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Wbi Introduction

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Introduction ot the R&D accomplishments by WBi (2000-2011)

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Wbi Introduction

  1. 1. Low Power Wireless Ad Hoc Sensing Nets: MLRmotes, SERI
  2. 2. Overall Technology Development (E2E) COMMS SEGMENT SENSING SEGMENT Long Haul Radio Ground Station MOC Portal MOC SEGMENT C2 Network GROUND SEGMENT RS232 Long Haul Radio NIPRNET CEOSGUI Mote GUI DAY CAMERA NIGHT CAMERA Mission Programmer Network Comms Manual COP Relay MOTE FIELD Smart Sensor Long-Haul Comms POTS >100 Mini-Sensors C2PC (TASC) 1 2 3 4 5 8 6 7 9 10 11 12 Clients Smart Sensor TIERS 3 2 1 GPS MLRmotes SERI ARMMIC SWE (SensorNet) SENSOR COMMS END USERS Databases
  3. 3. Low-power, wireless, netted sensors -- The Problems <ul><li>Significant advances were accomplished in distributed processing of netted sensors, mote-based sensors were severely lacking: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Produced excessive false alarm rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provided low probability of detection, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exhibited ineffective detection ranges (<10m) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RF range ~ 20-30m (on the ground); indicate netted mote period ~ 10m </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Numerous systems issues included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Random processor performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low battery life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extremely difficult to maintain (no fabrication/design feasibility) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RF emissions that would jam, or interfere, with field operation. </li></ul><ul><li>Mote designs not consistent to that required by end-users, and could not be modified to accommodate such demands. </li></ul>
  4. 4. MLRmote Solution <ul><li>Use of active optics (micro solid-state laser radar) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High Pd </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low FAR sensor (require target characterization to discern target types) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Significant operational range (100-1000m) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Address power use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensor X </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nearest-neighbor field processing to provide detection/trigger criteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar recharging circuit (polysilicate solar array) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinate with effective relay structure (SERI) </li></ul></ul>Sensor X MLR board 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 t1 H1, R1 t2 H2, R2 t2 H3, R3 t3 -, - t4 H4, R4 t4 H5, R5 t4 H6, R6 t5 H7, R7 t6 H8, R8 t7 -, - t8 H9, R9 Track data (TIME, HEADING, RANGE)
  5. 5. MLR – Conceptual Design (Track data) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 t1 H1, R1 t2 H2, R2 t2 H3, R3 t3 -, - t4 H4, R4 t4 H5, R5 t4 H6, R6 t5 H7, R7 t6 H8, R8 t7 -, - t8 H9, R9 Track data (TIME, HEADING, RANGE)
  6. 6. Effective sensor data exfiltration & commanding -- Problems <ul><li>Scalability quickly overwhelmed relay technologies build to work with mote fields (throughput handling capability overwhelmed by message traffic) </li></ul><ul><li>Relay-to-relay communications were not considered and/or realized in mote-field environment (R2R allows for data/command transport sharing) </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive exfiltration schemes not addressed, including use of worldwide communications architecture such as GSM, which provides multi-level security, broadcast (1-to-M) capability, redundancy (ref. AT&T) </li></ul><ul><li>In-field processing minimal (relay capability can support data processing and/or compression) </li></ul><ul><li>PULSENet compatible (OGC compliant) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Solution -- SERI Capability <ul><li>Provided direct connectivity to in-field participants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GSM exfil directed to preplanned cell accounts -> Smartphone provided real-time health/status information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worldwide support in place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expandable using 1:M broadcast (supports R2R link) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supports adaptability for L-band (previous exfil) and GSM </li></ul><ul><li>Allows for in-field processing expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Supported imager activity based on relay/field queuing </li></ul>GSM Cell Module Switched Ext. Battery Header (P5) Cell Antenna Lithium-Ion Battery CMOS Camera Tmote Mini 2.4GHz SMA Antenna Connector Power Switch Regulator I/O Header (P4) JTAG Header (P3) RS232 Header (P2) STR 711F ARM Microcontroller
  8. 8. MLRmote & SERI : Summary <ul><li>Based on success of 2241 netted mote field (DARPA NEST & ExANT programs) June 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrated large area coverage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demo Sept 2007, Tampa (30-m) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demo Oct 2007, Camp Peary (R > 109 m) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demo Dec 2007, GEO-ISR DAY/Dahlgren (30-m) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Augmentation with PIRmotes (Sensor X) provides large area coverage at reduced cost </li></ul><ul><li>High-performance (SIRF3) GPS provides localization </li></ul><ul><li>RF capability provided by 2.4GHz/900MHz transceivers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced 900MHz range through DTI resonator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of relay-to-relay (SERI) capability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reach-back includes SATCOM, GSM (SERI) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use of sophisticated mote core (Sentilla Tmote) and SDK (JVM) </li></ul><ul><li>LRF (MLRmotes) improvements designed & planned </li></ul>
  9. 9. ARMMIC
  10. 10. ARMMIC Project Overview – Background <ul><li>Advanced Micro-Mapping Integration Capability (ARMMIC) integrates emerging technologies to form next-generation geospatial information solutions for front-line , GPS-disadvantaged users </li></ul><ul><li>ARMMIC will develop and demonstrate integrated system solutions associated with the mapping of structures including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ISR-based missions (structure mapping, building, tunnels, GPS-absent areas) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CNTPO-related missions (hidden compartment discovery) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accurate, real-time, comprehensive, small-scale mapping (micro-mapping) capability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ARMMIC employs technologies investigated during previous TASC IRaD activities (MLR, SERI, PulseNET). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RFID positioning (RSSI) and identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Autonomous ground vehicle adaptability </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. ARMMIC – Problems Addressed <ul><li>Objectives associated with a military, civil, security -- a detailed “map” of a structure, or area-of-interest, especially those enclosed or underground, become the first order. </li></ul><ul><li>ARMMIC provides a GPS capability where GPS is non-existent. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Military applications -- pursuit of persistent intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) require location of targets detected and/or tracked. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mine operators -- required constant communication and maintain constant position data on all personnel available to those above ground. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire fighters -- working in a complex building under fire conditions need to know where they are regardless of smoke or obscurants. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security - understanding how an area, or volume, has been altered from that originally built or planned might indicate a security weakness or an area that might be of &quot;concern&quot;, such as “hidden” compartments. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. ARMMIC System (prototype I) GUI data display Motor controller (reuse of 2005 MLR IRaD) Motor arrangement w/laser scanner ARMMIC INITIAL Test System
  13. 13. ARMMIC Initial Capabilities Demonstration Note penetration of baffles, vents, fixtures indicate drop ceiling & “real” (concrete) ceiling Scans of small conference room showing operator (baseball capped), and associated “shadow”. Scanner origin
  14. 14. ARMMIC Initial Capabilities Demonstration IIz Scanner origin Note subtle structures as tile rails, baffled lighting, and dropped projector Total time duration for scan was 65-70 seconds at resolution (1-degree). A reduced data set option exists; allows for estimated volume (3D box) drawing ; a flattened, 2D output is optional).