Public Perceptions of NATO

Ipsos UK
Ipsos UKeCommunications Manager à Ipsos UK
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
December 2019
Public
Perceptions
of NATO
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
Familiarity with
NATO
2
How well, if at all, would you
say you know NATO?
• Know very well
• Know a fair amount
• Know just a little
• Heard of but know nothing about
• Never heard of
• Don’t know
Country Have heard of NATO
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
All countries
NATO Members
Poland
Russia
Italy
Netherlands
Sweden
China
Germany
Spain
Belgium
Hungary
France
Great Britain
the US
South Korea
Canada
Japan
Saudi Arabia
Australia
87
88
95
95
92
92
91
90
90
89
89
88
86
85
84
82
81
81
75
73
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
Familiarity with the
EU
3
How well, if at all, would you
say you know the EU?
• Know very well
• Know a fair amount
• Know just a little
• Heard of but know nothing about
• Never heard of
• Don’t know
Country Have heard of the EU
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
All countries
NATO Members
Poland
Hungary
Great Britain
Netherlands
China
South Korea
Italy
Russia
Sweden
Spain
Belgium
France
Germany
Saudi Arabia
Japan
Canada
Australia
The US
90
91
99
97
96
96
96
96
95
95
94
94
94
93
91
82
80
76
74
74
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
92
93
96
96
96
96
96
95
95
94
93
93
92
92
92
91
90
87
85
83
Familiarity with the
UN
4
How well, if at all, would you
say you know the UN?
• Know very well
• Know a fair amount
• Know just a little
• Heard of but know nothing about
• Never heard of
• Don’t know
Country Have heard of the UN
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
All countries
NATO Members
South Korea
Netherlands
Poland
China
Sweden
Russia
Great Britain
Italy
Belgium
The US
Spain
Canada
France
Australia
Germany
Hungary
Japan
Saudi Arabia
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
62
61
87
84
81
74
70
70
65
65
61
56
55
54
53
52
50
49
47
47
Familiarity with
NAFTA
5
How well, if at all, would you
say you know NAFTA?
• Know very well
• Know a fair amount
• Know just a little
• Heard of but know nothing about
• Never heard of
• Don’t know
Country Have heard of NAFTA
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
All countries
NATO Members
Canada
South Korea
The US
China
Sweden
Poland
Japan
Germany
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Saudi Arabia
Spain
Russia
Great Britain
France
Belgium
Australia
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
73
73
86
85
82
81
81
78
78
77
75
74
73
73
72
71
64
62
57
51
Familiarity with the
G20
6
How well, if at all, would you
say you know the G20?
• Know very well
• Know a fair amount
• Know just a little
• Heard of but know nothing about
• Never heard of
• Don’t know
Country Have heard of the G20
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
All countries
NATO Members
South Korea
France
China
Italy
Russia
Belgium
Poland
Spain
Japan
Germany
Great Britain
Canada
Hungary
Australia
Netherlands
Sweden
Saudi Arabia
the US
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
40
36
67
59
54
53
50
50
46
45
45
37
37
35
28
26
23
22
21
20
Familiarity with the
Non-Aligned
Movement
7
How well, if at all, would you
say you know the Non-Aligned
Movement?
• Know very well
• Know a fair amount
• Know just a little
• Heard of but know nothing about
• Never heard of
• Don’t know
Country Have heard of the Non-Aligned Movement
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
All countries
NATO Members
China
Saudi Arabia
Italy
South Korea
Poland
Spain
Hungary
Germany
Russia
Japan
Sweden
Belgium
France
United States
Great Britain
Netherlands
Australia
Canada
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
+22
+28
+54
+46
+46
+41
+36
+25
+28
+27
+29
+21
+12
+17
+12
+9
+6
+13
+14
-32
39
43
60
56
55
50
47
44
41
40
40
38
37
35
31
30
29
27
23
15
16
14
6
10
9
9
11
19
13
12
11
16
25
18
19
21
24
14
9
47
Favourability
towards NATO
8
How favourable or unfavourable
would you say your overall
opinion or impression is of
NATO?
• Very favourable
• Fairly favourable
• Neither favourable nor unfavourable
• Fairly unfavourable
• Very unfavourable
• Don’t know
Country
Net
favourableFavourable Unfavourable
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 All know at least a little about NATO (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France,
Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (9737, 6624, 501, 385, 690, 700,
701, 754, 669, 408, 818, 542, 367, 450, 389, 305, 292, 767, 384, 615)
All countries
NATO Members
Poland
United States
Canada
Great Britain
Netherlands
Saudi Arabia
Belgium
Australia
Hungary
Sweden
China
Italy
France
Germany
Spain
South Korea
Japan
Russia
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
+22
+20
+49
+51
+44
+34
+20
+28
+27
+21
+26
+18
+18
+1
+17
+7
+7
+13
+14
+11
42
43
61
57
56
49
46
46
45
44
43
41
38
37
36
35
34
30
28
25
19
22
12
6
12
15
26
18
18
23
17
23
21
36
20
28
26
17
14
15
Favourability
towards the EU
9
How favourable or unfavourable
would you say your overall
opinion or impression is of the
EU?
• Very favourable
• Fairly favourable
• Neither favourable nor unfavourable
• Fairly unfavourable
• Very unfavourable
• Don’t know
Country
Net
favourableFavourable Unfavourable
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 All know at least a little about NATO (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France,
Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (10671, 7244, 527, 426, 627,
805, 845, 812, 878, 456, 893, 567, 414, 476, 391, 339, 351, 875, 447, 542)
All countries
NATO Members
Poland
China
Saudi Arabia
Hungary
Netherlands
Spain
Canada
Sweden
The US
Germany
Belgium
Great Britain
Australia
Italy
France
Russia
South Korea
Japan
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
+32
+30
+67
+48
+46
+39
+44
+26
+28
+35
+35
+33
+32
+19
+27
+30
+17
+16
+20
+15
47
46
70
59
59
55
54
49
48
48
48
47
46
43
41
40
37
36
35
32
15
15
3
11
13
17
10
22
20
12
13
14
14
25
14
10
19
20
15
16
Favourability
towards the UN
10
How favourable or unfavourable
would you say your overall
opinion or impression is of the
UN?
• Very favourable
• Fairly favourable
• Neither favourable nor unfavourable
• Fairly unfavourable
• Very unfavourable
• Don’t know
Country
Net
favourableFavourable Unfavourable
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 All know at least a little about NATO (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France,
Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (10951, 7132, 738, 401, 800,
850, 807, 749, 803, 330, 842, 628, 396, 436, 409, 355, 400, 813, 439, 755)
All countries
NATO Members
China
Poland
Sweden
Canada
Great Britain
The US
Australia
Netherlands
South Korea
Spain
Belgium
Saudi Arabia
France
Russia
Germany
Italy
Hungary
Japan
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
+8
+3
+41
+38
+30
+27
+28
+25
+5
+4
+6
+5
+2
-2
-15
+4
-4
-5
-13
-20
28
25
53
49
47
45
37
34
28
25
23
23
22
21
20
20
19
16
15
13
20
22
12
12
16
18
8
8
22
21
18
18
19
23
36
16
23
21
29
33
Favourability
towards NAFTA
11
How favourable or unfavourable
would you say your overall
opinion or impression is of
NAFTA?
• Very favourable
• Fairly favourable
• Neither favourable nor unfavourable
• Fairly unfavourable
• Very unfavourable
• Don’t know
Country
Net
favourableFavourable Unfavourable
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 All know at least a little about NATO (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France,
Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (5510, 3552, 254, 145, 737, 494,
287, 360, 295, 147, 341, 420, 122, 242, 124, 204, 264, 298, 198, 578)
All countries
NATO Members
Saudi Arabia
China
Canada
The US
Sweden
Poland
Australia
Russia
Great Britain
Hungary
Italy
South Korea
France
Japan
Belgium
Spain
Germany
Netherlands
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
+13
+6
+58
+36
+26
+28
+20
+14
+15
+21
+9
+10
+2
6
+10
+4
-8
+12
-8
-12
32
29
63
52
41
41
37
33
32
31
30
28
27
27
26
25
25
24
22
17
19
23
5
16
16
14
17
19
16
11
22
19
25
21
15
22
33
12
30
29
Favourability
towards the G20
12
How favourable or unfavourable
would you say your overall
opinion or impression is of the
G20?
• Very favourable
• Fairly favourable
• Neither favourable nor unfavourable
• Fairly unfavourable
• Very unfavourable
• Don’t know
Country
Net
favourableFavourable Unfavourable
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 All know at least a little about NATO (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France,
Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (7884, 5134, 493, 308, 582, 693,
727, 554, 583, 237, 678, 514, 222, 301, 297, 261, 294, 597, 198, 345)
All countries
NATO Members
Australia
Belgium
Canada
China
France
Germany
Great Britain
Hungary
Italy
Japan
Netherlands
Poland
Russia
Saudi Arabia
South Korea
Spain
Sweden
The US
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
+14
+10
+48
+39
+27
+26
+28
+27
+14
+14
+5
+10
+10
+2
+5
+7
-6
-3
+1
-3
30
28
55
55
46
40
38
36
34
28
27
26
25
24
23
20
20
19
18
11
16
17
7
16
19
14
11
9
19
14
23
16
15
21
17
13
26
22
17
14
Favourability
towards the Non-
Aligned Movement
13
How favourable or unfavourable
would you say your overall
opinion or impression is of the
Non-Aligned Movement?
• Very favourable
• Fairly favourable
• Neither favourable nor unfavourable
• Fairly unfavourable
• Very unfavourable
• Don’t know
Country
Net
favourableFavourable Unfavourable
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 All know at least a little about NATO (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France,
Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (3057, 1676, 100, 94, 79, 492,
132, 220, 112, 102, 328, 241, 38, 137, 109, 246, 115, 278, 78, 156)
All countries
NATO Members
China
Saudi Arabia
The US
Sweden
Australia
Poland
Belgium
Great Britain
Canada
Spain
France
Netherlands
Italy
Russia
South Korea
Hungary
Germany
Japan
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
-
-
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
51
72
87
80
79
78
77
74
70
68
67
66
65
57
23
23
21
21
20
11
14
As far as you know, is
[COUNTRY] a member of NATO
or not?
• Is a member of NATO
• Is not a member of NATO
• Don’t know
All countries
NATO Members
Poland
Germany
Netherlands
Hungary
Belgium
Spain
Italy
Canada
Great Britain
France
United States
Saudi Arabia
Sweden
Australia
South Korea
Japan
China
Russia
Country Think it is a NATO member
NATO
member?
Awareness that
[country] is a
member of NATO
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
59
82
68
65
63
63
58
56
51
49
49
49
7
2
2
3
3
4
10
7
9
8
11
13
NATO Members
Poland
Canada
Great Britain
Netherlands
United States
Hungary
Belgium
Germany
France
Italy
Spain
+53
+80
+66
+61
+59
+59
+48
+49
+43
+41
+37
+37
Belief that NATO is a
good or bad thing
for [country]
15
Do you think being a member of
NATO is good or bad for
[COUNTRY], or doesn’t it make
much difference?
• Very good
• Fairly good
• Makes no difference
• Fairly bad
• Very bad
• Don’t know
Country Net goodGood thing Bad thing
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All NATO countries, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, United
States) (8999, 501, 999, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 500, 500, 1000, 1000)
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
15
22
13
16
12
19
16
17
11
14
15
7
15
22
12
16
18
14
14
15
18
7
11
13
15
13
19
17
15
17
15
16
15
9
15
17
56
43
59
51
57
48
56
51
55
70
62
64
16
As far as you know, what
percentage of NATO funding is paid
for by the United States? If you are
not certain, please give your best
guess.
NATO Members
Germany
France
Netherlands
Spain
Canada
Poland
Great Britain
Belgium
Hungary
Italy
United States
Country Mean
39
31
41
36
42
35
39
36
38
44
44
46
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All NATO countries, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, United
States) (8999, 501, 999, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 500, 500, 1000, 1000)
Defence Expenditure of NATO Countries (2012-2019) (NATO, June 2019)
% of NATO funding
believed to be
provided by the US
0-10% 11-20% 21-30% 30%+
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
14
9
8
13
15
15
14
16
16
14
16
0.18
1.15
0.5
1.22
5.1
2.58
1.36
2.27
6.23
5.2
70
81
83
78
72
61
69
67
61
60
66
13
8
10
6
10
18
12
12
15
22
19
7
4
2
5
3
8
7
7
11
11
7
11
6
5
14
14
12
11
13
11
8
13
17
As far as you know, what
percentage of NATO funding
is paid for by (COUNTRY)?
If you are not certain, please
give your best guess.
NATO Members
Hungary
Netherlands
Belgium
Poland
Germany
Italy
Spain
Canada
Great Britain
France
Country
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All NATO countries except United States, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands,
Poland, Spain) (2200, 214, 206, 200, 232, 240, 259, 161, 237, 264, 187, 248).
Defence Expenditure of NATO Countries (2012-2019) (NATO, June 2019)
% of NATO
funding believed
to be provided by
[country]
0-10% 11-20% 21-30% 30%+
Actual %
(2018)
Mean
guess
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
55
54
74
64
61
60
60
58
58
57
56
56
54
54
51
49
48
48
45
41
21
21
16
20
20
27
21
17
24
19
19
15
24
21
22
26
18
18
24
20
+35
+33
+58
+43
+40
+33
+39
+42
+34
+38
+37
+41
+31
+33
+29
+23
+30
+30
+21
+21
All countries
NATO Members
China
Netherlands
South Korea
Russia
Sweden
Belgium
Poland
Germany
Great Britain
Saudi Arabia
Hungary
Spain
United States
Italy
Australia
France
Canada
Japan
18
The next questions are some statements
about NATO. For each one, please tell me
whether you think it is true or false.
NATO’s main purpose is to protect
the interests of Western countries
• Definitely true
• Probably true
• Probably false
• Definitely false
• Don’t know
Country
NATO’s purpose is
to protect Western
interests
Net trueTrue False
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
39
35
72
68
52
46
42
41
41
38
38
37
37
32
31
31
30
29
25
20
36
41
18
22
17
38
34
34
38
38
36
29
42
44
49
45
34
48
48
39
All countries
NATO Members
Russia
China
Saudi Arabia
Poland
Hungary
Italy
South Korea
Belgium
Spain
Australia
Sweden
Great Britain
Netherlands
United States
France
Germany
Canada
Japan
+3
-6
+54
+46
+35
+8
+8
+7
+3
0
+1
+8
-5
-12
-17
-14
-4
-19
-22
-19
19
The next questions are some statements
about NATO. For each one, please tell me
whether you think it is true or false.
NATO’s main purpose is to protect
the interests of the United States
• Definitely true
• Probably true
• Probably false
• Definitely false
• Don’t know
Country Net trueTrue False
NATO’s purpose is
to protect US
interests
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
22
17
56
49
31
28
27
21
20
19
18
17
17
15
15
14
14
13
11
11
50
56
29
29
28
54
46
57
53
52
54
56
59
49
55
49
66
43
58
63
20
The next questions are some statements
about NATO. For each one, please tell me
whether you think it is true or false.
One of NATO’s main purposes is to
harm the interests of Russia
• Definitely true
• Probably true
• Probably false
• Definitely false
• Don’t know
All countries
NATO Members
Russia
China
Saudi Arabia
Poland
Hungary
Sweden
South Korea
Italy
Spain
Belgium
Germany
France
United States
Australia
Netherlands
Japan
Canada
Great Britain
Country
+27
-38
+27
+20
+3
-26
-19
-36
-33
-33
-36
-39
-43
-34
-40
-35
-52
-31
-47
-52
Net trueTrue False
One of NATO’s
purposes is to harm
Russian interests
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
-35
-46
+14
+8
+7
-38
-38
-35
-37
-40
-41
-44
-45
-38
-40
-54
-35
-59
-53
-58
18
13
47
42
32
21
21
18
17
16
15
13
13
12
11
11
11
10
9
8
53
59
33
34
25
59
59
52
54
56
57
56
57
51
51
65
46
68
62
66
21
The next questions are some statements
about NATO. For each one, please tell me
whether you think it is true or false.
One of NATO’s main purposes is to
harm the interests of China
• Definitely true
• Probably true
• Probably false
• Definitely false
• Don’t know
All countries
NATO Members
China
Russia
Saudi Arabia
Poland
Sweden
Italy
Hungary
Spain
South Korea
Belgium
United States
Australia
France
Germany
Japan
Netherlands
Canada
Great Britain
Country Net trueTrue False
One of NATO’s
purposes is to harm
Chinese interests
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
+15
+16
+28
+19
+20
+22
+26
+19
+11
+10
+18
+11
+19
+19
+6
+14
+7
+17
+10
-3
40
40
54
49
46
43
42
41
41
40
40
39
39
39
38
37
36
35
32
23
25
24
26
31
26
20
16
22
30
31
22
27
20
20
32
23
29
18
23
26
All countries
NATO Members
Russia
China
Netherlands
Spain
France
Italy
Poland
Germany
Great Britain
Belgium
Hungary
Saudi Arabia
Sweden
United States
South Korea
Australia
Canada
Japan
22
The next questions are some statements
about NATO. For each one, please tell me
whether you think it is true or false.
NATO is currently carrying out
military operations in Syria
• Definitely true
• Probably true
• Probably false
• Definitely false
• Don’t know
Country Net trueTrue False
NATO is carrying
out military
operations in Syria
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
62
66
78
74
71
69
66
65
65
64
63
63
62
59
59
57
57
56
50
33
15
12
10
12
10
14
9
12
16
12
13
14
16
27
16
11
14
13
27
23
All countries
NATO Members
Poland
Netherlands
Hungary
Sweden
Canada
Great Britain
Russia
Spain
Italy
United States
Belgium
China
Germany
Australia
Saudi Arabia
France
South Korea
Japan
+47
+53
+68
+62
+61
+54
+57
+53
+49
+52
+49
+50
+46
+32
+42
+46
+43
+43
+23
+11
23
The next questions are some statements
about NATO. For each one, please tell me
whether you think it is true or false.
NATO countries consider that an
armed attack on one of them is an
attack upon all
• Definitely true
• Probably true
• Probably false
• Definitely false
• Don’t know
Country Net trueTrue False
NATO members
treat attacks on one
as an attack on all
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
2.14%
2.51%
2.02%
1.9%
2.6%
1.15%
2.14%
3.9%
0.92%
3.3%
1.9%
1.29%
0.91%
1.24%
1.21%
1%
8.8%
1.21%
1.82%
0.9%
49
49
69
63
59
55
54
50
50
50
47
47
45
45
45
45
44
41
38
33
18
17
8
17
19
14
11
20
16
17
12
15
21
27
17
27
15
32
13
21
24
All countries
NATO Members
Poland
China
South Korea
Hungary
Great Britain
Russia
Spain
United States
Australia
Canada
Belgium
Germany
Italy
Sweden
Saudi Arabia
Netherlands
France
Japan
Country Actual (2018)True False
[Country] spends at
least 2% GDP on
defence
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
Defence Expenditure of NATO Countries (2012-2019) (NATO, June 2019)
SIPRI Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security
The next questions are some statements
about NATO. For each one, please tell me
whether you think it is true or false.
[COUNTRY] spends at least 2% of
its GDP (Gross Domestic Product)
on defence
• Definitely true
• Probably true
• Probably false
• Definitely false
• Don’t know
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
14
21
21
15
15
14
14
13
13
12
10
10
35
38
29
34
31
35
31
37
39
39
29
48
NATO Members
Poland
United States
Netherlands
Spain
Canada
Italy
Belgium
Great Britain
Germany
France
Hungary
-21
-17
-8
-20
-15
-21
-17
-24
-26
-27
-19
-38
25
Here are some more statements about
NATO. How strongly, if at all, do you agree
or disagree with each?
NATO should not protect its
member states who do not spend at
least 2% of their GDP on defence
• Strongly agree
• Tend to agree
• Neither agree nor disagree
• Tend to disagree
• Strongly disagree
• Don’t know
Country
NATO should not
protect members
spending <2% GDP
Net agreeAgree Disagree
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All NATO countries, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, United
States) (8999, 501, 999, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 500, 500, 1000, 1000)
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
NATO Members
Italy
United States
Poland
Canada
Netherlands
Belgium
Great Britain
France
Hungary
Germany
Spain
-8
+18
+8
-12
+1
-10
-11
-10
-10
-28
-27
-11
19
32
27
25
20
19
16
16
14
13
12
12
27
14
18
37
19
29
27
26
23
41
39
22
26
Here are some more statements about
NATO. How strongly, if at all, do you agree
or disagree with each?
NATO should take more actions
against Russia
• Strongly agree
• Tend to agree
• Neither agree nor disagree
• Tend to disagree
• Strongly disagree
• Don’t know
Country Net agreeAgree Disagree
NATO should take
more actions
against Russia
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All NATO countries, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, United
States) (8999, 501, 999, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 500, 500, 1000, 1000)
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
13
13
19
17
17
17
16
16
15
15
14
13
13
12
11
10
8
7
6
6
40
41
39
49
30
38
39
32
40
47
37
27
36
35
47
40
49
52
56
34
27
Here are some more statements about
NATO. How strongly, if at all, do you agree
or disagree with each?
NATO is a weak organisation
• Strongly agree
• Tend to agree
• Neither agree nor disagree
• Tend to disagree
• Strongly disagree
• Don’t know
All countries
NATO Members
China
Russia
Saudi Arabia
United States
Belgium
France
Germany
Poland
Spain
Australia
Italy
Canada
Sweden
Great Britain
Netherlands
South Korea
Hungary
Japan
Country
-27
-28
-20
-32
-12
-22
-22
-16
-25
-31
-23
-15
-23
-23
-35
-30
-41
-45
-51
-28
NATO is a weak
organisation
Net agreeAgree Disagree
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
33
41
51
48
47
47
44
42
39
37
37
35
34
30
30
20
18
15
14
11
18
12
9
9
8
9
13
10
13
13
16
18
16
11
17
32
40
28
12
52
+15
+29
+42
+40
+40
+38
+31
+32
+26
+24
+21
+17
+18
+19
+14
-12
-21
-13
+2
-41
All countries
NATO Members
United States
Great Britain
Canada
Netherlands
Belgium
Hungary
France
Poland
Sweden
Spain
Italy
Australia
Germany
Saudi Arabia
China
South Korea
Japan
Russia
28
Here are some more statements about
NATO. How strongly, if at all, do you agree
or disagree with each?
NATO is a force for good in the
world
• Strongly agree
• Tend to agree
• Neither agree nor disagree
• Tend to disagree
• Strongly disagree
• Don’t know
Country Net agreeAgree Disagree
NATO is a force for
good in the world
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
-17
-23
+19
+8
+2
0
-7
-13
-22
-11
-26
-10
-25
-38
-29
-41
-29
-35
-40
-16
17
14
36
33
25
23
21
19
17
16
14
13
13
12
11
11
11
9
9
8
34
38
17
25
23
23
28
33
38
27
40
23
38
51
39
52
40
44
48
24
29
Here are some more statements about
NATO. How strongly, if at all, do you agree
or disagree with each?
NATO is a waste of money
• Strongly agree
• Tend to agree
• Neither agree nor disagree
• Tend to disagree
• Strongly disagree
• Don’t know
All countries
NATO Members
China
Russia
Spain
Saudi Arabia
Italy
Sweden
Germany
France
United States
Australia
Belgium
Poland
Canada
Hungary
South Korea
Great Britain
Netherlands
Japan
Country Net agreeAgree Disagree
NATO is a waste of
money
Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000,
500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public
The survey is an international sample of
14,004 adults aged 18-74 in the United
States and Canada and 16-74 in all other
countries. Interviews were conducted
between 25 October and 8 November 2019.
The survey was conducted in 18 countries
around the world, via the Ipsos Online Panel
system in Australia, Belgium, Canada, China,
France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan,
Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia,
South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Great Britain,
and the US.
Approximately 1000 individuals were
surveyed in Australia, Canada, China,
France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Spain, Great
Britain, and the US. Approximately 500
individuals were surveyed in Belgium,
Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Russia,
Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Sweden.
Where results do not sum to 100 or the
“difference” appears to be +/-1 more/less
than the actual, this may be due to rounding,
multiple responses or the exclusion of don't
knows or not stated responses.
Data are weighted to match the profile of the
population. 15 of the 18 countries surveyed
generate nationally representative samples
in their countries (Australia, Belgium,
Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain,
Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland,
South Korea, Spain, Sweden, and United
States). China, Saudi Arabia and South
Africa produce a national sample that is
considered to represent a more affluent,
connected population. These are still a vital
social group to understand in these
countries, representing an important and
emerging middle class.
30
Technical Note
1 sur 30

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Public Perceptions of NATO

  • 1. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public© Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public December 2019 Public Perceptions of NATO
  • 2. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public Familiarity with NATO 2 How well, if at all, would you say you know NATO? • Know very well • Know a fair amount • Know just a little • Heard of but know nothing about • Never heard of • Don’t know Country Have heard of NATO Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000) All countries NATO Members Poland Russia Italy Netherlands Sweden China Germany Spain Belgium Hungary France Great Britain the US South Korea Canada Japan Saudi Arabia Australia 87 88 95 95 92 92 91 90 90 89 89 88 86 85 84 82 81 81 75 73
  • 3. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public Familiarity with the EU 3 How well, if at all, would you say you know the EU? • Know very well • Know a fair amount • Know just a little • Heard of but know nothing about • Never heard of • Don’t know Country Have heard of the EU Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000) All countries NATO Members Poland Hungary Great Britain Netherlands China South Korea Italy Russia Sweden Spain Belgium France Germany Saudi Arabia Japan Canada Australia The US 90 91 99 97 96 96 96 96 95 95 94 94 94 93 91 82 80 76 74 74
  • 4. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public 92 93 96 96 96 96 96 95 95 94 93 93 92 92 92 91 90 87 85 83 Familiarity with the UN 4 How well, if at all, would you say you know the UN? • Know very well • Know a fair amount • Know just a little • Heard of but know nothing about • Never heard of • Don’t know Country Have heard of the UN Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000) All countries NATO Members South Korea Netherlands Poland China Sweden Russia Great Britain Italy Belgium The US Spain Canada France Australia Germany Hungary Japan Saudi Arabia
  • 5. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public 62 61 87 84 81 74 70 70 65 65 61 56 55 54 53 52 50 49 47 47 Familiarity with NAFTA 5 How well, if at all, would you say you know NAFTA? • Know very well • Know a fair amount • Know just a little • Heard of but know nothing about • Never heard of • Don’t know Country Have heard of NAFTA Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000) All countries NATO Members Canada South Korea The US China Sweden Poland Japan Germany Hungary Italy Netherlands Saudi Arabia Spain Russia Great Britain France Belgium Australia
  • 6. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public 73 73 86 85 82 81 81 78 78 77 75 74 73 73 72 71 64 62 57 51 Familiarity with the G20 6 How well, if at all, would you say you know the G20? • Know very well • Know a fair amount • Know just a little • Heard of but know nothing about • Never heard of • Don’t know Country Have heard of the G20 Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000) All countries NATO Members South Korea France China Italy Russia Belgium Poland Spain Japan Germany Great Britain Canada Hungary Australia Netherlands Sweden Saudi Arabia the US
  • 7. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public 40 36 67 59 54 53 50 50 46 45 45 37 37 35 28 26 23 22 21 20 Familiarity with the Non-Aligned Movement 7 How well, if at all, would you say you know the Non-Aligned Movement? • Know very well • Know a fair amount • Know just a little • Heard of but know nothing about • Never heard of • Don’t know Country Have heard of the Non-Aligned Movement Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000) All countries NATO Members China Saudi Arabia Italy South Korea Poland Spain Hungary Germany Russia Japan Sweden Belgium France United States Great Britain Netherlands Australia Canada
  • 8. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public +22 +28 +54 +46 +46 +41 +36 +25 +28 +27 +29 +21 +12 +17 +12 +9 +6 +13 +14 -32 39 43 60 56 55 50 47 44 41 40 40 38 37 35 31 30 29 27 23 15 16 14 6 10 9 9 11 19 13 12 11 16 25 18 19 21 24 14 9 47 Favourability towards NATO 8 How favourable or unfavourable would you say your overall opinion or impression is of NATO? • Very favourable • Fairly favourable • Neither favourable nor unfavourable • Fairly unfavourable • Very unfavourable • Don’t know Country Net favourableFavourable Unfavourable Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 All know at least a little about NATO (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (9737, 6624, 501, 385, 690, 700, 701, 754, 669, 408, 818, 542, 367, 450, 389, 305, 292, 767, 384, 615) All countries NATO Members Poland United States Canada Great Britain Netherlands Saudi Arabia Belgium Australia Hungary Sweden China Italy France Germany Spain South Korea Japan Russia
  • 9. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public +22 +20 +49 +51 +44 +34 +20 +28 +27 +21 +26 +18 +18 +1 +17 +7 +7 +13 +14 +11 42 43 61 57 56 49 46 46 45 44 43 41 38 37 36 35 34 30 28 25 19 22 12 6 12 15 26 18 18 23 17 23 21 36 20 28 26 17 14 15 Favourability towards the EU 9 How favourable or unfavourable would you say your overall opinion or impression is of the EU? • Very favourable • Fairly favourable • Neither favourable nor unfavourable • Fairly unfavourable • Very unfavourable • Don’t know Country Net favourableFavourable Unfavourable Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 All know at least a little about NATO (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (10671, 7244, 527, 426, 627, 805, 845, 812, 878, 456, 893, 567, 414, 476, 391, 339, 351, 875, 447, 542) All countries NATO Members Poland China Saudi Arabia Hungary Netherlands Spain Canada Sweden The US Germany Belgium Great Britain Australia Italy France Russia South Korea Japan
  • 10. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public +32 +30 +67 +48 +46 +39 +44 +26 +28 +35 +35 +33 +32 +19 +27 +30 +17 +16 +20 +15 47 46 70 59 59 55 54 49 48 48 48 47 46 43 41 40 37 36 35 32 15 15 3 11 13 17 10 22 20 12 13 14 14 25 14 10 19 20 15 16 Favourability towards the UN 10 How favourable or unfavourable would you say your overall opinion or impression is of the UN? • Very favourable • Fairly favourable • Neither favourable nor unfavourable • Fairly unfavourable • Very unfavourable • Don’t know Country Net favourableFavourable Unfavourable Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 All know at least a little about NATO (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (10951, 7132, 738, 401, 800, 850, 807, 749, 803, 330, 842, 628, 396, 436, 409, 355, 400, 813, 439, 755) All countries NATO Members China Poland Sweden Canada Great Britain The US Australia Netherlands South Korea Spain Belgium Saudi Arabia France Russia Germany Italy Hungary Japan
  • 11. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public +8 +3 +41 +38 +30 +27 +28 +25 +5 +4 +6 +5 +2 -2 -15 +4 -4 -5 -13 -20 28 25 53 49 47 45 37 34 28 25 23 23 22 21 20 20 19 16 15 13 20 22 12 12 16 18 8 8 22 21 18 18 19 23 36 16 23 21 29 33 Favourability towards NAFTA 11 How favourable or unfavourable would you say your overall opinion or impression is of NAFTA? • Very favourable • Fairly favourable • Neither favourable nor unfavourable • Fairly unfavourable • Very unfavourable • Don’t know Country Net favourableFavourable Unfavourable Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 All know at least a little about NATO (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (5510, 3552, 254, 145, 737, 494, 287, 360, 295, 147, 341, 420, 122, 242, 124, 204, 264, 298, 198, 578) All countries NATO Members Saudi Arabia China Canada The US Sweden Poland Australia Russia Great Britain Hungary Italy South Korea France Japan Belgium Spain Germany Netherlands
  • 12. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public +13 +6 +58 +36 +26 +28 +20 +14 +15 +21 +9 +10 +2 6 +10 +4 -8 +12 -8 -12 32 29 63 52 41 41 37 33 32 31 30 28 27 27 26 25 25 24 22 17 19 23 5 16 16 14 17 19 16 11 22 19 25 21 15 22 33 12 30 29 Favourability towards the G20 12 How favourable or unfavourable would you say your overall opinion or impression is of the G20? • Very favourable • Fairly favourable • Neither favourable nor unfavourable • Fairly unfavourable • Very unfavourable • Don’t know Country Net favourableFavourable Unfavourable Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 All know at least a little about NATO (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (7884, 5134, 493, 308, 582, 693, 727, 554, 583, 237, 678, 514, 222, 301, 297, 261, 294, 597, 198, 345) All countries NATO Members Australia Belgium Canada China France Germany Great Britain Hungary Italy Japan Netherlands Poland Russia Saudi Arabia South Korea Spain Sweden The US
  • 13. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public +14 +10 +48 +39 +27 +26 +28 +27 +14 +14 +5 +10 +10 +2 +5 +7 -6 -3 +1 -3 30 28 55 55 46 40 38 36 34 28 27 26 25 24 23 20 20 19 18 11 16 17 7 16 19 14 11 9 19 14 23 16 15 21 17 13 26 22 17 14 Favourability towards the Non- Aligned Movement 13 How favourable or unfavourable would you say your overall opinion or impression is of the Non-Aligned Movement? • Very favourable • Fairly favourable • Neither favourable nor unfavourable • Fairly unfavourable • Very unfavourable • Don’t know Country Net favourableFavourable Unfavourable Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 All know at least a little about NATO (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (3057, 1676, 100, 94, 79, 492, 132, 220, 112, 102, 328, 241, 38, 137, 109, 246, 115, 278, 78, 156) All countries NATO Members China Saudi Arabia The US Sweden Australia Poland Belgium Great Britain Canada Spain France Netherlands Italy Russia South Korea Hungary Germany Japan
  • 14. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public - - Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No 51 72 87 80 79 78 77 74 70 68 67 66 65 57 23 23 21 21 20 11 14 As far as you know, is [COUNTRY] a member of NATO or not? • Is a member of NATO • Is not a member of NATO • Don’t know All countries NATO Members Poland Germany Netherlands Hungary Belgium Spain Italy Canada Great Britain France United States Saudi Arabia Sweden Australia South Korea Japan China Russia Country Think it is a NATO member NATO member? Awareness that [country] is a member of NATO Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
  • 15. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public 59 82 68 65 63 63 58 56 51 49 49 49 7 2 2 3 3 4 10 7 9 8 11 13 NATO Members Poland Canada Great Britain Netherlands United States Hungary Belgium Germany France Italy Spain +53 +80 +66 +61 +59 +59 +48 +49 +43 +41 +37 +37 Belief that NATO is a good or bad thing for [country] 15 Do you think being a member of NATO is good or bad for [COUNTRY], or doesn’t it make much difference? • Very good • Fairly good • Makes no difference • Fairly bad • Very bad • Don’t know Country Net goodGood thing Bad thing Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All NATO countries, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, United States) (8999, 501, 999, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 500, 500, 1000, 1000)
  • 16. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public 15 22 13 16 12 19 16 17 11 14 15 7 15 22 12 16 18 14 14 15 18 7 11 13 15 13 19 17 15 17 15 16 15 9 15 17 56 43 59 51 57 48 56 51 55 70 62 64 16 As far as you know, what percentage of NATO funding is paid for by the United States? If you are not certain, please give your best guess. NATO Members Germany France Netherlands Spain Canada Poland Great Britain Belgium Hungary Italy United States Country Mean 39 31 41 36 42 35 39 36 38 44 44 46 Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All NATO countries, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, United States) (8999, 501, 999, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 500, 500, 1000, 1000) Defence Expenditure of NATO Countries (2012-2019) (NATO, June 2019) % of NATO funding believed to be provided by the US 0-10% 11-20% 21-30% 30%+
  • 17. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public 14 9 8 13 15 15 14 16 16 14 16 0.18 1.15 0.5 1.22 5.1 2.58 1.36 2.27 6.23 5.2 70 81 83 78 72 61 69 67 61 60 66 13 8 10 6 10 18 12 12 15 22 19 7 4 2 5 3 8 7 7 11 11 7 11 6 5 14 14 12 11 13 11 8 13 17 As far as you know, what percentage of NATO funding is paid for by (COUNTRY)? If you are not certain, please give your best guess. NATO Members Hungary Netherlands Belgium Poland Germany Italy Spain Canada Great Britain France Country Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All NATO countries except United States, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain) (2200, 214, 206, 200, 232, 240, 259, 161, 237, 264, 187, 248). Defence Expenditure of NATO Countries (2012-2019) (NATO, June 2019) % of NATO funding believed to be provided by [country] 0-10% 11-20% 21-30% 30%+ Actual % (2018) Mean guess
  • 18. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public 55 54 74 64 61 60 60 58 58 57 56 56 54 54 51 49 48 48 45 41 21 21 16 20 20 27 21 17 24 19 19 15 24 21 22 26 18 18 24 20 +35 +33 +58 +43 +40 +33 +39 +42 +34 +38 +37 +41 +31 +33 +29 +23 +30 +30 +21 +21 All countries NATO Members China Netherlands South Korea Russia Sweden Belgium Poland Germany Great Britain Saudi Arabia Hungary Spain United States Italy Australia France Canada Japan 18 The next questions are some statements about NATO. For each one, please tell me whether you think it is true or false. NATO’s main purpose is to protect the interests of Western countries • Definitely true • Probably true • Probably false • Definitely false • Don’t know Country NATO’s purpose is to protect Western interests Net trueTrue False Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
  • 19. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public 39 35 72 68 52 46 42 41 41 38 38 37 37 32 31 31 30 29 25 20 36 41 18 22 17 38 34 34 38 38 36 29 42 44 49 45 34 48 48 39 All countries NATO Members Russia China Saudi Arabia Poland Hungary Italy South Korea Belgium Spain Australia Sweden Great Britain Netherlands United States France Germany Canada Japan +3 -6 +54 +46 +35 +8 +8 +7 +3 0 +1 +8 -5 -12 -17 -14 -4 -19 -22 -19 19 The next questions are some statements about NATO. For each one, please tell me whether you think it is true or false. NATO’s main purpose is to protect the interests of the United States • Definitely true • Probably true • Probably false • Definitely false • Don’t know Country Net trueTrue False NATO’s purpose is to protect US interests Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
  • 20. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public 22 17 56 49 31 28 27 21 20 19 18 17 17 15 15 14 14 13 11 11 50 56 29 29 28 54 46 57 53 52 54 56 59 49 55 49 66 43 58 63 20 The next questions are some statements about NATO. For each one, please tell me whether you think it is true or false. One of NATO’s main purposes is to harm the interests of Russia • Definitely true • Probably true • Probably false • Definitely false • Don’t know All countries NATO Members Russia China Saudi Arabia Poland Hungary Sweden South Korea Italy Spain Belgium Germany France United States Australia Netherlands Japan Canada Great Britain Country +27 -38 +27 +20 +3 -26 -19 -36 -33 -33 -36 -39 -43 -34 -40 -35 -52 -31 -47 -52 Net trueTrue False One of NATO’s purposes is to harm Russian interests Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
  • 21. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public -35 -46 +14 +8 +7 -38 -38 -35 -37 -40 -41 -44 -45 -38 -40 -54 -35 -59 -53 -58 18 13 47 42 32 21 21 18 17 16 15 13 13 12 11 11 11 10 9 8 53 59 33 34 25 59 59 52 54 56 57 56 57 51 51 65 46 68 62 66 21 The next questions are some statements about NATO. For each one, please tell me whether you think it is true or false. One of NATO’s main purposes is to harm the interests of China • Definitely true • Probably true • Probably false • Definitely false • Don’t know All countries NATO Members China Russia Saudi Arabia Poland Sweden Italy Hungary Spain South Korea Belgium United States Australia France Germany Japan Netherlands Canada Great Britain Country Net trueTrue False One of NATO’s purposes is to harm Chinese interests Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
  • 22. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public +15 +16 +28 +19 +20 +22 +26 +19 +11 +10 +18 +11 +19 +19 +6 +14 +7 +17 +10 -3 40 40 54 49 46 43 42 41 41 40 40 39 39 39 38 37 36 35 32 23 25 24 26 31 26 20 16 22 30 31 22 27 20 20 32 23 29 18 23 26 All countries NATO Members Russia China Netherlands Spain France Italy Poland Germany Great Britain Belgium Hungary Saudi Arabia Sweden United States South Korea Australia Canada Japan 22 The next questions are some statements about NATO. For each one, please tell me whether you think it is true or false. NATO is currently carrying out military operations in Syria • Definitely true • Probably true • Probably false • Definitely false • Don’t know Country Net trueTrue False NATO is carrying out military operations in Syria Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
  • 23. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public 62 66 78 74 71 69 66 65 65 64 63 63 62 59 59 57 57 56 50 33 15 12 10 12 10 14 9 12 16 12 13 14 16 27 16 11 14 13 27 23 All countries NATO Members Poland Netherlands Hungary Sweden Canada Great Britain Russia Spain Italy United States Belgium China Germany Australia Saudi Arabia France South Korea Japan +47 +53 +68 +62 +61 +54 +57 +53 +49 +52 +49 +50 +46 +32 +42 +46 +43 +43 +23 +11 23 The next questions are some statements about NATO. For each one, please tell me whether you think it is true or false. NATO countries consider that an armed attack on one of them is an attack upon all • Definitely true • Probably true • Probably false • Definitely false • Don’t know Country Net trueTrue False NATO members treat attacks on one as an attack on all Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
  • 24. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public 2.14% 2.51% 2.02% 1.9% 2.6% 1.15% 2.14% 3.9% 0.92% 3.3% 1.9% 1.29% 0.91% 1.24% 1.21% 1% 8.8% 1.21% 1.82% 0.9% 49 49 69 63 59 55 54 50 50 50 47 47 45 45 45 45 44 41 38 33 18 17 8 17 19 14 11 20 16 17 12 15 21 27 17 27 15 32 13 21 24 All countries NATO Members Poland China South Korea Hungary Great Britain Russia Spain United States Australia Canada Belgium Germany Italy Sweden Saudi Arabia Netherlands France Japan Country Actual (2018)True False [Country] spends at least 2% GDP on defence Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000) Defence Expenditure of NATO Countries (2012-2019) (NATO, June 2019) SIPRI Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security The next questions are some statements about NATO. For each one, please tell me whether you think it is true or false. [COUNTRY] spends at least 2% of its GDP (Gross Domestic Product) on defence • Definitely true • Probably true • Probably false • Definitely false • Don’t know
  • 25. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public 14 21 21 15 15 14 14 13 13 12 10 10 35 38 29 34 31 35 31 37 39 39 29 48 NATO Members Poland United States Netherlands Spain Canada Italy Belgium Great Britain Germany France Hungary -21 -17 -8 -20 -15 -21 -17 -24 -26 -27 -19 -38 25 Here are some more statements about NATO. How strongly, if at all, do you agree or disagree with each? NATO should not protect its member states who do not spend at least 2% of their GDP on defence • Strongly agree • Tend to agree • Neither agree nor disagree • Tend to disagree • Strongly disagree • Don’t know Country NATO should not protect members spending <2% GDP Net agreeAgree Disagree Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All NATO countries, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, United States) (8999, 501, 999, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 500, 500, 1000, 1000)
  • 26. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public NATO Members Italy United States Poland Canada Netherlands Belgium Great Britain France Hungary Germany Spain -8 +18 +8 -12 +1 -10 -11 -10 -10 -28 -27 -11 19 32 27 25 20 19 16 16 14 13 12 12 27 14 18 37 19 29 27 26 23 41 39 22 26 Here are some more statements about NATO. How strongly, if at all, do you agree or disagree with each? NATO should take more actions against Russia • Strongly agree • Tend to agree • Neither agree nor disagree • Tend to disagree • Strongly disagree • Don’t know Country Net agreeAgree Disagree NATO should take more actions against Russia Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All NATO countries, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, United States) (8999, 501, 999, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 500, 500, 1000, 1000)
  • 27. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public 13 13 19 17 17 17 16 16 15 15 14 13 13 12 11 10 8 7 6 6 40 41 39 49 30 38 39 32 40 47 37 27 36 35 47 40 49 52 56 34 27 Here are some more statements about NATO. How strongly, if at all, do you agree or disagree with each? NATO is a weak organisation • Strongly agree • Tend to agree • Neither agree nor disagree • Tend to disagree • Strongly disagree • Don’t know All countries NATO Members China Russia Saudi Arabia United States Belgium France Germany Poland Spain Australia Italy Canada Sweden Great Britain Netherlands South Korea Hungary Japan Country -27 -28 -20 -32 -12 -22 -22 -16 -25 -31 -23 -15 -23 -23 -35 -30 -41 -45 -51 -28 NATO is a weak organisation Net agreeAgree Disagree Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
  • 28. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public 33 41 51 48 47 47 44 42 39 37 37 35 34 30 30 20 18 15 14 11 18 12 9 9 8 9 13 10 13 13 16 18 16 11 17 32 40 28 12 52 +15 +29 +42 +40 +40 +38 +31 +32 +26 +24 +21 +17 +18 +19 +14 -12 -21 -13 +2 -41 All countries NATO Members United States Great Britain Canada Netherlands Belgium Hungary France Poland Sweden Spain Italy Australia Germany Saudi Arabia China South Korea Japan Russia 28 Here are some more statements about NATO. How strongly, if at all, do you agree or disagree with each? NATO is a force for good in the world • Strongly agree • Tend to agree • Neither agree nor disagree • Tend to disagree • Strongly disagree • Don’t know Country Net agreeAgree Disagree NATO is a force for good in the world Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
  • 29. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public -17 -23 +19 +8 +2 0 -7 -13 -22 -11 -26 -10 -25 -38 -29 -41 -29 -35 -40 -16 17 14 36 33 25 23 21 19 17 16 14 13 13 12 11 11 11 9 9 8 34 38 17 25 23 23 28 33 38 27 40 23 38 51 39 52 40 44 48 24 29 Here are some more statements about NATO. How strongly, if at all, do you agree or disagree with each? NATO is a waste of money • Strongly agree • Tend to agree • Neither agree nor disagree • Tend to disagree • Strongly disagree • Don’t know All countries NATO Members China Russia Spain Saudi Arabia Italy Sweden Germany France United States Australia Belgium Poland Canada Hungary South Korea Great Britain Netherlands Japan Country Net agreeAgree Disagree NATO is a waste of money Source: Ipsos Global Advisor November 2019 (All countries, All NATO countries, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States), (14004, 8999, 1000, 501, 999, 1001, 998, 1000, 1000, 500, 1001, 1000, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 1000, 501, 1000)
  • 30. © Ipsos | Public Perceptions of NATO | December 2019 | Version 1 | Public The survey is an international sample of 14,004 adults aged 18-74 in the United States and Canada and 16-74 in all other countries. Interviews were conducted between 25 October and 8 November 2019. The survey was conducted in 18 countries around the world, via the Ipsos Online Panel system in Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Great Britain, and the US. Approximately 1000 individuals were surveyed in Australia, Canada, China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Spain, Great Britain, and the US. Approximately 500 individuals were surveyed in Belgium, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Sweden. Where results do not sum to 100 or the “difference” appears to be +/-1 more/less than the actual, this may be due to rounding, multiple responses or the exclusion of don't knows or not stated responses. Data are weighted to match the profile of the population. 15 of the 18 countries surveyed generate nationally representative samples in their countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, and United States). China, Saudi Arabia and South Africa produce a national sample that is considered to represent a more affluent, connected population. These are still a vital social group to understand in these countries, representing an important and emerging middle class. 30 Technical Note