4. • A massive open online course is an online
course aimed at unlimited participation and
open access via the web.. In addition to
traditional course materials such as filmed
lectures, readings, and problem sets, many
MOOCs provide interactive user forums to
support community interactions between
students, professors, and teaching assistants
• Coursera is one of the MOOC provider. It was
started by Dophene Collar and Andrew Ng in
Mountain View California.
• It was started on 2012.
• The website of Coursera is www.coursera.org.
• 11.8 million students enrolled in it and studying
from all over the world.
• The course is available in English, Spanish,
French, Chinese, Arabic, Russian, Portuguese,
Turkish, Ukrainian, Hebrew, German, Italian
7. MOOC IN INDIA
• Indian Institute of Technology(IITs) Chennai,
Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Mumbai
and Roorkee and Indian Institute of Science
Bangalore(IISc Bangalore) as a part of a
project,National Programme on Technology
Enhanced Learning (NPTEL) funded by the
Ministry of Human Resource Development
(MHRD) have joined hands to deliver MOOC.
8. COURSERA AND COURSE
• One may registered in any course at anytime in
the world and have facility to study at anytime.
• Within the prescribed period they should finish
the programe for that weekend.
• That module consists of video lectures from
eminent professors from famous universities.
• After the lecture the students are asked to
answer some questions regarding that topic.
• The answers are followed by evaluations. After
the correction if the answer is wrong
resubmission is allowed.
9. ADVANTAGES OF MOOC
• MOOCs connect the unlimited people on a
• Eminent experts could train virtually large
participants at a stretch.
• Irrespective of Age, Gender, Caste, Religion, all
candidates could have chance to join.
• The prime motto of MOOC is to give higher
education to all with low and free cost.
• Some MOOCs are giving programmes in
multilingual languages. Countries like India will
be highly benefitted by this.
10. DISADVANTAGES OF MOOC
• MOOC lacks face to face interaction which includes
professor’s personality on students. Therefore it
creates an impersonal feeling.
• It fails to inculcate the values(Emotionality, Sincerity,
Empathy, Morals, Compassions) in learners.
• There is no guarantee for the students for completion
of the course unless the person has self-motivation.
• Sometimes it may create boredom.
• In developing countries like India, students may not
have internet connections. In such cases MOOCs
cannot put its steps.
• Government has to take necessary action to provide
high speed internet facility to recognized university to
• `Government need to provide authentication of
certificate. Therefore students will get
encouragement to pursue courses.
• Government should avail courses like which are skill
based, job oriented, business etc.
• Government must ensure that collaboration with
industries and provide employment opportunities
aspirants as soon as course is completed through
• Higher education holds very significant role in
individual’s life as well as country’s development.
• In developing countries like India, technology is
highly demanded but simultaneously inculcating of
values and promoting culture to next generation is
• We have to welcome this waves of MOOC with the
perspective of optimism to resolve the
unemployment challenges, to provide cent percent
higher education to anticipated candidates.