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SlideShare utilise les cookies pour améliorer les fonctionnalités et les performances, et également pour vous montrer des publicités pertinentes. Si vous continuez à naviguer sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies. Consultez notre Politique de confidentialité et nos Conditions d’utilisation pour en savoir plus.
20150816-民撰官酌的台灣開放政府資料授權條款 Revision of the Taiwan Open Government Data License 1.0
From bottom to up - revision of the "Taiwan Open Government Data License"
● Email: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
Except for the logo owned by third parties,,
content of this slide has been provided under CC BY 4.0 and later version.
"Linking Open Data cloud diagram 2014", by Max Schmachtenberg, Christian Bizer, Anja Jentzsch and Richard
Cyganiak in CC BY-SA 3.0 @ http://lod-cloud.net/
Principles of Open Data
“A piece of data or content is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and
redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute
1. Open Works
An open work must satisfy the following requirements in its distribution:
1.1 Open License
The work must be available under an open license (as defined in Section 2). Any additional terms accompanying the
The work shall be available as a whole and at no more than a reasonable one-time reproduction cost, preferably
downloadable via the Internet without charge. Any additional information necessary for license compliance (such as
names of contributors required for compliance with attribution requirements) must also accompany the work.
1.3 Open Format
The work must be provided in a convenient and modifiable form such that there are no unnecessary technological
obstacles to the performance of the licensed rights. Specifically, data should be machine-readable, available in bulk,
and provided in an open format (i.e., a format with a freely available published specification which places no
restrictions, monetary or otherwise, upon its use) or, at the very least, can be processed with at least one
free/libre/open-source software tool.
2. Open Licenses
A license is open if its terms satisfy the following conditions:
2.1 Required Permissions
The license must irrevocably permit (or allow) the following:
The license must allow free use of the licensed work.
The license must allow redistribution of the licensed work, including sale, whether on its own or as part of a collection
made from works from different sources.
The license must allow the creation of derivatives of the licensed work and allow the distribution of such derivatives
under the same terms of the original licensed work.
The license must allow any part of the work to be freely used, distributed, or modified separately from any other part
of the work or from any collection of works in which it was originally distributed. All parties who receive any
distribution of any part of a work within the terms of the original license should have the same rights as those that are
granted in conjunction with the original work.
The license must allow the licensed work to be distributed along with other distinct works without placing restrictions
on these other works.
The license must not discriminate against any person or group.
The rights attached to the work must apply to all to whom it is redistributed without the need to agree to any
additional legal terms.
2.1.8 Application to Any Purpose
The license must allow use, redistribution, modification, and compilation for any purpose. The license must not
restrict anyone from making use of the work in a specific field of endeavor.
2.1.9 No Charge
The license must not impose any fee arrangement, royalty, or other compensation or monetary remuneration as part
of its conditions.
2.2 Acceptable Conditions
The license shall not limit, make uncertain, or otherwise diminish the permissions required in Section 2.1 except by
the following allowable conditions:
The license may require distributions of the work to include attribution of contributors, rights holders, sponsors and
creators as long as any such prescriptions are not onerous.
The license may require that modified versions of a licensed work carry a different name or version number from the
original work or otherwise indicate what changes have been made.
The license may require copies or derivatives of a licensed work to remain under a license the same as or similar to
The license may require retention of copyright notices and identification of the license.
The license may require modified works to be made available in a form preferred for further modification.
2.2.6 Technical Restriction Prohibition
The license may prohibit distribution of the work in a manner where technical measures impose restrictions on the
exercise of otherwise allowed rights.
The license may require modifiers to grant the public additional permissions (for example, patent licenses) as
required for exercise of the rights allowed by the license. The license may also condition permissions on not
aggressing against licensees with respect to exercising any allowed right (again, for example, patent litigation).
These terms are compatible with the Creative Commons
Attribution License 4.0 and the Open Data Commons
Attribution License, both of which license copyright and
database rights. This means that when the Information is
adapted and licensed under either of those licences, you
automatically satisfy the conditions of the OGL when you
comply with the other licence. The OGLv2.0 is Open
歐洲議會與歐盟理事會第 96-9-EC 號指令
Database / Digital Database
Directive 96/9/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council
Compilation: Explanation letters from TIPO & legal precedent.
WTO － TRIPs －第 10 條第 2 項
則不應被擴及保護到。WTO: TRIPs article 10-2
Compilations of data or other material, whether in machine readable or
other form, which by reason of the selection or arrangement of their
contents constitute intellectual creations shall be protected as such. Such
protection, which shall not extend to the data or material itself, shall be
without prejudice to any copyright subsisting in the data or material itself.
1. 著作權法第 3 條：著作指屬於文學、科學、藝術或其他學術範圍之創
2. WTO: TRIPs article 10-2 ： Such protection, which shall not extend to the
data or material itself. (https://www.wto.org/english/docs_e/legal_e/27-trips_04_e.htm)
3. 經濟部智慧財產局 98 年 4 月 27 日電子郵件 980427a 函釋
4. 臺灣高等法院臺中分院 92 年度上更 ( 一 ) 字第 267 號判決
5. 經濟部智慧財產局 94 年 4 月 15 日電子郵件 940415 號函
6. 智慧財產權法院 97 年度刑智上訴字第 41 號刑事判決
'Information' means information
protected by copyright or by database
right (for example, literary and artistic
works, content, data and source code)
offered for use under the terms of this