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English Grammar-Tenses

  1. 1. Ms Foram Patel First Year ENGLISH LANGUAGE _ GRAMMAR _ TENSES
  2. 2. THE PASTE TENSE THE SIMPLE (INDEFINITE) PAST TENSE THE PAST CONTINUOUS (PROGRESSIVE) TENSE THE PAST PERFECT TENSE THE PAST PERFECT CONT. TENSE THE PRESENT TENSE THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE THE PRESENT PERFECT CONT. TENSE THE FUTURE TENSE THE SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE THE FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE THE FUTURE PERFECT TENSE THE FUTURE PERFECT CONT. TENSE
  3. 3. PRONOUN-07 SECOND THIRD (by) I S my me/mine HE S his him SHE S Her/hers her IT S/P its it THEY P their them WE P our us YOU S/P your you
  4. 4. 12 PAST-4 SIMPLE-THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE CONTINUOUS-THE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE PERFECT-THE PAST PERFECT TENSE PERFECT CONTINUOUS-THE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE PRESENT-4 SIMPLE-SIMPLE-THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE CONTINUOUS- THE PRESENT CONT. TENSE PERFECT-THE PRESENT PER. TEN PERFECT CONTINUOUS. THE PRESENT PER. CONT. TENSE FUTURE-4 SIMPLE CONTINUOUS PERFECT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  5. 5. SENTENCE FORMATION SUBJECT+’TO BE’ FORM+VERB FROM (HV)+OBJECT(N/ADV/ADJ)+O.W. OTHER WORDS (ACTIVE VOICE) OBJECT (PASSIVE VOICE) 1.SUB NOUN/PRONOUN…..ROCKY/HE….STUDENTS/THEY
  6. 6. SINGULAR - PLURAL STUDENT – STUDENTS BOY – BOYS MAN – MEN WOMAN – WOMEN CHILD - CHILDREN FEE - FEE FISH - FISH SHEEP - SHEEP PERSON - PEOPLE
  7. 7. SENTENCE FORMATION (3+3)=PAST+PRESENT SUBJECT+TO BE+VERB(HV)+OBJECT(N/ADV/ADJ)+O.W. OTHER WORDS (ACTIVE VOICE) OBJECT (PASSIVE VOICE) SENTENCE FORMATION (1+)=PAST+PRESENT=SIMPLE SUBJECT+VERB(HV)+OBJECT(N/ADV/ADJ)+O.W. OTHER
  8. 8. SENTENCE FORMATION (3+3)=PAST+PRESENT SUBJECT+TO BE+VERB(HV)+OBJECT(N/ADV/ADJ)+O.W. OTHER WORDS (ACTIVE VOICE)=10 OBJECT (PASSIVE VOICE) 1.SUB 2.TO BE 3.VERB 4. OBJECT SENTENCE FORMATION (1+)=PAST+PRESENT=SIMPLE SUBJECT+VERB(HV)+OBJECT(N/ADV/ADJ)+O.W. OTHER 1.SUB 2.VERB 3.OBJECT
  9. 9. Forms of ‘to be’ = 1 3 Is-am-are Was-were Had Has-have Do-does Did Will-shall
  10. 10. TO BE FORMS/ FORMS OF ‘TO BE’-13 (PAST & PRESENT) CONTINUOUS TENSES (2) IS-AM-ARE-(3)PRE. CONT. WAS-WERE-(2)PAST. CONT. SIMPLE TENSES (2) DO-DOES(2) –SIMPLE PRESENT DID(1)-SIMPLE PAST PERFECT TENSES (2) HAS-HAVE(2)- PRESENT PERFECT HAD-(1)PAST PERFECT WILL-SHALL (2)-FUTURE TENSE/SIMPLE FUTURE
  11. 11. SUBJECT NOUN/ PRONOUN TO BE FORMS/ FORMS OF ‘TO BE’- 13 (PAST & Present) VERB FORM (MV-PST-PP-ING-S/ES) e.g.-speak & write (Speak-spoke-spoken)// (Write-wrote- written) A Student(n) The students(n) He (pn) They (pn) CONTINUOUS TENSES (2) IS-AM-ARE-(3)pre. cont. WAS-WERE-(2)past. cont. VERB+ING SPEKAING/WRITING simple TENSEs (2) DO-DOES(2) –SIMPLE PRESENT DID(1)-SIMPLE PAST WILL-SHALL (2)-future tense/simple future VERB+MAIN VERB perfect TENSEs (2) HAS-HAVE(2)- present perfect HAD-(1)past perfect VERB+PP
  12. 12. HE HAS COMPLETED THE PROJECT. PRONOUN (SUBJECT) + HAS (TO BE) + COMPLETED (VERB=COMPLETE/COMPLETED/COMPLETED) + THE PROJECT (O). THE STUDENTS ARE PLAYING FOOTBALL IN THE GROUND.(PRCT) A STUDENT IS PLAYING FOOTBALL IN THE GROUND.(PRCT) SUB + ARE (TO BE) + VERB (PLAY/PLAYED/PLAYED)+ OBJECT+ OW THE STUDENTS WERE PLAYING FOOTBALL IN THE GROUND. (PCT) A STUDENT WAS PLAYING FOOTBALL IN THE GROUND.(PCT) A STUDENT IS PLAYING FOOTBALL IN THE GROUND. SUB + TO BE+ VERB(PLAY-PLAYED-PLAYED)+OBJECT+OW
  13. 13. SUBJECT NOUN (S/P) + TO BE FORM = 12 STUDENTS(P)=DID/WERE/HAD/HAD BEEN//DO/ARE/HAVE/HAVE BEEN//WILL/SHALL STUDENT (S) =DID/WAS/HAD/HAD BEEN//DOES/IS/HAS/HAS BEEN//WILL/SHALL SUBJECT_PRONOUN + ‘TO BE’ FORM = 12 I (S) = DID/WAS/HAD/HAD BEEN//DO/AM/HAVE/HAVE BEEN//SHALL HE/SHE/IT (S) = DID/WAS/HAD/HAD BEEN//DOES/IS/HAS/HAS BEEN//WILL THEY/WE/YOU (P) = DID/WERE/HAD/HAD BEEN//DO/ARE/HAVE/HAVE BEEN//WILL I/WE = SHALL HE/SHE/IT/THEY/YOU = WILL
  14. 14. HE HAS COMPLETED THE PROJECT. HAS HE COMPLETED THE PROJECT? HE HAS NOT COMPLETED THE PROJECT. HAS HE COMPLETED THE PROJECT? I WENT TO MARKET. (GO(MV)-WENT(PTF)-GONE(PP))-DID (ITTR) DID I GO TO MARKET? DID I WENT TO MARKET---------INCORRECT DID+MAIN VERB (GO-WENT-GONE) DIDN’T I GO TO MARKET? I DRINK TEA.(THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE) TO BE-DOES/DO DO I DRINK TEA?
  15. 15. WAS-WERE-IS-AM-ARE= VERB +ING HAS-HAVE-HAD=VERB+PP DO-DOES-DID-WILL-SHALL= VERB+MV THE FUTURE TENSE(TO BE+VERB)_WILL/SHALL SIMPLE- WILL/SHALL+MV CONT- WILL/SHALL+BE+V-ING PERFECT- WILL/SHALL+HAVE+V-PP =WOULD/SHOULD(MA) PERFECT CONT. - WILL/SHALL+HAVE+BEEN+V-ING =WOULD/SHOUL APPLE/EAT/I FUTURE TENSE: (WILL/SHALL) 1.SIMPLE:WILL/SHALL+MV 2.CONT.:WILL/SHALL+BE+V-ING 3.PERFECT: WILL/SHALL+HAVE+V-PP 4.PERFECT CONT.: WILL/SHALL+HAVE+BEEN+V-ING RULE: I/WE--------SHALL THEY/YOU/HE/SHE/IT--------WILL
  16. 16. APPLE/EAT/I FUTURE TENSE: (WILL/SHALL) 1.SIMPLE:WILL/SHALL+MV 2.CONT.:WILL/SHALL+BE+V-ING 3.PERFECT: WILL/SHALL+HAVE+V-PP 4.PERFECT CONT.: WILL/SHALL+HAVE+BEEN+V-ING SIMPLE I SHALL EAT AN APPLE. THE FUTURE CONT. TENSE I SHALL BE EATING AN APPLE. THE FUTURE PERFECT TENSE I SHALL HAVE EATEN AN APPLE. THE FUTURE PERFECT CONT. TENSE I SHALL HAVE BEEN EATING AN APPLE. RULE: I/WE--------SHALL THEY/WE/HE/SHE/IT--------WILL
  17. 17. HE HAS COMPLETED HIS HOMEWORK. (AFFIRMATIVE) PRESENT-THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (INTERROGATIVE) TO BE (HAS)-? HAS HE COMPLETED HIS HOMEWORK? (INTRR) SIMPLE-PAST & PRESENT PAST (DID) PRESENT (DO/DOES) I WENT TO MARKET. (GO-WENT-GONE) DID I GO TO MARKET? I WENT TO MARKET. DID I GO TO MARKET?
  18. 18. HAS/HAVE/HAD 1. I have lived in Baroda.(THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE) 2. I had lived in Baroda. 3. I have been living in Baroda (present perfect cont.) “hoon” for almost 4 years.(PrPCT) 4. I had been living in Baroda (past perfect cont.) “thi” since 2000.(THE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE) Since/for-time Since-specific For-non specific In/into- On/over
  19. 19. PREPOSITION In-into 1. I am painting in my room. 2. I am sleeping on my bed in my room. 3. She entered into my room without knocking the door. 4. My mother got into my room to check down what I m doing. On-over 1. The pen is on the table (on, over) 2. The birds are flying over the bridge. (on, over)
  20. 20. WORD-VERB EAT EAT-ATE-EATEN MV-SPT FORM-PP FORM EAT+ING=EATING EATS PAST-PRESENT-FUTURE PAST 1.THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE- I ATE APPLE. 2.THE PAST CONT.TENSE 3.THE PAST PERFECT TENSE 4.THE PAST PERF.CONT.TENSE
  21. 21. TO BE FORMS WAS-WERE HAS-HAVE HAD IS-AM-ARE WILL-SHALL DID DO-DOES
  22. 22. OBJECT-APPLE VERB-EAT 1.EAT-ATE-EATEN PRONOUN (07) =SUBJECT I-HE-SHE-IT-THEY-WE-YOU 1.SUBJECT+ 2.TO BE+ 3.VERB FORM+ 4.OBJECT
  23. 23. PAST TENSE WAS-WERE(PAST CONT.TENSE)=04 HAD(PAST PERFECT) DID(SIMPLE PAST) THE PAST PERFECT CONT. TENSE HAD+BEEN PRESENT(IS.AM.ARE.DO.DOES.HAS.HAVE)=07 IS.AM.ARE(PRE.CONT.TENSE) DO.DOES(SIMPLE) HAS.HAVE(PRESENT PERFECT TENSE) PRESENT PERF.CONT.TENSE HAS/HAVE+BEEN
  24. 24. ABBREVIATED FORMS (TO BE- NOT TO BE) IS-ISNOT-ISN’T AM- AM NOT- AM’NT ARE-ARE NOT- AREN’T WAS-WAS NOT-WASN’T WERE-WERE NOT-WEREN’T HAS-HAS NOT-HASN’T HAVE NOT-HAVEN’T DO NOT-DON’T DOES NOT- DOESN’T DID NOT-DIDN’T SHALL NOT- SHAN’T WILL NOT-WON’T SHOULD NOT- SHOULDN’T WOULD NOT-WOULDN’T
  25. 25. P R E P A R E D BY F O R A M P A T E L

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