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13. Malting Barley - Duane Falk

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All about growing and marketing malting barley, from variety selection to contracts.

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13. Malting Barley - Duane Falk

  1. 1. OAC 21Charles Zavitz
  2. 2. Sixty years of Canadian malting barley cultivars From: Edney
  3. 3. Table 3. 2017 Spring Barley Performance Trial Cumulative Yield Index1 Summary Cultivar 5 yr3 Area II2 4 yr 3 yr 2 yr 2017 5 yr3 Area III2 4 yr 3 yr 2 yr 2017 5 yr3 Area V2 4 yr 3 yr 2 yr 2017 2 Rowed AC Kings 96 98 98 95 93 96 95 99 98 101Bornholm 100 99 101 96 92 Conestogo 98 97 98 96 92 96 92 95 95 100 98 99 101 105AAC Purpose 96 96 94 92 94 94 95 91 Dundee 94 90 102 106 95 96 Champion 99 85 100 98 102 99 6 Rowed Cyane 105 105 103 102 111 107 106 105 102 104 Dignity 104 102 101 102 105 103 104 106 107 113 OCEANIK 103 102 103 102 104 101 106 108 105 103 107 109 109 109 105 OAC Laverne 101 100 102 102 99 98 93 Harmony 107 103 99 97 92 95 95 93 90 95 Synasolis 108 106 106 108 108 Amberly 102 104 105 106 114 103 105 104 107 106 96 95 95 94 94Alliance 103 101 99 100 102 103 103 102 102 105 HY 621-6R Alyssa 107 103 99 103 112 102 98 97 98 106 92 90 85 AAC Mirabel 100 99 99 96 92 98 96 94 93 87 101 99 96 95 94 OAC Belwood 101 101 104 103 105 Boroe 100 105 105 102 102 109 108 109 110 Masky 105 106 106 105 108 Chambly 102 102 106 107 108 104 106 106 115 102 100 102 102 106 AAC Vitality 105 101 104 105 101 100 101 105 DS7176RB AAC Montrose 100 99 98 95 104 104 99 102 105 104 103 Baden 103 104 111 116 110 107 6 Rowed Hulless AAC Azimuth 82 80 74 78 75 83Bastile 57 Means (t/ha) 4.36 4.54 4.23 4.60 3.97 4.52 4.99 5.07 4.15 3.90 4.68 4.92 5.12 4.87 5.18 Means (bu/ac) 81 84 79 86 74 84 93 94 77 73 87 91 95 91 96 Locations 17 13 9 5 2 11 8 6 4 2 13 10 8 6 3
  4. 4. QUALITY FACTORS IN MALTING BARLEY Malting barley is barley that will produce high quality malt. It is a specialty crop for which a premium price is paid by domestic maltsters and exporters. Quality requirements for malting barley are reasonably strict and are directly related to processing efficiency and product quality in the malting and brewing industries. Many of the characteristics required are under the control of the producer. Others are determined by weather conditions during the growing and harvesting season. High quality malting barley should have the following characteristics: • Pure lot of an acceptable variety • Germination of 95% or higher (3 day test) • Protein content of 11% to 12.5% (dry basis) • Moisture content of 13.5% maximum • Plump kernels of uniform size • Fully mature • No signs of pre-harvest germination • Free of DON from Fusarium head blight • Free from disease • Free from frost damage • Not weathered or deeply stained • Less than 5% peeled and broken kernels • Free from heat damage • Free of insects, admixtures, ergot, treated seeds, smut and odour • Free of chemical residues The above list may seem formidable but each of these factors has an impact on malting and brewing processes and on the quality of the end product – beer. Good farming practices that increase yield should also improve barley quality. More care is required to produce high quality malting barley, but the premium over feed barley for selected malting barley provides compensation for the extra effort
  5. 5. QUALITY FACTORS IN MALTING BARLEY Malting barley is barley that will produce high quality malt. It is a specialty crop for which a premium price is paid by domestic maltsters and exporters. Quality requirements for malting barley are reasonably strict and are directly related to processing efficiency and product quality in the malting and brewing industries. Many of the characteristics required are under the control of the producer. Others are determined by weather conditions during the growing and harvesting season. High quality malting barley should have the following characteristics: • Pure lot of an acceptable variety • Germination of 95% or higher (3 day test) • Protein content of 11% to 12.5% (dry basis) • Moisture content of 13.5% maximum • Plump kernels of uniform size • Fully mature • No signs of pre-harvest germination • Free of DON from Fusarium head blight • Free from disease • Free from frost damage • Not weathered or deeply stained • Less than 5% peeled and broken kernels • Free from heat damage • Free of insects, admixtures, ergot, treated seeds, smut and odour • Free of chemical residues The above list may seem formidable but each of these factors has an impact on malting and brewing processes and on the quality of the end product – beer. Good farming practices that increase yield should also improve barley quality. More care is required to produce high quality malting barley, but the premium over feed barley for selected malting barley provides compensation for the extra effort
  6. 6. QUALITY FACTORS IN MALTING BARLEY Malting barley is barley that will produce high quality malt. It is a specialty crop for which a premium price is paid by domestic maltsters and exporters. Quality requirements for malting barley are reasonably strict and are directly related to processing efficiency and product quality in the malting and brewing industries. Many of the characteristics required are under the control of the producer. Others are determined by weather conditions during the growing and harvesting season. High quality malting barley should have the following characteristics: • Pure lot of an acceptable variety • Germination of 95% or higher (3 day test) • Protein content of 11% to 12.5% (dry basis) • Moisture content of 13.5% maximum • Plump kernels of uniform size • Fully mature • No signs of pre-harvest germination • Free of DON from Fusarium head blight • Free from disease • Free from frost damage • Not weathered or deeply stained • Less than 5% peeled and broken kernels • Free from heat damage • Free of insects, admixtures, ergot, treated seeds, smut and odour • Free of chemical residues The above list may seem formidable but each of these factors has an impact on malting and brewing processes and on the quality of the end product – beer. Good farming practices that increase yield should also improve barley quality. More care is required to produce high quality malting barley, but the premium over feed barley for selected malting barley provides compensation for the extra effort
  7. 7. Canadian Grain Commission (/index-eng.htm) Home  Directives  Orders  Barley, Canada Eastern Malting (CE), Two Row Varieties of barley designated as the class Barley, Canada Eastern Malting (CE), Two Row Order number 2017-25 - Variety designation list July 31, 2017 List of varieties designated as the class Barley, Canada Eastern Malting (CE), Two Row Pursuant to the definition of “class” contained in section 2 of the Canada Grain Act, the Commission establishes the class Barley, Canada Eastern Malting (CE), Two Row and designates the varieties of wheat listed below as the class. AC Metcalfe AAC Connect AAC Synergy Bentley CDC Bow CDC Copeland CDC Fraser CDC Goldstar CDC Kendall CDC Kindersley CDC Landis CDC Meredith CDC Platinum Star CDC PolarStar CDC Reserve Cerveza Harrington Lowe Major Merit 16 Merit 57 Newdale Norman Sirish 1 This order will be in effect for the crop year commencing August 1, 2017 and continuing until June 30, 2018, unless revoked earlier. Doug Chorney Assistant Chief Commissioner Lonny McKague Commissioner In accordance with Section 28 of the Canada Grain Act, varieties not designated by the Canadian Grain Commission to a specific class or varieties which are not a registered variety under the Seeds Act will only be eligible for the lowest grade for that kind of grain. Footnotes 1 Interim Registration of this variety expires February 3, 2020, this variety is eligible for malting grades until August 1, 2020. Date modified: 2017-07-31
  8. 8. The following varieties of two-row and six-row malting barley are recognized by the CMBTC as having good agronomic and quality characteristics, as well as substantial or growing market demand. The varieties have been pilot scale tested by the CMBTCand all exhibit good malting and brewing characteristics. All two-row and six-row varieties on the CMBTCrecommended list are registered with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). A comprehensive list of all malting barley varieties designated by the Canadian Grain Commission can be found at https:/ / www.grainscanada.gc.ca/ legislation-legislation/ orders-arretes/ ocgcm-maccg-en.html. Two-RowVarieties Six-Row Varieties VARIETY MARKET COMMENTS Legacy3 Limited Demand Tradition3 Limited Demand Celebration2 Limited Demand Note: CDC PlatinumStar2 and CDC PolarStar2 are currently closed- NewVarietiesin Development The following varieties have been registered with CFIA and are undergoing seed propagation. Both varieties have been pilot scale tested at the CMBTC and exhibit good quality characteristics suitable for all malt and/or adjunct brewing styles. loop varieties. For contracting opportunities contact Prairie Malt - Cargill Biggar. Marketing opportunities remain for the varieties Bentley2 and Newdale3 and CDC Kindersley1 in certain areas. • Talk with your local malting barley buyer about opportunities in your area to grow and market two-row and six-row malting barley varieties. • Use certified seed to ensure varietal purity, reduce diseaseincidenceandincreasethelikelihoodofselection for malt. • For contracting opportunities, contact your grain company representative, local elevator operators, malting companies, orthe representativeseed company. Thefollowingcompanieshavepedigreedseed distribution rights for those varieties that are footnoted: Questions?Call your selector, seed company, grain handling companyor contact theCMBTC. The CMBTC and its members recommend: TM 2018-19Recommended Malting Barley Varieties VARIETY MARKET COMMENTS CDC Copeland1 Established Demand AC Metcalfe1 Established Demand AACSynergy4 Growing Demand AACConnect2 Under Commercial Market Development CDC Bow1 Under Commercial Market Development VARIETY COMMENTS CDCFraser1 Two-Row-Undergoing seed propagation Lowe1 Two-Row-Undergoing seed propagation 1 – SeCan 2– CANTERRASEEDS 3 – FP Genetics 4 – Syngenta
  9. 9. TABLE 3 - 2005 Performance Trial Cumulative Yield Index1 Summary - Barley Cultivar Area II: West of Frontenac (2,300 -2,900 Crop Heat Units) & Area IV: Dundalk Plains (<2500 Crop Heat Units) Area III: East of Frontenac (2500-1900 Crop Heat Units) Area V & VI: Northern Ontario (< 2,300 Crop heat units) 5-year 2 4-year 3-year 2-year 2005 5-year 2 4-year 3-year 2-year 2005 5-year 2 4-year 3-year 2-year 2005 2 rowed AC Kings 96 97 97 95 94 93 94 94 99 96 98 96 96 95 95 AC Parkhill 99 96 97 101 104 96 93 96 97 100 101 99 98 96 99 Formosa 104 103 100 100 105 Sunderland 102 100 98 101 100 97 98 102 97 93 92 94 90 Chief 102 100 104 107 97 99 98 105 103 96 102 110 AC Metcalfe 93 95 99 82 83 79 94 92 89 Sabrina 104 103 103 96 95 93 Newdale 99 101 102 82 77 77 94 94 97 CDC Stratus 94 97 99 78 74 71 91 92 89 Creemore 100 98 79 68 90 90 6 rowed AC Alma 99 98 99 96 85 100 99 102 96 99 AC Klinck 99 98 97 96 89 102 102 103 107 113 104 104 103 101 101 AC Vision 104 103 101 99 96 98 96 94 96 98 96 97 98 98 97 Brucefield 102 103 101 100 101 104 104 108 107 105 105 103 102 103 106 Chapais 95 96 97 100 95 101 102 103 106 102 103 103 105 105 108 Balance 96 97 100 108 106 108 109 111 107 108 107 112 OAC Baxter 99 97 100 100 103 101 100 101 104 105 96 94 92 93 96 Sumosan 99 99 102 107 116 100 98 102 102 Celebrity 100 99 101 97 104 104 107 106 99 104 102 98 Prosper 104 101 101 101 104 104 105 106 OAC Staffa 103 103 103 99 101 102 102 100 101 103 106 107 Encore 93 97 102 118 119 128 110 110 113 OAC Cobourg 106 102 104 100 104 103 94 90 95 OAC Chesley 107 106 98 105 108 109 105 101 105 OAC Kawartha 115 113 118 103 106 106 99 104 116 Cyane 100 112 111 110 114 117 115 OAC Belleville 106 105 94 102 96 90 103 104 89 Paidia 101 101 104 98 97 91 Perseos 97 99 100 104 106 98 Celinex 88 93 103 112 98 Legacy 97 89 108 96 Tradition 101 101 105 Mean Yield t/ha 4.10 3.91 4.07 3.86 3.84 5.10 5.04 4.85 4.71 4.10 5.28 5.23 5.23 4.89 4.58 No. of Locations 19 16 12 8 4 10 8 6 4 2 14 11 8 5 2
  10. 10. Screening Malting Barley for Ontario Adaptation and Quality Funded by: GFO and BMBRI Collaboration with: Iris Joye
  11. 11. Title Source ID Source No Entry No 2017 Malting Barley PGRC 1 176 2017 Malting Barley Priekuli LV 2 25 2017 Malting Barley Stende LV 3 10 2017 Malting Barley CDC Saskatoon 4 19 2017 Malting Barley BRDC Brandon 5 18 2017 Malting Barley ARDC Lacome 6 93 2017 Malting Barley PEI DeVos 7 80 2017 Malting Barley Italy Stanca 8 10 2017 Malting Barley USDA Aberdeen 9 10 2017 Malting Barley Breun 10 10 2017 Malting Barley INIA Uruguay 11 6 2017 Malting Barley Nordsaat 12 10 2017 Malting Barley MET UMN 13 9 2017 Malting Barley Inner Mongolia 14 32 2017 Malting Barley LimaGrain 15 6 2017 Malting Barley Coors 16 10 2017 Malting Barley Stockinger 17 8 2017 Malting Barley Waite AUS 18 5 2017 Malting Barley Univ Laval 19 21 2017 Malting Barley SemiCan 20 14 2017 Malting Barley Coop Fed 21 2 2017 Malting Barley UMN Smith 22 8 2017 Malting Barley Paysandu Uruguay 23 13 2017 Malting Barley Mimosa Res Farm 99 7 2017 Malting Barley 24 602

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