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IC-2 - Critical Analysis of Time Table.pdf

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Oriental Education Society
ORIENTAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, SANPADA
F.Y.B.Ed
COURSE : Interdisciplinary Course 2 (IC2)
SUBJE...
Time Table
× Introduction:
The main function of a school is to organize
teaching‐learning of different classes and differe...
Benefits of the timetable
◊ A timetable helps us to be more punctual, efficient and effective.
◊ Timetable is effective in...
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Interdisciplinary Course 2 (IC2) - Semester 2 - Critical Analysis of Time Table - Mumbai University - Oriental College of Education - DiivakarJha6

Interdisciplinary Course 2 (IC2) - Semester 2 - Critical Analysis of Time Table - Mumbai University - Oriental College of Education - DiivakarJha6

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IC-2 - Critical Analysis of Time Table.pdf

  1. 1. Oriental Education Society ORIENTAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, SANPADA F.Y.B.Ed COURSE : Interdisciplinary Course 2 (IC2) SUBJECT NAME : Educational Management ASSIGNMENT TOPIC : Critical Analysis of Time Table Submitted for the fulfilment of Two Year Bachelor’s degree of Education For the year 2021 (SEM-II) Submitted to: Submitted by: Prof. Swarnalata Soni Name: Divakar Jha Roll No. 10 Date: 05th July, 2021
  2. 2. Time Table × Introduction: The main function of a school is to organize teaching‐learning of different classes and different teaching subjects. It requires a daily schedule of teaching activities. The daily schedule of teaching courses or subjects for different classes is known as school time‐table. Generally school time table is prepared in two forms: Class wise school time‐table and teacher wise time‐table. A unit time table of class section is also prepared by the class‐ teacher.It indicates the specific teaching activities from Monday to Saturday.The school time‐ table is a guide line for organizing teaching activities and functioning of schools. × Meaning: - The school time‐table is the chart in a school showing the daily allotment of time among the several subjects,activities and classes. What a school stands for and how it functions can be assessed from the school time‐table. It is a mirror that reflects the entire educational programme followed in the school. It is the ‘spark plug ‘of the school which sets its various activities and programmes in to action. × Definition: - “A list or table of events arranged according to the time when they take place.” “A schedule showing a planned order or sequence.” “Written or printed list activities and the time what will be done.”
  3. 3. Benefits of the timetable ◊ A timetable helps us to be more punctual, efficient and effective. ◊ Timetable is effective in time utilization and punctuality. ◊ reducing stress ◊ Gaining effective time utilization ◊ Reducing avoidance while promoting reviews ◊ eliminating cramming ◊ Managing time helps us to stay motivated while we avoid procrastination. ◊ We tend to complete important things on time this way, and there is no burden during the final days. ◊ There is a constant pressure to complete things and most of the times without proper planning people end up with high-stress level and poor performance,and this, in turn, leads to some health disorders Types of Time Table
  4. 4. × Consolidated Timetable (Master Timetable): - The master timetable will have comprehensive information about teacher-wise and class-wise time-slot allocation in a single view. This timetable is usually kept in the principal’s room or chief administrator’s room. In a way, it is a consolidated timetable helpful for the principal to supervise the teachers.This timetable helps the principal or HOD (Head of the Department)to swap classes or re-allocate teachers according to unforeseen events like the leave of a teacher or unavailability of a classroom. × Class Timetable: - This is the most familiar timetable for all of us. This timetable contains all the subject teacher allocations done for the working days in the week for a particular class. Each class in the school will have an individual class-wise timetable. This timetable will also contain time-slot allocations for non-teaching periods like free time, games, extra-curricular activities, etc.. Other than the above major timetable types,the following time-tables are derived from the master-timetable to enhance the administrative experience of the school. 1. Free Period Timetable:- This timetable contains the vacant period info of all teachers.This is usually kept in the principal’s or admin chief’s room so that the efficient allocation of teachers can be done by looking at the free periods available all across the institution. 2. Teacher’s Timetable: - As the name suggests,this is exclusive to the teachers.They can check their classes on a daily, weekly and monthly basis and plan their lessons accordingly.
  5. 5. 3. Games/Sports Timetable:- As the name indicates this timetable contains the different games and sports played using the indoor and outdoor playfields in the school. This timetable is managed by the Principal as well as the physical education head of the school. This timetable helps to coordinate the grounds and indoor playrooms effectively. 4. Homework Timetable:- This is not followed in all the schools. Even though regular homework is assigned to students,a fixed timetable is not given to parents and students to follow at home. With the homework timetable, it is possible to balance the time spent on different subjects at home. This will help parents to allocate the time for different homework assignments. 5. Vacant Periods Timetable: - A special timetable showing the vacant periods of all the teachers is also prepared.So if on a particular day, one or more teachers are absent,the Headmaster must keep their classes busy in one way or the other. And the best way of doing this job is to consult the vacant period’s timetable and send those teachers to their classes who are free in those periods. Principles of Time Table Construction 1. Type of School: We see firstly whether the school is girls/boys oriented or co-educational, rural or urban, secondary or senior secondary.We determine the nature of activities involved in the school accordingly special needs of a school is to be taken into consideration while framing the time table.
  6. 6. 2. DepartmentRegulations: The state department of education fixes length of the school year, and its terms i.e., when an academic year starts and when it ends,the duration of the school day and even the number of periods for each subject. 3. Amount of time available: Time table is framed keeping in view available time i.e., the length of the school year and total number of holidays. 4. Principle of Justice: While assigning work, special care has to be taken that  Each teacher is assigned those subjects who he/she feels his/her best qualified to teach.  He/she does not teach in more than two departments.  Teaching load for every teacher is about equal to that of others. 5. Relative Importance and Difficulty Value of Subjects: The time dedicated to a subject should be at per the importance of it and its difficulty value. There are certain socio- economic considerations that determine the importance of a subject in the school curriculum and accordingly, time is allotted to them in the time table. 6. Incidence of Fatigue: The element of fatigue influences the construction of school time-table a number of ways. Children arc fatigued at certain periods or certain days. It is not only physical but also psychological in nature. It results in a definite weakening of attention and diminishing interest and effects of learning.
  7. 7.  Work Rate: Some subjects are more fatiguing than others.They involve more mental strain and effort. Such subjects are taught during early hours when the student’s mind is fresh.  Mental freshness is the greatest in the morning. This is also true after recess.The order of subjects causing strain is as follows: (i) Mathematics (ii) English (iii) Hindi (iv) Science (v) Social Sciences (vi) Science Practical’s (vii) Drawing/Physical Education.  The fatigue principle is true for daysof the week also. Tuesdays and Wednesdays are considered to be the best days in which maximum work can be done.  Younger children are more quickly fatigued. The duration of a class period for them does not exceed 30 to 35 minutes.  Seasons too cause fatigue. In summer due to heat we do not like to work. 7. Principle of Variety: It has been seen experimentally that change of room, seat and posture usually is an antidote against weakness.It is applied on both students and teachers.Variety can be introduced in the following manners: o No subject except science practical should be kept for two consecutive periods. o The same class should not set in the same room for the whole day.
  8. 8. o The same teacher should not have two consecutive periods in the same class. o If a subject is taught only 2/3 times a week, periods should follow at intervals. o The physical training periods, science practical and drawing work allow a change. 8. Free Periods for Teachers: We should provide free periods for teachers so as to increase their efficiency and also to provide time for their correction work. 9. Principle of Play and Recreation: Careful attention needs to be given to provide for rest and recreation and provision for various co-curricular activities should also be made in the time table, to avoid monotony. 10. MaximumUtilization of Resources: The qualification, experience,room size should always be kept in mind so as to make the maximum use of all the resources and avoided wastage or under-utilization of resources. 11. Elasticity: The time table should have a flexibility so as to work the teachers smoothly.
  9. 9. × About: - In 2004, St. Xavier’s High School was launched. St. Xavier's High School is located in Airoli, Thane. The children get the most out of their education as they are taught by a team of professional and dedicated faculties in this State Board School. The school provides education to students from class 1 to 10. 6245 is approximately the current student strength of this school. This school's library has 3000 books. Ratio of Student and Teacher 49:1 Total No. of Student 6,245 Total No. of Teachers 169 School Shift Morning Shift – 7:00 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Afternoon Shift – 1:00 p.m. to 5:30 p.m. Time Table - IX - E - St. Xavier’s High School (Airoli) St. Xavier’s HigH scHool (airoli)
  10. 10. Analysis: - It provides co-education and gives equal status to both the genders. The school provides formal education. Teachers are well qualified and trained in their respective subject. 2. Department Regulation Factor (Day Schedule) Observation at St. Xavier’s School Duration of School Day 7:10 to 12:30 No. of period per week for each subject (Work wise): English 6 Hindi 5 Marathi 5 Maths-I (Algebra) 5 Maths-II (geometry) 5 Science – 1 4 Science – 2 4 History and Political Science 4 Geography 4 SKG 2 Physical Training (PT) 1 Social Development (S.D) 3 1. Type of School Factor (Day Schedule) Observation at St. Xavier’s School 1. Type of College Co-Education 2. Type of Location Urban 3. Level of Education Higher Secondary 4. Type of School Formal Education Critical Analysis of Time Table Grade : - IX - E School : - St. Xavier’s High School (Maharashtra Board), Navi Mumbai - 400701
  11. 11. Analysis: - St. Xavier’s School is working 6 days a week for 5 ½ hours. Maximum emphasizes is given on the major subjects which are history and geography, Science, English, Maths and Hindi since these subjects are going to be continued in higher education. Thus, periods are equally distributed and equal weightage is given to all important subjects. 3. Amount of Time Available Factor (Day Schedule) Observation at MHS & Jr. College 1. Length of School Year June to April (10 Months) 2. Total no. of Holidays per year 100 days Analysis: - ST. XAVIER’s follows the rules of State Board. Like other State schools the academic year at St. Xavier’s begins in April and ends in March of the next calendar year. Holidays are allotted as per MSBSHSE rules: 2 month = summer vacation; 20 days = Diwali vacation; 15 days = Christmas vacation; 5 days = Ganpati and on other festivals. 4. Principle of Justice Factor (Day Schedule) Observation at St. Xavier’s school Qualification of Teacher 1. English B.A. (English Literature), B.Ed. 2. Hindi B.A. (Hindi Literature), B.Ed. 3. Marathi B.A. (Marathi), B.Ed. 4. Algebra B.Sc. (Maths), B.Ed. 5. Geometry B.Sc. (Maths), B.Ed. 6. Science – 1 B.Sc. (Science), B.Ed. 7. Science – 2 B.Sc. (Science), B.Ed. 8. History and PoliticalScience B.A. (History), B.Ed. 9. Geography B.A. (Geography), B.Ed. 10. Physical Training(PT) B.A., B.P.Ed. 11. Social Development (S.D) B.A. (Civics), B.Ed.
  12. 12. Analysis: - ST. XAVIER’s maintains their reputation by providing well educated and highly qualified teachers with a B.Ed. degree and specialisation in their respective subjects. Maths, Science, Computer and English teachers have to teach two subjects and the time table is arranged as per the convenience of the teacher. Thus, the time table follows the Principle of Justice. The workload is evenly distributed among the teachers so they do not feel strained and overburdened. 5. Relative Importance And Difficulty Value of Subjects Factor (Day Schedule) Observation at ST. XAVIER’s College Subjects kept in morning  Monday History, Geography, Geometry, Marathi  Tuesday English, Hindi, Science-II, Algebra  Wednesday English, Hindi, Geometry, Science-II  Thursday English, Science-I, Geometry, Marathi  Friday M.D., Self Development, SKG, Science-II  Saturday English, Marathi, Hindi, Self development Subjects kept after recess  Monday SKG, Hindi, Algebra, Science- II, English  Tuesday Geometry, Geography, Science-I, History, Marathi  Wednesday History, Marathi, Algebra, Science-I, Self Development  Thursday Hindi, Algebra, Geometry, P.T., English  Friday Geometry, Science-I, Algebra, Geography, English  Saturday History
  13. 13. Analysis: - The time table ST. XAVIER’s is framed in such a manner so that maximum amount of work can be completed during the second half. Thus there are 4 periods in the first half and 5 period in second half of the school day. The time table follows Principle 5 to some extent. This is because on all days of the week (except Monday) the more difficult subjects like Math, Science and English are placed in the first half of the school day. Similarly, the periods for play and recreation such as Music, Dance, and Library are placed post lunch. 6. Incidence of Fatigue Factor (Day Schedule) Observation at St. Xavier’s Work rate Subjects in morning hours 1. English 30 Minutes 2. Hindi 30 Minutes 3. Marathi 30 Minutes 4. Algebra 30 Minutes 5. Geometry 60 Minutes 6. Science - 1 30 Minutes 7. Science - 2 30 Minutes 8. History and PoliticalScience 30 Minutes 9. Geography 30 Minutes 10. Physical Training(PT) 30 Minutes 11. Social Development (S.D) 30 Minutes Work rate Subjects after recess 1. English 30 Minutes 2. Hindi 30 Minutes 3. Marathi 30 Minutes 4. Algebra 30 Minutes 5. Geometry 60 Minutes 6. Science – 1 30 Minutes 7. Science – 2 30 Minutes 8. History and PoliticalScience 30 Minutes 9. Geography 30 Minutes 10. Physical Training(PT) 30 Minutes 11. Social Development (S.D) 30 Minutes
  14. 14. Analysis: - ST. XAVIER’s has kept the major subjects such as Maths, Science, history and geography and Hindi for longer duration. Subjects like Maths and Science that require attention and brain work are placed before recess in the time table. Post break various extracurricular activities are included to refresh the students’ minds. Thus, the time table follows the principle of Incidence of Fatigue as it is arranged in such a way that causes least amount of stress on students. 7. Principles of Variety Factor (Day Schedule) Observation at ST. XAVIER’s College Presence of 2 consecutive period of same subject ---- Same class in same room or alteration of place Yes Teaching of same teacher for 2 consecutive class Science -1, Geometry, Hindi Internal of subjects in a week Yes No. of period & frequency peer week 1. English 6 2. Hindi 6 3. Marathi 6 4. Algebra 3 5. Geometry 4 6. Science – 1 4 7. Science – 2 3 8. History and PoliticalScience 4 9. Geography 3 10. Physical Training(PT) 2 11.Social Development (S.D) 2 Analysis: - Principle of Variety has been used while framing the time table at ST. XAVIER’s Variety in terms of alteration of place is seen, so students do not get bored sitting in the four walls of one classroom the
  15. 15. entire day. Similarly, subjects are evenly distributed and only the important subjects like Maths, Science, history and geography and Hindi. 8. Free Periods For Teachers Factor (Day Schedule) Observation at ST. XAVIER’sCollege Is there free period for teachers (Yes/No) Yes 1. English 2 Period 2. Hindi 2 Period 3. Marathi 2 Period 4. Algebra 3 Period 5. Geometry 3 Period 6. Science – 1 2 Period 7. Science – 2 3 Period 8. History and PoliticalScience 2 Period 9. Physical Training(PT) - 10. Social Development (S.D) - Analysis: - ST. XAVIER’s provides equal free periods to all the teachers. This time is sufficient for teachers to prepare their notes, experiment activities to be conducted, correction work of notebooks, workbooks, exam papers, etc. 9. Principles of Play And Recreation Factor (Day Schedule) Observation at ST. XAVIER’s College Provision for rest & recreation co-curricular activities For Rest -  15 min short break  20 Min Long Break Activity Details: Duration/ Day/ Frequency 30 Minutes / day for 6 weeks (Art, PT)
  16. 16. Analysis: - ST. XAVIER’s provides two breaks to students throughout the week- short break at 10:00 am for snacks/lunch. During the rest period the get time to relax for a bit from their hectic schedule. The school also provides co-curricular activities during school hours to enhance students’ hidden talents ensuring all round development. 10. Maximum Utilisation of Resources Factor (Day Schedule) Observation at ST. XAVIER’s College No. of Classrooms & their room size 100 rooms, 5 floor, Max 60 students in each class Grade lX – E 1 class room; 58 students Practical Periods Grade lX – E 1 class / week Sports Periods Grade lX - E 1 class / week Analysis: - ST. XAVIER’s has enough classrooms as per the requirement of students. The school follows the SSA criteria for teacher to pupil ratio i.e. 1:49. Since, grade IX division E has only 58 students, teachers can efficiently and smoothly deliver lessons while also managing the class and giving attention to each and every student. 11. Elasticity Factor (Day Schedule) Observation at ST. XAVIER’sCollege 1. Total no. of Holidays per year Sufficient 2. Overall equality of Teaching Equal 3. Duration of class grade wise Medium 4. Presence of 2 consecutive period of same subject Not at all 5. Teaching of same teacher for 2 consecutive class Not at all 6. Free period for teacher Frequent
  17. 17. Analysis: - ST. XAVIER’s provides sufficient holidays per year. The workload is evenly distributed so teachers have equal teaching load. The duration of class grade wise is medium. The teachers with 2 subjects are not overburdened with work as subjects are evenly distributed throughout the week. Also, the teachers are provided with enough free periods and consecutive classes are less frequent. CONCLUSION: - The time table ST. XAVIER’s College, Airoli is framed appropriately keeping the various Principles in mind. The time table is prepared as per the mental ability and age group of the students, ensuring that they are not overburdened or stressed due to academics. The school time, academic work, holidays are all properly and systematically arranged. Co-curricular activities are appropriately placed post lunch break in order to refresh the students’ minds since by the end of the school day they are mentally tired and worn out and are in dire need of a break from academics. REFERENCES × https://directory.edugorilla.com/school/st-xaviers-high-school- airoli-thane-fee-structure-syllabus-address-admission-form- contact-number/ × https://targetstudy.com/articles/how-to-make-a-good-time- table-for-study.html × https://www.preservearticles.com/education/what-are-the-basic- principles-of-time-table-construction/18747 × https://fedena.com/blog/2019/10/types-of-timetable-how-to- manage-them-effectively-with-school-erp.html

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