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SlideShare utilise les cookies pour améliorer les fonctionnalités et les performances, et également pour vous montrer des publicités pertinentes. Si vous continuez à naviguer sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies. Consultez notre Politique de confidentialité et nos Conditions d’utilisation pour en savoir plus.
What is it?
Documentary can be a
Think of ALL possible ingredients
MAINLY story, characters, rhythm
What makes a documentary creative?
point of view!
what is your personal opinion?
what story can you tell better
what would you like the audience
to think, learn and feel?
Step 1. How to start?
able to answer “what, were, who and why”
What is your theme?
What story will you
Answer these questions as
SPECIFIC and PERSONALY as
possible for the area or issue
you are studying.
1 sentence for each question!
Step 2. Do documentaries have a cast?
Watch and listen carefully to your subjects
Are the subjects charming
or interesting? Will you
remember them when
you go back home?
Did you learn something
from them? What?
How are they connected
to your story?
Make a logbook of your
characters, answering the
Step 3. Do locations matter?
at your locations: they “speak” too!
“Scanning” sites for shooting
Look carefully and find
interesting points of view.
Think of the time of the day
that they look more
Find details that reveal your
a footpath sign
broken trunks of trees could
Find 5 important details that “tell
their own story” which CAN
become a still image with your
people are involved in this
form of tourism/ recreation
misuse, or building process
Step 4. Does action matter?
part of the action helps me understand better
the issues I want to show?
“Breaking down” activities
Think of the action happening in
front of you (e.g., people
walking, cars parking…)
Is it important for you?
E.g if you see:
Think HOW you can shoot the
actions involved I your theme.
view, distance, combination of
students listeningthen ask
is it regular? who does it?
people walking in groups
are they tourists, university
students, is it normal or exceptional?
Step 5. The role of sound
is a language by itself: it may communicate
fear, joy, tension, anxiety and many other feelings.
Close your eyes and think
What sounds do your locations have? Write them down
Which have a dramaturgical power?
Which can be juxtaposed to the images and actions you have
Step 6. How to structure our story?
What connections can we make among the elements we have?
Develop in at least 3-4 scenes
Put all your facts, events and characters in an imaginary line.
Think of an introduction, a development and a subversion.
There are many ways to build a
find the one that suits your subject and style, but…
keep the connections among scenes
develop each scene enough to be self contained
Use tripods or somewhere to keep the camera stable when you
Use external mikes for better quality of sound
Use headphones to control the kind of sound recorded
Make tests both for image and sound
Unload your material at the end of a shooting day and keep a
Name the digital folders according to location, scene and date