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Research TIMELINE OF ADOPTION Professional
Use (AND ADAPTATION!) Personal Use Punched Cards / Switches 1880s ? Keyboard / Terminal Graphical User Interface Hypertext Networks Mobility 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985 1995 2005
IVAN SUTHERLAND “ (b.1938) The
Sketchpad system makes it possible for a man and a computer to converse rapidly through the medium of line drawings. Heretofore, most interaction between man and computers has been slowed down by the need to reduce all communication to written statements that can be typed; in the past, we have been writing letters to rather than conferring with our computers. The Sketchpad system, by eliminating typed statements (except for legends) in favor of line drawings, opens up a new area of man- machine communication. http://www.cc.gatech.edu/classes/cs6751_97_fall/projects/abowd_team/ivan/ivanbw_45.jpg 14
“ DOUGLAS ENGELBART (b. 1925)
By augmenting man's intellect we mean increasing the capability of a man to approach a complex problem situation, gain comprehension to suit his particular needs, and to derive solutions to problems. One objective is to develop new techniques, procedures, and systems that will better adapt people's basic information- handling capabilities to the needs, problems, and progress of society. —Douglas Englebart http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Engelbartmice.jpg 16
X/Y POSITION INDICATOR ALSO KNOWN
AS “THE MOUSE” (1964) The number of buttons on a mouse is one of the most controversial issues in the industry. People get religious. —Bill Gates http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/ e/ed/Mouse-patents-englebart-rid.png 17
“ JOHN M. CARROLL HCI
is the name for a community of communities. In the early 1980s, HCI was a small and focused specialty area. It was a cabal trying to establish what was then a heretical view of computing. Today, largely due to the success of that endeavor, HCI is a vast and multifaceted community, loosely bound by the evolving concept of usability, and the integrating commitment to value human concerns as the primary consideration in creating interactive systems. 42