SlideShare une entreprise Scribd logo
1  sur  42
Adjectives
Adjectives - are words that are used to
describe (what kind of?) nouns and
pronouns and to quantify (how much
of?) and identify (which one?) them. In a
nutshell, Adjectives are what define
nouns and give them characteristics to
differentiate them from other nouns.
Types
of
Adjectives
Adjectives of Quality
These adjectives are used to describe the
nature of a noun. They give an idea about
the characteristics of the noun by
answering the question ‘what kind’.
Examples:
 Honest, Kind, Large, Bulky, Beautiful,
Ugly etc.
 New Delhi is a large city with many
historical monuments.
 Sheila is a beautiful woman.
Adjectives of Quantity
These adjectives help to show the amount
or the approximate amount of the noun or
pronoun. These adjectives do not provide
exact numbers; rather they tell us the
amount of the noun in relative or whole
terms.
Examples:
All, Half, Many, Few, Little, No,
Enough, Great etc.
They have finished most of the
rice.
Many people came to visit the
fair.
Adjectives of Number
These adjectives are used to show the
number of nouns and their place in an
order. There are three different sections
within adjectives of number; they are
Definite Numeral Adjective - Those which
clearly denote an exact number of nouns or
the order of the noun.
Examples:
 One, Two, Twenty, Thirty-Three etc. also
known as Cardinals.
 First, Second, Third, Seventh etc. also
known as Ordinals.
Indefinite Numeral Adjective - Those
adjectives that do not give an exact numerical
amount but just give a general idea of the
amount.
Examples:
 Some, Many, Few, Any, Several, All etc.
 There were many people present at the
meeting.
Distributive Numeral Adjective -Those
adjectives that are used to refer to individual
nouns within the whole amount.
Examples:
 Either, Neither, Each, Another, Other etc.
 Taxes have to be paid by every employed
citizen.
Demonstrative Adjectives
These adjectives are used to point out or
indicate a particular noun or pronoun
using the adjectives - This, That, These and
Those.
Examples:
That bag belongs to Neil.
Try using this paintbrush in art
class.
I really like those shoes.
These flowers are lovely.
Interrogative Adjectives
These adjectives are used to ask questions
about nouns or in relation to nouns, they
are - Where, What, Which and Whose.
Examples:
Where did he say he was going?
What assignment did I miss out
on?
Which is your favorite author?
Whose pen is this?
Comparison of Adjectives
When we want to compare two or more
nouns using adjectives, we use the
comparative and superlative forms of the
adjective to show the comparison between
the nouns.
Examples:
 Honey is sweet, sugar is sweeter but
victory is the sweetest.
 In this sentence, we are comparing the
three nouns using the positive,
comparative and superlative forms of
the word ‘sweet’.
Positive Form
These are the simple adjectives that simply
describe the noun without comparing it to
another - big, sweet, clean, etc.
Examples:
 She has a big black dog.
 He is a sweet boy.
 The cupboard is clean.
Comparative Form
These are used when we are comparing
two nouns and need to show which noun
possesses the adjective or character in a
greater or lesser amount, when compared
with the other. - bigger, sweeter, cleaner,
etc.
Examples:
 I have a big dog but hers is bigger.
 He is sweeter than the other boys.
 The cupboard is cleaner than before.
Superlative Form
This form is used when three or more
nouns are being compared and we need to
show that one or more of the nouns posses
the adjective or characteristic to the highest
amount possible. We usually add ‘the’
before the superlative form. - biggest,
sweetest, cleanest, etc.
Examples:
 She has the biggest dog in the colony.
 He is the sweetest boy in his class.
 The cupboard is the cleanest thing in
the house.
Making Comparatives and Superlatives
There are certain rules that must be
followed in the making of the comparatives
and superlatives of the adjectives. Not all
adjectives form their comparatives and
superlatives in the same way and there are
also some irregular adjectives that form
completely different comparative and
superlative forms.
Single Syllable Words and Double Syllable
Words ending with -y, -er, -ow, -le -
We use ‘-er’ to make the comparative and ‘-
est’ to make the superlative.
Examples:
Positive Comparative Superlative
Black Blacker Blackest
Fair Fairer Fairest
Clever Cleverer Cleverest
When there is a silent ‘e’ at the end
of the positive form, we remove that
and add ‘-er’ and ‘-est’
Examples:
Positive Comparative Superlative
Nice Nicer Nicest
Late Later Latest
When the adjective ends with a ‘y’,
we convert the ‘y’ into ‘i’ before
adding ‘-er’ and ‘-est’
Examples:
Positive Comparative Superlative
Pretty Prettier Prettiest
Lazy Lazier Laziest
If the adjective is a small one with
little stress on the vowel, we double
the last consonant.
Examples:
Positive Comparative Superlative
Hot Hotter Hottest
Wet Wetter Wettest
Other Words with Two or More Syllables
For other double syllable words that do not
end with -y, -er, -ow, -le, and for adjectives
with more than two syllables we use more
and most to form the comparatives and
superlatives.
Examples:
Positive Comparative Superlative
Difficult More Difficult Most Difficult
Careful More Careful Most Careful
Handsome More
Handsome
Most
Handsome
Interesting More
Interesting
Most
Interesting
Special Adjectives
There a few adjectives that can use both ‘-er
and -est’ and ‘more’ and ‘most’ to form
their comparative and superlative forms.
The distinction between these is that ‘-er
and -est’ are used when we are comparing
the noun to another noun and ‘more’ and
‘most’ is used when we are comparing
characteristics within the noun.
Examples:
Positive Comparative Superlative Example
Clever
Cleverer/ More
Clever
Cleverest/Most
Clever
He is cleverer than her.
He is more clever than
studious.
Quiet
Quieter/ More
Quiet
Quietest/ Most
Quiet
This is the most quiet
place.
This is the quietest place.
Brave
Braver/ More
Brave
Bravest/ Most
Brave
She is braver than other
girls.
She was more brave than
afraid.
Sure
Surer/ More
Sure
Surest/ Most
Sure
He was surer of the result
than others.
You’ll be more sure about
the concept after you read
the chapter.
Irregular Comparisons
These adjectives do not make their
comparative and superlative forms using
the rules above. Their comparative and
superlative forms are different words
altogether.
Examples:
Positive Comparative Superlative
Bad Worse Worst
Good Better Best
Far (place &
time)
Further Furthest
Far (place) Farther Farthest
Old (people) Elder Eldest
Little (amount) Less Least
Late (order) Latter Last
Exercises 1.1
Direction: Determine what type of
Adjective are the following.
1.) honest 6.) five
2.) many 7.) beautiful
3.) these 8.) best
4.) what 9.) dozen
5.) few 10.) who
Exercises 1.2
Direction: Give the Positive, Comparative and
Superlative form of the following Adjectives.
Positive Comparative Superlative
prettier
good
least
more brave
tall
Exercises 1.3
Direction: Identify the following.
________ 1.) are words that are used to
describe nouns and pronouns.
________ 2.) These adjectives are used to
describe the nature of a noun.
________ 3.) These adjectives are used to
show the number of nouns and their place
in an order.
Exercises 1.3
Direction: Identify the following.
________ 4.) These adjectives are used to
ask questions about nouns or in relation to
nouns, they are - Where, What, Which and
Whose.
________ 5.) These are the simple adjectives
that simply describe the noun without
comparing it to another - big, sweet, clean,
etc.
End 

Contenu connexe

Tendances (20)

Verb powerpoint
Verb powerpointVerb powerpoint
Verb powerpoint
 
Homophones
HomophonesHomophones
Homophones
 
Contraction
Contraction Contraction
Contraction
 
Adjectives
AdjectivesAdjectives
Adjectives
 
Transitive and intransitive verbs
Transitive and intransitive verbs Transitive and intransitive verbs
Transitive and intransitive verbs
 
Homophones Powerpoint
Homophones PowerpointHomophones Powerpoint
Homophones Powerpoint
 
Prepositions powerpoint
Prepositions powerpointPrepositions powerpoint
Prepositions powerpoint
 
Adjectives 1
Adjectives  1Adjectives  1
Adjectives 1
 
Suffixes
SuffixesSuffixes
Suffixes
 
Preposition and its types
Preposition and its typesPreposition and its types
Preposition and its types
 
Personal pronouns
Personal pronounsPersonal pronouns
Personal pronouns
 
Gender of nouns
Gender of nounsGender of nouns
Gender of nouns
 
Conjunctions
ConjunctionsConjunctions
Conjunctions
 
Nouns
NounsNouns
Nouns
 
Types of pronoun
Types of pronounTypes of pronoun
Types of pronoun
 
Slide power point preposition noreen
Slide power point preposition  noreenSlide power point preposition  noreen
Slide power point preposition noreen
 
Adjectives slide share
Adjectives slide shareAdjectives slide share
Adjectives slide share
 
Noun and Kinds of Noun
Noun and Kinds of NounNoun and Kinds of Noun
Noun and Kinds of Noun
 
Prepositions
 Prepositions Prepositions
Prepositions
 
Types of Verbs
Types of VerbsTypes of Verbs
Types of Verbs
 

En vedette

Adjectives final presentation by melita katrina marlyn
Adjectives final presentation by melita katrina marlynAdjectives final presentation by melita katrina marlyn
Adjectives final presentation by melita katrina marlynJenny Sanchez
 
This That These Those
This That These ThoseThis That These Those
This That These ThoseIrenya S
 
Adjective powerpoint
Adjective powerpointAdjective powerpoint
Adjective powerpointpam_chastain
 
Comparative And Superlative Adjectives
Comparative And Superlative AdjectivesComparative And Superlative Adjectives
Comparative And Superlative Adjectivesguest1639c2
 
WH-question words slide
WH-question words slideWH-question words slide
WH-question words slideKathryn Chin
 
Future tense verb tobe
Future tense verb tobeFuture tense verb tobe
Future tense verb tobeKevin Vargas
 
Question words
Question wordsQuestion words
Question wordseoi.soraya
 
Wh Questions
Wh QuestionsWh Questions
Wh QuestionsAdriana
 
Question words excersices ppt
Question words excersices pptQuestion words excersices ppt
Question words excersices pptRafael Alejandro
 
Simple, Compound, Complex Sentences
Simple, Compound, Complex SentencesSimple, Compound, Complex Sentences
Simple, Compound, Complex SentencesRudy Alfonso
 
Sketching the mental framework and physical appearance of a fraudster
Sketching the mental framework and physical appearance of a fraudsterSketching the mental framework and physical appearance of a fraudster
Sketching the mental framework and physical appearance of a fraudsterKenny Ong
 
Chapter 4 Using Adjectives In Sentences
Chapter 4    Using  Adjectives In  SentencesChapter 4    Using  Adjectives In  Sentences
Chapter 4 Using Adjectives In SentencesMaximoff
 

En vedette (20)

Adjectives final presentation by melita katrina marlyn
Adjectives final presentation by melita katrina marlynAdjectives final presentation by melita katrina marlyn
Adjectives final presentation by melita katrina marlyn
 
Adjectives powerpoint
Adjectives powerpointAdjectives powerpoint
Adjectives powerpoint
 
This That These Those
This That These ThoseThis That These Those
This That These Those
 
Adjective powerpoint
Adjective powerpointAdjective powerpoint
Adjective powerpoint
 
Comparative And Superlative Adjectives
Comparative And Superlative AdjectivesComparative And Superlative Adjectives
Comparative And Superlative Adjectives
 
WH-question words slide
WH-question words slideWH-question words slide
WH-question words slide
 
Future tense verb tobe
Future tense verb tobeFuture tense verb tobe
Future tense verb tobe
 
Question words
Question wordsQuestion words
Question words
 
Wh Questions
Wh QuestionsWh Questions
Wh Questions
 
Question words excersices ppt
Question words excersices pptQuestion words excersices ppt
Question words excersices ppt
 
There is, there are
There is, there areThere is, there are
There is, there are
 
Simple, Compound, Complex Sentences
Simple, Compound, Complex SentencesSimple, Compound, Complex Sentences
Simple, Compound, Complex Sentences
 
Adjectives
AdjectivesAdjectives
Adjectives
 
Physical appearance adjectives 4to
Physical appearance adjectives 4toPhysical appearance adjectives 4to
Physical appearance adjectives 4to
 
Sketching the mental framework and physical appearance of a fraudster
Sketching the mental framework and physical appearance of a fraudsterSketching the mental framework and physical appearance of a fraudster
Sketching the mental framework and physical appearance of a fraudster
 
Vocabulary words 3
Vocabulary words 3Vocabulary words 3
Vocabulary words 3
 
Vocabulary unit 9
Vocabulary unit 9Vocabulary unit 9
Vocabulary unit 9
 
Adjectives and adverbs
Adjectives and adverbsAdjectives and adverbs
Adjectives and adverbs
 
Chapter 4 Using Adjectives In Sentences
Chapter 4    Using  Adjectives In  SentencesChapter 4    Using  Adjectives In  Sentences
Chapter 4 Using Adjectives In Sentences
 
Physical appearance
Physical appearancePhysical appearance
Physical appearance
 

Similaire à Adjectives

Similaire à Adjectives (20)

Adjectives
Adjectives Adjectives
Adjectives
 
Adjectives
AdjectivesAdjectives
Adjectives
 
Adjectives
AdjectivesAdjectives
Adjectives
 
Degree of comparison
Degree of comparisonDegree of comparison
Degree of comparison
 
Adverbs
AdverbsAdverbs
Adverbs
 
Degree of comparison
Degree of comparisonDegree of comparison
Degree of comparison
 
English grammar by Dr.Larik for MBA Students
English grammar by Dr.Larik for MBA StudentsEnglish grammar by Dr.Larik for MBA Students
English grammar by Dr.Larik for MBA Students
 
Parts of Speech and english grammer .pptx
Parts of Speech and english grammer .pptxParts of Speech and english grammer .pptx
Parts of Speech and english grammer .pptx
 
Degree of Comparison (SMT-1)
Degree of Comparison (SMT-1)Degree of Comparison (SMT-1)
Degree of Comparison (SMT-1)
 
Adjectives presentation, definition and its types
Adjectives presentation, definition and its typesAdjectives presentation, definition and its types
Adjectives presentation, definition and its types
 
ADJECTIVES
ADJECTIVESADJECTIVES
ADJECTIVES
 
Blue Pink Yellow Pastel Line English Graphic Novel Conventions Presentation (...
Blue Pink Yellow Pastel Line English Graphic Novel Conventions Presentation (...Blue Pink Yellow Pastel Line English Graphic Novel Conventions Presentation (...
Blue Pink Yellow Pastel Line English Graphic Novel Conventions Presentation (...
 
Verbs
VerbsVerbs
Verbs
 
Adjective Usage and Examples
Adjective Usage and ExamplesAdjective Usage and Examples
Adjective Usage and Examples
 
Degrees of comparision
Degrees of comparisionDegrees of comparision
Degrees of comparision
 
Comparatives and superlatives
Comparatives and superlativesComparatives and superlatives
Comparatives and superlatives
 
comparatve.ppt
comparatve.pptcomparatve.ppt
comparatve.ppt
 
comparatve.ppt
comparatve.pptcomparatve.ppt
comparatve.ppt
 
PART-OF-SPEECH_CCA.pptx
PART-OF-SPEECH_CCA.pptxPART-OF-SPEECH_CCA.pptx
PART-OF-SPEECH_CCA.pptx
 
Noun
NounNoun
Noun
 

Plus de United Scholars Organization (LDCU)

Economic Institutions, Economic Institution Microeconomics and Macroeconomics...
Economic Institutions, Economic Institution Microeconomics and Macroeconomics...Economic Institutions, Economic Institution Microeconomics and Macroeconomics...
Economic Institutions, Economic Institution Microeconomics and Macroeconomics...United Scholars Organization (LDCU)
 

Plus de United Scholars Organization (LDCU) (20)

Pythagorean theorem
Pythagorean theoremPythagorean theorem
Pythagorean theorem
 
Economic Institutions, Economic Institution Microeconomics and Macroeconomics...
Economic Institutions, Economic Institution Microeconomics and Macroeconomics...Economic Institutions, Economic Institution Microeconomics and Macroeconomics...
Economic Institutions, Economic Institution Microeconomics and Macroeconomics...
 
Math 116 pres. 1
Math 116 pres. 1Math 116 pres. 1
Math 116 pres. 1
 
Math 116 pres. 5
Math 116 pres. 5Math 116 pres. 5
Math 116 pres. 5
 
Math 116 pres. 4
Math 116 pres. 4Math 116 pres. 4
Math 116 pres. 4
 
Math 116 pres. 2
Math 116 pres. 2Math 116 pres. 2
Math 116 pres. 2
 
Math 116 pres. 3
Math 116 pres. 3Math 116 pres. 3
Math 116 pres. 3
 
Algebraic Extensions of Order of Operations to Polynomials
Algebraic Extensions of Order of Operations to PolynomialsAlgebraic Extensions of Order of Operations to Polynomials
Algebraic Extensions of Order of Operations to Polynomials
 
Pronouns
PronounsPronouns
Pronouns
 
Adverbs
AdverbsAdverbs
Adverbs
 
Types of Evaluation
Types of EvaluationTypes of Evaluation
Types of Evaluation
 
Types of Evaluation 1.2
Types of Evaluation 1.2Types of Evaluation 1.2
Types of Evaluation 1.2
 
Old Stone Age Rock Painting
Old Stone Age Rock PaintingOld Stone Age Rock Painting
Old Stone Age Rock Painting
 
Old stone age rock painting 1.2
Old stone age rock painting 1.2Old stone age rock painting 1.2
Old stone age rock painting 1.2
 
Nouns
NounsNouns
Nouns
 
Chinese Literature
Chinese LiteratureChinese Literature
Chinese Literature
 
Orpheus and Euydice Comics
Orpheus and Euydice ComicsOrpheus and Euydice Comics
Orpheus and Euydice Comics
 
Pygmalion and Galatea Comics
Pygmalion and Galatea ComicsPygmalion and Galatea Comics
Pygmalion and Galatea Comics
 
Graphic Materials
Graphic MaterialsGraphic Materials
Graphic Materials
 
Psychosocial Theory of Development (HALF PART)
Psychosocial Theory of Development (HALF PART)Psychosocial Theory of Development (HALF PART)
Psychosocial Theory of Development (HALF PART)
 

Dernier

Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community PartnershipsSpring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnershipsexpandedwebsite
 
SPLICE Working Group: Reusable Code Examples
SPLICE Working Group:Reusable Code ExamplesSPLICE Working Group:Reusable Code Examples
SPLICE Working Group: Reusable Code ExamplesPeter Brusilovsky
 
The Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Free Study Material PDF
The Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Free Study Material PDFThe Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Free Study Material PDF
The Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Free Study Material PDFVivekanand Anglo Vedic Academy
 
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....Ritu480198
 
SURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchSURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchCaitlinCummins3
 
Trauma-Informed Leadership - Five Practical Principles
Trauma-Informed Leadership - Five Practical PrinciplesTrauma-Informed Leadership - Five Practical Principles
Trauma-Informed Leadership - Five Practical PrinciplesPooky Knightsmith
 
Sternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading Room
Sternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading RoomSternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading Room
Sternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading RoomSean M. Fox
 
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptxObserving-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptxAdelaideRefugio
 
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjStl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjMohammed Sikander
 
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPSSpellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPSAnaAcapella
 
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptAIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptNishitharanjan Rout
 
male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................MirzaAbrarBaig5
 
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024Borja Sotomayor
 
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽中 央社
 
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge App
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge AppAn Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge App
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge AppCeline George
 
Đề tieng anh thpt 2024 danh cho cac ban hoc sinh
Đề tieng anh thpt 2024 danh cho cac ban hoc sinhĐề tieng anh thpt 2024 danh cho cac ban hoc sinh
Đề tieng anh thpt 2024 danh cho cac ban hoc sinhleson0603
 

Dernier (20)

Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community PartnershipsSpring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
 
SPLICE Working Group: Reusable Code Examples
SPLICE Working Group:Reusable Code ExamplesSPLICE Working Group:Reusable Code Examples
SPLICE Working Group: Reusable Code Examples
 
The Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Free Study Material PDF
The Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Free Study Material PDFThe Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Free Study Material PDF
The Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Free Study Material PDF
 
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
 
SURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchSURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project research
 
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdfIncluding Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
 
Trauma-Informed Leadership - Five Practical Principles
Trauma-Informed Leadership - Five Practical PrinciplesTrauma-Informed Leadership - Five Practical Principles
Trauma-Informed Leadership - Five Practical Principles
 
Sternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading Room
Sternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading RoomSternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading Room
Sternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading Room
 
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptxObserving-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
 
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjStl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
 
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
 
OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...
OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...
OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...
 
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPSSpellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
 
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptAIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
 
male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................
 
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
 
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
 
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge App
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge AppAn Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge App
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge App
 
Đề tieng anh thpt 2024 danh cho cac ban hoc sinh
Đề tieng anh thpt 2024 danh cho cac ban hoc sinhĐề tieng anh thpt 2024 danh cho cac ban hoc sinh
Đề tieng anh thpt 2024 danh cho cac ban hoc sinh
 
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
 

Adjectives

  • 2. Adjectives - are words that are used to describe (what kind of?) nouns and pronouns and to quantify (how much of?) and identify (which one?) them. In a nutshell, Adjectives are what define nouns and give them characteristics to differentiate them from other nouns.
  • 4. Adjectives of Quality These adjectives are used to describe the nature of a noun. They give an idea about the characteristics of the noun by answering the question ‘what kind’.
  • 5. Examples:  Honest, Kind, Large, Bulky, Beautiful, Ugly etc.  New Delhi is a large city with many historical monuments.  Sheila is a beautiful woman.
  • 6. Adjectives of Quantity These adjectives help to show the amount or the approximate amount of the noun or pronoun. These adjectives do not provide exact numbers; rather they tell us the amount of the noun in relative or whole terms.
  • 7. Examples: All, Half, Many, Few, Little, No, Enough, Great etc. They have finished most of the rice. Many people came to visit the fair.
  • 8. Adjectives of Number These adjectives are used to show the number of nouns and their place in an order. There are three different sections within adjectives of number; they are
  • 9. Definite Numeral Adjective - Those which clearly denote an exact number of nouns or the order of the noun. Examples:  One, Two, Twenty, Thirty-Three etc. also known as Cardinals.  First, Second, Third, Seventh etc. also known as Ordinals.
  • 10. Indefinite Numeral Adjective - Those adjectives that do not give an exact numerical amount but just give a general idea of the amount. Examples:  Some, Many, Few, Any, Several, All etc.  There were many people present at the meeting.
  • 11. Distributive Numeral Adjective -Those adjectives that are used to refer to individual nouns within the whole amount. Examples:  Either, Neither, Each, Another, Other etc.  Taxes have to be paid by every employed citizen.
  • 12. Demonstrative Adjectives These adjectives are used to point out or indicate a particular noun or pronoun using the adjectives - This, That, These and Those.
  • 13. Examples: That bag belongs to Neil. Try using this paintbrush in art class. I really like those shoes. These flowers are lovely.
  • 14. Interrogative Adjectives These adjectives are used to ask questions about nouns or in relation to nouns, they are - Where, What, Which and Whose.
  • 15. Examples: Where did he say he was going? What assignment did I miss out on? Which is your favorite author? Whose pen is this?
  • 16. Comparison of Adjectives When we want to compare two or more nouns using adjectives, we use the comparative and superlative forms of the adjective to show the comparison between the nouns.
  • 17. Examples:  Honey is sweet, sugar is sweeter but victory is the sweetest.  In this sentence, we are comparing the three nouns using the positive, comparative and superlative forms of the word ‘sweet’.
  • 18. Positive Form These are the simple adjectives that simply describe the noun without comparing it to another - big, sweet, clean, etc.
  • 19. Examples:  She has a big black dog.  He is a sweet boy.  The cupboard is clean.
  • 20. Comparative Form These are used when we are comparing two nouns and need to show which noun possesses the adjective or character in a greater or lesser amount, when compared with the other. - bigger, sweeter, cleaner, etc.
  • 21. Examples:  I have a big dog but hers is bigger.  He is sweeter than the other boys.  The cupboard is cleaner than before.
  • 22. Superlative Form This form is used when three or more nouns are being compared and we need to show that one or more of the nouns posses the adjective or characteristic to the highest amount possible. We usually add ‘the’ before the superlative form. - biggest, sweetest, cleanest, etc.
  • 23. Examples:  She has the biggest dog in the colony.  He is the sweetest boy in his class.  The cupboard is the cleanest thing in the house.
  • 24. Making Comparatives and Superlatives There are certain rules that must be followed in the making of the comparatives and superlatives of the adjectives. Not all adjectives form their comparatives and superlatives in the same way and there are also some irregular adjectives that form completely different comparative and superlative forms.
  • 25. Single Syllable Words and Double Syllable Words ending with -y, -er, -ow, -le - We use ‘-er’ to make the comparative and ‘- est’ to make the superlative.
  • 26. Examples: Positive Comparative Superlative Black Blacker Blackest Fair Fairer Fairest Clever Cleverer Cleverest
  • 27. When there is a silent ‘e’ at the end of the positive form, we remove that and add ‘-er’ and ‘-est’
  • 28. Examples: Positive Comparative Superlative Nice Nicer Nicest Late Later Latest
  • 29. When the adjective ends with a ‘y’, we convert the ‘y’ into ‘i’ before adding ‘-er’ and ‘-est’
  • 30. Examples: Positive Comparative Superlative Pretty Prettier Prettiest Lazy Lazier Laziest
  • 31. If the adjective is a small one with little stress on the vowel, we double the last consonant.
  • 32. Examples: Positive Comparative Superlative Hot Hotter Hottest Wet Wetter Wettest
  • 33. Other Words with Two or More Syllables For other double syllable words that do not end with -y, -er, -ow, -le, and for adjectives with more than two syllables we use more and most to form the comparatives and superlatives.
  • 34. Examples: Positive Comparative Superlative Difficult More Difficult Most Difficult Careful More Careful Most Careful Handsome More Handsome Most Handsome Interesting More Interesting Most Interesting
  • 35. Special Adjectives There a few adjectives that can use both ‘-er and -est’ and ‘more’ and ‘most’ to form their comparative and superlative forms. The distinction between these is that ‘-er and -est’ are used when we are comparing the noun to another noun and ‘more’ and ‘most’ is used when we are comparing characteristics within the noun.
  • 36. Examples: Positive Comparative Superlative Example Clever Cleverer/ More Clever Cleverest/Most Clever He is cleverer than her. He is more clever than studious. Quiet Quieter/ More Quiet Quietest/ Most Quiet This is the most quiet place. This is the quietest place. Brave Braver/ More Brave Bravest/ Most Brave She is braver than other girls. She was more brave than afraid. Sure Surer/ More Sure Surest/ Most Sure He was surer of the result than others. You’ll be more sure about the concept after you read the chapter.
  • 37. Irregular Comparisons These adjectives do not make their comparative and superlative forms using the rules above. Their comparative and superlative forms are different words altogether.
  • 38. Examples: Positive Comparative Superlative Bad Worse Worst Good Better Best Far (place & time) Further Furthest Far (place) Farther Farthest Old (people) Elder Eldest Little (amount) Less Least Late (order) Latter Last
  • 39. Exercises 1.1 Direction: Determine what type of Adjective are the following. 1.) honest 6.) five 2.) many 7.) beautiful 3.) these 8.) best 4.) what 9.) dozen 5.) few 10.) who
  • 40. Exercises 1.2 Direction: Give the Positive, Comparative and Superlative form of the following Adjectives. Positive Comparative Superlative prettier good least more brave tall
  • 41. Exercises 1.3 Direction: Identify the following. ________ 1.) are words that are used to describe nouns and pronouns. ________ 2.) These adjectives are used to describe the nature of a noun. ________ 3.) These adjectives are used to show the number of nouns and their place in an order.
  • 42. Exercises 1.3 Direction: Identify the following. ________ 4.) These adjectives are used to ask questions about nouns or in relation to nouns, they are - Where, What, Which and Whose. ________ 5.) These are the simple adjectives that simply describe the noun without comparing it to another - big, sweet, clean, etc. End 