1. Biodiversity in the EU budget
Deputy Head of Unit
2. Financing biodiversity in the EU
Mainstreaming climate and biodiversity in the EU
budget: integral part of all main instruments.
• Focus on Natura 2000 network and green infrastructure
LIFE instrument: limited in size but key role for
• Traditional projects for nature and biodiversity
• Integrated Projects for implementing EU legislation –
integrating different sources of funding
• Financial instruments: Natural Capital Financing Facility to
leverage funding from the private sector
Climate and biodiversity mainstreaming in the 2014-
• 20% climate target
• International commitments under CBD
Tracking methodology, based on rio markers
• Implementing act on climate tracking
• Internal process for biodiversity tracking
Annual budget statements and communication on EU
6. Natural Capital Financing Facility (NCFF)
address market failures and demonstrate to private investors the attractiveness of
revenue-generating or cost-saving natural capital projects;
leverage funding from private investors for investments in ecosystems and
ecosystem-based solutions to climate change adaptation.
€ 100-125 million Investment facility for 9-12 operations by 2021
Executed by EIB; EU contribution: € 50 million as guarantee, €10 million for
Support Facility to help develop projects
Project categories: Payments for ecosystem services, Green infrastructure projects,
Pro-biodiversity and pro-adaptation businesses, Projects involving biodiversity offsets
EU Business and Biodiversity Platform
Including Community of Practice on Financing and Biodiversity
7. Thank you for your attention!
For more details on Biodiversity Strategy and related actions:
Ecosystem Assessment Platfom:
8. EU biodiversity mid-term review (1)
Policy frameworks in place and progress under each
A wealth of positive experience to build on
Insufficient scale and timelag for measurable
improvement in the state of biodiversity
Targets can only be reached if implementation and
enforcement efforts become considerably bolder and more
ambitious, and integration effective.
At the current rate of implementation, biodiversity loss will
continue in the EU and globally, with significant implications
for the capacity of ecosystems to meet human needs in the
9. EU biodiversity mid-term review (2)
Strong partnerships and full engagement of key
1. Complete and manage effectively Natura 2000
2. Implement Invasive Alien Species Regulation
3. Recognize natural capital throughout the EU
Effective integration with a wide range of policies:
• Coherent priorities and adequate funding
• Agriculture and forestry
• Marine and fisheries
• Regional development
Achieving biodiversity objectives can contribute to the
growth and jobs agenda, food and water security and
quality of life, as well as to the SDG implementation.
What do we need for ecosystem accounting
in the EU?
• We need biophysical accounts
• for direct use and as a basis for valuation studies,
• We need an EU data layer of accounts
• reference frame for countries
• data foundation for responding to EU policies
• Key Policy issue:
• measure changes in our natural capital stock and
what impacts it has on our economy and society.
• assess the extent and condition of ecosystems that
is needed so that they can carry on delivering
essential services to our economy and society
12. Potential policy uses of NCA
Make better decisions by accounting for range of ecosystem benefits and
values in decision-making; Determine synergies/trade-offs
•Develop macro-indicators, both physical and monetary
•Raise awareness; Identify limits and thresholds (sustainability dimension)
Sectoral and environmental policies:
•Show how sectors benefit from and impact on natural capital
•Synergies and trade-off across policies
•Common reference frame for assessing progress towards targets (eg
15% restoration target)
•Streamlined reporting across policies
Other dimensions: international (WAVES, UNSD) and corporate (EU
B@B; Natural Capital Protocol)
Notes de l'éditeur
On February 16th the Commission officially launched the Natural Capital Financing Facility together with the Commissioners for the Environment, Climate and the head of the European Investment Bank.
The NCFF is the Commission&apos;s instrument to finance private-sector projects on preserving natural capital and on combatting climate change.
Typical projects include Green Infrastructure (green roofs, green walls, water collection systems, flood prevention), Payments for Ecosystem services (innovative business models and public-private partnerships to protect biodiversity, water and forests), Biodiversity offsets (compensating for developments that are harmful to biodiversity) and pro-biodiversity businesses like sustainable agriculture and eco-tourism.
The fund is set up for 3-4 years for 100m Euros.
Typical projects are between 5-15m Euros and we will aim to finance about 10 operations in this first phase.
Projects must have a sector and geographic balance.
It is expected that leverage from private financial institutions like banks could help increase the funding substantially if interest is high. It would also lead to much more significant funds being set up at EU and Member State level.
First output of the MAES working group
Sets a conceptual framework for mapping and assessment linking human well-being to bio
Makes proposals for a typology of ecosystems and ecosystem services
EU input to IPBES conceptual model and UN Natural Capital Accounting work
Importantly, MAES recognises the multiple roles of biodiversity in underpinning the supply of ecosystem services, e.g.:
Ecological processes: Biodiversity enhances the efficiency of ecological processes.
Functional traits: Diversity in body size of pollinator species results in different flight distances to reach crops.
Biophysical structures: Forest diversity creates more microhabitats for insects.
State: River and lake fish diversity is used to assess ecological status.
Biotic interactions: Wasps and beetles prey on pest species that harm crops.
Species richness: People like bird and game watching, or enjoy indentifying different species of butterflies.
Genetic diversity: Wild crop and livestock relatives increase resilence against environmental change.
EU macro-economic policies (green economy, greening of European semester…):
Highlight values of natural capital alongside other socio-economic information
Trade-offs and opportunities at EU-level between: economic, social and environmental priorities
Develop macro-indicators (both physical and monetary) alongside GDP
e.g. value of trees in UK
EU Sectoral policies:
Explicitly account for range of ecosystem services
Demonstrate how sectors depend on and impact natural capital
Synergies/trade-offs amongst ecosystem services for better management, targeting of funds
Common reference frame for assessing progress towards targets (eg target 2 of biodiversity strategy)
Eg: EU marine policies (MFSD, CFP, Ocean Governance)
EU Agricultural and regional polices (CAP, regional funds)
EU Forest Management (EU Forest Strategy)…
e.g. France: Gulf St Malo, France: Valuation of cultural/leisure services
EU input to UN-SEEA EEA
Supporting non EU countries (WAVES, Partnership Inst.)
Natural Capital Protocol, EU B@B Platform – need for consistency with national accounts
Policy Applications: testing and piloting
Across EU policies – ecosystem-based approaches
With EU MS