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  2. Lesson Objectives: •Identify the different challenges faced by Filipino entrepreneurs; •Analyze the effects of contemporary issues affecting business; and •Propose solutions to the economic problems that will be of help to entrepreneurs in their locality.
  3. Entrepreneurship • Entrepreneurship is the ability to know what products and services are needed by people and to be able to provide these things at the right time, at the right place and to the right people and at the right price. The person who does entrepreneurship is called “entrepreneur”. An entrepreneur organizes his own business, assumes all the risk and returns on his investment, decides on what, how and how much of a food or service will be provided and monitors and controls all the activities of the business
  5. 1. Investment and interest rate • When an entrepreneur starts, the very first issue that they encounter is how they will get their capital. Some entrepreneurs really do not have the capital in the beginning, some may have (out from their savings), but acquiring capital usually comes in a form of loan in a bank or any other financial institutions or some get financial assistance from the government. Entrepreneurs shoulder higher rates of interest from the loan they made from a financial institution.
  6. Investment •An asset or item acquired with the goal of generating income. Investing includes the purchase of new plants, new equipment, new homes and net increases in inventories.
  7. There are two types of investments: 1. Long-Term Investment 2. Short Term Investment
  8. Interest Rates - It is the amount a lender charges for the use of assets expresses as a percentage of the principal. - It is usually noted on an annual basis known as the annual percentage rate (APR) - The assets borrowed could include cash, consumer, goods, or large assets such as a vehicle or building.
  9. 2. Rentals • Starting entrepreneurs usually do not have their own space to start their business. Some rent spaces on a mall or stalls to start the operation of the business. Rentals has become an issue to starting entrepreneurs because doing a business does not guarantee you a very big sale right away, so if you don’t make a sale and you still have to pay a rent, it will really cause problem.
  10. 3. Minimum Wage •Entrepreneurs provide job opportunities that is why they have employees. Entrepreneurs are called employer. As an employer, they are forced to implement the wage order to all minimum wage earners regardless of their title, ranks, etc. The Philippines has this law called “Minimum Wage Law”. This law establishes a minimum amount that an employer can pay a worker for one day of labor.
  11. 4.Taxes • A tax is mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer by a governmental organization in order to fund various expenditures. Failure to pay, along with evasion of or resistance to taxation, is punishable by law. Taxes are considered inflows for the government and outflows for firms. The way tax is imposed often is justified in the basis of one of two general principles: • a. The benefits received (Benefits-Received Tax Principle) • - This principle relates taxes to the benefits taxpayers receive from a public good. • b. The ability to pay (Ability to Pay Tax Principle) • - This approach to taxes relates that those with a greater ability to pay are taxed more.
  12. Four main Types of National Internal Revenue Taxes •Income, •Indirect (value-added and percentage taxes), •Excise •Documentary stamp taxes
  13. Activity 1:Read and Reflect • Read the passage below and kindly answer the following questions: The global COVID-19 pandemic has affected millions of people. It has become a big sanitary and health crisis. The severe effects of this pandemic has caused the strange downturn of the global economy. Entrepreneurs are one of those people mostly affected by this global pandemic. Most of the income generating establishments or institutions have shut their operations down.
  14. Questions: 1. Are there some whose operation ceases because of the pandemic? 2. What are some of the reasons why their operation stopped? 3. How did these Filipino entrepreneurs respond to this global crisis? 4. What can you propose to help entrepreneurs affected by the global pandemic?

Notes de l'éditeur

  1. Long Term Investment - These are assets of the company which include stocks, bonds and real estate. Long term investments are assets that a company intends to hold for more than a year. Short Term Investment - These are investments that must be readily be convertible to cash
  2. Corporate Income Taxes - The regular corporate income tax (RCIT) is 30% on net taxable income. There is a minimum corporate income tax (MCIT) equivalent to 2% of gross income, which applies beginning on the fourth year of commercial operation. Withholding Taxes - Most income is subject to withholding of taxes. If the payor is classified as a top-20,000 corporation or a top-5000 individual engaged in business, it is required to withhold on all payments for the purchase of goods (1%) and services (2%). Withholding taxes on income subject to the RCIT are creditable against the calculated liability. Indirect Taxes - A 12% VAT is imposed on the gross selling price on the sale, barter or exchange of goods and properties, as well as on the gross receipts from the sale of services within the Philippines, including the lease of properties. Excise Taxes - In addition to VAT, excise taxes are imposed on the following: alcohol, tobacco, petroleum products, automobiles, mineral products, and non-essential goods such as jewelry and precious stones, perfumes, yachts and other sport vessels. Documentary Stamp Tax - A documentary stamp tax (DST) is required for certain documents, transactions or instruments specified in the tax code when the obligation or right arises from Philippine sources or when the property is situated in the Philippines.