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Codex - Africa food manufacturers

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7-9 April 2019. Cairo. Africa Food Manufacturing conference. The conference hosted professors from various universities, food scientists, industries, and students, local and international, and will include the following tracks:
Track 4: Food Adulteration: Laws, policy and governance.
Dr. Patrick Vincent Hegarty,

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Codex - Africa food manufacturers

  1. 1. Codex Alimentarius and Africa Food Manufacturers DR. P. VINCENT HEGARTY Founding Director & Professor Emeritus vhegarty@msu.edu www.iflr.msu.edu Africa Food Manufacturers Cairo, Egypt, April 7-9, 2019
  2. 2. Codex Alimentarius • Established in 1963 • 188 member countries → 49 countries in Africa, (2019) • FAO and WHO joint venture • Formulate internationally accepted food safety standards for: → Protection of human health/food safety → Ensure fair trade practices for food • CCAFRICA – regional coordinator: Kenya
  3. 3. Some Codex Observers with Africa Links/Interest IGO (International Governmental Organization) ACP African, Caribbean and Pacific Group States AfricaRice African Rice Center AGC Africa Groundnut Council ARSO African Organization for Standardization AU African Union COMESA Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa EAC East African Community SADC Southern African Development Community NGO (Non-Governmental Organization) COLEACP Europe-Africa-Caribbean-Pacific Liaison Committee for the Promotion of Fruits, Off-Season Vegetables, Flowers, Ornamental Plants and Tropical Spices
  4. 4. CODEX: Protecting Health, Facilitating Trade. A World Full of Standards http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/codexalimentarius/doc/CA0162-MX172_web.pdf
  5. 5. Codex Mandate Codex: A World Full of Standards, p. 5.
  6. 6. Codex Standards • HACCP used to develop Codex standards • Flexible enough to allow member states to incorporate them into existing or new legislation • Strive for “consensus” on decisions • Risk analysis used extensively • 8 step procedure to pass a standard → Reviewed twice by CAC, twice by member and twice by government and other interested parties
  7. 7. Codex Guidelines • Basic tool to help member nations elaborate their national standards to conform to Codex • Not binding but accepted worldwide • Useful to developing countries • Example: Code of Ethics for International Trade in Food • Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) can make guidelines “quasi-binding,” i.e. SPS Agreement guidelines
  8. 8. Codex Committees • Commodity Committees (example: Fats and Oils) • General Subject Committees (example: Food Additives) • Regional Committees (intra-regional matters and trade) • Regional Coordinating Committees → Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America & Caribbean, Near East, North America and South West Pacific
  9. 9. Codex Committees: General Subjects • Food Labeling • Food Import & Export Inspection and Certification Systems • Methods of Analysis and Sampling • Food Hygiene • Pesticide Residues • Food Additives • Contaminants in Foods • Residues of Veterinary Drugs in Foods • Nutrition and Food for Special Dietary Uses • General Principles
  10. 10. Codex: A World Full of Standards, p. 32.
  11. 11. Codex: Summary • Codex Alimentarius: Ensures international acceptance of food safety standards and fair trade practices in food • Codex Standards: Based on scientific principles such as HACCP
  12. 12. Thank you Go raibh maith agaibh (Irish) DR. P. VINCENT HEGARTY vhegarty@msu.edu www.iflr.msu.edu