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Social Machines: Theoretical perspectives, Paul Smart

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SOCIAM all-hands meeting, September, University of Oxford

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Social Machines: Theoretical perspectives, Paul Smart

  1. 1. Social Machines: Theoretical Perspectives September 2017 Oxford, UK Paul Smart
  2. 2. Book Structure Sections • Understanding Social Machines • Varieties of Social Machines • Interdisciplinary Linkages Chapters • Views of Social Machines • The Mechanistic View of Social Machines • Views, Revisited • The Conceptual Landscape of the Social Web
  3. 3. Book Structure Sections • Understanding Social Machines • Varieties of Social Machines • Interdisciplinary Linkages Chapters • Socio-Technical Mechanisms • Classifying Social Machines • The Social Machine Morphospace
  4. 4. Book Structure Sections • Understanding Social Machines • Varieties of Social Machines • Implications and Interdisciplinary Linkages Chapters • Social Machines and Social Mechanisms • Social Physics • Knowledge Machines • Problem-Solving Engines • The Social Computer
  5. 5. Views of Social Machines Content Creation View Sociable Machines View Socially-Situated Machines View Extended Systems View Cognitive Systems View Socio-Computational View Narratological View Process View
  6. 6. Views of Social Machines Content Creation View Sociable Machines View Socially-Situated Machines View Extended Systems View Cognitive Systems View Socio-Computational View Narratological View Process View
  7. 7. The Mechanistic View • Focus on socio-technical mechanisms. • Socio-technical mechanisms? • Mechanisms: • “A mechanism for a phenomenon consists of entities (or parts) whose activities and interactions are organized so as to be responsible for the phenomenon.” • Socio-technical mechanisms: • Mechanisms made of people and technology.
  8. 8. Social Machine (Ψ-ing) X3Φ3-ing X2Φ2-ing X1Φ1-ing X5Φ5-ing Socio-Technical Mechanism Phenomenon MECHANISTIC REALIZATION/CONSTITUTION
  9. 9. Views of Social Machines Content Creation View Sociable Machines View Socially-Situated Machines View Extended Systems View Cognitive Systems View Socio-Computational View Narratological View Process View
  10. 10. Views of Social Machines Content Creation View Sociable Machines View Socially-Situated Machines View Extended Systems View Cognitive Systems View Socio-Computational View Narratological View Process View
  11. 11. Room for the Views? • Content Creation View: • human and machine components assigned specific functional roles. • Extended Systems View: • human-extended machine cognition. • Process View: • processes realized by socio-technical mechanisms. • Cognitive Systems View: • phenomena of the cognitive kind. • Socio-Computational View: • phenomena of the computational kind. • Narratological View: • descriptions of mechanisms (Little, 2018).
  12. 12. Socially-Situated Machines • Smart and Madaan (in press): • The human mind is a socially-created artefact (phylogeny / ontogeny). • Two Red Queens: • Socio-cognitive complexity. • Socio-ecological variability. • Internet provides contact with humanity. • Social scaffolding of machine intelligence. • AI as the product of social machines?
  13. 13. The Gift of Language
  14. 14. Conclusion • Mechanistic View: • Social machines as systems whose states, events and processes are realized by socio- technical mechanisms. • Relaxed (but not lazy) pluralism: • Multispectral conceptual analysis. • Socially-Situated Machines Views: • Social machines as socially-situated machines.
  15. 15. Publications • Smart, P. R. (2017) Machine Intelligence and the Social Web: How to Get a Cognitive Upgrade. COGNITIVE’17, Athens, Greece. • Smart, P. R. and Madaan (in press) The Social Scaffolding of Machine Intelligence. Int. Journal of Adv. Cognitive Systems. • Smart, P. R. (in press) Predicting Me: A Route to Digital Immortality? In The Mind–Technology Problem. Springer, Berlin, Germany. • Smart et al. (submitted) Towards an Understanding of Social Machines. AI & Society. • Smart et al (in prep) Social Machines: A Mechanistic Perspective.

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