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Lightning Round: Environmental Justice

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Lightning Round: Environmental Justice

  1. 1. Trees as a measure of equity
  2. 2. Median Income and Canopy Coverage
  3. 3. Population living in poverty Phase 1
  4. 4. redlining
  5. 5. Phase 1 Phase 1
  6. 6. SpoCanopy’s goal is to equitably increase urban canopy by planting street trees in low canopy, low-income neighborhoods
  7. 7. Street Trees - Class II
  8. 8. SpoCanopy Process and Phases
  9. 9. Canvassing, Phase 2 James, TLC’s outreach intern, canvassing neighborhoods 2020
  10. 10. Phase 3 & 4
  11. 11. Phase 5
  12. 12. Challenges and Opportunities to Increase Canopy in Low Equity Neighborhoods in Syracuse, NY Tree Equity Map 2022 Redlining Map of 1940
  13. 13. 2020 Urban Forest Master Plan Adopted April 27, 2022!! 1. Increase canopy 7%, start in low equity areas 2. Improve forest health and resiliency 3. Create a culture of urban forest stewardship
  14. 14. Master Plan Implementation AMERICAN RESCUE PLAN: $2 million for urban forests • Plant 3,600 trees, focus on low canopy areas • Improve site conditions • Pruning 4,500 young trees Budget increases: Tree-friendly streetscapes: $470K Natural areas restoration: $130K New Forestry Technician position 3 YEARS to spend funds and transition to next step!
  15. 15. GAINS LOSSES 1% canopy loss from 2013 to 2019 City owned vacant lot portfolio: • 1,000+ parcels and growing • 5,749 acres in city ownership
  16. 16. 26-29% canopy since the 1980s 1999 890,000 trees 2014 1,600,000 trees
  17. 17. 113 trees per mile 52 trees per mile 31% canopy cover 28% canopy cover SEDGWICK BRIGHTON
  18. 18. S Salina Business District before Turning down the heat in business districts After
  19. 19. Tree Friendly Streetscapes Asphalt removal, trenching and planting (a week from now) CU Soil used as tunnel for roots
  20. 20. Site plan for infill housing with proposed planting sites
  21. 21. Vacant lots as permanent urban forests small scale Clearing Grading & seeding Fencing Planting Philadelphia Landcare: The Treatment
  22. 22. The Southwest Neighborhood Tree friendly streetscapes New housing and new trees 20 blighted vacant lots: clear forest patch, replant Business district overhaul Gravel lot. Converted to canopy
  23. 23. Connecting it all with an edible green network Planting foragable landscapes with the community: Persimmon, paw paw, hickory, service berry, currents, ramps Southwest activity hub
  24. 24. Community and workforce programs legitimize our forestry program
  25. 25. From I-81 to a Community Grid Steve Harris, City Arborist Syracuse Parks sharris@syrgov.net (315) 956-3081
  26. 26. A Vision of Tree Equity Dr. Heather McMillen State of Hawai‘i Forestry & Wildlife Insights from Hawaiʻi Co-Authors: Miranda Hutten, Pōhaku Kepler, Brayden Aki
  27. 27. Photo Credit: KPCW
  28. 28. Credit: EarthDefine LLC, US Forest Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, HI Division of Forestry and Wildlife. 2021. Hawaii High Resolution 1m Tree Canopy Map [ESRI file geodatabase raster format], 2009-2020. Hawai‘i Tree Canopy layer created by EarthDefine based on Maxar VIVID imagery and LiDAR data where available Household Income (U.S. Dollars) 25k - 57k 57k - 76k 76k - 92k 92k -110k 110k -162k
  29. 29. Tree Canopy and Schools 1/2 mile radius around schools shadier, safer walks to school
  30. 30. Hawaiʻi is Diverse Cultures Biology Geography Tagalog Ilocano Japanese Hawaiian Other Samoan Korean Chinese Spanish Languages Other Than English Spoken at Home
  31. 31. Invasive Species Photo Credit: Jim Denny Photo Credit: PF Bentley/Civil Beat Endemic Species Ōhiʻa Lehua Albizia
  32. 32. Diverse Biogeography Waiʻanae 22 inches Maunawili 73 inches Seattle 37 inches
  33. 33. Acknowledge the Injustice
  34. 34. Enduring Legacies 1893 Illegal Overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom United States Public Law: 103-150 Photo Credit: Ed Greevy, Speech on the Beach, 1993
  35. 35. Our Vision of Tree Equity Indigenous Stewardship and Kinship Photo Credit: Elyse Butler
  36. 36. Food Medicine Carving Weaving Building Hula Family Ancestors Gods Biocultural Continuity Photo Credit: Hoʻoulu ʻĀina
  37. 37. Food Sovereignty 90% food is imported 48% families food insecure Photo Credit: NiU NOW!
  38. 38. Achieving Tree Equity Biocultural Continuity Food Sovereignty Restoring Relationships
  39. 39. Mahalo! Thank You! heather.l.mcmillen@hawaii.gov w. kaulunani.org ig. @kaulunani
  40. 40. Planting Trees in Common Ground Priority Area Identification and Coalition Building Tom Ebeling, Openlands Community Arborist
  41. 41. 47 • Providers and Creators of access to nature for ALL • Conveners and Connectors of communities and organizations Openlands:
  42. 42. TreePlanters Grant 48 • Available to everybody in Chicago and South Suburbs of Cook County • Remove barriers for communities that want trees. • By 2018, mapping of plantings revealed pronounced gap in grant applications and plantings.
  43. 43. Priority Area: Southwest Side 49 • Lower than average tree canopy • High population density • Heavy industry • Transportation hub • Frequent flooding • Low park access • Lack of TreePlanters Grant applications
  44. 44. Priority Area: Southwest Side 50 • Strong sense of community • Extremely engaged and active residents • Many active community-based organizations
  45. 45. 51 Make Specific Goals Walk the Walk Build Capacity to meet those goals Engagement Techniques
  46. 46. 52 Do not attempt to reinvent the wheel Find others seeking to provide resources; Support them! Do not assume you are the only ones interested in trees Engagement Techniques
  47. 47. 53 Tap in to strong, existing communities
  48. 48. Outreach Events 54 • Ask what sort of events the communities want • Use events to identify allies within the communities
  49. 49. 55 • Geographically • Culturally Meet Folks Where They Are
  50. 50. 56 Compensate partners for their time and expertise Empower, Don’t Extract
  51. 51. 57 • Find ways to collaborate • Highlight your common ground and build a project together Introduce Your Partners!
  52. 52. Take the Back Seat Find out where your partners want to plant and why. 58
  53. 53. 59 • Check-in regularly • Invite to your events, support theirs • Celebrate and communicate your accomplishments Do Not Walk Away 72 16 14 64 63 36 25 125 269 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 # Priority Area Trees Year Thank You for Coming! tebeling@openlands.org 312-863-6289

Notes de l'éditeur

  • Introduce yo’ self
  • Rich Americans enjoy more greenery in their environment compared with people in lower-income communities. This trend is present in cities across the country.
  • This a map published by the Washinton Departmet of Health shows the % of people living in federal poverty. There is a clear concentration in NE and East Central of Spokane

    Racially diverse
    The Washington Environmental Health Disparities Map is an interactive mapping tool that compares communities across our state for environmental health disparities.
    The map shows pollution measures such as diesel emissions and ozone, as well as proximity to hazardous waste sites. In addition, it displays measures like poverty and cardiovascular disease.
    The map also provides new and rigorous insights into where public investments can be prioritized to buffer environmental health impacts on Washington's communities, so that everyone can benefit from clean air, clean water, and a healthy environment.

  • Why are some areas of Spokane so drastically different?

    In the United States, redlining is the systematic denial of various services to residents of specific, often racially associated, neighborhoods or communities, either explicitly or through the selective raising of prices

    Systemic denial of services and resources

    There is a correlation between areas that were redlined and neighborhoods that now have less trees low canopy coverage
  • Notice how, generally, the red and yellow areas align with the lower canopy coverage areas? Notice how NE and EC Spokane in particular had concentrations of redlined areas?
    To bridge a canopy/ equity gap, we are focusing our plantings in NE Spokane .
  • Diving into the NE neighborhoods a little more . There is a clear need to plant in these areas.
  • To bridge a canopy/ equity gap, we are focusing our plantings in NE Spokane .
    Planting trees is one way to invest in these historically underserved communities. Remember all of the benefits of trees discussed earlier? Canopy coverage can be an indicator of
    Planting trees can be an environmental justice issue and is one step in bridging the equity gap
  • All trees have value, but Spocanopy is planting street trees specifically
    Street trees are trees planted between the sidewalk and the street
    “Right tree, right place” for buckling sidewalk
  • SpoCanopy’s goal is to do just that. TO plant trees in low-income, low canopy neighorboods by and with residents and community volunteers.
    Phases : Where is there low canopy? Do residents want a tree? They get to choose what kind of tree. Volunteers and neighbors plant the trees, and then the resident cares fo the tree for its lifetime.
  • Redeisents cares for the tree
  • I am going to talk to you about how we are trying to increase canopy in our historically redlined neighborhoods. The photos you will see in this presentation are in those neighborhoods. The boundaries are shown in these surface temp and redlining maps. The push to increase canopy and to focus on tree equity came out of our urban forest master planning process and is taking place as Syracuse is aggressively pursuing initiatives to combat some of the worst poverty in the nation.
  • Public input for this process garnered feedback from 1500 residents through public meetings and surveys and is crystallized into 3 primary goals. Our goal to increase canopy 7% will be met by planting 70,000 trees in 20 years including 1,500 on public spaces and 2,000 on private. This talk is primarily about the public space realm.
  • Our Mayor who is very pro-tree allocated $2 million in stimulus to kick start implementation but he also increased budgets and staff for the Forestry Division. Following the recommendations of the master plan we saw increases for streetscapes, pruning and natural areas management. Additionally, we added a staff position. We have three years to meet the ARPA goals. There are a lot of challenges to increasing canopy and outpacing removals
  • including streets not designed for trees, canopy loss from sidewalk repairs, housing demos and land development. The latter speaks to the weakness of our ordinance which has not been changed since its establishment in 1965. It is time to modernize it with tree protection and mitigation measures for tree loss. Now that our community has been through the master planning process they are ready for the conversation about new tree laws.
  • Another concern is the condition of canopy that does exist. Canopy cover has been relatively stable since the mid 80s but the number of trees have nearly doubled. A 900% increase in buckthorn and tree of heaven drive this growth. Invasives colonize vacant lands where low quality backyard trees remain. They can become blighted with trash and create a negative attitude towards trees. When we are ordered to clear, we keep healthy trees but most or not.
  • The reality in our redlined areas is that much of this urban forest needs rebuilt like our housing stock. Consider Sedgwick and Brighton, one wealthy, one poor. Similar canopy. Roads in Sedgwick are highlighted to illustrate that it has nearly double the tree density of Brighton. With more trees in decline, more invasives and fewer trees shading houses and roads the bigger urban forest of brighton is providing fewer ecosystem services.
  • Our solution to these challenges starts with Increasing canopy in low tree equity business districts by creating space for trees. This business district went through a streetscape improvement in 2009 but with no trees in the design. Fortunately, the county needed to stop storm water from entering their CSO. Their design used a combination of silva cells and structural soils to create space for roots while capturing stormwater. Each trees has 800 cubic feet of rooting volume.
  • We do a lot of low-tech streetscape interventions working with the sidewalk engineer and transportation planner. Upper right is my colleague Kim in a pit 3 feet deep and 10 feet long that will be filled with Structural Soil so that roots can pass under the sidewalk being installed. Root tunnels are important since sidewalks are going from 4 to 5 feet wide. We are also removing asphalt in our right of way then we trench, fill with soil and plant.
  • The Department of Neighborhood Development oversees the mayor’s signature program to revitalize neighborhoods through infill construction of Quality, affordable housing and apartments. They will be built in high concentrations in on blocks near recent investment and community assets. Forestry will inspect sites prior to building to remove hazard trees and to identify tree protection zones for healthy trees. Planners are identifying vacant lots to plant permanent urban forest.
  • The intervention will be an easy to maintain landscape of grass and trees that ensures visibility and creates shade, an approach modeled after the Philadelphia Landcare Program. We vacant lots can help us achieve 30% canopy neighborhoods and provide people with safe functional greenspace within walking distance. City Hall likes likes the blight reduction aspect and told us to think big come budget time.
  • This slide shows all interventions I described coming together in The Southwest Neighborhood. A neglected business district shown in blue will see 10 mill in investment from the state including a tree friendly streetscape and building rehabs starting 2024. To build on this upcoming investment, the city will seize 20 lots in red and clear and replant the Landscare way in order to connect the business corridor with the new and beloved creekwalk extension south of it.
  • This year, along the creekwalk, the Syracuse Urban Food Forest Project planted over 200 edible trees and shrubs with school kids, volunteers and neighborhors. SUFFP is a partnership between the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, the Food Studies Program at Syracuse University and two youth programs involved in forestry and gardening. The intent is to connect greenspace using vacant lots while passing through neighborhoods.
  • We embrace the idea that equity is not just about where we plant but who plants. That is why the Parks department contracts with the Ononaga Earth Corps to plant and prune lots of trees and restore our natural areas. I feel this investment legitimizes our programs and gives us political capital. OEC is the heart and soul of our community forestry program as they come from the neighborhood we are trying to impact and provide the connections and feedback we need to stay on the right course for the neighborhood.
  • In the near future are three once in a generation events that could have a profound impact on tree equity. I-81 is coming down and proposed to be replaced with a tree lined community grid that is pedestrian friendly. Next to it the city’s largest public housing community will be rebuilt. Once the social and economic heart of the Black community, this neighborhood was decimated by highway construction under urban renewal. The vision for the new neighborhood has trees and greenspace front and center.
  • 30.11.2022
  • Chart represents 25.4% of Hawaii’s population
  • 30.11.2022