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Introduction and overview on palm oil market in Egypt

Presented by:
Dr. Reda ABDELGALIL
Chamber of Food Industries – CFI
16 April 2018

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Introduction and overview on palm oil market in Egypt

  1. 1. 1 Introduction And Overview On Palm Oil Market In Egypt Workshop on Palm Oil Applications “Bakery Industry in Egypt – Development & Challenges” Malaysian Palm Oil Council (MPOC), Alexandria, Egypt Dr. Reda ABDELGALIL Chamber of Food Industries – CFI 16 April 2018
  2. 2. 2 PRESENTATION OUTLINE OILS AND FATS INDUSTRY IN EGYPT Production Introduction Consumption International Trade PALM OIL MARKET IN EGYPT Marketing Conclusion
  3. 3. Introduction
  4. 4.  Egyptian edible oils sector is has a distinguished rank in the agricultural sector.  Edible oil products have existed since ancient Egypt and were only afforded by the royalty, religious men, and wealthy.  The first factory extracted cottonseed oil was established in 1888.  The modern edible oils industry started in 1920.  Progressive expansion of the private sector took places since 1977.  Increase in edible oils consumption created a gap between its supply and demand. Introduction
  5. 5.  Egypt's production of edible vegetable oils has been suffering several challenges.  Egypt suffers a severe shortage in the production of oilseeds.  Actually Egypt is relying on imported raw materials.  Cotton, soybean and sunflower are the main domestic production of edible oils crops.  Total Investments in the edible oils sector more than to 15 billion EGP.  The edible oils sector in Egypt has attracted international investment e.g (Savola, Arma, Iffco, Migop…..etc). Introduction
  6. 6. Production
  7. 7.  Current estimated annual growth rate of oil production is 7%.  Egypt’s annual oilseed crushing capacity is 8,000 T/day.  Cotton oil production at 13,000 T in 2017.  Sunflower oil production at 29,000 T in 2017.  Soybean oil production at 336,000 T in 2017.  Total Egyptian refining capacity for vegetable seed oils and palm oil is currently estimated at 1.5 MT/year.  All palm oil is delivered in refined form and requires minimal processing before being packaged, mainly post/bleaching and re/deodorization. Production
  8. 8. Production Source: OIL WORLD 336 13 29 22 107 206 11 2524 103 314 182420 102 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 Soybean oilCotton oilSunfloweroilOlive oilButter,as fat 2017 2016 2015
  9. 9. Consumption
  10. 10.  Local Egyptian oils production covers about 5% of the consumption.  Vegetable oils in Egypt are consumed in liquid & artificial ghee.  Annual oil consumption is about 2.18 million tons.  Annual growth in oil market is estimated at 8%.  Annual Per capita consumption is about 23 kg /year.  Around 68 million Egyptians rely on government subsidies smartcards.  The large youth population are using more western style snacks and switching over to fast moving consumer goods and processed food . Consumption
  11. 11.  Palm oil is the most consumed oil in Egypt.  Egypt the major consumer of palm oil in the Middle East.  Palm oil is consumed individually or for industrial purposes.  Palm oil maintains its market share due to competitive pricing.  Palm stearin is imported as a substitute for tallow in the manufacture of soap.  Oil consumption in 2017: - Palm oil 861,000 Ton. - Sunflower 570,000 Ton. - Soybean 521,000 Ton. - Corn oil 44,ooo Ton. Consumption
  12. 12. Consumption Source: OIL WORLD 861 521 13 570 44 19 50 8 134 660 842 12 369 43 21 64 10 149 759 708 18 346 38 19 62 21 151 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Consumption (1000 T) 2017 2016 2015
  13. 13. Consumption Source: OIL WORLD Palm oil 39% Soybean oil 23% Cotton oil 1% Sunfloweroil 26% Corn oil 2% Olive oil 1% Palmkern oil 2% Butter,as fat 6% Consumption 2017 Palm oil Soybean oil Cotton oil Sunfloweroil Corn oil Olive oil Palmkern oil Butter,as fat
  14. 14. International Trade
  15. 15. Most of Egypt's oils exports are of olive oil, Soybean oil, cottonseed oil and soybean meal. 80% of total exports are to Arab countries in terms of value. The remaining 20% were split among the EU and non-Arab African countries. The basket of imported oils products: palm oil, Sunflower oil, and soybean oil. The average price for the last year: • Sunflower oil’s is 970 $ /Ton. • Soybean oil is 745 $ /Ton. • Palm oil is 672 $ /Ton. International Trade
  16. 16. Imports International Trade The average price for the last year 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 Sunflower Oil Palm oil Soybean Oil OIL WORLD ANNUAL Source: Chamber of Food Industries
  17. 17. Exports International Trade Source: OIL WORLD 134 96 29 11 3 145 90 25 12 4 129 116 22 5 3 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Palm oil Soybean oil Sunfloweroil Corn oil Olive oil Export (1000 T) 2017 2016 2015
  18. 18. Exports International Trade - 0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.35 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 USDB Morocco 17% Jordan 14% Pakistan 12% Netherlands 6% Lebanon 5% Syria 5% Palestine 4% Others 37% Export Geographical Distribution Source: OIL WORLD
  19. 19. Imports International Trade 236 560 55 970 50 8 20 790 429 55 790 64 10 53 465 234 43 838 62 21 52 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 Soybean oil Sunfloweroil Corn oil Palm oil Palmkern oil Coconut oil Butter,as fat Imports (1000 T) 2017 2016 2015 Source: OIL WORLD
  20. 20. Imports International Trade Soybean oil 36% Sunfloweroil 19% Corn oil 3% Palm oil 36% Palmkern oil 3% Others 3% 2016 Soybean oil Sunfloweroil Corn oil Palm oil Palmkern oil Others Soybean oil 12% Sunfloweroil 30% Corn oil 3% Palm oil 51% Palmkern oil 3% Butter,as fat 1% 2017 Soybean oil Sunfloweroil Corn oil Palm oil Palmkern oil Butter,as fat
  21. 21. Imports International Trade Saunflower oil 30% Palm oil 51% Soybean oil 12% Others 7% Russia Ukraine Argentina Turkey USA Indonesia Malaysia Source: OIL WORLD
  22. 22. Imports International Trade Source: OIL WORLD 8 10 21 0 5 10 15 20 25 2017 2016 2015 Coconut oil Import (1000 T)
  23. 23. Imports International Trade 625.7 162.3 2.1 624.3 213.5 0.4 529.6 350.4 0.5 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 Indonesia Malaysia Oth Countries Palm Oil Import by Country (1000 T) 2016 2015 2014 Source: OIL WORLD
  24. 24. Imports International Trade 29.1 35.2 0 16.4 45.6 0.2 33.4 52.6 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Indonesia Malaysia Oth Countries Palm Kernel Oil Import by Country (1000 T) 2016 2015 2014 Source: OIL WORLD
  25. 25. PALM OIL MARKET IN EGYPT
  26. 26. Imports International Trade Country Quantity (Tonnes) % Diff Value (US Million $) % Diff2015 2016 2015 2016 Egypt 210 152 -27.6 115 107 -13.5 Country Quantity (Tonnes) % Diff Value (US Million $) % Diff2016 2017 2016 2017 Egypt 152 192 26.4 107 223 39.4 Malaysia: Export of Palm Oil to Egypt (Quantity & Value) Source: MPOB Africa Region
  27. 27. Imports International Trade 192 152 210 223 107 115 0 50 100 150 200 250 2017 2016 2015 Palm Oil Import from Malaysia Quantity (Ton) Value (US Million $) Source: MPOB Africa Region
  28. 28. Imports International Trade Malaysia: Export of Palm Kernel Oil to Egypt (Quantity & Value) Country Quantity (Tonnes) % Diff Value (US Million $) % Diff2015 2016 2015 2016 Egypt 41 35 -14.7 38 45 13.7 Country Volume (Tonnes) % Diff. Value (US Million $) % Diff. 2016 2017 2016 2017 Egypt 35 23 -34.7 45 37 -21.1 Source: MPOB Africa Region
  29. 29. Imports International Trade 23 35 41 38 45 37 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 2017 2016 2015 Palm Kernel Oil Import from Malaysia Quantity (Ton) Value (US Million $) Source: MPOB Africa Region
  30. 30. Imports International Trade Malaysia: Export of Oil Palm Products to Egypt (Quantity & Value) Country Quantity (Tonnes) % Diff Value (US Million $) % Diff2015 2016 2015 2016 Egypt 300 245 -18.4 189 201 -1.5 Country Volume (Tonnes) % Diff. Value (US Million $) % Diff. 2016 2017 2016 2017 Egypt 245 250 2.0 201 223 11.1 Source: MPOB Africa Region
  31. 31. Imports International Trade Source: MPOB Africa Region 250 245 300 223 201 189 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 2017 2016 2015 Oil Palm Products Import from Malaysia Quantity (Ton) Value (US Million $)
  32. 32. Use of palm oil in Egypt Source: approximate [CATEGORY NAME], [VALUE] Specialty fats ; 19% [CATEGORY NAME], [VALUE] [CATEGORY NAME], [VALUE] [CATEGORY NAME], [VALUE]
  33. 33. Palm Oil Applications in Food Industries
  34. 34. Palm Oil Applications in Food Industries
  35. 35. Marketing
  36. 36. Egypt is a potential market for Edible Oil due to: 1. Growing population. 2. Insufficient oils and fats production. 3. Fast growing food industries. 4. Available infrastructure. 5. Trade agreements. Marketing
  37. 37. (Follow): 6. Modifying the legislative structure. 7. Encouraging import tariff structure. 8. Remove investment obstacles. 9. Unique geographical location which can position Egypt as a transit Hub. 10. Plan to reclaim 1.5 M acres (1st phase) & creation of Agro- Industrial parks. 11. Development plans for the axis of the Suez Canal. Marketing
  38. 38. CONCLUSION
  39. 39.  Palm oil is the most consumed edible oil in Egypt.  Palm oil imports are expected to increase because on higher demand by the food processing sector.  Malaysian palm oil plays a crucial and consistent role in providing Egypt's of edible oils and fats needs.  Malaysian palm oil products are used in the applications of many food and feed products.  Palm oil maintains its market share due to competitive pricing. CONCLUSION
  40. 40. Thank you

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