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Healthy Women Happy Motherhood :: International Mother's day

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Healthy Women Happy Motherhood :: International Mother's day Doctor Talk by Dr. Narendra Malhotra

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Healthy Women Happy Motherhood :: International Mother's day

  1. 1. International
  2. 2. By Dr. Narendra Malhotra
  3. 3. Doctor’s Details: PROF.NARENDRA MALHOTRA M.D., F.I.C.O.G., F.I.C.M.C.H, F.R.C.O.G.,F.I.C.S., F.M.A.S., A.F.I.A.P. • Prof. Dubrovnick International University • V.P. WAPM(world association of prenatal medicine) • President ISPAT (2017-2019) • President ISAR ( 2016 – 2017) • Sec Gen SAFOG (2015-2017) • Member FIGO guidelines committee • President FOGSI (2008-2009) • Dean I.C.M.U. (2008) • Director Ian Donald School of Ultrasound. (India)
  4. 4. Part 1: Planning for a Baby
  5. 5. Planning Your Pregnancy You can improve your chances of getting pregnant and having a healthy pregnancy by following the following steps to stay healthy
  6. 6. Planning Your Pregnancy 1. Eat Nutritious Food
  7. 7. Planning Your Pregnancy 2. Start having Folic acid Supplement Ask your Doctor for the right brand & dose
  8. 8. Planning Your Pregnancy 3. Try to keep a healthy body weight
  9. 9. Planning Your Pregnancy 4. If you are on any medicines for long term, discuss with your Dr, before you conceive
  10. 10. Planning Your Pregnancy 5. If you have had any complications in a previous pregnancy or if there is a family history of any pregnancy related issues, discuss with your Dr
  11. 11. Planning Your Pregnancy 6. Stop smoking and cut out alcohol. Avoid passive smoking too.
  12. 12. 1. Have a healthy diet 2. Start having Folic acid Supplements 3. Try to keep a healthy body weight 4. If you are on any medicines for long term, discuss with your Dr, before you conceive 5. If you have had any complications in a previous pregnancy or if there is a family history of any pregnancy related issues, discuss with your Dr 6. If applicable, stop smoking and cut out alcohol Planning Your Pregnancy
  13. 13. Part 2: Understanding How Your Foetus Grows During Pregnancy
  14. 14. Ovulation happens when an egg is released from one of the ovaries. At the time of ovulation, the mucus in the cervix is thinner than usual to let the sperm pass through more easily. From Conception To Birth Ovulation Source: https://www.nhs.uk/
  15. 15. Fertilisation takes place in the fallopian tube when a single sperm and egg meet and fuse together to form a single cell called a zygote. From Conception To Birth Fertilisation
  16. 16. Within 24 to 36 hours of being fertilised, the single cell divides into 2 cells, then 12 hours later into 4 cells, and so on. From Conception To Birth Zygote
  17. 17. The zygote continues dividing to form a cluster of cells called a morula. At around 3 to 4 days after fertilisation the morula leaves the fallopian tube and enters the uterus. From Conception To Birth Morula
  18. 18. About 6 days after fertilisation, the cluster of cells forms a hollow cavity known as a blastocyst. The blastocyst burrows itself into the uterus lining. This process is called implantation. The woman is now considered to be 3 weeks pregnant because it’s approximately 3 weeks since her last period. From Conception To Birth 3 weeks pregnant
  19. 19. The inner group of cells is now called an embryo. The outer cells reach out like roots to link with the mother’s blood supply to form the placenta. The inner cells form into 2 layers, then later into 3 layers. Each of these layers will grow to be different parts of the body. From Conception To Birth 4 Weeks Pregnant
  20. 20. The cells fold up and round to make a hollow tube called the neural tube. This will become the baby’s brain and spinal cord. By the end of this week blood circulation will begin, and the heart will develop quickly. The woman misses her period. From Conception To Birth 5 Weeks Pregnant
  21. 21. The brain is developing, and the eyes and ears are beginning to take shape. The heart begins to beat and can sometimes be seen beating on an ultrasound scan. Small swellings called limb buds show where the arms and legs are growing. From Conception To Birth 6 – 7 Weeks Pregnant
  22. 22. The baby is now called a foetus, which means offspring. The face is slowly forming. The eyes are now more obvious and have some colour in them. The hands and feet are developing, with ridges where the fingers and toes will be. The major internal organs are all developing. From Conception To Birth 8 – 9 Weeks Pregnant
  23. 23. Just 12 weeks after conception, the foetus is fully formed. By now almost all of the baby’s organs and structures have formed and will continue to grow until delivery. The baby’s already moving about, but the movements can’t be felt yet. From Conception To Birth 10 – 12 Weeks Pregnant
  24. 24. The baby’s now growing quickly. The body grows bigger so the head and body are more in proportion. The facial features are developing and the hair’s beginning to grow, as well as eyebrows and eyelashes. The eyelids stay closed over the eyes. From 16 weeks it may be possible to feel the baby move for the first time. From Conception To Birth 13 – 20 Weeks Pregnant
  25. 25. At about 22 weeks the baby becomes covered in a very fine, soft hair called lanugo. The purpose of this isn’t known, but it’s thought it may be to keep the baby at the right temperature. From Conception To Birth 21 – 24 Weeks Pregnant
  26. 26. The baby’s now moving about vigorously and responds to touch and sound. The baby may also begin to follow a pattern for waking and sleeping. At around 26 weeks the baby’s eyelids open for the first time. From Conception To Birth 25 – 26 Weeks Pregnant
  27. 27. The baby’s heartbeat can now be heard through a stethoscope. The baby’s now covered in a white greasy substance called vernix. It’s thought this may be to protect the baby’s skin as it floats in the amniotic sac. From Conception To Birth 27 – 29 Weeks Pregnant
  28. 28. The baby’s growing plumper so the skin, which was quite wrinkled before, is now smoother. Both the vernix and the lanugo begin to disappear, although some babies may still have vernix and small patches of lanugo when they’re born. From Conception To Birth 30 – 31 Weeks Pregnant
  29. 29. The baby is now beginning to prepare for birth. He or she will often turn downwards ready for the birth at around this time. From Conception To Birth 32 Weeks Pregnant
  30. 30. Sometime before the birth, the head may move down into the pelvis and is said to be engaged. At 37 weeks, your pregnancy is considered full-term. The average baby weighs around 3 to 4kg by now. The placenta is about 1/6th of the baby’s weight, and the umbilical cord is almost as long as the baby. From Conception To Birth 33 – 42 Weeks Pregnant
  31. 31. Part 3: Tips for A Healthy Pregnancy
  32. 32. Healthy Diet: •Eat Right with attention to your daily healthy diet •Take your Vitamins & Nutrients, such as Folic acid, Iron, Vitamin B12, Calcium as per your Drs’ advice •Stay hydrated •Avoid certain food such as raw meat, raw eggs, certain fish, etc •Limit caffeine intake (tea / coffee) •Avoid fasting
  33. 33. Maintain A Healthy Weight • Gaining too much or too little weight during pregnancy increases the risk of problems for both the mother and the infant. •Following a healthy diet and getting regular physical activity can help you stay within the recommended weight gain guidelines
  34. 34. Adequate Rest & Exercise: •Adequate sleep (7-9 hours / day) • Short naps, in case you feel the need for it •Talk to your Dr on the right exercise / walking time suitable for you, at different stages of pregnancy • Do not overdo any exercise
  35. 35. Lifestyle & Other Advice • Reduce stress, worry & hurry •Do not use alcohol, tobacco or drugs •Take any medicine only after consulting your Doctor •Avoid exposure to toxic substances, such as pesticides, certain chemicals, radiation, etc •Ask your Dr on vaccinations
  36. 36. Healthy Diet: •Eat Right with attention to your daily healthy diet •Take your Vitamins & Nutrients, such as Folic acid, Iron, Vitamin B12, Calcium as per your Drs’ advice •Stay hydrated •Avoid certain food such as raw meat, raw eggs, certain fish, etc •Limit caffeine intake (tea / coffee) •Avoid fasting Maintain A Healthy Weight • Gaining too much or too little weight during pregnancy increases the risk of problems for both the mother and the infant. •Following a healthy diet and getting regular physical activity can help you stay within the recommended weight gain guidelines Adequate Rest: •Adequate sleep (7-9 hours / day) • Short naps, in case you feel the need for it •Talk to your Dr on the right exercise / walking time suitable for you, at different stages of pregnancy • Do not overdo any exercise Lifestyle & Other Advice • Reduce Stress , worry & hurry •Do not use alcohol, tobacco or drugs •Take any medicine only after consulting your Doctor •Avoid exposure to toxic substances, such as pesticides, certain chemicals, radiation, etc •Ask your Dr for vaccinations needed Let’sRecap- Tips
  37. 37. Part 4: Partners’ Role in A Healthy Pregnancy
  38. 38. What happens during the first trimester of pregnancy? •During the first trimester (the first 13 weeks), most women need more rest than usual •They may have symptoms of nausea and vomiting •Early pregnancy can be an emotional time for a woman •Mood swings are common •Listen to your partner and offer support Husband’s role in pregnancy – Be Aware What you could do… •If she is cranky and wants to sleep, let her sleep •You can fix the breakfast •Avoid strong smells near her, such as coffee, if she is averse to it •Do not smoke near her
  39. 39. What happens during the second trimester of pregnancy? •For most women, the second trimester of pregnancy (weeks 14–27) is the time they feel the best •As your partner’s abdomen grows, the pregnancy becomes more obvious. •Many women begin to feel better physically. Energy levels improve, and morning sickness usually goes away Husband’s role in pregnancy – Be Aware What you could do… • If she has odd cravings at odd times, indulge her • Carry her bag and help in household chores, as lifting can give her back pain • Accompany her for the Dr visits & scans • Show her you care for her
  40. 40. What happens during the third trimester of pregnancy? •The last trimester (weeks 28–40) usually is the most uncomfortable for your partner •It also can be a very busy time as you prepare for the baby •Your partner may feel discomfort as the baby grows larger and her body gets ready for the birth •She may have trouble sleeping, walking quickly, and doing routine tasks •It is normal for both of you to feel excited and nervous Husband’s role in pregnancy – Be Aware What you could do… •If she is tired, irritable, frightened, listen to her and comfort her • Weight of the baby can give her many aches, so help with a gentle massage • Help in planning for the time when the baby arrives
  41. 41. Husband’s role in pregnancy •Stay informed, read about the journey of pregnancy •During morning sickness she needs your help •Help her in cooking & involve yourself in household chores •Be her companion •Be more caring •Plan and enjoy the journey with her •Visit doctor together •Prepare for the delivery, stay calm, reassure her
  42. 42. Special Talk on

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