at home. You can minimize the risk by: • Reduce glare on monitors by lowering light levels or by closing blinds on windows • Adjust monitor position slightly below eye level at appropriate angle • Take a 5-10 minute break for every hour spent staring at the monitor, focusing your eyes at varying distances • Increase computer font size
  17. 17. Identifying Hazards 5. Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) • Air-conditioned room-common risks involved in this kind of hazard ranges from allergies, chemical sensitivity to occupational asthma and other respiratory disorder. • Overcrowding-it affects humidity and temperature of the room
  18. 18. SYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING HAZARDS • ENGINEERING CONTROLS This involves controlling the hazard right at its source. Whenever applicable and feasible, the equipment and facility used to perform the job is customized, fabricated, or manufactured in such way that it removes, isolates, or minimizes the risk involved.
  19. 19. SYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING HAZARDS • SAFE WORK PRACTICES This perhaps is the most cost effective and practical system that can be implemented. It involves establishing certain rules and regulations regarding carrying out all tasks in a safe manner. This may also require training and educating workers to enforce the practice.
  20. 20. SYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING HAZARDS • ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROLS The type of control goes hand in hand with safe work practices. Though seemingly the same, administrative control may refer to additional measure or organization policies that aim to reduce organization-wide hazards and risks.
  21. 21. SYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING HAZARDS • PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) While the use of PPE may not be a necessity when working in an office environment, it might be noteworthy to know what PPEs are and what kind of PPE applies to specific tasks in the office. Most common PPE that could be found in the workplace, whether in an office environment or heavy industry or construction site are helmets, gloves, and safety shoes or rubber shoes.
  22. 22. SYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING HAZARDS • SYSTEMS TO TRACK HAZARD CORRECTION This refers to a well-defined system of identifying, tracking, and documenting hazards and the corrections made to reduce, if not to completely eliminate it.
  23. 23. SYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING HAZARDS • PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE SYSTEMS A good and reliable preventive maintenance program should be in place to ensure that hazards controls currently implemented are always functioning well. This involves strict, regular monitoring and replacements (where applicable) of controls that are in place even before it needs repair.
  24. 24. SYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING HAZARDS • EMERGENCY PREPARATION An emergency is a situation where a threat to life or property is present. This is mostly an unsuspecting or unexpected event such as accident or an event brought by natural calamity or disaster like typhoons and quakes. The key to reduce or minimize the loss of life and property is by preparing for it.
  25. 25. SYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING HAZARDS • MEDICAL PROGRAMS This is important part of health and safety system. Such program can either be in-house, like in large organizations, or through certain arrangements with local medical facility. Other than medical treatment, in case of emergencies, medical programs control and promote the general health of the workers in an organization, something which is clearly an OHS concern. Example: Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)
  26. 26. EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE

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