1. Preparing for the
Test of Essential
A Presentation by the
Georgia Perimeter College Learning
and Tutoring Centers
2. TEAS Overview
O Consists of 170 questions
O 150 questions scored
O 20 questions experimental (unscored)
O Covers the following topics:
O Math (34 questions)
O Science (54 questions)
O Reading (48 questions)
O English and Language Usage (34
3. TEAS English and Language
O Parts of Speech
O Pronouns and
O Verb Tense
O Passive vs. Active
O Voice/Point of View
4. Parts of Speech
5. Nouns and Pronouns
O NOUNS are words that
name people, places,
O COMMON NOUNS
name a general person,
place, thing or idea
O PROPER NOUNS name
a specific person, place,
thing or idea
O Nouns are either
COUNTABLE or NON-
O PRONOUNS are words
that rename or take
the place of nouns, e.g.
he, she, it, they, us
6. Pronouns and Antecedents
Be sure that the pronoun agrees with (matches) the antecedent in
The dog chased its tail. The dogs chased their tails.
Treat COLLECTIVE nouns that name a group (e.g. team, jury, class,
committee) like a singular noun and make the pronoun agree.
The family takes its big vacation in July.
7. Find the common and proper nouns.
I moved here from San Diego five years ago.
The water of the Dead Sea is said to have medicinal
Do the pronoun and antecedents match?
The band wore their new uniform at the Homecoming
O VERBS tell:
O action occurring
O state of being
O When verbs tell the state of being of a noun, they are called LINKING
Ex. Mrs. Siegel was the best teacher I’d ever had.
O VERBS can sometimes use helping or auxiliary verbs to complete their
Ex. The reggae band Third World will be performing at the
O Do not confuse GERUNDS and verbs. A GERUND is a word formed
from a verb but that is used as a noun. It always ends with “-ing.”
Ex. He enjoys swimming at the Y.
9. Verb Tenses
[Verb] tenses…are marked by words called auxiliaries.
Understanding the SIX BASIC TENSES allows one to
re-create much of the reality of time. ~Purdue Online
Judy saved thirty dollars. (Past)
Judy will save thirty dollars. (Future)
Judy has saved thirty dollars. (Present Perfect)
Judy had saved thirty dollars by the end of last month.
Judy will have saved thirty dollars by the end of this
month. (Future Perfect)
10. Subject-Verb Agreement
Plural nouns should be matched with plural verbs; singular nouns
should be matched with singular verbs. In the following sentences, the
subjects and verbs do not agree.
Incorrect: Maria and her friend is going to the store.
Plural Subject: Maria and her friend
Correct: Maria and her friend are going to the store.
Incorrect: One of the cereal boxes are open.
Singular Subject: One
Correct: One of the cereal boxes is open.
Incorrect: Either are fine.
Singular Subject: Either
Correct: Either is fine.
From Purdue OWL
11. Find the verbs and name their tenses.
Cooking is one of Ben’s many talents.
My parents told me that their plane will
be arriving at noon.
12. Are the subjects and verbs correctly
One of the test tubes is about to spill their
It’s either Kristin or Blake who likes Lucky
The members of the family takes turns leading
the holiday prayer.
13. Adjectives and Adverbs
O ADJECTIVES modify (tell more about) nouns
O Adjectives often appear immediately before the noun or noun
phrase that they modify.
O Adjectives usually tell:
O What kind He likes chocolate ice cream.
O Which Stop that train.
O How many She ordered three pairs of shoes.
O ADVERBS modify verbs, adjectives or other adverbs. They
often (but not always) end in “-ly” and tell:
O How The sun rises faithfully every morning.
O Where His GPS told him to drive east on Elm Street.
O How often Lori rarely eats takeout.
PREPOSITIONS describe relationships between words in a sentence.
PREPOSITIONS often indicate time or location. They are nearly always combined
with articles and nouns in structures called prepositional phrases.
The noun within a prepositional phrase is called the OBJECT OF THE
PREPOSITION. Generally, it is not the subject of the sentence.
She stacked the pancakes on the platter and brought them
to the table.
Object of the
on the border
under the bed
over the moon
16. A Complete List of Prepositions
by means of
in addition to
in back of
in case of
in front of
in place of
in spite of
on top of
O CONJUNCTIONS are used as connectors. They link words, phrases and clauses
O Conjunctions are often referred to as FANBOYS because the words that carry
out this function are:
for, and, not, but, or, yet, so
O Remember to put a comma before a COORDINATING CONJUNCTION because
it signals that you are separating two sentences
Ex. Remember to put a comma before a coordinating conjunction, for it
signals that you are separating two sentences.
18. Conjunctions Continued
Use conjunctions to:
O Connect two main clauses
When you connect two main clauses with a coordinating
conjunction, use a comma.
The pattern looks like this:
main clause + comma
+ main clause.
Ex. When I’m at work, my dog Floyd sleeps on the bed,
and my cat Buster naps in the bathtub.
From Grammar Bytes.com
+ coordinating conjunction
19. Conjunctions Continued
O Connect two items in a list:
These items can be any grammatical unit
EXCEPT main clauses.
The pattern looks like this:
item + coordinating conjunction + item
Here are some examples:
My dog Floyd has too many fleas and too much hair.
My cat Buster has beautiful gray eyes but a
20. Active Voice
Active voice means placing the person or thing doing
the action in the nominative part (the part that
comes before the verb) of the sentence.
I turned on the light.
Passive voice puts the object being acted upon before
The light was turned on by me.
22. Punctuation Marks (And When to Use Them)
Period . Comma ,
Shows ending of declarative sentence
Separates clauses, items in lists and follows
salutation of informal letters
Class starts in ten minutes.
It rained over the holiday, but I still
Question Mark ? Colon :
Shows ending of interrogative sentence
To introduce a quotation, explanation,
example, or series. Also often used after
salutation of a business letter.
What time does the class start?
Eduardo’s main reason for agreeing to
relocate is this: he loves the Pacific
Exclamation Point ! Semi-colon ;
Shows ending of declarative sentence
Alternative to a period that shows a close
relationship between clauses
I scored an “A” on my final exam!
Red is her favorite color; she wears
23. Punctuation Marks (And When to Use Them)
Apostrophe ’ Hyphen -
Indicates contractions, possessive case, or
plurals of lowercase letters.
Used to make compound words, join
prefixes to other words, show word breaks
The bird’s wings are as wide as a kite. The props were all camera-ready.
Dash -- Quotation Marks “ ”
To insert supplementary commentary
while emphasizing its importance or
Used to indicate the exact words taken
from someone’s speech or written text
To feed, clothe, and find shelter for the
needy--these are real achievements.
My grandmother used to say, “Cross
that bridge when you get to it.”
Ellipses … Brackets [ ]
To indicate omission
Used mainly for clarification within or
modification of quoted material
Full statement: Today, after hours of
careful thought, we vetoed the bill.
With ellipsis: Today…we vetoed the bill.
24. Sentence Types
O Simple: One independent clause
I love music.
O Complex: One dependent and one
Since he knows how much I love music, Dad
bought me a new MP3 player.
O Compound: Two independent clauses
(remember to use a “fanboys”)
I love music, and my brother enjoys kung fu
O Compound-Complex: One dependent plus
two (or multiple) independent clauses
To show Dad our thanks, my brother cut the
lawn, and I washed the car.
either a subject or
verb; relies on
25. Name the sentence type.
O As the TV newscaster reported the story of
the tsunami, the room gradually fell silent.
O Mary and Samantha left on the bus before I
arrived, so I didn’t see them at the bus
O When Lee handed in his project, he didn’t give
the instructor the last page, so he got an
O Dr. Ramirez helped me recover from a
28. Capitol Community College
Illinois Valley Community College
Purdue Online Writing Lab
The Punctuation Guide online
The Writing Center at the University of
Wisconsin Madison online
Notes de l'éditeur
Welcome to the Learning and Tutoring Center. My name is (---------), and I am a (state title) here in the LTC. This portion of “Preparing for the TEAS” will focus entirely on the English/Language Usage part of the test and will run for about two hours.
Note to presenter: Be sure to bring a white board and dry erase markers into the workshop.
As you see here, the TEAS consists of 170 questions, 20 percent of which relate to English and language usage. You will have 34 minutes to complete the 34 English/Language questions.
Here you see an overview of the sub-skills that the TEAS will test you on. Today, we’ll review all of these topics except spelling and capitalization.
But do keep in mind that the Learning and Tutoring Center has a range of skills-building resources that you can access when you either visit us online or drop in for a face-to-face tutorial.
Now, let’s begin.
Nouns are one of the essential building blocks of sentences. As we know, they are often, but not always , objects we can touch. They can be classified into three different types: common nouns, proper nouns and pronouns.
Common nouns are either countable– as in “an apple” or non-countable (meaning nouns that don’t change when you pluralize them) as in “music,” “rice” or “gravity.”
Note to presenter: Remember to write examples of each.
An antecedent is something that comes before something else. So, the antecedent of the pronoun is the original noun that the pronoun represents.
The first step in making sure that a pronoun and its antecedent agree is to find the “who” or “what” that the sentence is about– in other words, the subject.
In our first example we see that the subject is “dog,” and since “dog” is singular the pronoun we replace it with needs to be singular, too. So, we chose “its.” Likewise, in the companion sentence, we’ve selected “their” as the pronoun to replace “dogs.”
Collective nouns speak about a group or a mass of something; therefore, we treat them as singular. Here, “family” is speaking of one mass of people, so we chose “its” as its pronoun. But, if we consider a sentence like “Members of this family count their blessings,” we see that we used the pronoun “their” because “members” has become the subject.
Let’s take a quick quiz on what we’ve learned so far.
(Answer the questions on this slide as a group. )
Verbs are another essential sentence-construction building block. Like our superhero here reminds us, verbs tell us what’s happening in a sentence. Very often they tell what action or actions are being performed. Sometimes they tell the state of being of a person or thing as in the case of a sentence like, “Johnny was a good man.”
Another important thing that verbs do is to identify the time during which something happened.
For example, “I woke up refreshed” indicates something that already happened; “I will be refreshed” indicates something that is going to happen in the future. Auxiliary verbs are the additional words that are added to the main verb to help convey the point in time during which the action happened or will happen.
Similar to pronoun and antecedent agreement which we talked about just a moment ago is subject-verb agreement. Again, the first step in making sure that subjects and verbs agree is to find the noun or nouns that the sentence is talking about. This is called the subject.
Let’s look at our first example. “Marie” is who the sentence is talking about, but so is “her friend.” Since two people equal “they” we will match that word with the verb “are.” If we were only talking about Marie, we would say, “Marie is…”
Take a look at these other examples.
(Discuss remaining sentences)
On these next two slides are quick quizzes to review what we’ve discussed.
(Read from slide)
Don’t make the mistake of thinking that just because you see one of these words that you should automatically put a comma before it. There are conditions to look for. Place a comma before a conjunction when it separates two independent clauses (sentences). In this case, it is called a coordinating conjunction.
Notice that in this case, there is no comma before or after the conjunction
Notice how using the passive voice creates a sentence that’s longer, whereas the active voice conveys the same thought with clarity as well as with fewer words.
Take a look at this love letter. Though the wording is exactly the same, the placement of punctuation alters the meaning.