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The Migration Governance
Framework and its Applications
Strengthening Migration Governance:
The role of Inter-institutional Coordination and evidence-based policy making
27-28 October 2016 – Tunis, Tunisia
By: Karoline Popp, Regional Liaison and Policy Officer, IOM
Funded by the
European Union
République Tunisienne
Ministère des Affaires
Etrangères
IOM Migration Governance Framework: The essential elements for
facilitating orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility
of people through planned and well-managed migration policies
Migration Governance Framework
• Combat xenophobia, racism and discrimination
• Adhere to the principles of equality and non-discrimination
• Abide by humanitarian principles
• Ensure early identification and support for migrants or displaced people in
situations of vulnerability
• Incorporate age considerations, and child-oriented and gender perspectives
into policies and programmes
• Provide access to timely status determination processes, justice and legal
redress
• Criminalize forced labour, trafficking in human beings and smuggling of
migrants, decriminalize its victims
• Enable a person to exercise his or her right to leave any country, including his
or her own country, and to return to his or her own country, at any time
Principle 1 – Elements
• Collect, analyse, use and disseminate credible sex- and age-
disaggregated data on population and displacement movements
• Include all ministries with responsibilities touching on the movement
of people
• Reflect in policies migration trends and links with e.g. climate change,
crises and demographics
• Include migration-related considerations in all relevant areas of
policy
Principle 2 – Elements
• With governments and authorities at the subnational level, including city
authorities
• With other partners at the national level: CSOs, non-governmental
organizations, employers, unions, migrant associations, diaspora
organizations, academia
• With other countries, including: immediate neighbours; significant
countries of origin, transit and destination for nationals or for arriving
migrants; countries which are home to the diaspora; other countries in
regional trading blocs
• With international organizations whose mandates touch on migration and
migration-related issues, including those providing humanitarian and
development assistance
Principle 3 – Elements
• Promote a variety of labour migration approaches, cross-border labour
market matching and trade in services
• Regulate for ethical recruitment practices
• Implement regular lower-cost channels for remittance transfers, promote
financial literacy among remittance-receiving households, and increase
opportunities for diaspora investment in home communities
• Maintain strong, results-focused integration, reintegration and social
cohesion programmes
• Facilitate international student migration
• Facilitate family reunification
• Ensure portability of social benefits
Objective 1 – Elements
• Facilitate access to safety and protection for displaced and crisis-affected
populations
• Accept refugees and asylum-seekers, including through resettlement and
other forms of humanitarian admission
• Facilitate access to consular services and evacuation assistance for
nationals abroad affected by crises
• Allow unhindered access for humanitarian aid and workers
• Register displaced persons and ensure access to services
• Support early transition and post-crisis recovery efforts and access to
livelihoods
Objective 2 – Elements
• Promote stability and reduce drivers of forced migration
• Provide access to adequate and regular channels for migration, mobility,
residence and citizenship for all
• Ensure access to efficient and well-operating visa, entry, stay and
residency schemes and to identity and travel documents
• Ensure identification and referral of those in need of assistance and
protection
• Maintain rights-based border management practices
• Maintain effective identity management and responsible use of biometrics
Objective 3 – Elements
Migration Governance Framework
The first and only internationally agreed
definition of good migration governance.
Reference document for a coherent,
comprehensive and balanced set of
principles and objectives.
Tool for gap analysis and initial country
assessment of: institutional capacity, policy
coherence, policy comprehensiveness.
Tool to define policy priorities and
establish the sequencing of initiatives,
reforms, programmes.
Basis for measuring progress on migration-
related SDG targets (esp. 10.7).
Migration in the goal and target framework
5.2
TRAFFICKING
(FOCUS ON
WOMEN AND
GIRLS)
8.7
TRAFFICKING
8.8 MIGRANT
WORKER
RIGHTS
(ESP. WOMEN
MIGRANTS)
10.7 WELL-
MANAGED
MIGRATION
POLICIES
10.c
REMITTANCES
16.2
TRAFFICKING
17.16 GLOBAL
PARTNERSHIP
17.17 PUBLIC, PRIVATE
AND CS PARTNERSHIPS
17.18 DATA
DISAGGREGATION
(INCLUDING BY
MIGRATORY STATUS)
4.b
SCHOLARSHIPS
(STUDENT
MOBILITY)
1.5 RESILIENCE
TO CLIMATE
EVENTS AND
SOCIO
ECONOMIC
SHOCKS
11.B CITIES IMPLEMENTING
INTEGRATED POLICIES
13.1-3
RESILIENCE
TO CLIMATE
HAZARDS
AND
NATURAL
DISASTERS
SpecificreferencesOtherentrypoints
3.8 ACCESS TO
ESSENTIAL
HEALTH-CARE
SERVICIES
Migration in the SDGs
Migration in the SDGs
Target 10.7
Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and
responsible migration and mobility of
people, including through the
implementation of planned and well-
managed migration policies
Indicators
10.7.1 Recruitment cost borne by
employee as a proportion of yearly
income earned in country of
destination
10.7.2 Number of countries that have
implemented well-managed
migration policies
 Framework and methodology to
assess country-specific migration
governance structures
 Framework and methodology to
measure SDG progress
Migration Governance Index (MGI)
Migration Governance Index:
5 domains of migration governance
73 sub-
indicators
Regional + international
cooperation and other
partnerships
Institutional
capacity
Migrant rights
Safe + orderly
migration
Labour migration
management
23 indicators
Sub-indicators include:
• A government migration strategy
• Data gathering and information availability
• Rights to basic social services and social security
• Rights to long term residency and pathway to
citizenship
• Border control and enforcement
• Measures to combat human trafficking and
smuggling
• Student migration regulation
• Signature and ratification of
international/regional/bilateral conventions
Migration Governance – Conclusions
High time for a serious international discussion on
migration governance…
… SDG implementation and development of a Global Compact on
Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration…
…call for analytical assessment and practical tools
for good migration governance…
… IOM Migration Governance Framework is the first internationally
agreed framework on well-governed migration.
Migration Governance – Resources
IOM Migration Governance Framework (full text):
English https://governingbodies.iom.int/system/files/en/council/106/C-106-40-Migration-
Governance-Framework.pdf
French https://governingbodies.iom.int/fr/system/files/fr/council/106/C-106-40-Cadre-de-
gouvernance-des-migrations.pdf
IOM Migration Governance Framework (brochure):
English http://www.iom.int/sites/default/files/about-iom/migof_brochure_a4_en.pdf
French http://www.iom.int/sites/default/files/about-iom/migof_brochure_a4_fr.pdf
Arabic http://www.iom.int/sites/default/files/about-iom/migof_brochure_a4_ar.pdf
IOM – Economist Intelligence Unit Measuring well-governed migration:
The 2016 Migration Governance Index http://publications.iom.int/books/measuring-
well-governed-migration-2016-migration-governance-index
Thank you!
Karoline POPP
Regional Liaison and Policy Officer
International Organization for Migration - MENA Regional Office
47C, Abou El-Feda St., Zamalek – Cairo, Egypt
Email: kpopp@iom.int

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Migration Governance Framework & its applications by IOM

  • 1. The Migration Governance Framework and its Applications Strengthening Migration Governance: The role of Inter-institutional Coordination and evidence-based policy making 27-28 October 2016 – Tunis, Tunisia By: Karoline Popp, Regional Liaison and Policy Officer, IOM Funded by the European Union République Tunisienne Ministère des Affaires Etrangères
  • 2. IOM Migration Governance Framework: The essential elements for facilitating orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people through planned and well-managed migration policies Migration Governance Framework
  • 3.
  • 4. • Combat xenophobia, racism and discrimination • Adhere to the principles of equality and non-discrimination • Abide by humanitarian principles • Ensure early identification and support for migrants or displaced people in situations of vulnerability • Incorporate age considerations, and child-oriented and gender perspectives into policies and programmes • Provide access to timely status determination processes, justice and legal redress • Criminalize forced labour, trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants, decriminalize its victims • Enable a person to exercise his or her right to leave any country, including his or her own country, and to return to his or her own country, at any time Principle 1 – Elements
  • 5.
  • 6. • Collect, analyse, use and disseminate credible sex- and age- disaggregated data on population and displacement movements • Include all ministries with responsibilities touching on the movement of people • Reflect in policies migration trends and links with e.g. climate change, crises and demographics • Include migration-related considerations in all relevant areas of policy Principle 2 – Elements
  • 7.
  • 8. • With governments and authorities at the subnational level, including city authorities • With other partners at the national level: CSOs, non-governmental organizations, employers, unions, migrant associations, diaspora organizations, academia • With other countries, including: immediate neighbours; significant countries of origin, transit and destination for nationals or for arriving migrants; countries which are home to the diaspora; other countries in regional trading blocs • With international organizations whose mandates touch on migration and migration-related issues, including those providing humanitarian and development assistance Principle 3 – Elements
  • 9.
  • 10. • Promote a variety of labour migration approaches, cross-border labour market matching and trade in services • Regulate for ethical recruitment practices • Implement regular lower-cost channels for remittance transfers, promote financial literacy among remittance-receiving households, and increase opportunities for diaspora investment in home communities • Maintain strong, results-focused integration, reintegration and social cohesion programmes • Facilitate international student migration • Facilitate family reunification • Ensure portability of social benefits Objective 1 – Elements
  • 11.
  • 12. • Facilitate access to safety and protection for displaced and crisis-affected populations • Accept refugees and asylum-seekers, including through resettlement and other forms of humanitarian admission • Facilitate access to consular services and evacuation assistance for nationals abroad affected by crises • Allow unhindered access for humanitarian aid and workers • Register displaced persons and ensure access to services • Support early transition and post-crisis recovery efforts and access to livelihoods Objective 2 – Elements
  • 13.
  • 14. • Promote stability and reduce drivers of forced migration • Provide access to adequate and regular channels for migration, mobility, residence and citizenship for all • Ensure access to efficient and well-operating visa, entry, stay and residency schemes and to identity and travel documents • Ensure identification and referral of those in need of assistance and protection • Maintain rights-based border management practices • Maintain effective identity management and responsible use of biometrics Objective 3 – Elements
  • 15. Migration Governance Framework The first and only internationally agreed definition of good migration governance. Reference document for a coherent, comprehensive and balanced set of principles and objectives. Tool for gap analysis and initial country assessment of: institutional capacity, policy coherence, policy comprehensiveness. Tool to define policy priorities and establish the sequencing of initiatives, reforms, programmes. Basis for measuring progress on migration- related SDG targets (esp. 10.7).
  • 16.
  • 17. Migration in the goal and target framework 5.2 TRAFFICKING (FOCUS ON WOMEN AND GIRLS) 8.7 TRAFFICKING 8.8 MIGRANT WORKER RIGHTS (ESP. WOMEN MIGRANTS) 10.7 WELL- MANAGED MIGRATION POLICIES 10.c REMITTANCES 16.2 TRAFFICKING 17.16 GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP 17.17 PUBLIC, PRIVATE AND CS PARTNERSHIPS 17.18 DATA DISAGGREGATION (INCLUDING BY MIGRATORY STATUS) 4.b SCHOLARSHIPS (STUDENT MOBILITY) 1.5 RESILIENCE TO CLIMATE EVENTS AND SOCIO ECONOMIC SHOCKS 11.B CITIES IMPLEMENTING INTEGRATED POLICIES 13.1-3 RESILIENCE TO CLIMATE HAZARDS AND NATURAL DISASTERS SpecificreferencesOtherentrypoints 3.8 ACCESS TO ESSENTIAL HEALTH-CARE SERVICIES Migration in the SDGs
  • 18. Migration in the SDGs Target 10.7 Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well- managed migration policies Indicators 10.7.1 Recruitment cost borne by employee as a proportion of yearly income earned in country of destination 10.7.2 Number of countries that have implemented well-managed migration policies
  • 19.  Framework and methodology to assess country-specific migration governance structures  Framework and methodology to measure SDG progress Migration Governance Index (MGI)
  • 20. Migration Governance Index: 5 domains of migration governance 73 sub- indicators Regional + international cooperation and other partnerships Institutional capacity Migrant rights Safe + orderly migration Labour migration management 23 indicators
  • 21. Sub-indicators include: • A government migration strategy • Data gathering and information availability • Rights to basic social services and social security • Rights to long term residency and pathway to citizenship • Border control and enforcement • Measures to combat human trafficking and smuggling • Student migration regulation • Signature and ratification of international/regional/bilateral conventions
  • 22. Migration Governance – Conclusions High time for a serious international discussion on migration governance… … SDG implementation and development of a Global Compact on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration… …call for analytical assessment and practical tools for good migration governance… … IOM Migration Governance Framework is the first internationally agreed framework on well-governed migration.
  • 23. Migration Governance – Resources IOM Migration Governance Framework (full text): English https://governingbodies.iom.int/system/files/en/council/106/C-106-40-Migration- Governance-Framework.pdf French https://governingbodies.iom.int/fr/system/files/fr/council/106/C-106-40-Cadre-de- gouvernance-des-migrations.pdf IOM Migration Governance Framework (brochure): English http://www.iom.int/sites/default/files/about-iom/migof_brochure_a4_en.pdf French http://www.iom.int/sites/default/files/about-iom/migof_brochure_a4_fr.pdf Arabic http://www.iom.int/sites/default/files/about-iom/migof_brochure_a4_ar.pdf IOM – Economist Intelligence Unit Measuring well-governed migration: The 2016 Migration Governance Index http://publications.iom.int/books/measuring- well-governed-migration-2016-migration-governance-index
  • 24. Thank you! Karoline POPP Regional Liaison and Policy Officer International Organization for Migration - MENA Regional Office 47C, Abou El-Feda St., Zamalek – Cairo, Egypt Email: kpopp@iom.int